Articles

Uji Teknis dan Ekonomis Komponen Pengendalian Hama Penyakit Terpadu pada Usaha Tani Tomat Latifah, Evy; Dewi, Hanik Anggraeni; Daroini, Putu Bagus; Zakariya, Abu Z.; Hakim, Arief L.; Mariyono, Joko
Agrovigor Vol 11, No 1 (2018): Maret
Publisher : Universitas Trunojoyo Madura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (506.298 KB) | DOI: 10.21107/agrovigor.v11i1.3507

Abstract

Tomat merupakan komoditas hortikultura yang penting, tetapi produksinya masih rendah. Salah satu penyebab adalah serangan hama dan penyakit. Paket pengendalian hama-penyakit terpadu (PHPT) dalam rangka meningkatkan produksi tomat perlu dikaji. Kajian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan November 2013 - Februari 2014 dengan dua paket pengendalian hama-penyakit terpadu yaitu paket pemanfaatan Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR); paket pemanfaatan mikroorganisme lokal. Sebagai pembanding dipilih kebiasaan petani setempat. Hasil pengkajian menunjukkan bahwa pertumbuhan tanaman dan produksi tomat yang menggunakan PGPR paling tinggi. Tingkat serangan beberapa hama dan penyakit pada kedua PHPT relatif lebih rendah dari pada kebiasaan petani. Analisis usahatani juga menunjukkan bahwa keuntungan yang diperoleh dengan PHPT lebih tinggi daripada keutungan dengan kebiasaan petani. 
ADVERSE HEALTH IMPACTS OF PESTICIDE USE ON INDONESIAN RICE PRODUCTION: AN ECONOMIC ANALYSIS SUSWATI, ENNY; AGUSTIN, NUR K.; MARIYONO, JOKO
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 6, No. 2 Juli 2006
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

Pestisida bak pisau bermata dua. Di satu sisi, pestisida memberikan manfaat bagi pengguna,dan di sisi lain pada waktu yang bersamaan pestisida mempunyai efek yang merusak. Olehkarena itu pelarangan penggunaan secara total tidak efisien, dan menentukan penggunaanpestisida yang optimal sangatlah diperlukan, dengan cara mempertimbangkan dampakkesehatan. Tujuan kajian ini adalah menentukan penggunaan pestisida yang optimal denganmempertimbangkan dampak kesehatan, dan mengestimasi nilai moneter kehilanganproduktivitas petani. Manfaat penggunaan pestisida dicari dengan fungsi produksi, sedangkandampak kesehatan dicari dengan fungsi biaya kesehatan. Data produksi padi selama kurunwaktu 1974-2000 digunakan untuk mencari fungsi produksi. Fungsi biaya kesehatan diperolehdari kajian sebelumnya yang telah dilakukan oleh peneliti pendahulu. Hasil kajian inimenunjukkan bahwa penggunaan pestisida yang optimal sangat rendah dan nilai ekonomikehilangan produktivitas sangat tinggi. Hal ini karena adanya perbedaan yang besar antarapenggunaan pestisida yang optimal dengan penggunaan pestisida yang aktual selama kurunwaktu tersebut. Faktor penting yang menyebabkan besarnya perbedaan tersebut adalahelastisitas produksi dari pestisida sangat rendah. Saran yang dapat disampaikan adalah petanimenggunakan pestisida secara efisient, yaitu mendekati tingkat penggunaan yang optimal.
DAMPAK PELATIHAN PETANI TERHADAP KINERJA USAHATANI KEDELAI DI JAWA TIMUR Kuntariningsih, Apri; Mariyono, Joko
Sosiohumaniora Vol 15, No 2 (2013): SOSIOHUMANIORA, JULI 2013
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (332.742 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v15i2.5739

Abstract

Penelitian ini menganalisis kinerja usahatani kedelai di Jawa Timur, dengan penekananpada dampak pelatihan petani. Dampak dari pelatihan ini diharapkan dapat meningkatkan kinerjausahatani kedelai, yang diukur dengan peningkatan produksi dan keuntungan. Fungsi produksi dan fungsikeuntungan yang sederhana digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Data dikumpulkan dengan wawancarapribadi, yang dipandu dengan kuesioner semiterstruktur. Tiga kabupaten: Jember, Nganjuk dan NgawiJawa Timur terpilih sebagai lokasi penelitian. Lokasi ini adalah daerah produksi kedelai di Jawa Timur.Usahatani yang dijalankan selama 2010 terpilih sebagai objek kajian ini. Pendekatan regresi-bergandadigunakan untuk memperkirakan fungsi produksi dan keuntungan yang dibangun. Hasil menunjukkanbahwa pelatihan telah berdampak positif terhadap produksi dan keuntungan dari usaha tani kedelai,demikian juga tingkat pendidikan dan pengalaman. Petani yang menjalankan usahataniinya di lahansewa menunjukkan tingkat produksi dan keuntungan yang lebih rendah. Pada akhirnya, kenaikanpendapatan petani setelah mengikuti pelatihan diharapkan meningkatkan kesejahteraan keluarga petani.
Identifikasi Lalat Buah (Diptera: Tephritidae) serta Serangannya terhadap Beberapa Galur dan Varietas Tanaman Cabai ( Capsicum annum l.) Di Desa Pancasari, Sukasada, Buleleng SANTIATMA, I MADE YESTA; SUMIARTHA, I KETUT; SUSILA, I WAYAN; SUDIARTA, I PUTU; UTAMA, MADE SUPARTHA; MARIYONO, JOKO; LUTHER, GREG
Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika (Journal of Tropical Agroecotechnology) Vol.5, No.1, Januari 2016
Publisher : Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Identification of Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and It’s Damage Against to Some Lines and Varieties of Chili Plants (Capsicum annum L.) In  Pancasari Village, Sukasada District, Buleleng Regency The research was conducted in the Field and in the Laboratory. Studies conducted in the laboratory of integrated pest management Faculty of Agriculture, Udayana University, concerning identification of fruit fly in the laboratory of Agricultural Quarantine Ist Class, Denpasar. The field research was conducted in the Pancasari village, Sukasada district, Buleleng regency, which was implemented in September to December 2014. The purpose of this study to determine the species of fruit flies that damage some lines and varieties of chili plants tested, to determine the percentage of fruit fly damage in some lines and varieties of chili plants, and to determine the yield of the each lines and varieties of chili plants were tested. This study used a randomized block design (RBD) with eighteen treatments and three replications. The results show  that the damage percentage of the highest fruit fly pest was found in line AVPP 1003-B with the percentage of 66.49%, while the  lowest line percentage was found in Kencana variety with a percentage of 23.82%. The fruit fly species found in the test lines and  varieties of chili plants (Capsicum annum L.) is Bactrocera carambolae and B. papayae. The highest yields are found in line AVPP 0207 with an average yields of 202.99 grams / plant and the lowest was found in AVPP lines 0906 with an average of 66.64 grams  / plants.   Keywords: chili, the percentage of damage, Bactrocera carambolae, Bactrocera papayae.
KETIMPANGAN JENDER DALAM AKSES PELAYANAN KESEHATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI PEDESAAN: KASUS DUA DESA DI KABUPATEN TEGAL, JAWA TENGAH MARIYONO, JOKO; KUNTARININGSIH, APRI; SUSWATI, ENNY
SOCA: Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol. 8, No. 2 Juli 2008
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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Abstract

The role of woman in rural and agricultural development is very important because more thana half of work in agriculture and rural areas is carried out by woman labors. Consequently, thewomen ought to have equity in right with men to get health services. But, there is a stronghypothesis that women have less access to health services than men because of social andcultural factors in rural areas. This study aims to examine the gender disparity anddiscrimination of health. The disparity is measured using concentration curve andconcentration index, whereas the discrimination is approached using microeconomic theory ofconsumption. The results of indicate that there is a small difference in health disparitybetween women and men; even women get more portion than men. This is because womenhave specific characteristics in terms of health problem, in which men do not have.
DETERMINANTS OF CUSTOMERS IN SELECTING SHARIA BANKING SYSTEM FOR SAVING IN EAST JAVA - INDONESIA Mariyono, Joko
Journal of Economics, Business, and Accountancy | Ventura Vol 16, No 3 (2013): Desember 2013
Publisher : STIE Perbanas Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14414/jebav.v16i3.225

Abstract

Sharia banks have been developing in many countries since the evidence that the banks were more resistant to financial shocks. In Indonesia, Sharia banks have a good environment because majority of Indonesian people is Muslim. During recent years, Shariabanking inIndonesia shows a dramatic growth. This paper is to examine internal factors affecting customers’ decision to choose Sharia banking systemas a place of saving. Logit regression was used to estimate a model of customers’ decision. Cross-sectional data, consisting of101 Sharia customers and 110 conventional customers, were randomly drawn from database of a multinational bank that provides both Sharia and conventional schemes. The results show that age, gender and religion led to customers more likely to invest their money in Sharia scheme. In contrast, income, entrepreneur and student led to customers less likely to choose Sharia scheme as a place of investment. Highest positive impact came from religion, and highest negative impact came from student. Even though the majorityof Indonesian people are Muslim, the total possibility of people to select Sharia scheme was low.
DETERMINANTS OF CUSTOMERS IN SELECTING SHARIA BANKING SYSTEM FOR SAVING IN EAST JAVA - INDONESIA Mariyono, Joko
Journal of Economics, Business, & Accountancy Ventura Vol 16, No 3 (2013): December 2013
Publisher : STIE Perbanas Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14414/jebav.v16i3.225

Abstract

Sharia banks have been developing in many countries since the evidence that the banks weremore resistant to financial shocks. In Indonesia, Sharia banks have a good environment becausemajority of Indonesian people is Muslim. During recent years, Shariabanking inIndonesiashows a dramatic growth. This paper is to examine internal factors affecting customers decisionto choose Sharia banking systemas a place of saving. Logit regression was used to estimate amodel of customers decision. Cross-sectional data, consisting of101 Sharia customers and 110conventional customers, were randomly drawn from database of a multinational bank that provides both Sharia and conventional schemes. The results show that age, gender and religion ledto customers more likely to invest their money in Sharia scheme. In contrast, income, entrepreneur and student led to customers less likely to choose Sharia scheme as a place of investment.Highest positive impact came from religion, and highest negative impact came from student.Even though the majorityof Indonesian people are Muslim, the total possibility of people to select Sharia scheme was low.
STOCHASTIC OPTIMISATION OF COFFEE AND DAIRY PRODUCTIONS IN INTEGRATED FARMING SYSTEM IN YOGYAKARTA Sudantoko, Djoko; Mariyono, Joko
PRESTASI Vol 7, No 02 (2011): Juni Prestasi
Publisher : PRESTASI

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Abstract

STIE Bank BPD JatengAbstractRisk of profit loss in farming system is inevitable since there is a fluctuation in prices of agricultural products. Diversification is, therefore, the appropriate way to reduce the risk associated with the fluctuation. However, the right combination of production in integrated farming system is very important to consider because it will lead to the high revenue. The objective of this analysis is to assess the levels of production in dairy and coffee farming on whether or not the combination of the productions is optimal. This analysis is based on a study undertaken in Sleman, Yogyakarta, where the integrated farming system exists. The theory of economies of scope is employed in this study, and the combination of productions is tested stochastically. Data are obtained by interviewing 35 producers running dairy and coffee farming simultaneously. The result of this study indicates that the integrated farming system has an advantage in terms of economies of scope, but the combination of products is not optimal. The best alternative to enhance the revenue is to transfer the Robusta coffee production into the fresh milk production, by transferring the resources used in the coffee farming into the dairy farming. Keywords: integrated farming system, stochastic optimisation, product transformation curve
ADOPSI TEKNOLOGI PERTANIAN UNTUK PEMBANGUNAN PEDESAAN: SEBUAH KAJIAN SOSIOLOGIS Kuntariningsih, Apri; Mariyono, Joko
Agriekonomika Vol 3, No 2: Oktober 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Trunojoyo Madura.

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Abstract

ABSTRAKTeknologi pertanian diharapkan dapat membantu petani untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan. Berbagai teknologi pertanian telah diperkenalkan dan disebarluaskan kepada petani, tetapi sebagian besar petani pedesaan masih dianggap tertinggal dari masyarakat lain. Kajian ini bertujuan  mempelajari kegagalan penyebaran teknologi pertanian dalam mengentaskan kemiskinan di daerah pedesaan. Berdasar kajian ini nantinya diharapkan mampu merumuskan strategi dari asepk sosiologis terkait penyebaran teknologi pertanian. Hasil kajian ini menunjukkan bahwa faktor sosial, ekonomi dan kelembagaan perlu mendapat perhatian lebih dari pembuat kebijakan baik di tingkat nasional dan lokal dalam rangka untuk meningkatkan dampak diseminasi teknologi pertanian dalam peningkatan kesejahteraan petani di daerah pedesaan.Kata kunci: Adopsi Teknologi Pertanian, Pendekatan Sosiologis, Pembagunan Pedesaan.ABSTRACTAgricultural technology is expected to help farmers to improve welfare. Various agricultural technologies have been introduced and disseminated to farmers, but to some extents, peasants are still considered lag behind other communities. This paper is conducted investigate the failure of agricultural technologies dissemination in alleviating poverty in rural areas. This strudy showssocial, economic and institutional factors that need more attention from policy makers both at national and local levels in orde to improve impact of agricultural technology dissemination in escalating farmers’ welfare in rural areas.Keywords: Agricultural Technology Adoption, Sociological Approach, Rural Development
Kajian Ketahanan Terhadap Penyakit Busuk Daun (Phytophthora Infestans) pada Beberapa Galur Tomat YASA, I NYOMAN DARMA; SUDIARTA, I PUTU; WIRYA, I GUSTI NGURAH ALIT SUSANTA; SUMIARTHA, KETUT; UTAMA, I MADE SUPARTHA; LUTHER, GREGORY C.; MARIYONO, JOKO
Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika (Journal of Tropical Agroecotechnology) Vol. 1, No. 2, Oktober 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Study of Resistance of Tomato Lines to Late Blight Disease (Phytophthora Infestans) Indonesia is one of the tropical countries with high potential of horticulture, especially tomato. To produce high quality and quantity of tomato the one problem is plant diseases. The most cereus disease was reported as late blight, it is caused by Phytophthora infestans. P. infestans is commonly out break in high land area, with more than 1000 m acl.  The late blight can reduce the production of tomato or in some case make the loss of yield. To control the disease the farmers have been used the chemical fungicide. However the chemical fungicides have many negative impacts. Therefore to control the disease the one of possible way is using resistant plant. On the other hand the tomato has been planted in Indonesia has not resistance by the late blight. Base on that, the experiment to select some resistant plant was conducted. The experiment was done in high land area in Bukitcatu and Pancasari (Bedugul area 1200 m acl).  The experiment was conducted used 16 lines and 4 varieties. The15 lines were imported from AVRDC and 1 line and 3 varieties were come from IVEGRI and 1 variety is local used by farmer. The result shown the most resistance lines are AVTO 0922, AVTO 1122, and AVTO 1143 base on the disease incidence and severity observation. The AVTO 0922, AVTO 1122, and AVTO 1143 were significant difference with another lines and varieties. Keywords: Tomato lines, Phytophthora infestans, resistant plant