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Efektivitas Ekstrak Etanol Daun Jeruk Purut (Citrus hystrix DC) Sebagai Larvasida Nyamuk Aedes aegypti Maryanti, Esy; Marta, R. Della; Hamidy, M Yulis
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 5, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (42.481 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v5i2.2011.118-124

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever is caused by dengue virus and spread by Aedes aegypti as primarily vector. Preventingdengue virus transmission depends on control of the mosquito vectors. Kiffer lime is one of the potential plants as abotanical larvacidal. The aim of this study was to investigate kiffer lime larvacidal ability against Ae.aegypti larvaebased on LC50 and LC90 levels by probit analize. The design of this research was experimental including preliminarytest and final test. 525 samples of Ae.aegypti larvae instar III/IV were used in this study and divided in to six groupsof experiment. The result were from observation of the larvae mortalities within 24 hours. Assassement of larvacidalefficacy demonstrated that kiffer lime leaf were toxic against Ae.aegypti larvae. LC50 value is 4015,880 ppm and LC90value is 6961,822 ppm. Ethanol extract of kiffer lime leaf could be considered as a potentially alternative source forbotanical larvacides.
The comparison of larvacidal effects of ethanol extract of cinnamon (Cinnamomum burmanni) and temephos against Aedes aegypti mosquitoes Edra, Alven; Maryanti, Esy; Nugraha, Dimas P
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is an infectious disease caused by Dengue Virus through Aedes aegypti mosquito vector with rapid deployment and be able to cause death.. The use of chemical insecticides to suppress cases in the comunity when used continuously for a long time have a detrimental impact, because of that it is necessary to find an alternative way wich is form of botanical larvacides, such as cinnamon bark (Cinnamomum burmanni). The aim of this research was to find out the comparison of larvacidal effects of ethanol extracts of cinnamon and temephos against Aedes aegypti mosquito larvae. This was the experimental research with three repetitions that each concentration was containing 10 larvae. The analysis of research result use the analysis regresi probit wich was gotten LC50 was 85,727 ppm, LC90 was 135,180 ppm, LC99 was 175,497 ppm and temephos with 1 ppm concentration kills 100% larva. It can be concluded that temephos was better than the extract of cinnamon as larvacide.Keywords: larvacidal effects, Cinnamomum burmanni, Aedes aegypti, temephos
DETEKSI PARASIT MALARIA PADA DARAH DONOR DI UNIT DONOR DARAH PALANG MERAH INDONESIA CABANG KABUPATEN INDRAGIRI HILIR PROVINSI RIAU Wimarti, Oktri Yetta; ", Fatmawati; Maryanti, Esy
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

Malaria is one of transfusion-transmitted disease. Transfusion-transmittedmalaria has a high potential risk in endemic area. One of endemic area in RiauProvince is Indragiri Hilir Regency. This research was descriptive study withcross sectional design to detect malaria parasites in blood donors at BloodDonors Unit of Indonesian Red Cross Society of Indragiri Hilir Regency. Thesamples were 45 and they were choiced by simple random sampling techniquewhen blood donation activity by mobile unit and regular service schedule ofBlood Donors Unit of Indonesian Red Cross Society of Indragiri Hilir Regency.The detection of malaria parasites used antigen detection with Inostic test kit andmicroscopic examination method with thin and thick smears with Giemsastaining. Detection of malaria parasites showed frequency of malaria positive andfrequency of malaria based on species and stage in blood donors were 0 (0%).Key words : malaria, malaria infection by transfusion, blood of donors,malaria antigen, microscopic malaria.
Modifikasi Sistem Asistensi dan Responsi Kelas Kecil pada Praktikum Parasitologi Blok Digestif dan Hematoimunologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau Lesmana, Suri Dwi; Maryanti, Esy
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (32.049 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.46-51

Abstract

Faculty of Medicine University of Riau has been implementing Competency Based Curriculum (KBK) with theProblem Based Learning (PBL) since 2007 with the implementation of teaching and learning activities of the systemconsists of a tutorial activities, skillab, expert lectures, independent and practical. However, there are still manyproblems in the implementation of the KBK on preclinic degree. One part of the block that is identified to be one ofthe causes of low graduation exam block is less efective coaching laboratory practice. Parasitology is one part of thetask is to provide laboratory practice in several blocks on the stage of preclinic especially digestive and hematoimunologyblock. This study aimed to compare the results of the evaluation of parasitology laboratory practice in hematoimunologyand digestive assistance and posttest in large classes with small class. Assistance and posttest in large class performedon the digestive block implementation and hematoimunologi in 2011 while assisting and posttest of small classes ona block implementation in 2012. Average value of small class digestive laboratory practice was not significantlylower than the large class but the proportion of the value of quality B and C more many in small classes. The meanvalue of the block hematoimunologi laboratory practice significantly higher on small class assistance and posttest aswell as the proportion of the value of quality A, B and C was higher in small classes than large classes.
Deteksi Protozoa Usus Oportunistik pada Penderita Diare Anak di Puskesmas Rawat Inap Pekanbaru Maryanti, Esy; Lesmana, Suri Dwi; Mandela, Hendro
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (39.135 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v9i1.2015.22-26

Abstract

Diarrhea is still a public health problem, especially in developing countries. Diarrhea causes morbidity and highmortality in children. Diarrhea can be caused by viruses, bacteria, parasites and food poisoning. One of the parasitethat can cause diarrhea is intestinal protozoa. Lately, attention to intestinal opportunistic protozoan infections isincreasing. Opportunistic intestinal protozoa infection is an infection by intestinal protozoa that had not consideredimportant and now can cause disease in humans. Cryptosporidium sp, Cyclospora cayetanensis, Isospora belii andBlastocystis hominis are opportunistic intestinal protozoa. The clinical manifestations of the infection depends on theimmune status of patients, ranging from asymptomatic in immunocompetent individuals to chronic diarrhea not curedand fatal in patients imunokompromis. This study aims to detect opportunistic intestinal protozoa in children withdiarrhea patients in health centers Inpatient Pekanbaru used modified acid fast stain procedure. A total of 76 samplestested positive obtained 22.3% of opportunistic intestinal protozoa found that 9.2% were infected with Cryptosporidiumsp, Cyclospora infection were 2.6% and Blastocystis hominis 10.5%, while Isospora not found.
Anisakis sp. dan Alergi yang Diakibatkannya Adawiyah, Robiatul; Maryanti, Esy; E.Siagian, Forman
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (145.766 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v8i1.2014.38-45

Abstract

Parasitic diseases were initially found in many endemic areas, but currently also found in non endemic areas.One is anisakiasis caused by Anisakis sp. Humans can be infected by this parasite by direct consumpt the organismand contact with the fish / products of food that containing this parasite.There are some points that can increase therisk of infection of this parasite, high movement of people from one area to another either temporary or permanent,the food processing especially in the case of the fish packing, the advance of transportation that enables the widespreadof marine products which contaminated and how to eat the fish which contaminated. Anisakis sp. Antigen derivedfrom the excretion-secretion products, somatic and cuticular of the parasite larvae. Good hygiene and understandingof the problem and potential risk will increase alertness and awareness of Anisakis sp.infections
Gambaran Penderita Filariasis di Kabupaten Meranti Provinsi Riau Periode 2009-2014 Maryanti, Esy; Andriyani, Andriyani; Suyanto, Suyanto
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 10, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (72.165 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v10i2.2016.112-120

Abstract

Filariasis is one of the health problems in Indonesia due to its long-term effect on permanent disability ifnot treated properly. The purpose of this study is to describe people with filariasis in Meranti District ofRiau Province 2009-2014. The methods is a descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study using medicalrecords of patients diagnosed with filariasis in hospitals and all health centers in the District of Meranti.The result showed 38 patients with filariasis, and the highest case of filariasis were in Puskesmas PulauMerbau (94.8%). Distribution by gender, age and type of occupation as follows: men by 71%, 86.8% of thesubject belong to the age group 15-64 years old, and 65.8% were outdoor workers, 52.6% of lymphedemawas reported and the location of lymphedema mostly found on each leg (18.4%). All lymphedema werebelong to all the stage not exceed stage III. All cases of filariasis in this study were managed according tothe standard treatment.
Nyamuk: Peran Pola Gigit dan Pilihan Inang Dalam Kompetensi sebagai Vektor Siagian, Forman Erwin; Bernardus, Janno BB; Adawiyah, Robiatul; Maryanti, Esy
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 5, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.354 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v5i2.2011.71-81

Abstract

Mosquitoes act as vector of fatal diseases such as malaria and dengue hemorrhagic fever since a long time ago. Thruits biting, it can transfer diseases from one sick individu to another ‘immunologically naïve’ people. Biting patternsand host preference play an important role in transmission of disease. Those two might differ among species, evenbetween strain from different region. Geographic and some other enviromental play an important role on mosquitoes’sindividual ability. By knowing those factors will built better understanding on the role of mosquitoes on diseasetransmission
E-Reading Vs Traditional Reading: Can Internet, Social media and Gadgets Bridge the Gap between Reading and Learning among Medical Students? Siagian, Forman Erwin; Maryanti, Esy
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 11, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.902 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v11i2.2017.52-59

Abstract

Membaca menjadi dasar dalam belajar dan dengan perkembangan teknologi komunikasi informasi (TIK), membacasecara modern sekarang ini menjadi pengalaman yang lebih menarik dibanding sebelumnya ( misalnya membaca secaratradisional); akibat ketersediaan bahan bacaan elektronik di internet. Meski terdapat potensi efek yang tidak diinginkan,hampir tidak mungkin membatasi penetrasi TIK dalam hidup keseharian kita. Pilihannya lebih kepada kendali atas efekyang tidak dibutuhkan dan disisi lain memaksimalisasi potensi e-reading di internet untuk keuntungan pembaca.
Maya Index dan Kepadatan Larva Aedes aegypti di Daerah Endemis Demam Berdarah Dengue Kelurahan Labuh Baru Timur Kecamatan Payung Sekaki Kota Pekanbaru Maryanti, Esy; Lesmana, Suri Dwi; Triguna, Dhewa; Plymoth, Martin; Harmas, Wida; Delly, Delly; Afiata, Afiata; Mislindawati1, Mislindawati1
Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran Vol 12, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (42.257 KB) | DOI: 10.26891/JIK.v12i1.2018.19-24

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is an infectious disease that can result in death, caused by dengue virus andtransmitted through Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. The incidence of dengue fever every year, requires more seriousattention to increasing awareness of the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine the Maya Index (MI) anddensity of Aedes aegypti larvae in Labuh Baru Timur subdistrict, Payung Sekaki, Pekanbaru city. Method of thereseach was survey research using questionnaire and larva identification using single larva method method. A total of131 houses that have been surveyed got 589 containers. MI status based on breeding risk index and hygiene risk index,found high as many as 23 houses (17.58%). Free number of larvae of 67.94, Container index (CI) of 8.32, House Index(HI) 32.06 and Breteau index of 37. HI and CI figures are still high that has not met the government target. The densityof larvae is on the 3 - 5 scale, ie the medium category, meaning that the area has a medium transmission risk to the spreadof DHF.