Articles

GAMBARAN KRISIS PETANI MUDA INDONESIA Arvianti, Eri Yusnita; Masyhuri, Masyhuri; Waluyati, Lestari Rahayu; Darwanto, Dwijono Hadi
Agriekonomika Vol 8, No 2: Oktober 2019
Publisher : Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Indonesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21107/agriekonomika.v8i2.5429

Abstract

Permasalahan utama mengenai ketenagakerjaan pertanian kita yaitu terjadinya perubahan struktur demografi yang kurang menguntungkan bagi sektor pertanian yang mengarah pada penuaan petani. Petani berusia tua (lebih dari 55 tahun) jumlahnya semakin meningkat, akan tetapi tenaga kerja berusia muda semakin berkurang. Semakin tingginya tingkat pendidikan pemuda di perdesaan, maka mereka semakin selektif dalam memilih pekerjaan. Mereka enggan untuk bekerja di pedesaan karena adanya ketidakcocokan antara ketrampilan dan tingkat pendidikan yang dimiliki dengan ketersediaan pekerjaan di perdesaan. Padahal Indonesia membutuhkan petani-petani yang produktif untuk memaksimalkan produksi pangan. Tujuan makalah ini adalah menjelaskan perubahan struktural tenaga kerja pertanian dilihat dari fenomena aging farmer dan menurunnya jumlah tenaga kerja usia muda sektor pertanian di Indonesia , menjelaskan berbagai faktor penyebab perubahan struktural tenaga kerja pertanian dan keengganan tenaga kerja usia muda masuk ke sektor pertanian, menjelaskan kebijakan yang diperlukan untuk mendukung tenaga kerja muda masuk ke sektor pertanian. Metode yang digunakan adalah studi literatur dan deskriptif. Hasilnya adalah masalah krisis petani muda harus segera ditanggulangi supaya tidak mengancam ketahanan pangan di Indonesia.
Analisis Nilai Tambah Agroindustri Sale Pisang di Kabupaten Kebumen Hasanah, Uswatun; Masyhuri, Masyhuri; Djuwari, Djuwari
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 18, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (93.616 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.10615

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan nilai tambah agroindustri sale pisang berdasarkan : 1) ukuran pisang raja siam yang digunakan, 2) metode membuat kerekel sale, 3) asal kerekel sale yang digunakan, 4) pengusahanya, dan 5) mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap produksi sale pisang. Metode dasar penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif analitis. Sampel kabupaten dan kecamatan ditentukan menggunakan metode purposive sampling, pengumpulan data menggunakan metode sensus. Analisis data untuk menghitung nilai tambah agroindustri menggunakan metode Hayami dan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap produksi menggunakan metode analisis regresi OLS. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: bahwa ukuran pisang raja siam yang digunakan tidak menghasilkan nilai tambah yang berbeda; metode membuat kerekel sale cara pasahan dan cara pres tidak menghasilkan nilai tambah yang berbeda; pengusaha murni mampu menciptakan nilai tambah lebih besar dibandingkan petani pengrajin sale pisang; pengusaha yang membeli kerekel sale mampu menciptakan nilai tambah lebih besar dibandingkan dengan yang membuat kerekel sendiri; faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap produksi sale pisang adalah jumlah modal, jumlah pisang, dan variabel dummy cara pembuatan kerekel sale.
Risk Management Strategy on Shallot Farming in Bantul and Nganjuk Regency Hasan, Fuad; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi; Masyhuri, Masyhuri; Adiyoga, Witono
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2016): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1194.029 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.12534

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to understand farmers’ perception to risk and risk management strategy on shallot farming. The research was conducted in Bantul and Nganjuk Regency. The number of samples taken were 57 farmers in Bantul and 90 farmers in Nganjuk. Analysis used was frequency table that disaggregate based on agroecosystem and cropping pattern. The result showed that according to farmers’ perception, production and price risk were high. Farmer's decision to follow dominant cropping pattern and production system reflected on the ex ante risk management strategies done by the farmers as their own respection. In the interactive risk management strategies, farmers tended to use chemical fertilizers over chemical pesticides. In ex post risk management strategy, in the failure of shallot farming, they kept cultivating shallot that their capital got on cash and input for shallot farming.
Competitiveness of Tea Exports in Asean: A Constant Market Share Analysis Oktaviana, Nadia; Masyhuri, Masyhuri; Hartono, Slamet
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2016): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2456.998 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.10662

Abstract

This study was aimed to find out the competitiveness of tea exports in ASEAN during 2011-2014. Competitiveness indicates a country ability to compete with other countries in international trade activities. Constant Market Share (CMS) employed to understand the weaknesses and strengths of a country viewed from the effect of exports growth. CMS results showed that the major weakness of tea exports in Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam is the effect of market distribution. Market distribution effect indicated that their exports to countries with a high demand for tea in the world. On the other hand, the strengths of tea exports in Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam are the effect of world exports growth, commodity composition effect, and the competitiveness effect. Conversely, the major weakness of tea exports in Indonesia is competitiveness effect, while the strengths are the effect of world exports growth and the effect of market distribution.
TRADE OFF SISTEM USAHATANI TEMBAKAU DI WILAYAH SUMBING TEMANGGUNG JAWA TENGAH Manumono, Danang; Masyhuri, Masyhuri; Hartono, Slamet; Suryantini, Ani
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 4, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

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Abstract

Comodities farming system is the farming system management whith a commodity whose primerly planting which coverage by the sub-systems or other commodities arranged with characteristic and specificly and integrated toward that commodity. The research location in slope of Sumbing mountain which have tobacco aromatics with high nicotin and tar. The sample are sub-village to trade off phenomena analyzes with purposive sampling and the data are intensively take in sub-village farmer with proporsion sampling. And anlysis in power function regression model.Sumbing slope land area have 2 character agroclimate. High land area have longer time harvaest commodities than midle land area and have dry season whose can not planted with economic commodities except tobacco. Phenomena of trade off on high land area not happen in changing comodities farming system but not in midle land area. The tradeoff phenomena were midle land area in changging of cabbage farming system with tobacco farming system, but not for other system. Increasing of cabbage farming system area whose indicated decreasing tobacco farming system area caused decreasing in input use by farmer on that area but not for economic produktivity land.Keywords: commodity farming system, tradeoff phenomena.
PERAN DATA KOMPOSISI POPULASI TERNAK SAPI POTONG DALAM PERENCANAAN PENCAPAIAN KECUKUPAN DAGING SAPI DI PROVINSI PAPUA BARAT Widayati, Trisiwi Wahyu; Widodo, Sri; Masyhuri, Masyhuri; Suryantini, Any
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 3, No 3 (2009)
Publisher : Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the important role of livestock population data with the detail the composition according to age and gender in planning the provision of meat in the province of Papua in particular to correlate the number of mother cows and cattle are ready to cut the amount of output produced in a given year. Problem-solving method using descriptive analytical approach to the tabulation and analysis tools OLS. The sample of 189 respondents used. Sample areas in Manokwari. The results showed that the relationship of parent and output data beef cattle that could be used for planning the achievement of the adequacy of the best of the best beef in West Papua obtained from the parent relations cow - calf male (age <1 year) with a number R2 0.822, with a coefficient of relationship 0.442. To produce a ready cattle bulls (age> 2 years) in the year amounted to 2.26 t required parent tail invested two years earlier.Keywords: Population Composition Data, Mother Cow, calf (Output)
INTERPRETASI EKONOMI HASIL ANALISIS STATISTIK MELALUI PENDEKATAN ELASTISITAS Masyhuri, Masyhuri
IQTISHODUNA IQTISHODUNA (Vol 7, No 1
Publisher : fak. ekonomi

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Abstract

This paper aims to mendeskripasikan different interpretation of the results of the analysis ofthe value (unit) with a regression coefficient of elasticity values usingpercentage units (%). Themethod of analysis using the descriptive approach of regression analysis of the roadmap research students of the Faculty of Economics State Islamic University (UIN) Malang  Maulana  Malik  Ibrahim last five years (2005-2010). The results showed, that a researcher in interpreting the processed data is veryimportant ´unit´ was wearing. If the interpretation of the results of the analysis used the word ´unit´, then it is quite relevant to regression analysis. However, if the estimatoruses the word ´prosentse´ (%), it must use a mechanism of calculating the level of elasticity. On this basis, it is recommended to the reader or researcher the next, that the interpretation of the results though the use prosentse, the Cobb Douglas analysis is quite relevant because the coefficient has shown the level of elasticity.
DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING MINI SUGAR MILL LOCATION IN MADURA Rum, Mokh.; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi; Hartono, Slamet; Masyhuri, Masyhuri
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 34, No 2 (2019): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v34i2.27496

Abstract

Madura has widely potential farming business of sugarcane and has enough raw material to build a mini sugar mill. Sugarcane is cultivated in Madura, particularly in four regencies, namely Bangkalan, Sampang, Pamekasan and Sumenep. To decide the location of mini sugar mill in one of the regencies requires decision support system (DSS). This study aimed to determine the priority of mini sugar mill location in Madura. This research used primary and secondary data. The primary data were collected using questionnaires. Then, the results of evaluation from the experts, on the items of questions, were analyzed with analytical hierarchy process (AHP). This was accomplished using Expert Choice 2000 software. Analysis of the selection of mini sugar mill location considered six criteria, namely the land suitability level, existing infrastructure, the potential of raw materials, the availability of labor, social capital and institutions. The selected criteria were further classified into sub-criteria to clarify the definitions of operational criteria and facilitate assessment for respondents. The results show that social capital had the greatest influence on decision making, followed by the land suitability level and the potential of raw materials. The finding in this research is that the mini sugar mill location is given priority in Bangkalan Regency, Madura. The conclusion of this research is that AHP analysis can be used as a method to take accurate decision in determining the location of sugarcane factory in certain area of sugarcane farming business development.
Dinamika Ketidakpercayaan terhadap Politisi : Suatu Pendekatan Psikologi Indigenous Agung, Ivan Muhammad; Masyhuri, Masyhuri; Hidayat, Hidayat
JURNAL PSIKOLOGI Vol 9, No 1 (2013): Juni 2013
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

Kepercayaan memiliki peran penting dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat dan bernegara. Politisi sebagai satu elemen dalam negara demokrasi menjadi sorotan utama dimasyarakat khususnya terkait dengan perilaku politisi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggambarkan dinamika ketidapercayaan terhadap politisi serta alasannya kenapa mahasiswa kurang atau tidak percaya terhadap politisi Partisipan penelitian adalah mahasiswa UIN Suska Riau yang berjumlah 219 (53 pria dan 164 wanita, mising 2). Instrumen menggunakan pertanyaan terbuka dan tertutp dengan analisis psikologi indigenous. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara umum mahasiswa kurang/tidak percaya terhadap politisi. Ada empat alasan utama, pertama lemahnya integritas (71,7%), faktor internal (8,2%), situasional (7,3%), dan kompetensi (4,1%). Dinamika sosial psikologis ketidakpercayaan terhadap politisi akan dibahas dalam artikel ini.
Hubungan Antara Komunikasi Interpersonal Dengan Iklim Organisasi Pada Pegawai SMA Negeri 1 XIII Koto Kampar Kabupaten Kampar-Riau Azrimul, Azrimul; Masyhuri, Masyhuri
Kutubkhanah Vol 15, No 1 (2012): Januari - Juni 2012
Publisher : Lembaga penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyrakat

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Abstract

This research were aimed to find out the relationship between the interpersonal communication and with the climate organization at employees SMAN I XIII Koto Kampar, Riau. The data were collected by using interpersonal communication scales and climate organization scales.The total number of the subjects were 21. Data were analyzed by using Kendal correlation analisys, by using SPSS verson 10.0 statistical program as a tool. The result of research showed there were correlation between the interpersonal communication with the climate organization significantly. The result showed R = 0.754 and adjusted R Square (R2) = 0.529) and F = 148,32. there were correlation positively between the interpersonal communication with climate organization.
Co-Authors Achmad sani supriyanto Achmad, Ferdian Afifah, Asti Nur Agatha Wahyu Widati, Agatha Wahyu Albertus Djoko Lesmono, Albertus Djoko Alfian Yunianto nugroho, Alfian Yunianto Aliman Aliman Altri Mulyani Ani Suryantini Any Suryantini Appas, Herdi Ari Astuti Arif Wahyu Widada, Arif Wahyu Astuti, Erna Puji Azrimul Azrimul Bernard B de Rosari, Bernard B de Danang Manumono Diah Ariyanti, Diah Djuwari Djuwari Dwi Oktaviyanti, Dwi Dwi Utari Indah Nurhandayani, Dwi Utari Indah Dwidjono Hadi Darwanto Dwijdono Hadi Darwanto, Dwijdono Hadi Dwijono Hadi Darwanto Dyah Ethika, Dyah Ekowati, Vivin Maharani Eni Soekartawi, Eni Eri Yusnita Arvianti, Eri Yusnita Faoeza Hafiz Saragih, Faoeza Hafiz Fuad Hasan Ganestyani, Indah Arum Handayani, Rif'ati Dina Haryanto, Lorenta In Hidayat Hidayat Irene Eka Wijayanti, Irene Eka Irham Irham Ismiyati Handayani, Ismiyati Isti Nuryati, Isti Iswin Raka Agung Wijaya, Iswin Raka Agung Ivan Muhammad Agung Jadidah, Amul Jamhari Jamhari Jangkung Handoyo Mulyo Juarini Juarini, Juarini Ken Suratiyah Khoiryah, Nikmatul Krishna Agung Santosa Lagana, Christy Adeleine Lestari Rahayu Waluyati M Maksum, M Marhamah, Binti Tsaniatul Marina Marina Mas Soedjono, Mas Mastur Mastur Mazwan, Muhammad Zul Mazwan, Muhammad Zul Mochammad Maksum Mokh. Rum Natelda Rosaldiah Timisela Nurcahyani, Marizha Octavianus Agustus, Octavianus Oktaviana, Nadia Oktaviana, Nadia Prasada, Imade Yoga Prasetyo, Muhammad Nur Pudyastuti, Nariswari Novi Purnamasari, Fitry Puspitaningrum, Dwi Aulia Putra, Adityo Azana R. Waluyati, Lestari Rahayu Relawati Rini Widiati Ris Hadi Purwanto S Nuryanti, S Saputro, Wahyu Adhi Senawi Senawi, Senawi Senawi2, Senawi Shofia Nur Awami Sholihah, Efi Nikmatu Siti Nurwahidah, Siti Slamet Hartono Sri Widodo Stefani Nurmavianti, Stefani Subejo Subejo Sumanto Sumanto Suslinawati Suslinawati, Suslinawati Sutrilah Sutrilah, Sutrilah Teguh Hari Santosa Tri Anggraeni Kusumastuti Trisiwi Wahyu Widayati Ulfa, Amalia Nadifta Ulfa, Amalia Nadifta umi barokah Uswatun Hasanah Witono Adiyoga Yogi Pradeksa, Yogi Yunastiti Purwaningsih, Yunastiti Yusuf Yusuf