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BIOPOLYMER FROM STARCH AND CHITOSAN AS BIOPLASTIC MATERIAL FOR FOOD PACKAGING Fathanah, Umi; Lubis, Mirna Rahman; Moulana, Ryan
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 5, No 1 (2015): Engineering
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This research aims to improve economic value of cassava peel waste as raw material of bioplastic making, whose existence is still very abundant and has not been benefitted optimally. Bioplastic making is conducted by mixing starch and chitosan with gliserol as plasticizer. Bioplastic making is carried out at gelatinization temperature of 80oC. Chitosan addition is carried out at variatios of 0; 10; 20; 30; and 40 (% w). Research result indicates that mechanical property i.e. optimum value of tensile strength is obtained at value of 38.25 MPa with chitosan addition as much of 30%. The highest elongation percentage is obtained as much of 41.25% with addition of 10% chitosan. Physical property of resulted bioplastic is obtained from the best swelling test at addition of 40% chitosan i.e. 0.38%, and bioplastic density obtained is ranged from 2 ? 3.33 g/ml. Analysis of functional group by using FTIR exhibits the existence of ester and carbonyl groups that indicates that resulted bioplastic could be degraded. Whereas biodegradability test on environment exhibits that bioplastic could be completely degraded in soil for 24 days.
PEMANFAATAN PASTA SUKUN (ARTOCARPUS ALTILIS) PADA PEMBUATAN MI KERING Safriani, Novi; Moulana, Ryan; Ferizal, Ferizal
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2013): Vol.(5) No.2, June 2013
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (679.9 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v5i2.1004

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the best treatment combination between the ratio of wheat flour and breadfruit pasta, and the combination of the drying temperature and time to produce dried noodles with good quality and preferred by consumers. The effect of the ratio of wheat flour and breadfruit pasta (70:30%, 60:40%, and 50:50%), and the combination of the drying temperature and time (60°C, 70 minutes and 70°C, 60 minutes) on the quality of the dried noodles were investigated. The results showed that the best quality of the dried noodles based on the organoleptic and cooking quality test obtained from the combination of the treatment of ratio of wheat flour and breadfruit pasta = 70:30% and the combination of drying temperature and time = 700C for 60 minutes with the following characteristics: water content of 8,78%, fat content of 13,67%, protein content of 11.90%, ash content of 1,35%, and carbohydrate content of 65,22%. The organoleptic value of the best dried noodles before rehydration: color of 2,75; flavor of 2,83; texture of 2,73; whereas after the rehydration, the best dried noodles has organoleptic values: color of 2,81; flavor of 2,92; and taste of 2,77.
UTILIZATION OF HEMP (CANNABIS SATIVA L.) AS AN ALTERNATIVE RAW MATERIAL FOR THE PRODUCTION OF THREE-LAYERED PARTICLEBOARD Moulana, Ryan
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

As the availability of high quality trees decreased and the price increased the wood base panel industry is looking to replace the common used wood by agricultural residues or fast growing trees and plants as well as agricultural plants like hemp (Cannabis sativa L.). Hemp offers characteristics that are similar to wood properties. In line with this research, three-layered particleboards under utilization of hemp material were developed. The hemp was used in combination with industrial produced particles to find out which amount of wood can be substituted by hemp and further to investigate which decreased densities can be realized by the use of hemp. Hemp can be used for the production of lightweight particleboards due to its lower bulk density compared to wood. All developed hemp/wood based particleboards were produced under industrial parameters in laboratory and pilot scale using conventional urea formaldehyde-resin, hardeners, and hydrophobic substances. The mechanical technological properties of all produced innovative particleboards and reference particleboards were determined according to current DIN/EN standards. In detail density profile, bending strength, internal bond strength, surface strength, and thickness swelling were determined. Compared to the produced reference particleboards, consisting only of wood particles, the developed hemp/wood particleboards possessed better mechanical-technological properties. Furthermore it was realized to produce particleboards with densities of 550 kg/m³ by using hemp due to its low bulk density which fulfills the given DIN/EN requirements. As an overall result we found out that hemp is a real alternative to nowadays used wood for the production of particleboards in general and for the production of lightweight particleboards in particular.  
EFFECT OF MOISTURE CONTENT AND AMOUNT OF HEXANE ON IN-SITU TRANSESTERIFICATION OF JATROPHA SEEDS FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION Moulana, Ryan; Satriana, .; Supardan, M. Dani; Aina, Wirda
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 3, No 2 (2013): Engineering
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to study in-situ transesterification technique of jatropha seeds for biodiesel production. This research was conducted using a randomized factorial block design consisting of two factors that is moisture content of jatropha seeds (2% and 3%) and amount of hexane that used as a co-solvent (0 ml, 75 ml, 95 ml, 115 ml and 135 ml). The experimental result shows that the highest yieldbiodiesel of 78.72 % obtained at process condition of jatropha seeds moisture content of 2% and amount of hexane of 115 mL. The physico-chemical analysis of biodiesel procured the acid number of 0.35 mg KOH/g, density of 0.89 g/mL and viscosity of 3.04 mm2/ s that meet requirement of Indonesian Nasional StandardNo. 04-7182-2006.
INFLUENCE OF CO-SOLVENT ON REACTIVE-EXTRACTION OF JATROPHA CURCAS L. SEED FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION Supardan, M. Dani; Satriana, .; Moulana, Ryan
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 2, No 2 (2012): Engineering
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

In this study, experimental studies have been carried out to improve the yield of biodiesel by addition of co-solvent to enhance the miscibility of the phases and speed up the reaction rate. The co-solvent used are tetrahydrofuran and hexane. The experimental result shows that the transesterification rate was improved when compared to the system without cosolvents. The biodiesel produced in the experiment was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), which showed that methyl oleate was the highest compound in biodiesel.
EFFECT OF MOISTURE CONTENT AND AMOUNT OF HEXANE ON IN-SITU TRANSESTERIFICATION OF JATROPHA SEEDS FOR BIODIESEL PRODUCTION Moulana, Ryan; Satriana, .; Supardan, M. Dani; Aina, Wirda
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 3, No 2 (2013): Engineering
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (121.397 KB)

Abstract

The aim of this research is to study in-situ transesterification technique of jatropha seeds for biodiesel production. This research was conducted using a randomized factorial block design consisting of two factors that is moisture content of jatropha seeds (2% and 3%) and amount of hexane that used as a co-solvent (0 ml, 75 ml, 95 ml, 115 ml and 135 ml). The experimental result shows that the highest yieldbiodiesel of 78.72 % obtained at process condition of jatropha seeds moisture content of 2% and amount of hexane of 115 mL. The physico-chemical analysis of biodiesel procured the acid number of 0.35 mg KOH/g, density of 0.89 g/mL and viscosity of 3.04 mm2/ s that meet requirement of Indonesian Nasional StandardNo. 04-7182-2006.
Karakteristik Kimia dan Mikrobiologis Asam Drien (Durian Fermentasi dari Aceh) pada Berbagai Metode Pembuatan Muzaifa, Murna; Moulana, Ryan; Aisyah, Yuliani; Sulaiman, Ismail; Rezeki, Trisma
Agritech Vol 35, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (605.777 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9339

Abstract

Research has been conducted to examine the chemical and microbiological characteristics of asam drien (tempoyak from Aceh) made by following various methods in Aceh. This study used completely randomized design consisting of 4 treatments: fermented durian without the addition of other ingredients/normal (A), fermented durian using turmeric (B), fermented durian using salt (C), fermented durian using salt and turmeric (D). The parameters analyzed included chemical properties (water content, pH, total lactic acid, and total sugars) and microbiological analysis (total lactic acid bacteria and yeasts). The results showed that the method of asam drien production had very significant effect on the water content, the total pH, total lactic acid, total sugar sand total lactic acid bacteria, but did not significantly affect the total yeast. There is a tendency that the number of treatment without the addition of salt produced water content, total lactic acid and total lactic acid bacteria higher. Average chemical and microbiological characteristics asam drien are as follows: 66.49% moisture content, pH4.1, totalacid2.30%, 30.50% total dissolved solids, total lactic acid bacteria 99×10 10  CFU/g and a total of 18×10 6 yeast CFU/g.ABSTRAKTelah dilakukan penelitian untuk mengkaji karakteristik kimia dan mikrobiologis asam drien(tempoyak asal Aceh) dengan mengikuti beberapa metode pembuatan asam drien yang ada di Aceh. Penelitian ini menggunakan RAL nonfaktorial yang terdiri atas 4 perlakuan, yaitu: fermentasi durian biasa tanpa penambahan bahan lain (A), fermentasi durian menggunakan kunyit (B), fermentasi durian menggunakan garam (C), fermentasi durian menggunakan garam dan kunyit (D). Parameter yang dianalisis meliputi sifat kimia (kadar air, pH, total asam laktat, total gula) dan analisis mikrobiologis (total bakteri asam laktat dan khamir). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa metode pembuatan asam drien berpengaruh sangat nyata terhadap kadar air, total pH, total asam laktat, total gula dan total bakteri asam laktat, namun berpengaruh tidak nyata terhadap total khamir. Terdapat kecenderungan bahwa pada perlakuan tanpa penambahan garam dihasilkan kadar air, total asam laktat dan total bakteri asam laktat lebih tinggi. Rata-rata karakteristik kimia dan mikrobiologis asam drien adalah sebagai berikut: kadar air 66.49%, pH 4.1, total asam 2.30%, total padatan terlarut 30.50%, total bakteri asam laktat 99×1010 CFU/g dan total khamir 18×10 6CFU/g.
Transesterifikasi In Situ Biji Jarak Pagar Menggunakan Kavitasi Hidrodinamik Supardan, Muhammad Dani; Satriana, Satriana; Moulana, Ryan
Agritech Vol 34, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (359.723 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9521

Abstract

In this study, the in situ transesterification of jatropha seed using hydrodynamic cavitation for the production of biodieselwas studied. Experiments were carried out under the following conditions: 800 mL of methanol volume, 50oC of reaction temperature, 2 g of potassium hidroxide catalyst, less than 3% of moisture content in jatropha seed and 0,355-1,18 mm of particle size. From experiment without co-solvent addition, the highest biodiesel yield of 35% obtained at condition: time of process of 120 minute and ratio of methanol to jatropha seed of 16 (mL/g) . The use of co-solvent of hexane provided a higher yield of biodiesel compared to the system without co-solvents. The highest biodiesel yield of 60% were obtained under the addition of 95 mL of hexane volume. In addition, the use hydrodynamic cavitation provided a higher yield of biodiesel compared to the system using mechanical stirring. The biodiesel produced in the experiment was analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), which showed that methyl oleate was the highest compound in biodiesel.ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari proses produksi biodiesel dari biji jarak pagar melalui proses transesterifikasi in situ menggunakan kavitasi hidrodinamik. Transesterifikasi in situ dilakukan pada kondisi: volume metanol 800 mL, temperatur proses 50oC, katalis kalium hidroksida 2 g, kandungan air biji jarak kurang dari 3% dan ukuran partikel biji jarak 0,355-1,18 mm. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan rendemen biodiesel tertinggi sebesar 35% yang dihasilkan dari proses transesterifikasi in situ biji jarak pagar menggunakan kavitasi hidrodinamik tanpa penambahan co-solvent diperoleh pada penggunaan waktu proses 120 menit dan rasio volume metanol terhadap berat biji jarak 16 (mL/g). Penggunaan co-solvent heksana terbukti dapat meningkatkan rendemen biodiesel yang dihasilkan dimana pada penambahan volume heksana sebanyak 95 mL diperoleh rendemen biodiesel sebesar 60%. Proses transesterifikasi in situ biji jarak menggunakan kavitasi hidrodinamik menghasilkan rendemen biodiesel yang lebih besar dibandingkan proses menggunakan pengaduk mekanik. Hasil analisis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) menunjukkan komponen terbesar dalam produk biodiesel adalah metil oleat.
KARAKTERISASI BAKTERI ASAM LAKTAT INDEGENOUS DARI JRUEK DRIEN, PROVINSI ACEH Yulvizar, Cut; Ismail, Yulia Sari; Moulana, Ryan
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2015): Vol.(7) No.1, April 2015
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v7i1.2831

Abstract

(Characterization Of Lactit Acid Bacteria Indegenous From Jruek Drien, Aceh ProvinceABSTRACT. Jruek drien is traditional fermented Durian. The purpose of this research was to obtain Lactic acid bacteria indigenous from jruek drien for development potential probiotic. The research was conducted at Laboratory of Microbiology, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science of Syiah Kuala University from Februari ? Juny 2015. Sample was taken from Aceh Jaya Regency, Aceh Barat Regency, Aceh Barat Daya Regency, Nagan Raya Regency dan Aceh Selatan Regency. The results showed that there are 9 Lactic acid bacteria indigenous isolate from jruek drien.
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN AMONIUM SULFAT (ZA) SEBAGAI SUMBER NITROGEN PADA PEMBUATAN NATA DE COFFEA Moulana, Ryan; Martunis, Martunis; Muzaifa, Murna; Rahmi, Faidha
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Vol.(8) No.1, April 2016
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/jtipi.v8i1.5247

Abstract

(Effect of Ammonium Sulphate (Za) Addition as The Nitrogen Source on The Making of Nata De Coffea) ABSTRACT. The research was conducted to analyze the effect of the addition of nitrogen source; ammonium sulfate (ZA) on the process of making nata de coffea. ZA was added in various concentrations, which is 0% (as controls), 0,3% and 0,5 %. Parameters analyzed were yield, thickness, strength and organoleptic (color and elasticity). The analysis of nata de coffea produced shows that the increasing concentration of ZA added has significant effect on yield improvement, reducing the value of strength, as well as reducing the value of preferences for color, as well as the elasticity increases. As for all of the added concentration ZA does not affect the value of its thickness but getting thicker significantly when compared with no addition of ZA.