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SISTEM MODUL MIKROFILTRASI DALAM PEMURNIAN L-THEANINE DARI TEH HIJAU LOKAL (Camellia assamica) Pekoe UNTUK MINUMAN FUNGSIONAL Susilowati, Agustine; Aspiyanto, Aspiyanto; Melanie, Hakiki; Maryati, Yati
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik Vol 1, No 1 (2010): PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI 1 2010
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik

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Abstract

Microfiltration (MF) module system had a potential use in purifying of L-Theanine of local green tea (Camellia assamica) grade Pekoe for functional drink as anti stress compound. Purification process was performed through MF membrane of 0.2 µm at pump motor frequency of 20 Hz, room temperature, and operation pressure of 4 and 6 bar for 30, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 210, 240, 270 and 300 minutes. The experiment result showed that MF system was able to pass more much L-Theanine in permeate, but retained more much dry matter and dissolved protein in retentate. Long purification time would decrease permeate flux value and L-Theanine concentration in permeate, but increased dry matter and dissolved protein in retentate. Optimum operation condition based on the highest concentration of L-Theanine in permeate at operation pressures of 4 and 6 bar for 120 and 240 minutes was able to pass L-Theanine in permeate of 86.33 % and 71.21 from all L-Theanine prior to process. Permeate as source of L-Theanine at optimum condition gave permeate flux values of 13.72 and 15.55 L/m2.hour with concentrations of L-Theanine of 10.721 % and 10.203 % (dry weight), dissolved protein of 2.1 and 1.8 mg/mL, and   dry matter of 1.342 and 1.712 %. Retentate has a potential use as functional compounds for anti oxidant,  anti cancer, anti diabetes and anti cholesterol. Key Words : Camellia  asssamica, L-Theanine, Microfiltration (MF), permeate, retentate.
THE EFFECT OF PROCESS CONDITIONS IN PREPARATION OF VEGETABLE BROTH AS SAVORY FLAVOR FROM MUNG BEANS (PHASEOLUS RADIATUS L.) USING INOCULUM OF RHIZOPUS-C1 Susilowati, Agustine; Aspiyanto, Aspiyanto; Melanie, Hakiki; Maryati, Yati
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 8, No 3 (2008)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijc.21592

Abstract

Preparation of vegetable broth from mung beans (Phaseolus radiatus L.) in semi pilot scale is an attempt development to get product of savory flavor in larger scale. The aim of this activity was to find out the effect of process multiplication on composition of vegetable broth from mung beans using inoculum of Rhizopus-C1 through brine fermentation in mixtures of inoculum, salt, and mung beans of 26, 23, and 51 %. This activity was conducted in both temperature of fermentation (room temperature and 30 °C), various time of fermentation (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 weeks) and process scales, namely laboratory scale (300 g) and semi pilot scale (± 25 kg), respectively. The result of experiment indicated that fermentation temperature and time and process scales were tend to affect on composition of product. The length of fermentation time would increase concentrations of dissolved protein, N-amino and reducing sugar, decreased concentrations of fat and Volatile Reduction Substance (VRS), while concentrations of total protein, and water were tend to be constant in laboratory and semi pilot scales at the both process temperatures. Multiplication in preparation process of inoculum (7 kg) using starter of Rhizopus-C1 resulted inoculum with activities of proteolytic of 0.71 U/g, and amilolytic of 17.5 U/g at 56 h of incubation. The whole process in semi pilot scale decreased composition of products. The optimal treatment based on recovery of total protein, and the highest amino acids as N-amino in semi pilot scale was at fermentation temperature of 30 ºC for 10 weeks with concentrations of water of 44.96%, total protein of 11.77% (dry matter), dissolved protein of 8 mg/mL, N-amino of 15.4 mg/mL, reducing sugar of 582.5 mg/mL, fat of 0.26% and, VRS of 90 µeq.reduction/g.
FAT REDUCTION IN IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF CHICKEN FEET GELATINE FOR FUNCTIONAL FOOD APPLICATION Melanie, Hakiki; Susilowati, Agustin; Iskandar, Jeti M; Laelatunur, Meilita
Jurnal Kimia Valensi Jurnal Kimia VALENSI Volume 1, No. 1, Mei 2015
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic Uni

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (460.129 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/jkv.v0i0.3149

Abstract

Fat reduction has been performed on crude gelatin extracted from chicken feet (shank) through curing process using sodium hydroxide and acetic acid in various proportions. This study was conducted to evaluate the best fat reduction condition by the addition of acetic acid at concentrations of 0, 2.5 and 5% (v/v) with decantation time 0, 6 and 12 hours on crude gelatine from curing process at a ratio of 1% acetic acid; 1% acetic acid with 1% NaOH; 1% acetic acid and 3% NaOH and without curing (initial gelatine). The analysis was carried out to determine the composition of gelatin and their byproducts to total solids, total fat and fat binding capacity. The results showed that the variation in the ratio of the addition of acetic acid and decantation time affect the composition of fat and fat-binding ability. Based on fat binding capacity (FBC), treatment of chicken feet gelatin with curing of 1% acetic acid and 3% NaOH and continued by the addition of 5% (v/v) acetic acid with a 12-hour decantation time resulted in gelatin with the best FBC of 7.4 g/g, fat content 1.0248% and total solids 2.7575%.DOI : http://dx.doi.org/10.15408/jkv.v0i0.3149
SEPARATION OF FERMENTED INULIN FIBER BY Lactobacillus acidophillus USING Aspergillus clavatus-CBS5 THROUGH MICROFILTRATION MEMBRANE - (PEMISAHAN SERAT INULIN TERFERMENTASI OLEH L. acidophillus MENGGUNAKAN A.. clavatus-CBS5 MELALUI MIKROFILTRASI MEMBRAN) Aspiyanto, Aspiyanto; Susilowati, Agustine; Maryati, Yati; Melanie, Hakiki
Biopropal Industri Vol 8, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.759 KB)

Abstract

The condition of Stirred Filtration Cell (SFC) was used as reference to a large-scale process conditions (modules) on the separation offermented inulin fibers by Lactobacillus acidophillus. Inulin hydrolyzate as biomass was produced  from inulinase hydrolysis stage by inulinase enzyme from Aspergillus clavatus-CBS5. Separation of inulinfiber aims to obtain inulin fiber through a microfiltration (MF) membrane 0.45 μm at room temperature, 400 rpm stirrer cycle and 40 psia for 0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 min. The results showed that best separation time was 120 minutes based on optimal CBC (cholesterol binding capacity) which fermented inulin fiber concentrate was produced with a total sugar concentration of 105.21 mg/mL, total solids 2.11%, total fiber 23.36%, total acid 6.66% (dry weight), 4.05 mg of dissolved protein/mL and CBC 13.781 mg/g. MF membrane increased the CBC by 23.4% compared to no separation process.Keywords: cholesterol binding capacity, inulin fiber, microfiltration membrane, permeate, retentateABSTRAKKondisi Sel Filtrasi Berpengaduk (SFB) digunakan sebagai acuan menuju kondisi proses skala besar (modul) terhadap pemisahan serat inulin terfermentasi oleh Lactobacillus acidophillus. Hidrolisat inulin yang digunakan sebagai biomassa dihasilkan dari tahapan hidrolisa inulin oleh enzim inulinase dari kapang Aspergillus clavatus-CBS5. Pemisahan serat inulin bertujuan untuk mendapatkan serat inulin melalui membran mikrofiltrasi (MF) 0,45 µm pada temperatur ruang, kecepatan putaran pengaduk 400 rpm dan tekanan 40 psia selama 0, 30, 60, 90 dan 120 menit. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa waktu pemisahan yang lama dapat menahan dan meningkatkan padatan total, serat total, asam total, protein terlarut dan kemampuan pengikat kolesterol (KPK) tetapi menurunkan gula total dalam retentat. Membran mikrofiltrasi melewatkan dan menurunkan gula total, protein terlarut dan KPK tetapi meningkatkan padatan total, serat total, asam total dalam permeat. Berdasarkan KPK optimal, waktu pemisahan terbaik dicapai setelah 120 menit. Pada kondisi ini dihasilkan konsentrat serat inulin terfermentasi dengan konsentrasi gula total 105,21 mg/mL, padatan total 2,11%, serat total 23,36%, asam total 6,66% (berat kering), protein terlarut 4,05 mg/mL dan KPK 13,781 mg/g. Membran MF mampu meningkatkan KPK 23,4% dibandingkan tanpa  menggunakan proses pemisahan.Kata kunci:          kemampuan pengikat kolesterol, membran mikrofiltrasi, permeat, retentat, serat inulin
Potency of Stirred Microfiltration Cell in Separation of Fermented Beans as Protein Isolate for Natural Source of Folic Acid Aspiyanto, Aspiyanto; Susilowati, Agustine; Lotulung, Puspa Dewi; Melanie, Hakiki; Maryati, Yati
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 19, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (341.382 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijc.25164

Abstract

Protein isolate from soy bean (Glycine soja L.) tempeh, mung bean (Phaseolus radiatus L.) tempeh and kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) tempeh are natural source of folic acid with main role in brain smartness. 0.15 µm microfiltration (MF) membrane fitted in dead-end stirred microfiltration cell (SMFC) was able to separate protein isolate from three (3) kinds of tempeh at stirrer rotation speed 400 rpm, room temperature and pressure 40 psia for 30 minutes. The result of experimental work showed that SMFC had potential use in separation of protein isolate affected by kinds of bean and membrane performance on isolate composition in retentate and permeate. SMFC was able to retain better protein isolate in retentate than that passing across permeate. Retentate of protein isolate from soy bean tempeh, mung bean tempeh and kidney bean tempeh had subsequently compositions of folic acid 362.07, 254.07 and 506.07 µg/mL, total solids 5.56, 4.08 and 1.82 %, N-Amino 4.34, 3.36 and 0.56 mg/mL, and dissolved protein 0.79, 0.34 and 0.72 mg/mL. In this process condition, SMFC was able to increase folic acid in protein isolate retentate of soy tempeh of 0.59 times, mung bean tempeh of 1.1 times and kydney bean tempeh of 1.42 times before purification process in retentate. Based on both SMFC performance and efficiency, all the best purification optimization were obtained kidney beans tempeh. Identification of monomer of kidney bean tempeh protein isolate gave monomers of folic acid, glutamic acid and folic acid fractionation with molecular weight of 443.5797, 148.1643 and 221.2132 Da. and relative intensity of 1.28, 50.11 and 7.05 %, respectively.
Recovery of Fermented Spinach (Amaranthus sp.) Concentrate Through Ultrafiltration Membrane Process as Source of Folic Acid for Smart Food Formula Aspiyanto, Aspiyanto; Susilowati, Agustine; Lotulung, Puspa Dewi; Melanie, Hakiki; Maryati, Yati
Indonesian Journal of Chemistry Vol 17, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (384.993 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijc.25165

Abstract

Fermentation process on spinach (Amaranthus sp.) by Kombucha culture was done as an effort to recover naturally folic acid as bioactive components to increase smartness. The experimental activity was done by means of UF membrane (100,000 MWCO) fitted in Stirred Ultrafiltration Cell (SUFC) at stirrer rotation speed 200 and 400 rpm, room temperature, pressure 20 and 40 Psi for 30 min. Result of experimental activity showed that based on both selectivity and recovery of folic acid, process optimization of UF was reached at stirrer rotation speed 200 rpm and pressure 40 Psi. In the optimum condition, SUFC technique was able to recover folic acid in retentate 67.75% and in permeate 97.27% (63.19 µg/mL). Identification of monomer in permeate from the optimum process treatment was find out folic acid monomer with molecular weight (MW) 441.39 and relative intensity 93% at mass spectra T2.32 between m/z 257–304 and glutamic acids monomer with MW 148.57 and relative intensity 0.22% at mass spectra T2.82 between m/z 415–470. Other dominant monomer were folic acid fraction.
Green tea (Camellia assamica) concentrate as a source of L-theanine used in kombucha fermentation for relaxation drink1) Konsentrat teh hijau (Camellia assamica) sebagai sumber L-theanine yang digunakan pada fermentasi kombucha untuk minuman relaksasi SUSILOWATI, Agustine; ASPIYANTO, .; MELANIE, Hakiki; MARYATI, Yati
E-Journal Menara Perkebunan Vol 78, No 2: Desember 2010
Publisher : INDONESIAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINDUSTRY

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22302/iribb.jur.mp.v78i2.67

Abstract

Abstrak Konsentrat teh hijau (Camellia assamica) grade Pekoe yang dihasilkan melalui pemurnian oleh membran mikro-filtrasi (MF) berpotensi sebagai substrat pada fermentasi  kombucha untuk efek relaksasi (anti stres) karena kandungan L-theanine yang tinggi. Kegiatan penelitian dilakukan untuk mendapatkan ratio terbaik antara konsentrat teh hijau dan air guna menghasilkan komposisi teh kombucha yang setara dengan teh kombucha komersial sebagai minuman santai. Fermentasi dilakukan pada nisbah konsentrat teh hijau dan air 1:4, 1:3, 1:2, 1:1 dan 1: 0 (v/v) dengan starter Kombucha komersial 0,5 % (b/v) pada suhu kamar selama satu minggu. Sebagai kontrol digunakan teh kombucha dengan nisbah teh hijau komersial dan air adalah 1:0. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kandungan L-theanine dalam produk teh kombucha yang setara dengan produk komersial (2,51 % berat kering) dicapai pada nisbah konsentrat teh hijau dan air 1 : 2 (2,16 % berat kering) dan 1:1 (3,01 % berat kering). Selain  L-theanine, pada ratio konsentrat teh hijau dan air tersebut teh kombucha yang dihasilkan mengandung total polifenol 1,03 %, total padatan 11,67 %, total asam 0,53 % dan gula pereduksi 27,4 mg/mL, serta jumlah mikroba total log 5,88 CFU/mL atau 7,72 x  105 CFU/mL.Abstract Concentrate of green tea (Camellia assamica) of Pekoe grade produced through purification by means of microfiltration (MF) membrane is potentially used as a substrate in kombucha fermentation for relaxation (anti stress) due to high L-theanine concentration. This experiment was conducted to find out the best ratio of green tea concentrate and water in order to generate kombucha  tea composition   that  is  equal  to commercially available kombucha tea as relaxation drink. Fermentation   process   was    performed   with   green  tea concentrate and water ratio of 1: 4, 1: 3, 1: 2, 1: 1 and  1: 0 (v/v) using 0.5  % (w/v) of commercial kombucha starter at room temperature for one week. As a control kombucha tea  with ratio of commercial green tea and water of  1 : 0 was used. The result shows that L-theanine content in kombucha tea product equal to commercial kombucha tea (2.514  %, dry weight) was reached at the ratio of green tea concentrate and water of 1 : 2 (2.16  %, dry  weight)  and 1 : 1 (3.01 %, dry weight). Beside L-theanine, kombucha tea resulted from this ratio of green tea concentrate and water contains total polyphenol 1.03  %, total solids 11.67 %, total acids 0.53 % and reducing sugar 27.4 mg/mL, and total microbial counts of log 5.88 CFU/mL or 7.72 x 105 CFU/mL.
Green tea (Camellia assamica) concentrate as a source of L-theanine used in kombucha fermentation for relaxation drink1) Konsentrat teh hijau (Camellia assamica) sebagai sumber L-theanine yang digunakan pada fermentasi kombucha untuk minuman relaksasi SUSILOWATI, Agustine; ASPIYANTO, .; MELANIE, Hakiki; MARYATI, Yati
E-Journal Menara Perkebunan Vol 78, No 2: Desember 2010
Publisher : INDONESIAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR BIOTECHNOLOGY AND BIOINDUSTRY

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22302/iribb.jur.mp.v78i2.67

Abstract

Abstrak Konsentrat teh hijau (Camellia assamica) grade Pekoe yang dihasilkan melalui pemurnian oleh membran mikro-filtrasi (MF) berpotensi sebagai substrat pada fermentasi  kombucha untuk efek relaksasi (anti stres) karena kandungan L-theanine yang tinggi. Kegiatan penelitian dilakukan untuk mendapatkan ratio terbaik antara konsentrat teh hijau dan air guna menghasilkan komposisi teh kombucha yang setara dengan teh kombucha komersial sebagai minuman santai. Fermentasi dilakukan pada nisbah konsentrat teh hijau dan air 1:4, 1:3, 1:2, 1:1 dan 1: 0 (v/v) dengan starter Kombucha komersial 0,5 % (b/v) pada suhu kamar selama satu minggu. Sebagai kontrol digunakan teh kombucha dengan nisbah teh hijau komersial dan air adalah 1:0. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kandungan L-theanine dalam produk teh kombucha yang setara dengan produk komersial (2,51 % berat kering) dicapai pada nisbah konsentrat teh hijau dan air 1 : 2 (2,16 % berat kering) dan 1:1 (3,01 % berat kering). Selain  L-theanine, pada ratio konsentrat teh hijau dan air tersebut teh kombucha yang dihasilkan mengandung total polifenol 1,03 %, total padatan 11,67 %, total asam 0,53 % dan gula pereduksi 27,4 mg/mL, serta jumlah mikroba total log 5,88 CFU/mL atau 7,72 x  105 CFU/mL.Abstract Concentrate of green tea (Camellia assamica) of Pekoe grade produced through purification by means of microfiltration (MF) membrane is potentially used as a substrate in kombucha fermentation for relaxation (anti stress) due to high L-theanine concentration. This experiment was conducted to find out the best ratio of green tea concentrate and water in order to generate kombucha  tea composition   that  is  equal  to commercially available kombucha tea as relaxation drink. Fermentation   process   was    performed   with   green  tea concentrate and water ratio of 1: 4, 1: 3, 1: 2, 1: 1 and  1: 0 (v/v) using 0.5  % (w/v) of commercial kombucha starter at room temperature for one week. As a control kombucha tea  with ratio of commercial green tea and water of  1 : 0 was used. The result shows that L-theanine content in kombucha tea product equal to commercial kombucha tea (2.514  %, dry weight) was reached at the ratio of green tea concentrate and water of 1 : 2 (2.16  %, dry  weight)  and 1 : 1 (3.01 %, dry weight). Beside L-theanine, kombucha tea resulted from this ratio of green tea concentrate and water contains total polyphenol 1.03  %, total solids 11.67 %, total acids 0.53 % and reducing sugar 27.4 mg/mL, and total microbial counts of log 5.88 CFU/mL or 7.72 x 105 CFU/mL.