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KARAKTERISASI α-AMILASE DARI ASPERGILLUS VERSICOLOR 3A1 YANG DIPRODUKSI PADA MEDIA LIMBAH CAIR TAPIOKA Aini, Fitratul; Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Manaf, Lisdar A.
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 14, No 3 (2009): October 2009
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v14i3.2581

Abstract

The aim of this experiment was to characterize A. versicolor 3a1 ?-amylase produced on cassava liquid waste media. Two types of media, base and combination media, were used as a comparison. Cassava liquid waste media contains 1% cassava starch, 1% yeast extract, 0.13% KH2PO4, and 0.05% MgSO4 diluted in cassava liquid waste. Base media contains same composition but using aquadest as a solvent, and combination media using mixture of aquadest and cassava liquid waste. A. versicolor 3a1 ?-amylase showed its maximum specific activity in cassava liquid waste, base, and combination media after 3, 7, and 4 days incubation, respectively. Crude extract of ?-amylase fromA. versicolor 3a1 was precipitated in 20-80% (w/v) ammonium sulphate. Precipitation of A. versicolor 3a1 ?-amylase with 70% (w/v) ammonium sulphate on cassava liquidwaste, 60% on base media, and 60% on combination media will increase its specific activity 16.6, 4.28, and 5.65 times, respectively, compared to the specific activities ofcrude before precipitation. ?-Amylase crude extract from A. versicolor 3a1 from all media showed its highest specific activity at 70oC and pH 5.0, and addition of FeSO4 increased the specific activity. Precipitated A. versicolor 3a1 ?-amylase from all media showed its highest specific activity at 70oC and pH 6.0. Addition of FeSO4 precipitated 3a1 ?-amylase from base and combination media will increase its specific activity, while MgSO4 will increase its specific activity in cassava liquid waste media. Thermostability assay revealed that the crude and the precipitated 3a1 ?-amylase were relatively stable at 70oC up to 180 minutes incubation, except for precipitated3a1 ?-amylase on cassava waste media. Crude ?-amylase 3a1 was relatively stable at pH 5-9 up to 1 hour incubation with wide pH ranges, while the precipitated with narrow pH ranges.
Isolation and Characterization of Indole-3-Acetic Acid Producing Bacteria from Cow Urine Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Maslahah, Iah Novi
Jurnal Biodjati Vol 4, No 1 (2019): May
Publisher : UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15575/biodjati.v4i1.4481

Abstract

  Cow urine contains urea as nitrogen source, therefore it can be expected to isolate the beneficial bacteria for plants, for example indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) or auxin producing bacteria. The objective of research was to obtain IAA producing bacteria from cow urine, to characterize bacterial isolate, and to measure its ability to stimulate the growth of green bean seedlings (Vigna radiata). The methods used in this study were collecting urine from cow cattle, obtaining IAA-pro-ducing bacteria from urine, measuring IAA using Salkowski method, and applying selected bacterial supernatants on green bean seedling plants. The number of IAA producing bacteria that was successfully purified was 18 isolates. There are five isolates, namely US 5, BS1, BS 2, BS 4 and BS 5 which have the ability to solubelize phosphate on Pikovskaya agar. The five isolates were also able to fix free nitro-gen on N Free media and did not show hypersensitivity on tobacco leaves. The results of the growth of isolates in blood agar showed positive for US 5 and BS 2 as beta hemolysin producers. Further-more, isolate BS 4 was chosen to produce exogenous IAA quantita-tively. Isolate BS 4 produced IAA 6.364 ppm at the 45 h incubation at stationary phase. The use of BS 4 supernatant on green bean seed-lings showed an effect on plant height and lateral root length better than control (without treatment) on 6 days after planting. Morpho-logical characteristic of isolate BS 4 was rod shape, Gram positive, endospore producing, aerobic, and had similarity with genus Bacillus
Detection and Cloning of a Gene Involved in Zwitermicin A Synthesis from Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria of Bacillus sp CR64 Wahyudi, Aris Tri; Astuti, Rika Indri; Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Faulina, Sarah Asih
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 15, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (625.609 KB)

Abstract

Utilization of soil bacteria as biocontrol agent is becoming popular due to its valuable and effective mechanisms to suppress plant pathogenic microbes. We have previously isolated Bacillus sp, designated as Bacillus sp CR64, which exhibited effective plant growth promoting and antifungal activities. In this study, CR64 was examined in inhibiting the growth of Rhizoctonia solani, the causing agent of root rot disease. Partial sequence analysis of 16S rRNA gene revealed that this isolate similar with Bacillus cereus (94%). Furthermore, a gene designated zmaR was detected by means of specific amplification of DNA fragment approximately 950 bp. This fragment was then cloned onto pCRII-TOPO (3.9 kb) and sequenced using DNA sequencer ABI PRISM 310. Sequence analysis revealed that it had highest homology with the ZmaR protein (89% identity; 90% similarity) of B. thuringiensis serovar kurstaki (AAF82729.2). Alignment analysis with other ZmaR sequences from other antibiotic-producing Bacilli exhibited an almost fully conserved region within ZmaR sequences.Key words : PGPR, Bacillus sp CR64, Zwitermicin A, Cloning, Antifungal.
SELEKSI DAN KARAKTERISASI BAKTERI PENGHASIL KITINASE PENGHAMBAT PERTUMBUHAN CENDAWAN PATOGEN TANAMAN Nurmalinda, Azizah; Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Sudirman, Lisdar
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 25 No. 1 (2020): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (684.216 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.25.1.35

Abstract

Colletotrichum capsici and Fusarium oxysporum are pathogenic fungi that cause anthracnose disease on chili plants (Capsicum annum L.) which can decrease the productivity of chili. The control of the fungus attack is carried out by biocontrol agent of the fungi utilizing chitinase-producing bacteria. Chitinase is an enzyme capable of destroying the fungal cell wall composed of chitin compounds. The aims of the research were to select and to characterize chitinase producing bacteria as biological control agent of Colletotrichum capsici and Fusarium oxysporum. Several methods were carried out in this research, among others: isolation of chitinase bacteria, characterization of chitinase bacteria, measurement of enzyme activity, bacterial antagonistic with pathogenic fungi, observation of fungal hypha damage, and identification of 16S rRNA. The BAE36 and BAD211 isolates are chitinase bacteria isolated from chili plant rhizosphere. The isolate belongs to the Gram-negative bacteria. The inhibitory properties of BAE36 and BAD211 against F. oxysporum and C. capsici are on a scale of 3 (51-75%). The percentage of inhibitory of BAE36 isolate was 66.1% capable of inhibiting the growth of C. capsici and 55% capable of inhibiting the growth of F. oxysporum. The hyphae of C. capsici fungus on the antagonistic test showed a thick and the surface of the hyphae was wavy while the F. oxysporum hyphae was thin and looks empty. Identification of isolate with 16S rRNA described that 99% of BAE36 and BAD211 isolates were similar to Lysobacter enzymogenes. Precipitation of chitinase enzyme of Lysobacter enzymogenes with 30% ammonium sulphate could increase the enzyme activity. The enzyme precipitation could inhibit the growth of mycelia fungi C. capsici and F. oxysporum.  Keywords: chili, chitinolytic, Gram-negative, Lysobacter
PENGGUNAAN BAKTERI KITINOLITIK SEBAGAI PENGENDALI HAYATI COLLETOTRICHUM CAPSICI PADA TANAMAN CABAI Syahfitri, Dian; Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Manaf, Lisdar A
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 14 No 4 (2018)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (932.86 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.14.4.120

Abstract

Use of Chitinolytic Bacteria as Biological Control of Colletotrichum capsici on Chili PlantsColletotrichum capsici is known as the causal agent of anthracnose disease in chili plant and may cause reduction of crop yield. Chitinolytic bacteria, namely Serratia marcescens KAHN 15.12, Bacillus thuringiensis SAHA 12.12, and BAE 36 were reported to have antagonistic activity against C. capsici. Therefore, a study was conducted to determine the potential of chitinolytic bacteria on controlling C. capsici on chili plants in greenhouse experiment. Three bacterial isolates used as biocontrol agent was formulated by using talcum as carrier materials. The methodologies consisted of characterization of bacterial isolates, formulation of biocontrol agent, viability test of bacterial isolate, efficacy of biocontrol agents in the laboratory and in the greenhouse.  Disease severity in the laboratory reached 64% when chili treated with isolate formulation of BAE 36.  In the greenhouse, BAE 36 isolate formulation and consortium formulation were able to suppress infection of C. capsici; each was indicated by disease incidence of 25% and 50%, respectively. These results indicated that chitinolytic bacterial formulations could be potencial as biocontrol agents of C. capsici.
PENAPISAN DAN IDENTIFIKASI BAKTERI KITINOLITIK PENGHAMBAT PERTUMBUHAN GANODERMA BONINENSE IN VITRO Wibowo, Risky Hadi; Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Rusmana, Iman; Thenawidjaya, Maggy
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 13 No 3 (2017)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (383.406 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.13.3.105

Abstract

Chitinolytic bacteria have been reported as biocontrol agents and have the ability to produce chitinase enzymes. The objective of the research was to obtain chitinase producing bacteria that had antagonistic activity to Ganoderma boninense, a causal agent of basal stem rot on oil palm. A total of 63 isolates of chitinase producing bacteria were isolated from soil of Bukit Dua Belas National Park and oil palm plantation in Jambi Province; all was screened for their potency in inhibiting G. boninense in vitro. Three isolates designated TB04-05, SW01-11, and SW02-08 were potentially suppressed and inhibited the mycelium growth of G. boninense in vitro. Based on their specific chitinase activity, these three isolates produced the highest level of chitinase enzyme of 6.3072 U mg-1 protein, 6.0385 U mg-1 protein and 6.1279 U mg-1 protein, respectively after 24 hr incubation. Based on 16S RNA identification, strain TB04-05 had similarity with Bacillus cereus, whereas strains SW01 and SW02-08 had similarity with Bacillus thuringiensis.
Pertumbuhan Vegetatif dan Reproduktif Tanaman Padi dan Jagung Pada Berbagai Dosis dan Waktu Aplikasi Pupuk Hayati PUTRA, HIRMAS FUADY; HAMIM, .; MUBARIK, NISA RACHMANIA
Jurnal Sumberdaya Hayati Vol 1, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The objectives of this research was to find the best dosages and application time of biofertillizer in improving rice (Oryza sativa) and maize (Zea mays) growth and production. This research consisted of two experiments, i.e. dosages and application time experiment. Each experiment was carried out in the green house by Completely Randomize Design with three replications. The dosages experiment consisted of 4 treatments, P0 without biofertillizer, P1-P3 with biofertillizer of 50 g, 100 g, and 150 g per polybag. All the media were prepared using a mixed soil and compost ((5:1) v/v) and anorganic fertillizer of NPK (15:15:15) 8,75 g per polybag. Application time experiment consisted of 3 treatments, H0: 0 day after planting, H1: 4 days after planting, and H2: 14 days after planting. The biofertillizer with the dosages of 150 g per polybag showed the best result indicated by growth and yield parameters. The best time of application was 14 days after planting which indicated by the higher growth parameters and seed yield of rice and maize.   
ISOLASI DAN KARAKTERISASI AMILASE DARI KAPANG ALKALOTOLERAN ASAL LIMBAH CAIR TAPIOKA Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Damayanti, Evi; Listyowati, Sri
Biota : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Hayati Vol 8, No 1 (2003): February 2003
Publisher : Universitas Atma Jaya Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24002/biota.v8i1.2786

Abstract

A total of 6 fungi isolates of growing at pH 9 and 2 isolates on pH 10 with amylolytic indexes 0f 0.07-1.42 have been isolated from cassava starch liquid waste. Two isolates having the highest amylolytic index were identified as Aspergillus sydowii K10 (1.42) and Aspergillus versicolor L30 (1.4). Both A. sydowii K10 and A. versicolor L30 were described as alcalotolerant for being able to grow with range pH 5-10. The optimal ?-amylases production of A. sydowii K10 and A. versicolor L30 was obtained after 4 and 3 days of incubation at 300C. The optimum of ?-amylase activity from A. sydowii K10 was at 400C and 700C, and pH 6; while those from A. versicolor L30 was at 500C and pH 6 respectively. Both A. sydowii K10 and A. versicolor L30 could produce glucoamylase. The optimum of glucoamylase activity from A. sydowii K10 was at 400C and pH 5, while those from A. versicolor L30 was at 500C and pH 5 respectively.
SENYAWA ANTIMIKROBA YANG DIHASILKAN OLEH BAKTERI ASAM LAKTAT ASAL BEKASAM -, Desniar; Rusmana, Iman; Suwanto, Antonius; Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania
Jurnal Akuatika Vol 3, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Akuatika
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

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Abstract

Bakteri asam laktat (BAL) adalah mikroba dominan yang ditemukan dalam fermentasi ikan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menentukan perkiraan kuantitatif awal dari substansi antimikroba yang dihasilkan oleh isolat BAL asal bekasam dan mengetahui aktivitas antimikrobnya terhadap lima bakteri patogen. Perkiraan kuantitatif asam laktat dan H2O2, menggunakan metode titrasi. Uji aktivitas antimikroba menggunakan metode difusi sumur agar. Karakterisasi (morfologi, fisologi dan pertumbuhan) dan identifikasi menggunakan API 50 CHL (Bio-Mereux, France). Produksi asam laktat dan H2O2 meningkat dengan waktu inkubasi untuk semua isolat kecuali pada isolat BP(3). Produksi asam laktat tertinggi adalah 21,765 g/L yang dihasilkan oleh isolat SK(5) (48 jam inkubasi). Konsentrasi H2O2 yang dihasilkan oleh semua isolat jauh lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan asam laktat. Konsentrasi H2O2 tertinggi ialah 0,079 g/L pada isolat BI(3) dan BP(20) dalam 72 jam inkubasi. Supernatan bebas sel yang dinetralkan tidak menghambat pertumbuhan bakteri uji, sedangkan yang tidak dinetralkan dapat mengambat bakteri uji yang digunakan dengan zona hambat 9 -15 mm. Zona penghambatan terbesar dihasilkan oleh isolat SK(5) (24 jam inkubasi) terhadap S. aureus. Isolat BI(3), BP(3) dan BP(20) adalah Pediococcus pentosaceus 1 dengan kemiripan sebesar 99,9%. Isolat SK(5) adalah Lactobacillus plantarum 1 dengan kemiripan sebesar 99,9%. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa isolat BAL asal bekasam dapat dijadikan sebagai kandidat biopreservatif pangan terutama untuk pengolahan hasil perikanan. Kata kunci: antimikrobial, asam laktat, bakteri asam laktat, bekasam, dan hidrogen peroksida.
RESPON PERTUMBUNAN TANAMAN KEDELAI TERHADAP BRADYRHIZOBIUM JAPONICUM TOLERAN MASAM DAN PEMBERIAN PUPUK DI TANAH MASAM Triadiati, ,; Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Ramasita, Yoan
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 41 No. 1 (2013): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.229 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v41i1.7072

Abstract

The use of acid tolerant rhizobacteria such as Bradyrhizobium japonicum is one effort for increasing soybeanproductivity in acid soil. B. japonicum is a N-fixing bacteria that can promote soybean growth through symbiosis with thehost plants. The objective of this study was to investigate the growth and production of soybean var. Wilis inoculated by B.japonicum and NPK inorganic fertilizer application in acid soil. Two isolates of B. japonicum that were BJ 11(19) and BJ11(wt) were used as inoculant for soybean. BJ 11(19) was resulted by transposons mutagenesis, whereas BJ 11(wt) is a wild type of bacteria. Both isolates of B. japonicum were acid tolerant. Soybean was inoculated with BJ 11(19) and BJ 11(wt)combined with compost and nitrogen fertilizer (with two rates). The field experiment was conducted at Cikabayan, Darmaga,in a randomized complete block design with 12 treatments and 3 replicates. The results showed that application of the acidtolerant B. japonicum BJ 11(wt), compost, and nitrogen fertilizer (10 g m-2) increased the plant height, dry weight of shootsand roots, nodule number, dry weight of nodules, nitrogenase activity, number of pod and seed, seed weight, and nitrogencontent of seeds in acid soil.Keywords: acid soil, acid tolerant rhizobia, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, compost, nitrogen fertilizer