Rina Martini
Jurusan Ilmu Pemerintahan, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu pOlitik, Universitas Diponegoro

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PEMILIHAN PEJABAT NEGARA PADA LEMBAGA NEGARA PENUNJANG DALAM SISTEM PRESIDENSIAL: STUDI KASUS KPU RI PERIODE 2017-2022 Martini, Rina
Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik Vol 10, No 1 (2019): POLITIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Politik
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (243.955 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/politika.10.1.2019.57-77

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This research focuses on the involvement of President and Parliament in the selection of committees in General Election Commission (Komisi Pemilihan Umum/KPU). This article uses  Douglas Verney's theory on the principles of presidential government system as an analytical lens. This research found that theselection processes of KPU's committees, 2017-2022, that involved national parliamentary body has been procedurally proven to follow  Law No. 15/2011. Yet, some effort to include party's interest within is also visible. Meanwhile, President's involvement in the process is done through the formation of Selection Team appointed directly from President's close network. In both processes, there is bargaining process that requires the prospectus KPU committees to have commitment to support each party's interest (president and parties in parliamentary body). As such, it is clear there is a tendency to politicize the institution from each institution, and therefore, there is a crucial need for revising regulation on election commission. 
ANALISIS PERAN DAN FUNGSI PERS SEBELUM DAN SESUDAH REFORMASI POLITIK DI INDONESIA Martini, Rina
JURNAL ILMU SOSIAL Volume 13, Issue 2, Year 2014
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (9749.57 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jis.13.2.2014.1-9

Abstract

The press is often referred to as the fourth pillar of democracy after the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. Press in Indonesia have ups and downs in the roles and functions in respect of some period or era he went through. Prior research found that Era before the Reformation Er , the press in Indonesia fettered by laws and regulation, such as press license , which is a threat to the existence of a publishing company, which at times can be banned publishing business; idealism press shackled to the interests of the state; professional organizations only PWI , as well as the position of the press against the state is weak , the press is acting as agent only government propaganda. Meanwhile, after the Reformation Er , the press in Indonesia experienced its heyday because of laws and regulations in favor of the press; idealism of the free press, as well as professional organizations whose number is infinite, and the position of the state is Strong press , because the press can be a producer for the decision - political decisions. Thus in the Era Before the Reformation , the role and function of the press is limited, fettered, and threatened. After the Reformation Era while the role and function of the press can be realized significantly due to a very large gain freedom.
THE POTENTIAL OF WHITE TEA (CAMELLIA SINENSIS) AND KELOR (MORINGA OLEIFERA) IN IMPROVING LIPID PROFILE AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL FEATURES OF PANCREAS IN STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED RATS Martini, Rina; Rahma, Amalia; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Riyadi, Hadi; Sumantri, Cece; Rohdiana, Dadan
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 14 No. 1 (2019)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (376.248 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2019.14.1.23-30

Abstract

This study aimed to examine the potential of white tea and kelor in improving lipid profile and histopathological features of the pancreas in streptozotocin-induced Sprague-Dawley rats. The research design was an experimental study with post-test control group design. Catechin content were analysed using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography. Twenty Sprague-Dawley rats (out of 24 rats, 12-week old, 200-300 g) were induced with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin at a dose of 40 mg/kg BW. Four groups of rats received one of the green tea (GT), white tea (WT), kelor (K), or the mixture of white tea and kelor (WTK) with a dose of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) at 100 mg/kg BW administered orally for 21 days. Measurements of the lipid profile and preparation of histopathological features of the pancreas were performed after the intervention was completed. The results showed that white tea had the highest concentrations of catechin (39.17%), gallic acid (1.09%), EGCG (4.46%), and epicatechin (9.61%) compared to the other tea groups. The TG levels of the WTK group (95±19.35 mg/dl) were significantly different (p<0.05) from the WT and K groups but not significantly different from the normal (105.8±23.89 mg/dl), DM and GT groups. Meanwhile, the HDL levels did not show significant differences in each intervention group (p>0.05). The mean diameter of the islets of Langerhans in the DM group (9.16± 2.56 ?m) was significantly different (p<0.05) from the WT (20±8.94 ?m), K (17.16±5.26 ?m), WTK (18.66±4.17 ?m), and N (21.07±8.49 ?m) groups but not significantly different from the GT group (14.33±5.24 ?m). The histopathological features of the pancreas showed an increase in the diameter of the islets of Langerhans in WT, K, and WTK groups. This study revealed that the mixture of white tea and kelor had the potential to ameliorate triglyceride levels and histopathological features of the pancreas in streptozotocin-induced Sprague-Dawley rat.
TEH PUTIH (CAMELLIA SINENSIS) DAN KELOR (MORINGA OLEIFERA) SEBAGAI ANTIHIPERGLIKEMIA PADA TIKUS SPRAGUE DAWLEY YANG DIINDUKSI STREPTOZOTOCIN Rahma, Amalia; Martini, Rina; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Damayanthi, Evy; Rohdiana, Dadan
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 12 No. 3 (2017)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (353.717 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2017.12.3.179-186

Abstract

This study aims to examine the antihyperglycemic effect of white tea (Camellia sinensis) and Moringa oleifera when administered as a single component and as mixture in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. The study design was experimental. The first step was to analyze epigallocathecingallat (EGCG) content as standard with High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) method. The second step was intervention in Sprague dawley rats induced by streptozotocin 40 mg/kgBW. Intervention held for 21 days with given white tea (WT), M. oleifera (MO), mixture of white tea and M. oleifera (WT+MO) and green tea (GT) as positive control with reference dose 100 mg/kgBW EGCG. Rats blood glucose and body weight were measured. The results are WT having the highest content of EGCG (4.46%). MO and WT+MO only have 2.42% and 2.46% of EGCG while GT as control is the lowest (1.29%). Measurements of blood glucose and body weight in group that given WT or MO as single component showed no significant difference with control negative group (p>0.05). Blood glucose decreased significantly in group WT+MO (p<0.05). Administration of WT+MO was able to maintain a stable body weight during the intervention period (p>0.05). The combination of white tea and M. oleifera has better ability as an antihiperglycemic agent compared to single component.
IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP TERHADAP AKTIVITAS INDUSTRI DI KOTA SEMARANG (STUDI IMPLEMENTASI PERDA NO.13 TAHUN 2006 TENTANG PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN HIDUP) Putri, Mirfani Wulanda; Martini, Rina; ., Purwoko
Journal of Politic and Government Studies Vol 5, No 02 (2016): Periode Wisuda April 2016
Publisher : Journal of Politic and Government Studies

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Abstract

AbstractEnvironment and natural resources is a gift from God Almighty shall bepreserved and developed ability to remain can be the source and support of humanlife and other living for survival. This study aims to determine how theimplementation of environmentalmanagement policies in industrial activity in thecity of Semarang according to local regulations Semarang City Number 13 Year2006 regarding environmental control and to determine the obstacles or barriersanything that happens in the implementation of environmental managementpolicies in industrial activity in Semarang city.This study took place in Semarang city government, because of the variousproblems that arise on the management, protection and environmental pollutiondue to the many industry sectors, as well as the community's role in it, often havea variety of interesting new problems to be studied further.The results showed that the implementation of Regulation mayor ofSemarang No. 5 of 2009 concerning Directive Implementing Regulation of theSemarang City Number 13 Year 2006 regarding Environmental Control has beenperforming well, having been through the process of delivering a regulation withthe right target, and then implementing these regulations in accordance with theduties principal and functions of the actors who play a direct role to implement aregulation. Impacts of air pollution motor vehicle can be prevented by theseelections is enough traffic away from population areas and reduce trafficcongestion. While the factors that inhibit failure of the community in thedevelopment and maintenance of the environment, internal constraints inhibitingthe realization of development. The progress of industry had a positive impactwheels society, but in reality progress industry not only had an impact on theinterconnected economy, but also the environment in which the companyoperates.Keywords: Activities Industry, Environment
NETRALITAS BIROKRASI PADA PILGUB JATENG 2013 Martini, Rina
JURNAL ILMU SOSIAL Volume 14, Issue 1, Year 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (556.644 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jis.14.1.2015.66-78

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Dalam perjalanan sejarah, birokrasi selalu memiliki posisi yang sangat strategis serta memiliki kekuatan besar dalam menentukan pencapaian tujuan negara. Dengan demikian, birokrasi dalam menjalankan tugas dan fungsinya harus profesional dan Netral yaitu  tidak memihak kepada salah satu kekuasaan. Sedangkan pada kenyataannya Birokrasi Indonesia sampai saat ini masih belum netral dari berbagai intervensi kepentingan. Pada Pilgub Jateng 2013, ternyata birokrasi juga belum bisa netral, misalnya terlihat dari adanya aparat desa yang tidak netral, dan adanya PNS yang menjadi anggota partai politik; Gejala tidak netral itu terjadi pada 20 wilayah kabupaten/kota di Jawa Tengah. Sehingga untuk menjamin agar birokrasi bisa netral pada ajang semua pemilu, maka ?birokrasi sebaiknya tidak diberi hak pilih?.
PEMBERDAYAAN DESA MODEL DESA MANDIRI SEHAT DI KECAMATAN SALAMAN KABUPATEN MAGELANG Martini, Rina
JURNAL ILMU SOSIAL Volume 8, Issue 1, Year 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (9890.882 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jis.8.1.2009.14-29

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One of goverments efforts to improve village?s capability to be self help is the establishment of ?Desa Mandiri? program. Assertion of ?Desa Mandiri? program as one of goverment?s policy is based on consideration that there is a need to reduce village?s dependency on central goverment. Goverment cannot be expected to wholly help, subsidize, and facilitate village community anymore, and village community has to start to learn to be independent. There are some models of ?Desa Mandiri? program, one of them is ?Desa Mandiri Sehat? or ?Healthy Self-Help Village?. Jabangsari and Banjarharjo in Salaman Sub-district are amongst those that are successful in implementing ?Desa Mandiri Sehat?. Although there is difference in term of implementation, the success of these villages are relevant to be used for lesson learning and drawing.
3. MENJAMIN KETERSEDIAAN PANGAN : TUGAS BERAT BIROKRASI PEMERINTAH Martini, Rina
FORUM Vol 37, No 1 (2009) : Ketahanan Pangan Pasca Kenaikan BBM
Publisher : Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Indonesian society is now in a hard condition. One of the causes of this hardship is the rise of oil price which causes the ability of people to buy goods and services goes down sharply. Because of this matter, inflation cannot be avoided, as well as malnutrition, which threats the people, particularly who live in poverty. In relation to this, it is the government?s responsibility to tackle this problem. It is not an easy task since the government has to deal with some obstacles, including the narrow perception of food which is focused only on rice, the decreasing number of land area available for farming for the massive infrastructure building, the climate change, and the corrupt bureaucracy. If the government wants to overcome this problem, they have to think about the solution, involving all part of society in order to maintain the food availability.
REMUNERASI DAN RASA KEADILAN MASYARAKAT Martini, Rina
FORUM Vol 39, No 2 (2011): Kekerasan, SARA dan Keadilan
Publisher : Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Diponegoro University

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Abstract:The acceptance of remuneration allowance for civil servants or members of bureaucracy has disturbed people's sense of justice. It is due to services performances that still unwell managed, and many of our people still live in bad condition, such as malnutrition, unemployment, broken school buildings, and poverty. Therefore, civil bureaucrats should balance it with real actions. In particular they must be friendly, uncorrupt, and unpicky. While in general,  civil bureaucrats should improve their performances in each functions and duties, either as village or sub-dictrict apparatus, police, military, in legal, and so forth. Those steps should be accompanied by a spesific  performance evaluation's parameters and community involvement.Keywords :remuneration, sense of justice, performance reforms   permalink: http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/forum/article/view/3159
PERSEPSI MAHASISWA FISIP UNDIP TERHADAP PROFIL KABINET KERJA JOKOWI Martini, Rina
JIIP: Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pemerintahan Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Program Studi Sarjana (S1) Ilmu Pemerintahan, FISIP, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (355.611 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jiip.v1i2.1618

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Success or failure of the new government 2014-2019 period, one of which depends on how the performance of his cabinet. The new cabinet period 2014-2019, is a cabinet that must work in a condition where people are getting good at providing an assessment of the cabinet. Student perceptions Fisip Undip Against Working Cabinet Jokowi stated that the average (50%) the performance of cabinet work in politics, law, economics, and foreign, is not good. Minister of most preferred is Anis Baswedan, Minister of Culture, Primary and Secondary Education. And most preferred is Puan Maharani. Minister corresponding position with educational background is Anis Baswedan. While that does notfitis Puan Maharani. Looking forward to the Labour cabinet Jokowi is: free Collusion, Corruption and Nepotism, avoiding politicization, and soon ful fill his campaign promises.