Articles

PENGARUH PERLAKUAN ETHYL METHANE SULFONATE PADA TANAMAN CABAI (CAPSICUM ANNUUM L.) DAN KETAHANANNYA TERHADAP CHILLI VEINAL MOTTLE VIRUS (CHIVMV) Manzila, Ifa; Hidayat, Sri Hendrastuti; Mariska, Ika; Sujiprihati, Sriani
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 38 No. 3 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (165.474 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v38i3.14250

Abstract

Ethyl Methane Sulfonate (EMS) may induce mutation leading to somaclonal variation if it is used at the appropriate combination of EMS concentration and exposure time. Variation in somaclonal might be valuable as a source of resistance to plant pathogens including plant viruses. This study was aimed 1) to determine the optimum EMS concentration and incubation time that may induce somaclonal variation in chilli pepper; and 2) to evaluate the resistance of the somaclone to ChiVMV infection. Shoot-tip explants of fi ve chilli pepper genotypes (Jatilaba, ICPN 12#4, PBC495, Helem, and Gelora) were treated with EMS at combination of different concentrations (0.25%, 0.5% 1.0% and control), and incubation time (15, 30, 60 min). Subsequently, each explant was grown in multiplication media (MS media + 5 mg L -1 BAP + 0.5 mg L-1 TDZ), rooting media (MS media + 1 mg L-1 NAA), and acclimatization media (mixture of soil : sand : compost 2:1:1 w/w). Our results showed that the higher EMS concentration and the longer incubation period the smaller the number of survive explants. The highest survival rate 20.4 % was achieved with 0.5% EMS in combination with 60 min incubation period. This treatment combination also showed induction of phenotypic variation. Two somaclonal plants derived from Gelora genotype, designated as somaclones K1 and K2, survived until fruit development and maturation. A total of 245 progenies of K1 and 243 progenies of K2, respectively were evaluated for their resistance to ChiVMV infection through mechanical inoculation using ChiVMV-Cikabayan isolate. Following the detection of ChiVMV using DAS-ELISA, it was confi rmed that 4.09% of the somaclonal progenies were resistance to ChiVMV. Keywords: Capsicum annuum L., ChiVMV, ethyl methane sulfonate, induce mutation, resistance
Perbanyakan Cepat Jahe Merah melalui Teknik Kultur Jaringan Gati, Endang; Mariska, Ika
Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat Vol 3, No 1 (1988): Buletin Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/bullittro.v3n1.1988.33-38

Abstract

Investasi untuk pengadaan bibit hamper mencapai 40%. Metode pembiakan secara cepat pada jahe melalui kultur aringan telah dilakukan di Balai Penelitian Tanaman Rempah dan Obat. Eksplan yang digunakan diambil dari rimpang. Data menunjukkan bahwa medium yang mengandung kinetin tidak dapat menginduksi pembentukan tunas, sedangkan BAP 10 mg/l ditambah auksin 1 mg/l dapat menginduksi kalus kompak yang diikuti dengan 3-5 tunas adventif, dan terakhir terjadi induksi pembentukan akar. Kontaminasi bakteri dapat diatasi berturut-turut dengan menggunakan alcohol 70% selama 2 menit, HgCl2 0,5% selama 20 menit, Na-hipokhlorit 50% selama 10 menit dan akhirnya dilakukan pembilasan dengan air suling steril sebanyak 3 kali
THE EFFECT OF PICLORAM AND LIGHT ON SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS REGENERATION OF PINEAPPLE Roostika, Ika; Khumaida, Nurul; Mariska, Ika; Wattimena, Gustaaf Adolf
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 13, No 2 (2012): October 2012
Publisher : Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development - MOA

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Abstract

Smooth Cayenne is the largest pineapple type cultivated in Indonesia, but its vegetative planting materials for mass propagation are limited. Somatic embryogenesis is a potential method to be applied. The aim of this study was to investigate the somatic embryogenesis regeneration under the effect of picloram and light. Callus formation was induced by picloram (21, 41 and 62 μM) added with 9 μM thidiazuron. The calli were transferred onto MS or Bac medium  enriched with N-organic compounds with or without addition of 21 μM picloram under dark or light condition. The compact calli were subcultured onto MS medium supplemented with 4.65 μM kinetin, while the friable calli were  transferred onto BIG medium (modified MS + 1.1 μM benzyl adenine + 0.9 μM indole butyric acid + 0.09 μM giberelic acid) or B medium (MS + 0.018 mM benzyl adenine). The results showed that the events of somatic embryogenesis were started from cell polarization, asymmetrical division, proembryo formation as  embryogenic tissues and friable embryogenic tissues, and embryo development. The best treatment for callus induction was 21 μM picloram. The addition of 21 μM picloram on N-organic enriched medium and the use of light condition  proliferated embryogenic calli. The N-organic enriched Bac medium and light condition yielded the highest number of mature somatic embryos (17 embryos perexplant in 2 months). The B medium was better than BIG medium to develop  somatic embryos from friable embryogenic tissues. The somatic embryogenesis method presented is potential for pineapple mass propagation and artificial seedproduction.Abstrak Bahasa IndonesiaSmooth Cayenne merupakan kultivar nenas yang banyak dibudidayakan di  Indonesia, namun ketersediaan benih untuk perbanyakan massal masih terbatas. Embriogenesis somatikadalah metode yang potensial untuk produksi bibit secara massal. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mempelajari pengaruh pikloram dan pencahayaan terhadap regenerasi embriogenesis somatik nenas. Kalus diinduksi menggunakan pikloram (21, 41, dan 62 μM) dan penambahan thidiazuron 9 μM. Selanjutnya, kalus dipindahkan ke media MS atau Bac yang diperkaya dengansenyawa N-organik dengan atau tanpa penambahan pikloram 21 μM dalam kondisi gelap atau dengan pencahayaan. Kalus kompak disubkultur pada media MS yang mengandung kinetin 4,65 μM, sedangkan kalus remah dipindahkan ke media BIG (MS modifikasi + bensil adenin 1.1 μM + indole butyric acid 0,9 μM + giberelic acid 0,09 μM) atau media B (MS + bensil adenin 0,018 μM). Hasil penelitian  menunjukkan bahwa tahapan embriogenesis somatik diawali dengan polarisasi sel, pembelahan asimetris, pembentukan proembrio sebagai jaringan embriogenik danjaringan embriogenik remah, serta perkembangan embrio. Perlakuan terbaik untuk induksi kalus adalah pikloram 21 μM. Penambahan pikloram 21 μM pada media yang diperkaya dengan senyawa N-organik mampu meningkatkan jumlah kalusembriogenik. Media Bac yang diperkaya senyawa N-organik dan kondisi pencahayaan menghasilkan jumlah embrio somatik dewasa terbanyak (17 embrio per eksplan dalam 2 bulan). Media B lebih baik daripada media BIG untuk regenerasi embrio somatik dari jaringan embriogenik remah. Metode embriogenesis somatik yang dihasilkan dari penelitian ini berpotensi diterapkan untukperbanyakan massal dan produksi benih nenas.
Pembentukan Benih Sintetik Tanaman Nenas Roostika, Ika; Purnamaningsih, R; Supriati, Y; Mariska, Ika; Khumaida, N; Wattimena, GA
Jurnal Hortikultura Vol 22, No 4 (2012): Desember
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Horticultural Research and Development

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Abstract

Nenas merupakan tanaman buah tropis dan subtropis yang komersial. Kultivar Smooth Cayenne memiliki tipe dan jumlah propagul yang terbatas, sehingga diperlukan dukungan teknologi lainnya untuk produksi benih secara masal. Teknologi benih sintetik dapat diterapkan untuk produksi benih secara masal dan konservasi. Tujuan  penelitian ialah untuk mengetahui pengaruh kombinasi auksin dan sitokinin terhadap morfogenesis eksplan nenas yang terenkapsulasi, mengetahui pengaruh interaksi antara suhu penyimpanan dengan konsentrasi paklobutrazol atau manitol terhadap pertumbuhan eksplan nenas yang terenkapsulasi dan masa simpan. Penelitian dilaksanakan dari Bulan April sampai dengan Desember 2011 di Laboratorium Kultur Jaringan, Kelompok Peneliti Biologi Sel dan Jaringan, Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumberdaya Genetik Pertanian, Bogor. Percobaan disusun secara faktorial dalam rancangan acak lengkap terdiri atas enkapsulasi eksplan, pertumbuhan minimal menggunakan paklobutrazol, atau manitol yang dikombinasikan dengan suhu penyimpanan. Enkapsulasi dilakukan terhadap batang semu dan basal daun menggunakan Na-alginat 3% yang berisi media MS dengan penambahan BA (0, 1, 2, dan 3 mg/l) yang dikombinasikan dengan NAA (0, 1, 2, dan 3 mg/l). Untuk memacu proses diferensiasi, basal daun diberi praperlakuan menggunakan media MS yang mengandung BA 0,5 mg/l dan NAA 0,5 mg/l sebelum dienkapsulasi dengan perlakuan BA dan NAA pada konsentrasi 0; 0,5; dan 1 mg/l.  Pertumbuhan minimal dilakukan menggunakan paklobutrazol (0, 1, 2, dan 3 mg/l) atau manitol (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, dan 5%) pada suhu penyimpanan 15 dan 25 0C. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa basal daun nenas yang terenkapsulasi mampu berdiferensiasi setelah praperlakuan. Tidak terdapat interaksi yang nyata antara konsentrasi paklobutrazol dengan suhu penyimpanan terhadap daya hidup dan daya tembus kapsul tunas nenas. Biakan tersebut hanya dapat disimpan selama 1 bulan. Interaksi yang nyata juga tidak dijumpai antara konsentrasi manitol dengan suhu penyimpanan terhadap daya hidup dan daya tembus kapsul embrio somatik nenas. Manitol 4% mampu memperpanjang masa simpan hingga 4 bulan. Manitol dapat menggantikan aplikasi suhu rendah dalam penyimpanan kultur nenas yang terenkapsulasi. Pineapple is a commercial tropical and subtropical fruit crop. Smooth Cayenne cultivar has limited type and number of propagules so that it should be supported by the other technology to produce plenty seedlings. Artificial seed can be applied for seed production and conservation. The objectives of the study were to know the effect of combination treatments between auxin and cytokinin to the morphogenesis of encapsulated pineapple cultures, to know the effect of paclobutrazol, mannitol, and temperature of storage to the growth of encapsulated pineapple cultures. The experiment was conducted from April to December 2011 at Tissue Culture Laboratory, Researchers Group of Cell and Tissue of Biology, Indonesian Center for Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resources Research and Development, Bogor. Factorial of a completey randomized design was used. The study consisted of encapsulation, minimal growth by using paclobutrazol or mannitol combined with storage temperature. Encapsulation was conducted by using 3% Na-alginat containing of MS medium with addition of BA (0, 1, 2, and 3 mg/l) combined with NAA (0, 1, 2, and 3 mg/l). To promote differentiation, leaf bases were pre-cultured on MS media containing BA and NAA at concentration of 0.5 mg/l respectively prior to encapsulated by BA and NAA (0; 0.5; and 1 mg/l). Minimal growth was conducted by using paclobutrazol (0, 1, 2, and 3 mg/l), or mannitol (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5%), and combined with storage temperature (15 and 25 0C). The results showed that encapsulated leaf bases of pineapple could differentiate after pre-treatment. There was no interaction between paclobutrazol and temperature to the survival rate and emergence rate of the encapsulated cultures. The encapsulated shoots could be stored for 1 months. There was also no interaction between mannitol and temperature to the survival rate and emergence rate of the encapsulated cultures. By using somatic embryos and 4% mannitol, the storage period could be prolonged for 4 months. Mannitol could substitute the use of low temperature in the conservation of encapsulated pineapple cultures.
Regenerasi Tanaman Sedap Malam Melalui Organogenesis dan Embriogenesis Somatik Rostika, Ika; Mariska, Ika; Purnamaningsih, R
Jurnal Hortikultura Vol 15, No 4 (2005): Desember 2005
Publisher : Indonesian Center for Horticultural Research and Development

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Abstract

Secara konvensional perbanyakan tanaman sedap malam dilakukan melalui umbi. Semakin kecil ukuran umbi semakin lama tanaman berbunga. Penerapan teknik kultur in vitro diharapkan dapat membantu perbanyakan tanaman secara masal. Hingga saat ini, teknik kultur in vitro tanaman sedap malam belum pernah dilaporkan di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan memperoleh formulasi media yang efektif menginduksi organogenesis dan embriogenesis kultur in vitro tanaman sedap malam serta memacu regenerasinya. Percobaan dibagi menjadi 4 tahap, yaitu (1) induksi tunas, (2) multiplikasi tunas, (3) induksi kalus embriogenik, dan (4) regenerasi kalus embriogenik. Media induksi tunas yang diuji adalah MS+BA 0 ppm, MS+BA 3 ppm, MS+BA 5 ppm, dan MS+BA 7 ppm. Pemacuan multiplikasi tunas lanjut dilakukan pada media subkultur MS+BA 7 ppm+glutamin 100 ppm, MS+BA 7 ppm, DKW+TDZ 7 ppm, dan DKW+TDZ 7 ppm+glutamin 100 ppm. Untuk induksi kalus embriogenik, media induksi kalus yang diujikan adalah MS+2,4-D 2,5 ppm, MS +2,4-D 5 ppm, dan MS+2,4-D 10 ppm. Untuk meregenerasikan kalus embriogenik, media yang diujikan MS+BA 2 ppm+TDZ 0,2 ppm, MS+BA 3 ppm+TDZ 0,4 ppm, MS+zeatin 1ppm+kinetin 1ppm, dan MS+zeatin 0,5 ppm+kinetin 2 ppm. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa pembentukan tunas terbanyak diperoleh dari media BA 3 ppm (80%) namun inisiasi tunas tercepat dihasilkan pada media BA 0 ppm. Formula media MS+BA 7 ppm+glutamin 100 ppm menghasilkan jumlah tunas dan akar terbanyak. Penggunaan MS+2,4-D 5 ppm dapat menginduksi kalus embriogenik dengan persentase pembentukan nodul sebesar 18,75% dan jumlah nodul yang terbentuk sebanyak 3,6 dengan visual kalus yang paling baik. Setelah disubkultur, calon tunas terbanyak (17) dihasilkan dari perlakuan MS+BA 2 ppm+TDZ 0,4 ppm. Kalus embriogenik pada media MS+zeatin 0,5 ppm+kinetin 2 ppm dapat berkembang membentuk benih somatik.Regeneration of tuberose through organogenesis and embryogenesis. Tuberose is normally propagated by the tuber. The smaller size of tuber the longer time plant to flower. The application of in vitro culture technique might be used for mass propagation. Up to know, the research of in vitro culture of tuberose in Indonesia has not been reported. The objective of the study was to find out media formulation for organogenesis and embryogenesis. The experiments consisted of 4 steps of (1) shoot induction, (2) shoot multiplication, (3) induction of embryogenic callus, and (4) regeneration of embryogenic callus. The treatments for shoot induction were MS+BA 0 ppm, MS+BA 3 ppm, MS+BA 5 ppm, and MS+BA 7 ppm. The shoots were multiplied on media MS+BA 7ppm+glutamine 100ppm, MS+BA 7 ppm, DKW+TDZ 7 ppm, and DKW+TDZ 7 ppm+glutamin 100 ppm. For induction of embryogenic callus, the treatments were MS+2.4-D 2.5 ppm, MS+2,4-D 5 ppm, and MS+2.4-D 10 ppm. For regeneration of embryogenic callus, the treatments were MS+BA 2 ppm+TDZ 0.2 ppm, MS+BA 3 ppm +TDZ 0.4 ppm, MS+zeatin 1ppm+kinetin 1ppm, and MS+zeatin 0.5 ppm+kinetin 2 ppm. The results showed that the highest shoot formation was obtained from media MS+BA 3 ppm but the earliest shoot initiation was obtained from media MS+BA 0 ppm. The media formulation of MS+BA 7 ppm+glutamine 100 ppm gave the highest number of shoot and root. The application of media MS+2.4-D 5 ppm could induce embryogenic callus with high percentage of nodul formation (18.75%) and high number of nodul (3.6) with the best visual calli. After subculturing, the highest number of nodul (17) was obtained from media MS+BA 2 ppm+TDZ 0.4 ppm. The embryogenic callus from media MS+zeatin 0.5 ppm+kinetin 2 ppm could develop to form somatic seed.
INDUKSI EMBRIOGENESIS SOMATIK DARI JARINGAN ENDOSPERMA JERUK SIAM (CITRUS NOBILIS LOUR.) CV SIMADU Kosmiatin, Mia; Purwito, Agus; Wattimena, Gustaff Adolf; Mariska, Ika
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 42 No. 1 (2014): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (610.396 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v42i1.8149

Abstract

ABSTRACTTriploid plants can be obtained from endosperm tissues through somatic embryogenesis regeneration. This research aimed to obtain somatic embryogenesis regeneration technique of tangerine endosperm. There were 3 experiments conducted in this research: 1) Embryogenic callus induction of tangerine endosperm. Endosperms isolated from fruits that were harvested from mother plants 11-13 weeks after anthesis and cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium by modified vitamin Morel and Wetmore (MW) which treated by 0.1 mg L-1 biotin, 500 mg L-1 malt extract (ME), 500 mg L-1 Casein hydrolisate (CH), 500 mg L-1 ME + 0.1 mg L-1 biotin, and 500 mg L-1CH + 0.1 mg L-1 biotin, 2) Maturation and germination of somatic embryos conducted by embryogenic callus cultured on MS medium by vitamin MW modified with addition of ABA, glutamine, and biotin, and 3) Plantlet elongation conducted on MS medium modified by MW vitamin with addition of GA3 and Kinetin. The best induction medium for embryogenic callus was modified MS enriched with 3 mg L-1 BA and 500 L-1 CH or ME, in succession 84.0 and 80.0%. The best medium for somatic embryos maturation with normal morphological plantlets (54.8%) was modified MS medium without plant growth regulator with higher rate of solidified agent (from 2.5 to 3 g L-1 Phytagel). Plantlets elongation was highly (0.9 cm) occurred on modified MS with enriched of 2.5 mg L-1 GA3. Keywords: Citrus nobilis (Lour.), endosperm culture, in vitro, Simadu tangerine
Indirect Organogenesis and Somatic Embryogenesis of Pineapple Induced by Dichlorophenoxy Acetic Acid Roostika, Ika; Mariska, Ika; Khumaida, Nurul; Wattimena, Gustaaf A
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 8, No 1 (2012): April
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Abstract

ABSTRACTIndirect Organogenesis and Somatic Embryogenesis ofPineapple Induced by Dichlorophenoxy Acetic Acid. IkaRoostika, Ika Mariska, Nurul Khumaida, and Gustaaf A.Wattimena. This research aimed to study the effect of 2,4-D,AdS, and basal media to the regeneration of pineapplethrough indirect organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis,and to study the complete event of somatic embryogenesis.Callus formation was induced by 21, 41, and 62 μM 2,4-Dwith addition of 9 μM TDZ. The non embryogenic calli weretransferred onto 4.65 μM Kn containing medium.Embryogenic callus formation was induced on MS or Bacbasal media consisted of N-organic compounds withaddition of AdS (0, 0.05 and 0.1 μM). The embryogenic calliwere regenerated on modified MS medium with addition of0.9 μM IBA, 1.1 μM BA, 0.09 μM GA3 or MS mediumsupplemented with 0.018 mM BA. The result proved that thesingle auxin of 2,4-D was not enough to induce embryogeniccells. Therefore the non embryogenic calli were regeneratedthrough organogenesis. The 21 μM 2,4-D yielded high level ofcallus formation (80%), higher fresh weight (0.2 g/explant)and higher number of shoot (25 shoots/explant in twomonths). Embryogenic calli were produced on N-organiccompounds enriched media. The regeneration mediumsignificantly affected the level of browning, where the MSmedium with addition of 0.018 mM BA yielded lower level ofbrowning. There was an interaction of embryogenic callusinduction medium and regeneration medium to the numberof mature somatic embryos. The embryogenic callusinduction on MS medium enriched with N-organiccompounds and 0.05 μM AdS followed by the regenerationof somatic embryos on MS medium with addition of 0.018mM BA was the best treatment which yielded 17 maturesomatic embryos/explant
Isolation of anticancer compound of Artemisia cina hairy root and its inhibition activity on cervix cancer cells. ., Aryanti; Ermayanti, Tri Muji; Mariska, Ika; Bintang, Maria
INDONESIAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACY Vol 16 No 4, 2005
Publisher : Faculty of Pharmacy Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Skip Utara, 55281, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (230.69 KB) | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjpharm0iss0pp192-196

Abstract

The research of isolation of anticancer agent of A.cina hairy roots and its inhibition activity on cervix cancer cells have been conducted. Hairy roots transformed by Agrobacterium rhizogenes strains A4 and ATCC-15834 were then extracted by n-hexane and separated by column chromatography with variation of n-hexane/ethyl acetate as eluent. All samples include hexane extract and result of column chromatography tested to cervix HeLa Ohio cells with concentration of 50 μg/ml for hexane extract and 10 μg/ml for column chromatography respectively. The most active fraction was then tested by the concentration of 1 to 5 μg/ml. Confirmation of transformed root of A.cina was conducted by PCR analysis. The result of experiment shown that hexane extract of hairy root, normal root ( in vitro ), leaves of plant from green house as a control gave the inhibition value were about 84 %. The most active fraction from column chromatography was fraction E with IC50 at the concentration of 1 μg/ml and inhibition value was 95 %, the identification compound of this fraction was terpenoid group. The confirmation result showed that TL-DNA was transferred by 780 kb.Key words : anticancer, hairy root, Artemisia cina.
In Vitro Culture Manipulation on Pruatjan for Secondary Metabolite Production Roostika, Ika; Purnamaningsih, Ragapadmi; Darwati, Ireng; Mariska, Ika
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 3, No 2 (2007): Oktober
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Abstract

Purwoceng (Pimpinella pruatjan Molk. atau Pimpinellaalpina KDS.) adalah tanaman obat langka yang dapat dimanfaatkansebagai bahan obat afrodisik, diuretik, dan tonik.Kultur in vitro tidak hanya dapat digunakan untuk konservasidan perbanyakan tanaman, melainkan dapat juga diterapkanuntuk produksi metabolit sekunder. Melalui teknik ini,produksi metabolit sekunder tidak bergantung kepada sumbertanaman di lapang. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuanuntuk meningkatkan kadar stigmasterol melalui kultur invitro dengan menggunakan prekursor asam mevalonat. Penelitiandibagi menjadi dua tahap, yaitu induksi kalus danmanipulasi kultur in vitro untuk meningkatkan kadar stigmasterol.Pada tahap induksi kalus, terdapat 16 perlakuan yangmerupakan kombinasi perlakuan 2,4-D dan piklorammasing-masing pada taraf 0,5; 1,0; 1,5; dan 2,0 ppm. Untukmeningkatkan kadar stigmasterol, digunakan asam mevalonatpada taraf 0, 250, 500, dan 750 ppm dengan masa inkubasiselama 4 dan 6 minggu. Kandungan stigmasterol dianalisismenggunakan GC-MS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkanbahwa media P2 (DKW + 2,4-D 0,5 ppm + pikloram 1,0ppm) adalah media terbaik untuk induksi kalus. Eksplan daunlebih baik daripada eksplan petiol. Hasil analisis GC-MSmenunjukkan bahwa kandungan stigmasterol tertinggi(0,0356 ppm) diperoleh dari kalus dengan masa inkubasi 4minggu pada media dengan penambahan asam mevalonat250 ppm. Peningkatan taraf asam mevalonat tidak mampumeningkatkan kandungan stigmasterol. Kadar tersebut miripdengan kandungan stigmasterol pada planlet dari GunungPutri (0,0365 ppm) dan Dieng (0,0414 ppm). Dibandingkandengan kadarnya dalam akar tanaman dari lapang, kandungantersebut sekitar 10-100 kali lipat lebih tinggi.
Mikropropagasi Tanaman Manggis (Garcinia mangostana) Roostika, Ika; Sunarlim, Novianti; Mariska, Ika
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 1, No 1 (2005): April
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Abstract

The conventional propagation of mangosteen plant is still facing some problems, such as the limited fruiting season and number of seedling, and slow growth of seedling. In vitro culture is an alternative technique to solve the problems. An experiment was done to obtain a suitable micropropagation technique for mangosteen plant through in vitro culture with high level of shoot multiplication and root formation, as well as high level of acclimated shoot or planlet growth. The treatments for shoot induction and axillary bud multiplication of mangosteen were three levels of BA (1, 3, and 5 mg/l) on the MS basal medium. The treatments for root induction were combinations between two kinds of basal medium (MS and WPM), two formulations of the media (full strength and 1/4 strength), and two levels of IBA (5 and 10 mg/l). Root induction was also done ex situ by dipping the shoots in IBA solutions (100-200 ppm) for 1-2 hours, followed planting onto the best acclimation media. The acclimation was done using two different media (soil only and soil + compost) under two different environments (green house and incubation room + green house). Results of the experiment showed that the highest percentages of seed growth and number of shoots per seed was obtained on the basal medium containing 5 mg/l BA. The highest number of axillary bud multiplication was obtained on the medium with 3 mg/l BA. MS medium + 5 mg/l IBA promoted 75% rooting. The plant acclimatization on soil + compost in the green house with 75% shading promoted the fastest plant growth. During the acclimatization, up to 75% of the shoots treated with dipping in 100 ppm IBA solution for one hour grew well. After four months, the roots of the plant developed secondary and tertiary roots.