Syamsuar Manyullei
Bagian Kesehatan Lingkungan FKM Universitas Hasanudin, Makasar

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STUDI KEPADATAN TIKUS DAN EKTOPARASIT DI PELABUHAN LAUT SOEKARNO HATTA TAHUN 2019 Manyullei, Syamsuar; Birawida, Agus Bintara; Suleman, Izmi Fhadilla
Jurnal Nasional Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 2, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Nasional Ilmu Kesehatan - Oktober 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Nasional Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract

Tikus memberikan dampak yang besar di bidang kesehatan. Tikus dapat menjadi reservoir beberapa patogen penyebab penyakit pada manusia. Urin dan liur tikus dapat menyebabkan penyakit leptospirosis. Gigitan pinjal yang ada pada tubuh tikus, dapat mengakibatkan penyakit pes. Selain itu, tikus juga dapat menularkan beberapa penyakit lain diantaranya adalah murine typhus, salmonellosis, richettsial pox, rabies, dan trichinosis. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kepadatan tikus, jenis tikus, success trap penangkapan tikus, gambaran jenis-jenis ektoparasit yang terdapat pada tikus di kawasan Pelabuhan Laut Soekarno Hatta. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional deskriptif. Hasil penelitian Selama 4 hari pemasangan perangkap dengan total perangkap sebanyak 100 buah perhari, secara umum diperoleh perhitungan Succes Trap adalah 0.03 (3%) sedangkan Succes Trap per hari pada perangkap 0 sampai dengan 0,1. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian didapatkan beberapa jenis tikus yaitu, spesies tikus Rattus Tanezumi (75,00%) dan Rattus Norvegicus (25,00%). Dari  hasil penelitian ditemukan 12 ekor tikus yang tertangkap seluruhnya ditemukan adanya ektoparasit jenis pinjal Xenopsylia xeopis 7 ekor, kutu sebanyak 1 ekor, dan tungau 2 ekor. Adapun saran peneliti kepada pegawai dan pengunjung pelabuhan Soekarno-Hatta agar meningkatkan kesadaran mengenai kebersihan lingkungan.Kata kunci: Tikus, ektoparasit, pelabuhan
STUDI KEBERADAAN LARVA AEDES AEGYPTI SEBELUM DAN SESUDAH INTERVENSI PSN DBD DI KELURAHAN PANDANG KECAMATAN PANAKUKANG KOTA MAKASSAR Ibrahim, Erniwati; Manyullei, Syamsuar; Sumarni, Sumarni
Jurnal Nasional Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 2, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Nasional Ilmu Kesehatan - Oktober 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Nasional Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract

Penyakit DBD di Indonesia masih merupakan masalah kesehatan karena masih banyak daerah yang endemik, penyakit DBD disebabkan oleh virus dengue. Wabah demam berdarah pada tahun 2016 terjadi diberbagai wilayah, diantaranta Amerika melaporkan lebih dari 2,38 juta kasus Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keberadaan larva aedes aegypti  sebelum dan sesudah intervensi PSN DBD di Kelurahan Pandang Kecamatan Panakukang Kota Makassar. Desain  penelitianini adalaheksperimen semu (Quasi Eksperiment) dengan intervensi penyuluhanPopulasi penelitian ini adalah rumah dan masyarakat yang berada di RW 02 Kelurahan Pandang Kecamatan Panakukang Kota Makassar. Pengambilan sampel dalam penelitian dilakukan dengan metode proporsional random sampling yaitu membagi populasi kedalam sub-sub populasi dengan jumlah sampel 100 responden.Hasil Ada perbedaan antara tingkat pengetahuan, sikap dan keberadaan larva sebelum dan sesudah penyuluhan karena berdasarkan uji statistik menggunakan McNemar diperleh nilai bertutur-turu (p = 0,000, p = 0,000, p = 0,0001   nilai ini lebih kecil dari ? 0,05 (p=0,05), ABJ sebelum dan sesudah penyuluhan menunjukkan bahwa ABJ maish kurang dari 95%. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini yaitu masih terdapatnya larva Aedes aegypti di RW 02 Kelurahan Pandang meskipun telah dilakukan penyuluhan PSN DBD.Oleh karena itu, disarankan kepada masyarakat agar lebih memperhatikan pelaksanaan PSN sehingga perkembangbiakan larva Aedes aegypti dan transmisi DBD dapat dicegah.Kata kunci : PSN, keberadaan larva, penyuluhan
PERBANDINGAN EFEKTIVITAS AIR PERASAN KULIT JERUK MANIS DAN TEMEPHOS TERHADAP KEMATIAN LARVA AEDES AEGYPTI Manyullei, Syamsuar; Ishak, Hasanuddin; Ekasari, Ranti
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 11, No 1: MARET 2015
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (776.547 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v11i1.512

Abstract

Penggunaan larvasida merupakan salah satu cara untuk mengurangi jumlah larva Aedes aegypti yang dapat berkembang menjadi vektor penular penyakit DBD. Larvasida kimia yang paling sering digunakan adalah temephos, selain itu adapula larvasida alami yang dapat digunakan, yaitu air perasan kulit jeruk manis. Penelitian ini bertujuan membandingkan efektivitas larvasida kimia, yaitu temephos dan air perasan kulit jeruk manis. Jenis penelitian yang dilakukan adalah penelitian eksperimental murni dengan rancangan penelitian post-test only with control group design. Jumlah sampel yang digunakan sebesar 1450 larva Aedes aegypti instar III-IV. Replikasi dilakukan sebanyak 10 kali menggunakan analisis probit diawali dengan uji pendahuluan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa air perasan kulit jeruk manis dengan konsentrasi 2,81% (LC95) dapat membunuh 84,4% larva dengan LT95 sebesar 1568,54 menit. Namun, temephos dapat membunuh larva sebesar 91,6% dengan dosis 0,69 mg/L (LD95) serta nilai LT95 dari temephos adalah 1379,23 menit. Ada hubungan yang signifikan (p=0,000) antara pemberian kedua jenis larvasida dalam mematikan larva Aedes aegypti. Tidak terdapat perbedaan efektivitas yang signifikan antara air perasan kulit jeruk manis dan temephos untuk mematikan larva Aedes aegypti baik dari segi rata-rata kematian (p=0,075) maupun dari segi rata-rata lama waktu kematian larva (p=0,161).
Hubungan Pola Asuh Dalam Perspektif Islam Terhadap Kejadian Kecacingan Pada Anak Sekolah Dasar Islam Terpadu (SDIT) Wihdatul Ummah Kota Makassar Kamariah, Siti; Manyullei, Syamsuar; Bujawati, Emmi
HIGIENE: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

Helminthiasis is one of the public health problems in Indonesia because its prevalence nature is still quite high, as it is found that children under five and children in primary school (SD) have higher prevalence. Personal hygiene is one of an important factor of the transmission of this disease. This research aims to know the relationship between parenting in Islamic perspective (habit to cut their nails, wash their hands, to use footwear and bowel habits) and the intestinal worms in SDIT Wihdatul Ummah Makassar City. This research is observational analytic study with cross-sectional design. The number of samples as many as 89 people. This samplesare chosen by using purposive sampling technique. The results of the study showed that 3.4 percent of respondents, intestinal worms. The results of research also showed that is no significant relationship between the parenting in Islam perspective of helminthiasis in children at SDIT Wihdatul Ummah Makassar City. However, there is a significant relationship between wearing any footwear (p = 0.005) and the intestinal worms in children at SDIT Wihdatul Ummah Makassar City. It is suggested that the need for guidance and providing information media urge people to always wear footwear outside the room. This habit shows a significant relationship toward intestinal worms. Keywords : helminthiasis, parenting in Islamic perspective, elementary school student 
Kesehatan Lingkungan Udara Ruang Rawat Inap Rumah Sakit Syekh Yusuf Kabupaten Gowa Jayanti, Lisa; Manyullei, Syamsuar; Bujawati, Emmi
HIGIENE: Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 2, No 1 (2016): Kesehatan Lingkungan
Publisher : UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

The hospital is a place where ill people are treated and placed in a very close distance. In this place patients receive therapy and treatment to recover. Hospital is not only a place to get recovered but also a depot for various diseases that come from the patient or from a visitor who is a carrier. Germs can live and thrive in hospital environment covering the whole area, like air, water, flooring, food and both medical and non medical. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that influence the quality object of inpatient room sanitation of District General Hospital with an exposure Sheikh Yusuf room temperature, humidity, inspection and measurement number of bacteria PM2,5 and PM10 dust particles. This is a descriptive research with 5 types room of population and two rooms of sample in Syekh Yusuf regional hospital. The result of the exposure/lighting measurement both treatment room I and II are not eligible and the humadity is not either as well germs measurement. The measurements of dust particle PM2,5 and PM10 in both treatment room I and II is eligble based on the decree of health ministry of RI number 1204/Menkes/SK/2004 regarding with condition of hospitasl environment health. Therefore, it is to advisible that hospital does room cleaning process on a regular basis in inpatient room.Keywords : lighting, room temperature, room humidity, Figures Germs, dust and PM10 PM2,5 
GAMBARAN FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENDERITA KUSTA DI KECAMATAN TAMALATE KOTA MAKASSAR Manyullei, Syamsuar; Utama, Deddy Alif; Birawida, Agus Bintara
ARCHIVE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH Vol 1 No 1 (2012): Juni (2012)
Publisher : Program Studi Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (188.119 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/ACH.2012.v01.i01.p03

Abstract

Leprosy is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Based on data from PemerintahKota Makassar (2007), Tamalate sub district is an area in which new cases detection are quitehigh every year (Makassar as many as 15 cases per year). This research aims to explore the factorsassociated with lepers in the Tamalate District of Makassar. Determinants of lepers are knowledge,age, gender, physical contact and personal hygiene.This research is driven by observational study with descriptive approach. Study populationincludes all lepers living in Tamalate District and registered since January 2008 - December2011 from four health centers in the district. The sample is lepers currently on treatment or have completed treatment (RFT) aged ? 15 years. Thus, sampling method uses exhaustive samplingwith a sample size of 51 people and the data are analysed with univariate dan bivariate analysis.These results indicate that, 66.7% lepers have su?  cient knowledge about leprosy, 78.4% leperswere 15 years old or older when they began to be diagnosed as lepers, 60.8% lepers are male,84.3% lepers are at high risk of infected leprosy regarding to physical contact, and 49% lepershave good personal hygiene.Lepers have su?  cient of knowledge about leprosy, lepers were 15 years old or older when theybegan to be diagnosed as lepers. Most of lepers are male, lepers have good personal hygiene.Thus, this research recommends to increase health promotion on leprosy, minimize physicalcontact with lepers, and improve personal hygiene such as maintaining to wash hands.
EFFECTIVENESS OF MUROTTAL THERAPY ON BABIES’ WEIGHT CHANGES Syamsuriyati, Syamsuriyati; Handayani, Rika; Syarif, Sutrani; Prianti, Ani T; Salmah, A. Ummu; Manyullei, Syamsuar; Risnah, Risnah; Irwan, Muhammad
Jurnal Kesehatan Vol 13, No 1 (2020): JURNAL KESEHATAN
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24252/kesehatan.v13i1.13257

Abstract

Many newborn babies have a low weight, it has a bad impact in the process of growth and development.Murottal is a recording of the sound of the Qur'an which is sung by a qori . Murotal therapy performed for several minutes or hours in a voice that sounds good can give a sense of comfort for the body to move up to be able to raise the baby's weight. The Purpose Of This Research Is To Know The Murottal Effects Of Changes In Baby Weight. This research is quasi experimental pre-test post test kontrol group design. Samples in this study A total of 44 newborn babies, divided into two groups consisting of 22 respondents, namely the Intervention Group and the Control Group. The Intervention Group received treatment hearing murottal therapy and the control group did not receive treatment. Using the Mann Whitney statistical test. The results of the study with the Mann Whitney Statistical Test p: 0.630> 0.05. This means that there is no average difference between the weight of infants in the intervention group and the control group. However, it only gave a change, by showing that the weight of the intervention group infants after being given a treatment was lower in body weight compared to the control group which was 2,577 grams, whereas in the control group without being treated there was more weight loss than the intervention group which was 2,750 grams. Murottal therapy has not changed statistically but there has been a change in the mean and standard deviation, so it is recommended that mothers apply Murottal therapy during the breastfeeding process using appropriate Standard operating procedures.