Juli Melia
Laboratorium Reproduksi Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh

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THE IMAGE OF EMBRYO AND FETAL OF ETAWA CROSSBRED GOATS USING ULTRASONOGRAPHY AT DIFFERENT GESTATIONAL AGES Melia, Juli; Fauziah, Fauziah; Hamdan, Hamdan; Panjaitan, Budianto; Syafruddin, Syafruddin; Armansyah, Teuku; Siregar, Tongku Nizwan
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 12, No 2 (2018): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v12i2.3768

Abstract

This study aimed to estimate the gestational age of Etawa crossbred goats based on ultrasound images of embryo and fetal usingtranscutaneous ultrasonography. Etawa crossbred does (n= 5) were synchronized using double PGF2? injection with 10 days interval and matednaturally. Early pregnancy was diagnosed on 20th day after mating base on isoechogenic image of the embryo (2.65±0.75 mm) andhypoechogenic appearance of gestational sac. On 30th day of the first trimester, the embryo size was 8.31±0.42 mm. The embryo reached10.44±0.51 mm on 35th day. On 60th day, the existence of the fetal were clearly appeared along with isoechogenic of umbilical cord,hyperechogenic os cranium (25.5±0.1 mm), and body length (51.83±1.59 mm). On 75th day, the diameter of the os cranium was 33.03±0.20 mm,body length of 110±1.73 mm, and bones structures appeared hyperechogenic for os thoracalis and os vertebrae. The placenta was isoechogenoicwith diameter of 23.3±0.2 mm. On 90th day, the placenta dominated the uterus (22.67±1.70 mm) and reached its maximum diameter on 145th day(33.73±2.91 mm). In conclusion, early pregnancy detection of Etawa crossbred goats using transcutaneous ultrasonography could be performedon 20th day after mating
PERBANDINGAN INTENSITAS BERAHI SAPI ACEH YANG DISINKRONISASI DENGAN PROSTAGLANDIN F2 ALFA DAN BERAHI ALAMI Hafizuddin, Hafizuddin; Siregar, Tongku Nizwan; Akmal, Muslim; Melia, Juli; rizal, Husnur; Armansyah, Teuku
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 6, No 2 (2012): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v6i2.296

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui perbedaan intensitas berahi sapi aceh antara yang disinkronisasi berahi dengan prostaglandin F2 alfa (PGF2?) dan berahi alami. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan 20 ekor sapi aceh betina yang dibagi atas dua kelompok. Kriteria sapi yang digunakan adalah umur 5-8 tahun, mempunyai bobot badan 150-250 kg, dan mempunyai minimal dua siklus reguler. Sapi yang digunakan mempunyai skor kondisi tubuh dengan kriteria baik, yaitu 3 atau 4 pada skala skor 5. Pada Kelompok I (KI) sapi disinkronisasi berahi mengunakan PGF2? sebanyak 5 mg/ml secara intramuskular. Pada kelompok II (KII) sapi dibiarkan memperlihatkan gejala berahi alami. Penilaian intensitas berahi dilakukan dengan memberi skor 1, 2, dan 3, berdasarkan kriteria yang dibuat oleh Kune dan Solihati (2007). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada perbedaan intensitas berahi sapi aceh baik yang disinkronisasi berahi dengan PGF2? dan sapi yang mengalami berahi alami dengan skor intensitas berahi masing-masing adalah 2,40±0,84 dan 2,70±0,48.
ANATOMI DAN GAMBARAN ULTRASOUND ORGAN REPRODUKSI SELAMA SIKLUS ESTRUS PADA KUDA GAYO BETINA (ANATOMY AND ULTRASOUND IMAGING OF REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS OF GAYO MARES DURING ESTROUS CYCLE) Melia, Juli; Agil, Muhammad; Supriatna, Iman; Amrozi, Amrozi
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 10, No 2 (2016): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v10i2.5026

Abstract

The present study examines anatomy of Gayo mare reproductive organs. This study used three sample of Gayo mare reproductive organs (n= 3) for observation of morphology and morphometric of the mare reproductive organs. The ovarium was fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde solution then followed by histological method and stained using hematoxylin and eosin (HE) and Masson?s trichome (MT). Three mares were observed for diameter and changes overview of uterus during estrous cycle in real time using ultrasound. The results showed that, in general, the anatomy of Gayo mare?s reproductive organs was similar to other mares, but smaller in morphometry. The total length of the Gayo mare?s reproductive tract from labia to apex cornua was 48.00±1.00 cm. Weight of Gayo mare?s left ovary was 19.07±7.70 g and the right was 24.43±0.83 g. Histologically, there was no difference between Gayo mare?s structure and other mares. In cortex uteri there were some follicles surrounded by capillary, various development stages of follicles, healthy follicles, atretic follicle, and corpus albican; while in medulla there were a lot of connective tissues. Ultrasound of the uterus showed the change in diameter during estrous cycle with the largest diameter of corpus uteri was 4.43±0.10 cm in horses with estrous cycle of 21 days and 6.30±0.93 cm in horses with 24 days estrous cycle. In conclusion, the morphometry of Gayo mare reproductive organs are smaller than the other horses and there are differences in diameter of the uterus during the estrous cycle due to the changes of endometrium thickness.
The Influence of Time Equilibration to The Quality of The Swamp Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Cement After Thawing Febriani, Gian Dina; Hamdan, Hamdan; Melia, Juli
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 8, No 1 (2014): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SYIAH KUALA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (69.307 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v8i1.3315

Abstract

This research aims to know the influence of the equilibration to the quality of the swamp buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) cement after thawing including: motility, and percentage of live spermatozoa. This research used the fresh cement from a 4 years old water buffalo was collected using an artificial vagina,and evaluation cement for macroscopic and microskopic to see if cement was worthy or not worthy to frozen. Good quality cement was diluted by adding Andromed, then semen were incorporated into the straw using the machine filling sealing followed by equilibrated with 3 treatment groups. Group I (n = 3 straw) with equilibration time of 3 hours, the Group II (n = 3 straw) with a time of equilibration was 5 hours, and group III (n = 3 straw) with equilibration a time of 7 hours. After equilibrated, straw frozen and stored in liquid N2 (BIBD Tuah Sakato procedures). The results show that the length of time the real equilibration effect (P < 0.05) on the motility and percentage life of swamp buffalo spermatozoa. Equilibration 5 hours of time differs markedly with equilibration time 3 and 7 hours, motility, and percentage of live spermatozoa (44.15±1.70; 46.50±1.36 vs 14,55±1,58; 1.42±37.38 vs. 15.37±1.58; and 37.50±1.25). In conclusion, equilibration time is showed on the cement of swmp buffalo after 5 hours thawing.Key words: equilibration, swamp buffalo, thawing
PREVALENCE OF MARES’ GRANULOSA THECA CELL TUMOR (GTCT) IN INDONESIA Amrozi, Amrozi; Melia, Juli; Parwati, Luci; Tumbelaka, Ligaya I.T.A.
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 13, No 4 (2019): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v13i4.12797

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine the prevalence rate of mares? GTCT in Indonesia. Ultrasound examination of ovaries were performed on mares in Java and Madura Island of Indonesia. Thirteen mares had been affected by GTCT from 2913 number of examinations. The prevalence rate of GTCT during year 2006 and 2007 were 4.71% and 5.56%, respectively followed by a decrease in prevalence rate of GTCT during 2008-2014. The reproductive cycle in a mare with GTCT had returned to normal 6 months after ovariectomy.
GAMBARAN KLINIS SAPI PIOMETRA SEBELUM DAN SETELAH TERAPI DENGAN ANTIBIOTIK DAN PROSTAGLANDIN SECARA INTRA UTERI Sayuti, Arman; Melia, Juli; a, Amrozi; s, Syafruddin; r, Roslizawaty; Fahrimal, Yudha
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 6, No 2 (2012): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v6i2.310

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui gambaran klinis sapi pyometra sebelum dan setelah diterapi dengan antibiotik dan prostaglandin. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan enam ekor sapi betina yang didiagnosis menderita piometra berdasarkan pemeriksaan secara klinis dan ultrasonografi pada organ reproduksi. Sapi tersebut dibagi ke dalam dua kelompok perlakuan, masing-masing 3 ekor sapi untuk tiap kelompok. Kelompok I diterapi dengan 5 ml antibiotik (gentamicine, flumequine) ditambah 15 ml NaCl fisiologis dan PGF2? (Luprostiol) 12,5 mg secara intra uteri, sedangkan kelompok II diterapi hanya dengan menggunakan antibiotik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pada sapi yang didiagnosis piometra ditemukan adanya cairan yang penuh mengisi uterus (100%), korpus luteum persisten pada salah satu ovarium (100%), discharge di sekitar ekor, perineum, dan vulva yang berwarna kuning (50%), krem (33,3%), dan hijau keabu-abuan (16,6%). Sapi yang diterapi dengan antibiotik dan PGF2? menyebabkan pengeluaran leleran yang lebih cepat dan lebih banyak dibandingkan sapi yang diterapi hanya dengan antibiotik.
THE EFFECT OF MALACCA LEAVES (PHYLLANTUS EMBLICA) ETHANOLIC EXTRACT ON PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM GROWTH IN VITRO Asmilia, Nuzul; TR, T Armansyah; Aliza, Dwinna; Melia, Juli; Rahmi, Erdiansyah; Daulay, Lingga Surya Maret
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 12, No 4 (2018): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v12i4.10215

Abstract

The aim of this research was to find out in vitro antiplasmodium activity of Malacca leaves (Phyllantus emblica) ethanolic extract against Plasmodium falciparum growth. In this study, Plasmodium culture contained 5% parasitemia in ring stage was cultured using candle jar method and antiplasmodial activity test was carried out using microculture. The treatments were divided into 7 groups with four repetitions. K1 as negative control group was given Roswell Park Memorial Institute (RPMI), while K2 as positive control group was given artesdiaquine. Groups K3, K4, K5, K6, and K7 group was added with 100 µg/mL, 75 µg/mL, 50 µg/mL, 25 µg/mL, and 5 µg/mL of Malacca leaves ethanolic extract, respectively. Antiplasmodial activity was determined by inhibition concentration of 50% parasite growth (IC50). The data were analyzed using ANOVA and followed by Duncan test. The average of parasitemia level in group K1, K2, K3, K4, K5, K6, and K7 were 55.25±15.62, 8.50±2.52, 8.50±3.00, 9.25±0.95, 9.00±2.70, 9.79±2.06, and 10.75±2.22, respectively. The average of inhibition percentage in group K1, K2; K3; K4; K5; K6; and K7 were 0.00±0.00%, 84.62±4.55%; 84.62±5.43%; 83.26±1.73%; 83.71±4,90%; 82.35±3,73%; and 80.54±6.83%, respectively (P 0.01). The results showed that the administration of malacca leaves ethanolic extract significantly affect (P 0.01) the inhibition of Plasmodium growth as compared to group K1 (negative control). Probit analysis reveals the IC50 value was 3.889 µg/mL. In conclusion, all doses of malacca leaves ethanolic extract used in this study was able to inhibit Plasmodium falciparum growth with IC50 value was 3.889 µg/mL.
ACEH CATTLE FOLLICLE DYNAMIC UNDER ENVIRONMENTAL HEAT STRESS Armansyah, Teuku; Siregar, Tongku Nizwan; Aliza, Dwinna; Melia, Juli; Meutia, Nellita; Panjaitan, Budianto; Hafizuddin, Hafizuddin; Adam, Mulyadi; Abrar, Mahdi
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 11, No 3 (2017): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v11i3.6377

Abstract

The objective of this research is to know Aceh cattle follicle dynamic under environmental heat stress condition. This research was conducted on December 2012 until August 2013. Animals used in this research were 20 Aceh cattle aged 5-8 years old, weighing of 150-250 kg, and had at least 2 regular cycles. All cattle used were clinically in good body condition score. The cattle were divided into two groups of 10, used in two different period of times (December-January and July-August) to examine the effect of environmental heat to their follicle dynamic. Each group is separated into two different keeping management; one group was kept in pens while the others in the pasture, 5 cattle in each management group. Research timing was based on information acquired from Indrapuri Agency for Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysics (BMKG) which predicted that extreme weather would last from July to August while December to January would be relatively normal in Aceh region. All cattle?s estrous cycle were synchronized by 5 mg/mL of PGF2? intramuscularly (Lutalyse?, Pharmacia Upjohn Company, Pfizer Inc.). Ultrasonography examination was performed to monitor ovary follicle?s growth and dynamic during one cycle. Days during ovulation marked by standing heat was regarded as Day 0 of estrous cycle. Follicular dynamic examination during estrous cycle on December-January and also on July-August, both penned or pastured cattle showed the follicle waves that was 3 follicle growth waves. The size of follicle growth on first wave (1st DF) on cattle kept in pen on July-August and December-January were relatively similar. The size of follicle growth on first wave for cattle kept in pasture on July-August and December-January were relatively similar. To conclude, Aceh cattle?s follicle dynamic is not change during environment heat stress condition and is not affected by different cattle-keeping management.
IDENTIFIKASI LEUKOSIT POLYMORPHONUCLEAR (PMN) DALAM DARAH SAPI ENDOMETRITIS YANG DITERAPI DENGAN GENTAMISIN, FLUMEQUIN, DAN ANALOG PGF2α Melia, Juli; a, Amrozi; Tumbelaka, Ligaya Ita; Fahrimal, Yudha
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 6, No 2 (2012): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v6i2.342

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui persentase leukosit polymorphonuclear (PMN) dalam preparat ulas darah sapi endometritis. Enam ekor sapi endometritis dibagi dalam dua kelompok perlakuan. Kelompok I (n=3) diterapi dengan 250 mg gentamisin/ekor, 250 mg flumequin/ekor, dan PGF2? sebanyak 12,5 mg/ekor secara intra uteri. Kelompok II (n=3) diterapi dengan menggunakan antibiotik dengan dosis dan cara pemberian yang sama seperti pada Kelompok I. Hasil penghitungan leukosit diferensial sebelum terapi menunjukkan persentase jumlah limfosit yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan bentuk leukosit lainnya pada Kelompok I dan II masing-masing adalah 62,50±1,17 dan 63,66±2,35, sedangkan persentase jumlah neutrofil pada Kelompok I dan II masing-masing adalah 29,33±0,94 dan 27,33±0,94. Setelah terapi, tidak ada perbedaan persentase (P 0,05) bentuk leukosit antara kedua kelompok perlakuan. Terapi kombinasi antibiotik dan PGF2? pada sapi penderita endometritis tidak menghasilkan perubahan diferensial leukosit termasuk PMN.
GAMBARAN HISTOLOGIS TUBULUS SEMINIFERUS KAMBING KACANG JANTAN LOKAL PASCAPEMBERIAN SUPLEMEN DAUN KATUK Ferasyi, Teuku Reza; Budiman, Hamdani; Akmal, Muslim; Melia, Juli; R, Razali; Novita, Andi; Barus, Rina Aulia; Suprayogi, Agik
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 8, No 1 (2014): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v8i1.1261

Abstract

Penelitian ini mengetahui pengaruh pemberian tepung atau ekstrak alkohol daun katuk terhadap perubahan histologis testis kambing kacang lokal jantan. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan 15 ekor kambing dengan umur sekitar 1,5 tahun. Semua hewan penelitian terlebih dahulu diaklimatisasi selama 2 minggu terhadap lingkungan penelitian. Hewan-hewan tersebut dibagi menjadi 3 kelompok yang masing-masing terdiri atas 5 ekor kambing. Kelompok P0 (kontrol) telah hanya diberikan air distilasi. Pada kelompok P1, diberikan perlakuan berupa suplementasi tepung daun katuk dan untuk kelompok P2 diberikan ekstrak alkohol daun katuk. Semua perlakuan diberikan secara oral sebanyak dua kali per hari (pada pagi dan sore hari) selama 35 hari berturut-turut. Setiap kambing percobaan diberikan pakan yang terdiri atas daun-daunan dan rumput, serta disediakan akses untuk memperoleh air minum secara ad libitum. Pada akhir waktu penelitian, seluruh hewan dikastrasi dan bagian tubulus seminiferus dari testis diambil dan diproses lebih lanjut untuk evaluasi secara histologis. Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa terdapat indikasi peningkatan produksi spermatid dan spermatosit pada Kelompok P1 dan P2. Dengan demikian disimpulkan bahwa pemberian suplemen daun katuk dapat meningkatkan produksi spermatid dan spermatosit kambing kacang lokal jantan.