Muhilal Muhilal
Puslitbang Gizi dan Makanan Kementerian Kesehatan RI

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Potensi Asam Amino pada Tempe untuk Memperbaiki Profil Lipid dan Diabetes Mellitus Utari, Diah M.; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Riyadi, Hadi; Muhilal, Muhilal; Purwantyastuti, Purwantyastuti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 5 No. 4 Februari 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (235.806 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v5i4.137

Abstract

Prevalensi penyakit degeneratif dari tahun ke tahun meningkat akibat perubahan gaya hidup, khususnya perubahan pola makan. Walaupun tempe sebagai makanan tradisional Indonesia yang banyak dikonsumsi masyarakat karena mudah diperoleh dan harga terjangkau, tidak banyakyang mengetahui manfaat tempe bagi kesehatan. Tempe lama dikenal sebagai sumber protein yang dikonsumsi oleh kalangan masyarakat berpenghasilan rendah. Kajian lebih mendalam mengenai kandungan gizi dan manfaat tempe dan bagi kesehatan, khusus sebagai pencegah penyakit degeneratif perlu dilakukan. Proses fermentasi kedelai menjadi tempe mengakibatkan perubahan zat gizi dan non gizi yang mengakibatkan manfaat tempe jauh lebih baik dibandingkan kedelai. Protein tempe lebih mudah di cerna tubuh, sedangkan asam amino arginin yang meningkat hampir dua kali lipat pada tempe, sangat tinggi manfaatnya bagi kesehatan terutama dalam memperbaiki profil lipid dan diabetes mellitus. Mempertimbangkan hal tersebut tempe dapat dipertimbangkan sebagai pangan fungsional yangbermanfaat bagi kesehatan.Kata kunci: Tempe, protein, arginin, profil lipid, diabetes mellitusAbstractDegenerative diseases prevalence had been arining over years. One of the causes is the life style changes including eating pattern. Tempeh, an Indonesian soybean traditionally fermented food, was known and consumed by almost all Indonesian people. However, only a few know the health benefit of tempeh. Tempeh was also welknown and cheap protein source food affordable for the poor. Hence, there is a need to explore the nutritious content of tempeh and health benefit of it deeper such as in preventing degenerative diseases. Fermentation process of soybean to becometempeh had improved nutrient and non-nutrient contents that make tempeh better than soybean. Tempeh protein is more digestible than soybean and the arginine content increases twice, that could improve lipid profile and diabetes mellitus. Tempeh could be considered as functional food having health benefit.Key words: Tempeh, protein, arginine, lipid profile, diabetes mellitus
PENGARUH SUPLEMEN IODIUM DAN BETA KAROTEN TERHADAP STATUS IODIUM DAN STATUS GIZI IBU HAMIL DI DAERAH ENDEMIK GAKI Lamid, Astuti; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Khomsan, Ali; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Muhilal, Muhilal
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 31 No. 2 (2007): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

ABSTRACT. Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) prevalence ofpregnant women is 16% and this would have consequence of risk during delivery and  nutritional status of the children. The aims ofthis study was to measure the effect ofiodized oil and beta carotene on the nutritional, iodine and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) status of pregnant women and to determine nutrition, iodine and cyanide intakes from food consumed by pregnant women. Research design ofthe study was quasi experiment. Pregnant women on the first trimester were chosen and divided into three groups. The first group was given iodized oil at 200mg iodine, the second group was treated with iodized oil at 30mg iodine every month for 6 months, and the third group was given as group 2 plus beta-carotene at 30mg each month for six months. Data collected were nutrients, iodine, and cyanide intake from food consumed and the parameter measured were serum TSH, urine iodine excretion (UIE), body weight and upper arm circumference. Chi Square, ANOVA and Kruskall Wallis were applied for statistical analysis. Iodine consumed by pregnant women was closed to the recommended daily allowance (RDA). iodized oil supplement could increase the UIE for 2 times at trimester 3 ofthe pregnancy. Furthermore, the treatment could redure the TSH value during pregnancy. The supplement could supply iodine during pregnancy. Keywords: iodine, hipothyroid, beta caroten, nutritional status
Potensi Asam Amino pada Tempe untuk Memperbaiki Profil Lipid dan Diabetes Mellitus Utari, Diah M.; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Riyadi, Hadi; Muhilal, Muhilal; Purwantyastuti, Purwantyastuti
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 5 No. 4 Februari 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (235.806 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v5i4.137

Abstract

Prevalensi penyakit degeneratif dari tahun ke tahun meningkat akibat perubahan gaya hidup, khususnya perubahan pola makan. Walaupun tempe sebagai makanan tradisional Indonesia yang banyak dikonsumsi masyarakat karena mudah diperoleh dan harga terjangkau, tidak banyakyang mengetahui manfaat tempe bagi kesehatan. Tempe lama dikenal sebagai sumber protein yang dikonsumsi oleh kalangan masyarakat berpenghasilan rendah. Kajian lebih mendalam mengenai kandungan gizi dan manfaat tempe dan bagi kesehatan, khusus sebagai pencegah penyakit degeneratif perlu dilakukan. Proses fermentasi kedelai menjadi tempe mengakibatkan perubahan zat gizi dan non gizi yang mengakibatkan manfaat tempe jauh lebih baik dibandingkan kedelai. Protein tempe lebih mudah di cerna tubuh, sedangkan asam amino arginin yang meningkat hampir dua kali lipat pada tempe, sangat tinggi manfaatnya bagi kesehatan terutama dalam memperbaiki profil lipid dan diabetes mellitus. Mempertimbangkan hal tersebut tempe dapat dipertimbangkan sebagai pangan fungsional yangbermanfaat bagi kesehatan.Kata kunci: Tempe, protein, arginin, profil lipid, diabetes mellitusAbstractDegenerative diseases prevalence had been arining over years. One of the causes is the life style changes including eating pattern. Tempeh, an Indonesian soybean traditionally fermented food, was known and consumed by almost all Indonesian people. However, only a few know the health benefit of tempeh. Tempeh was also welknown and cheap protein source food affordable for the poor. Hence, there is a need to explore the nutritious content of tempeh and health benefit of it deeper such as in preventing degenerative diseases. Fermentation process of soybean to becometempeh had improved nutrient and non-nutrient contents that make tempeh better than soybean. Tempeh protein is more digestible than soybean and the arginine content increases twice, that could improve lipid profile and diabetes mellitus. Tempeh could be considered as functional food having health benefit.Key words: Tempeh, protein, arginine, lipid profile, diabetes mellitus
KETERBATASAN RESPON HEMOGLOBIN DAN SENG SERUM TERHADAP SUPLEMENTASI SENG (IN) DAN BESI (FE) PADA ANAK USIA 6-24 BULAN Riyadi, Hadi; Sibarani, Sudjana; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Muhilal, Muhilal
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 28 No. 1 (2004): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

ABSTRACT. The objective of  this study  was to investigate the efficacy of  iron and zinc supplementation on anemic status and zinc status of children aged 6-24 months. The study was a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in which 173 children aged 6-24 months were randomly assigned to receive 15 mg Fe+ 15 mg Zn daily 30 mg Fe+30 mg Zn weekly or placebo for 5 months. As expected, no significant difference in the baseline hemoglobin and serum zinc concentration and nutrient intake between the three supplementation groups. In the children aged 6-24 months, micronutrient deficiencies were prevalent. Almost 50% of the children were anemic, and 20% of them were zinc deficient. The anemic children had a 2.5-fold greater risk of  zinc deficient than did the non-anemic children. This could indicate the existence of concurrent nutritional deficiencies. At the end of the 5mo supplementation period, the daily and weekly Fe+Zn supplementation tend to increased hemoglobin concentrations, but there were no significant difference compared with the placebo. The daily and weekly Fe+Zn supplementation did not significantly affect serum zinc concentration compared with the placebo.   Keyword: suplementasi, anemia, besi dan seng.