Aron Meko Mbete
Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

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10.24843 A GEOGRAPHY DIALECT OF WAKATOBI LANGUAGE IN SOUTHEAST SULAWESI Taembo, Maulid; Dhanawaty, Ni Made; Mbete, Aron Meko; Putra, Anak Agung Putu
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol 12 No 2 (2018): eJL-July
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/eJL.2018.v12.i02.p.03

Abstract

The problems on Wakatobi language variations and there is not any completed dialectology study of Wakatobi which is relevant and beneficial to conduct this study. This study aims at (1) describing and analyzing the phonology and sound change of Wakatobi; and (2) analyzing the group of Wakatobi based on dialectometry. This study uses generative dialectology to analyze the phonological aspect, and traditional dialectology to analyze the lexical aspect. The primary data is obtained through interviewing method in 25 villages as observation point in Wakatobi regency, and document study as secondary data. In analyzing the data, this study uses apportion and equal methods, and dialectometry method.             Wakatobi language has five vowels, namely /i, a, ?, ?, u/; and 32 consonant phonemes, they are /b/, /?/, /p/, /d/, /?/, /t/, /g/, /?/, /k/, /j/, /?/, /?/, /ñ/, /m/, /n/, /s/, /h/, /l/, /r/, /?/, /c/ /y/, /mb/, /mp/, /nd/, /nt/, /ns/, /?g/, /?k/, /nc/, /nj/, and /?/. There are two kinds of phonological processes of Wakatobi language discussed in this paper, namely assimilation and the structure of syllable. The assimilation process of Wakatobi occurs mostly on vowels, particularly for vowel harmony. Besides, it includes progressive and regressive assimilations. Further, Wakatobi can be grouped into six subdialects, they are (1) Waha, (2) Kapota, (3) Mandati-Lia, (4) Kaledupa, (5) Tomia, and (6) Binongko. The names of subdialect come from the names of small islands of Wakatobi and Wakatobi community.
NOMINAL MARKING SYSTEM OF BAHASA MANGGARAI AND ITS INTERRELATION TO NAMING SYSTEM OF ENTITIES: A CULTURAL LINGUISTIC STUDY Erom, Kletus; Mbete, Aron Meko; Artawa, Ketut; Putra Yadnya, Ida Bagus
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol. 4. Januari 2010 No. 1
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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Abstract

This study analyzes the cultural imagery of the Manggaraian SpeechCommunities (MSC) in ?Nominal Marking System (NMS) of Bahasa Manggaraiand Its Interrelation with Naming Systems of Entity (NSE): A CulturalLinguistic Study?. The result of the analysis is useful for both the academic worldand the life of the society, especially the MSC.The study conducted in Manggarai Regency, Flores, East Nusa TenggaraProvince, is qualitative. The data were obtained through observation, elicitation,interview, documentation study, listening, and note taking. For this reason, a numberof questions were prepared in a written form. The data obtained were analyzedthrough steps of selection, listing, translation, and interpretation of the formallinguistic meaning and cultural imagery of the MSC. The result of the data analysisis informally reported and verbally described.To analyze the data, the Cultural Linguistic Theory was applied andsupported by the structural and the dynamic theories. To know the chance and toinspire the study, a number of previous studies were reviewed. To easily understand,direct, and limit the discussion of the study, a number of basic concepts weredefined.Syntactically and semantically, there are four kinds of nominal markers(NMs) of BM. NMs in the forms of personal pronouns (PP): hau ?you SG?, hia/hi?he/she?, meu ?you-PLUR?, and ise ?they? mark proper nouns (PN) as theSubject/Agent or Object/Patient in a clause bearing the meaning of subject or objectposition of a clause and not common nouns (CN). NMs in the forms of de/ di/ disemark the noun (CN/pronoun or PN) as the possessor of the possessed noun in aclause bearing the meaning of possession. NMs in the forms of le/ li/ lise mark thenoun (CN/pronoun or PN) as the agent diathesis of an action targeted to a noun asthe patient diathesis in a clause bearing the meaning of addition or the target/localityof an action. And NMs in the forms of ge/ gi/ gise mark the noun (CN/pronoun orPN) added to another noun or become the target/locality of an action taking place ina clause bearing the meaning of addition or the target/locality of an action.Beside the four meanings above, NMS of BM also bears a number of themeanings, as stated in the following. The meaning of kinship intimacy is marked bythe PN marking the kinship names. The meanings of individual and grouprepresentations are revealed by the singular PN itself simultaneously by the plural PN. The meaning of priority to a majority group is revealed by the morpheme of theSubject Pronominal Copy fused in one of clause functions (Predicator, Object, andAdverb). The meaning of group of representation is revealed by plural markers onthe singular PN representing other PN that is physically absent from a clause.The NMS of BM has its own phonological and graphological characteristics.Phonology deals with the pronunciation and graphology with the writing of the NMand the noun marked in a clause.The four NMs are grouped into two on the basis of the noun marked, i.e.Common Nominal Markers (CNM), covering de, le, and ge and Proper NominalMarkers (PNM), covering NM in the forms of PP, PNM of possessive di/ dise, PNMof agent diathesis li/ lise, and PNM of combined/targeted gi/ gise. The four PNMsare also grouped into two based on the number of the proper noun (PN) marked, i.ethe singular PNM: hau, hia/ hi, di, li, gi, and the plural PNM: meu, ise, dise, lise,gise.Other linguistic facts in BM seem to appear, such as the common syntacticpattern of BM: Predicator (V) ? Object/Patient (N) ? Subject/Agent (N), SubjectPronominal Copy, Possessive Pronominal Copy, and nominal repetitions meaningplural in BM are not found.The NSE is given to entities humans, domestic animals: dogs and horses,static objects made by human: cleave and whip, and objects of natural environment:rocks, trees, water sources, and wild animals. The MSC has four kinds of names, i.e.Manggaraian Names (MN), Catholic/Christian Names, Kinship Term Names, andPseudonyms. The interrelation between the NMS and the NSE bears a number ofcultural imageries: differentiation, animacy, honorific, solidarity, identity, prestige,democracy, and work. Initial consonant, especially in proper names, is consideredimpolite, cruel, strong, energetic, while initial vowels polite or gentle.The NMS of BM has undergone significant changed. The change has onlyoccurred on the lexicons, such as changing from BM to BI, even English. The NSEof the MSC has changed significantly. The MN has changed its phonologicalcharacteristics, the number of unit names, the tendency of the children?s namesfollowing their fathers? names, the decrease in assonance practice in proper namesand some pseudonyms, naming of dogs is not only based on the colour of their fur,the declination of the practice of naming a cleave and a whip, and the PN of theobjects of the natural environment.
AN ECOLINGUISTICS PERSPECTIVES FOR ENGLISH SYLLABUS DEVELOPMENT Tjendani, Endah Nur; Suastra, I Made; Mbete, Aron Meko; Seri Malini, Ni Luh Nyoman
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol 13 No 2 (2019): e-jl-July
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/e-JL.2019.v13.i02.p06

Abstract

This current study was intended to develop the ecolinguistic perspective-based syllabus. The descriptive qualitative method was applied and natural phenomena were used to develop syllabus. The phenomena focused on to what extent English was mastered by learners and what learning and teaching strategies were applied. The data were obtained through test, questionnaire and direct observation for the need analysis. The State Document related to the curriculum policy was referred to in the situation analysis. The syllabus was developed based on the results of the need analysis and situation analysis and the ecolinguistic perpective-related theories. The contents of the syllabus were developed based on the following elements; they are text, context, linguistic elements, learning situation, teaching and learning activities (Kegiatan Belajar Mengajar, abbreviated to KBM) and evaluation. The content of the text was adjusted to the transactional and interpersonal functions. The context was created based on the inter-, intra-, and trans-cultural contexts of the ecological, social and ideological dimensions. KBM was prepared in accordance with the cognitive linguistic process for the language-related activities and based on the situation chosen by learners for the language production. The outcome of language performance was measured using the performance assessment system, causing the contents of the syllabus to reflect that one element was connected with another in such a way that they formed one integral language meaning.
PENERAPAN MEDIA POWERPOINT UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN MENULIS DESCRIPTIVE TEXT Dwi Wella Suhartatik, Gusti Agung Ayu; Mbete, Aron Meko; Sedeng, I Nyoman
JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE AND TRANSLATION STUDIES Vol 1 No 2 (2015) September 2015
Publisher : S2 Ilmu Linguistik Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Udayana

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ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kemampuan peserta didik dalam menulis descriptive text sebelum dan sesudah diterapkan pembelajaran berbasis media powerpoint. Sampel yang digunakan adalah peserta didik kelas XI IPS 2 SMA Jembatan Budaya Badung berjumlah 20 orang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuasi eksperimen dengan model the one group pretest-posttest design. Pada tahap pratindakan peserta didik diberikan tes sebagai analisis awal kemampuan menulis dan pada tahap pascatindakan tes dilakukan untuk mengetahui peningkatan kemampuan peserta didik setelah pembelajaran dengan media powerpoint diaplikasikan.Proses pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui tes, lembar observasi dan kuesioner. Selanjutnya, data dianalisis secara kuantitatif dan kualitatif yang disajikan dalam bentuk pemaparan deskriptif, tabel, dan diagram. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan siswa mengalami peningkatan setelah memeroleh treatment. Pada tahap pratindakan diperoleh nilai rata-rata awal sebesar 69,85 dan pada tahap pascatindakan nilai rata-rata mencapai 74,55. Dengan demikian, peningkatan kemampuan siswa dalam menulis descriptive text signifikan sebesar 4,70. ABSTRACTAims of this study are to determine the writing skill of descriptive text before and after the implementation of media powerpoint. The samplings were purposely taken from class XI IPS 2 consisting 20 students at SMA Jembatan Budaya Badung. This study was designed in the form of quasi experimental with the one group pretest-posttest design. The students were given pretest at the beginning and posttest at the end of the lesson to analyse their skills in writing as well as the improvement after media was implemented in the learning process.2The data was collected by using three instruments such as, test, observation, and questionnaires. It was qualitatively and quantitatively analysed and presented by tables, charts, and descriptives. The result showed that there was improvement on the students? writing skill after the treatment was implemented, from 69,85 on the pretest and 74,55 on the posttest. Thus, it means that skill of the students? writing had siginificant improvement in the value 4,70.
VARIASI BAHASA DAKAM PERTUNJUKAN WAYANG CENG BLONK LAKON “HANOMAN KE SUARGAN” , “ABHIMANYU MEKRANGKENG” DAN “SUTA AMERIH BAPA” Rani Prihastini, A.A.Sg Putri; Mbete, Aron Meko; Dhanawaty, Ni Made
JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE AND TRANSLATION STUDIES Vol 2 No 4 (2016) (Sept 2016)
Publisher : S2 Ilmu Linguistik Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Udayana

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ABSTRAKVariasi bahasa adalah gejala bahasa yang sering muncul dalam pertunjukan kesenian, seperti pada pertunjukan wayang, dalam hal ini pertunjukan wayang Ceng Blonk. Wayang Ceng Blonk merupakan sebuah pertunjukan wayang dengan mengambil cerita dari epos Mahabrata maupun Ramayana yang kemudian dikemas dengan bentuk baru. Kemasan pertunjukan wayang yang baru ini sesuai dengan perkembangan zaman. Bahasa yang sering dipergunakan dalam pertunjukan wayang Ceng Blonk adalah bahasa Bali, bahasa Bali Kuno maupun bahasa Sansekerta disisipi dengan bahasa Indonesia maupun bahasa asing, misalnya bahasa Inggris. Fenomena ini menjadi sangat menarik untuk diteliti lebih lanjut untuk menemukan fenomena variasi bahasa yang muncul dalam pertunjukan wayang Ceng Blonk.ABSTRACTLanguage variation is one of the language phenomenons what mostly occur in the art performance, especially in the wayang Ceng Blonk performance. Wayang Ceng Blonk is one of the wayang performance that is perform in Bali which is take the Ramayana dan mahabarata Epos for the story line and retell with new style. The new performing of Wayang Ceng Blonk followed the moderenisation era; this is caused the performance lately using more than one language as usually. Wayang performance nowdays are using Balinese, ancient Balinese, Sanskrit and sometime adding with Indonesia and English. This is an interesting phenomenom that is found in the Wayang Ceng Blonk performance and it is become an interesting thing to analyse. The language vatiation that is occur in the wayang Ceng Blonk performance are interesting to analyse.
RECONSTRUCTION OF TOLAKI AND MORONENE LANGUAGE VOCAL PROTOPHONEMES Mustamar, Wawan Marhanjono; Mbete, Aron Meko; Dhanawaty, Ni Made; Budasi, I Gede
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol 13 No 1 (2019): e-jl-January
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/eJL.2019.v13.i02p09

Abstract

The Tolaki language and the Moronene languages are part of the Austronesian language group. The reconstruction is done based on the hypothesis of a genetic relationship and regularity. Historical comparison methods were used in this study. The purpose of the reconstruction was to obtain accurate results on the assessment of language relations. It is deemed necessary to reconstruct the proto in order to seek the evidence of the retention and innovation that occur in the two respective languages. From the reconstruction, several findings and proofs were generated, which among others are TlM vocal proto-phonemes: * a, * i, * u, * e, and * o; PTlMr * a are found at the beginning, middle and the end of the word. The proto-phonemes are 1) * a (a-, -a-, -a)> Tl, Mr a, 2) PTlMr * i (i- -i- -i)> Tl, Mr i, 3) PTlMr * u (u -, -u-, -u)> Tl, Mr u, 4) PTlMr * e (e-, -e-, e-)> Tl, Mr e, and 5) PTlMr * o (o-, -o-, o-)> Tl Mr o.
SISTEM FONOLOGI BAHASA KODI DI PULAU SUMBA Ekayani, Ni Putu; Mbete, Aron Meko; Putra, A.A. Putu
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 21 (2014): September 2014
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

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This study focus on a language in Sumba Island, the language of Kodi (BK). Two issues that underlie this study, namely (1) how the inventory of phonemes in BK of Sumba Island, and (2) how the distinctivefeaturesof languagephonemeinventory of BK? Analyzeis done in the form of 350 BK lexicons, which captured through unstructured interviews to five informants who are native speakers of BK. By the generative phonology theory, this qualitative study are summarized in two findings. First, that BK has five vowel phonemes /i, e, a,o, u/, with allophones in the two, namely the phoneme/e/with allophones [e] and [?] as well asthe phoneme/o/with allophones [o] and [?]. BK has 20 consonant phonemes: /p, t, c, k, ?, ?, ?, ?, m, n, ?, mb, nd, nj, ng, l, h, r,w, y /. Sylabel pattern of BK is consist of minimum V (vocal) dan maximum CV (consonant+vocal), because this is a open vocalic language. Second, it can be concluded that based on the basis of distinctive features, phonemeson BK was divided into five groups (feature ofthe main categories, place of articulation, manner of articulation, traits stem tongue, and extra features) and totaled 18 distinguishing features.
EVOLUSI FONOLOGIS LEKSIKON DALAM SEJARAH PERKEMBANGAN BAHASA BALI Guna Yasa, Putu Eka; Mbete, Aron Meko; Dhanawaty, Ni Made
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 25 No 2 (2018): September
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/ling.2018.v25.i02.p10

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This research produced research in the language of the development of Balinese language. In the search for the texts of Bali Kuna's motion inscriptions, the Middle Balinese literary works, and Modern Balinese languages ??as the data source showed a relatively long period of time. In accordance with this problem, this study used comparative historical linguistic theory. Meanwhile, methodologically at the stage of providing data, it applied the observational method in the written data, and interview method for the oral Balinese language data. In the data analysis section, the method applied is equivalent to the basic technique of speech organ whispering (phonetic articulatory). The result of analysis showed that the phonological evoluted by the sign of sound changing. Thus, the changes found consisted of (1) sound absorption which theoretically included in afferesis, syncope, haplology; (2) metathesis; (3) unusual sounds; (4) vowels and consonants changing.
RESISTANCE OF KATOBENGKE ETHNIC PEOPLE TO HEGEMONY OF TRADITIONAL ELITES IN BAUBAU CITY SOUTH EAST SULAWESI Dirman, La Ode; Kumbara, A.A. Ngurah Anom; Mbete, Aron Meko; Mudanu, I Gede Mudana
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol 8 No 3 (2015): Volume 8, Number 3, August 2015
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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The Katobengke ethnic group is one of the sub Buton ethnic groups which has been marginalized since the new order. When the reformation era started, they resisted the system of the knowledge which the traditional elites had. This present study was intended to understand the practice of resistance shown by the Katobengke people to the hegemony of the traditional elites based on the historical history and its implication on themselves and the traditional elites. It can be theoretically used as a model and a new concept and method of the development of the cultural studies. It can practically give input to the government as to the empowerment of the marginalized people using their local genius and maintenance of their cultural identity. The result of the present study shows that the resistance shown by the Katobengke people to the traditional elites through the mythological discourse of identity; symbolic resistance and physical violence; the factors contributing to the resistance were discrimination of identity, stigmatization of the Indonesian Communist Party ?Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI), the slave stereotype, the traditional taboo; the implication of the resistance is that the sultanate ideology was ineffective any longer to the Katobengke people?s interest, the appearance of new stratification, resistance to the traditional stereotype and taboo, the change in traditional costume, La Ode was used as the title, change in profession from becoming farmers into working as providers of services, and spirituality were used for political communication.
STEREOTYPE OF MADURESE ETHNIC PEOPLE MADE BY JAVANESE ETHNIC PEOPLE THROUGH HUMORS Tabrani, Akhmad Tabrani; Mbete, Aron Meko; Suastika, I Made Suastika; Mariyah, Emiliana Mariyah
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol 8 No 2 (2015): Volume 8, Number 2, May 2015
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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This study was inspired by several things such as (1) there was a negative impression on the Madurese ethnic people?s attitude and behavior, (2) the conflict taking place between the Madurese ethnic people and the other ethnic groups which resulted from the wrong impression on the Madurese ethnic people, (3) there was a close contact between the attitude and behavior of the Madurese ethnic people and the attitude and behavior of the other ethnic peoples outside Madura. This present study was intended to identify the form, factor, and impact of the stereotype of the Madurese ethnic people made by the Javanese ethnic people through humors. The data in the present study were collected through in-depth interview, observation, documentary study, and library research. There were several factors which contributed to the stereotype of the Madurese ethnic people made by the Javanese ethnic people through humors such as (a) education, (b) legitimacy of violence, (c) ideology, (d) the resistance of the Madurese ethnic people to the Javanese ethnic people, and (e) the Madurese people?s attitude and behavior. The stereotype on the Madurese ethnic people was created to give an inaccurate image although to some extent it was true. The ethnical humor leads to ethnical stereotype. The ethnical humor, which, in this case, was created by the dominant ethnic people, which, in this case, the Javanese ethnic people, contained satire, dislike, hatred, insulting, praise, and resistance of the Madurese ethnic people to the Javanese ethnic people.