Zaenul Muhlisin
Laboratorim Fisika Plasma, Departemen Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang

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KARAKTERISASI REAKTOR PLASMA BERARUS NEGATIF DENGAN KONFIGURASI ELEKTRODA TITIK-BIDANG DAN PENERAPANNYA PADA KAIN POLYESTER RAJUT GREY Hasan, Siti Nurjannah; Muhlisin, Zaenul; Triadyaksa, Pandji; Arianto, Fajar
BERKALA FISIKA Vol 22, No 1 (2019): Berkala Fisika Vol. 22 No. 1 Tahun 2019
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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Research on characterisations of plasma reactor with negative current of square-point electrode configuration and its application on grey polyester knit fabric has been carried out. The objectives of this reseach were obtaining characterisation of negative plasma reactor, either with or without sample of the polyester knit fabric, getting ion mobility value, gaining the characterisation of irradiated polyester knit fabric of grey, and obtaining SEM results indicating the morphological changes of the fabric. A Plasma-Electrode Point Plasma reactor which is connected to a high-voltage DC power plant was used in this study. The size of pointfield electrodes was 15 x 15 cm2 with a 1.6 cm needle. The size of the grey knit polyester fabric used was 10 x 10 cm2. Variations in distance between electrodes were 1.5 cm, 1.8 cm, 2.1 cm 2.4 cm, 2.7 cm, 3.0 cm, and 3.3 cm. The results have shown that if the voltage increases, then the current value increses. The voltage which is needed to produce a lower current values is that the presence of a polyester knit fabric of grey. The highest voltage and current values witout sample can be found at a distance of 3.3 cm with a current value of 2.5 mA at a voltage of 3.027 kV, compared with presence of a sample, a current value of 1.6 mA at a voltage of 3.445 kV. The greater distance of the electrode, the smaller ion of the mobility is achieved. Based on the results of the water drop test showed that the longer the irradiation of the cloth, the faster duration of absorption. This is indicated by a distance of 2.4 cm in the duration of 5 minutes obtained the absorption time of 2.15 seconds while in the duration of 35 minutes obtained 1.47 seconds. In the SEM test, it is used 2 cloths where the first cloth used as a control or not subjected to plasma that has little damage where as the second fabric is subjected to plasma treatment with the time of irradiation is about 20 minutes that have damage or peeling on the surface of polyester knit fabrics grey.Keywords: Plasma corona, multi-point field, ion mobility, polyester fabric, textile treatment, the meeting properties of fabric.
STUDI PENGARUH UKURAN PIXEL IMAGING PLATE TERHADAP KUALITAS CITRA RADIOGRAF Sudin, Ahmas; Muhlisin, Zaenul; Widiyandari, Hendri
BERKALA FISIKA 2015: Berkala Fisika Vol. 18 No. 3 Tahun 2015
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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This study aims is to determine the image on imaging plate which has a different pixel sizes. In this research, the X-ray apparatus and Computed Radiography (CR) which is used in the diagnostic field was used. The three imaging plate each having size of 0.097 mm, 0.115 mm and 0.168 mm with stepwedge objects on it was used. The exposure factor was adjusted at 64.5 kV and 16 mAs. The each of imaging plate were exposure three times. The results of each radiograph imaging plate were measured by using a densitometer. By measuring the Stepwedge radiograph, it was obtained the density and contrast value of each imaging plate. Contrast value for each imaging plate were compared to obtain the imaging plate that have a higher contrast value. This research resulted that each different pixel sizes on the imaging plate would generate a different image quality. Keywords: pixel, imaging plate, image quality, contras, density
KAJIAN TAMPANG LINTANG HAMBURAN ELEKTRON DENGAN ION MELALUI TEORI HAMBURAN BERGANDA (MULTIPLE SCATTERING THEORY) Khamdani, Nouval; Nur, Muhammad; Muhlisin, Zaenul
YOUNGSTER PHYSICS JOURNAL Vol 3, No 4 (2014): Youngster Physics Journal Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurusan Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

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Theoretical studies have been conducted on the Cross-sectional scattering equation which is one of the effects from collisions between electrons with ion. This theoretical studies aim to obtain the differential cross-section scattering equations of electrons with ion. Born approximations were used and convert potential energy into potential energy which is obtained from the distribution of ions in the Debye sphere, so the new equation for the scattering of amplitude that can write  will comparable with total sum of ions and also the scattering of cross section is   will too comparable with the large of Debye sphere. Keywords: scattering of amplitude, scattering of cross section, Born approximation, potential energy, Debye sphere, total sum of ions
KARAKTERISASI SISTEM PEMBANGKIT ALIRAN ELEKTROHIDRODINAMIKA LUCUTAN KORONA POSITIF BERKONFIGURASI ELEKTRODA KAWAT-BIDANG Sumariyah, Sumariyah; Azzulkha, Azzuma Hasna; Nur, Muhammad; Muhlisin, Zaenul
YOUNGSTER PHYSICS JOURNAL Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Youngster Physics Journal April 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

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The characterization of electrohidrodynamic flow generation system (EHD) has been performed utilizing positive corona discharge configured wire-plate electrode. In this study, the characteristics of the EHD flow generation system in the form of current characteristics as a function of voltage or I-V characteristics with fixed geometry factor, in the without of lubricating oil and with the lubricating oil. The fixed geometry factor was obtained from the radius of the fixed point (r) electrode with various the electrode distance (d). This research was conducted by using positive corona incandescent discharges with wire field electrode configuration. The wire electrode used is made of stainless steel having a length of 5 cm, with wire diameter 0.11 mm, 0.14 mm, 0.21 mm, 0.36 mm, and 0.38 mm. Electrode of field used in the form of circle with diameter 20 cm. Data collection system with variation of voltage, variation of electrode distance, and variation of wire electrode diameter used. Furthermore, data analysis of measurement results was carried out. From the result of characteristic research of EHD flow generator system in the form of current as a function of voltage shows that the increase of voltage is proportional to current increase. While the current as a function of geometry shows the value of the current flowing inversely proportional to the geometry factor of the electrode distance change.Keywords:electrohydrodinamic, ion wind, positive corona discharge 
KARAKTERISASI REAKTOR PLASMA BERARUS POSITIF DENGAN KONFIGURASI ELEKTRODA TITIK-BIDANG DAN PENERAPANNYA PADA KAIN POLYESTER GREY Rizki, Ukhti Nurohma; Muhlisin, Zaenul; Arianto, Fajar
YOUNGSTER PHYSICS JOURNAL Vol 7, No 1 (2018): Youngster Physics Journal Januari 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

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In this research, the effect of corona discharge plasma radiation on polyester knitting fabrics aimed at obtaining characterization of stress, current and distance relationships, obtaining ion mobility values, obtaining irradiated polyester knit fabric characterization, and obtaining SEM results showing morphological changes fabric. The reactor used is a corona discharge plasma reactor with a configuration of positive point of origin with DC high voltage generator, 15x15 cm in size with the number of 100 point needles. Factors affecting non-sample characterization or with polyester knit fabric sample as irradiation parameters include duration of irradiation, electrode spacing, and applied voltage. Based on the results of unsampled characterization and with samples using 10 variations of distance, from 0.9 cm, 2.1 cm, 2.4 cm, 2.7 cm, 3.0 cm, 3.3 cm and 3.6 cm. The result of unsampled characterization shows the current and the resulting voltage is higher than the sample. This, due to the resistivity of the fabric is lower than air resistivity, so the resulting voltage and current are small. Can be seen at a distance of 0.9 cm without sampling a rise in current of 2.5 mA with a magnitude of 0.535 kV, and there is a sample at a current rise at 2.5 mA resulting only a voltage of 0.236 kV. The resulting ion mobility shows that the greater the electrode distance the ion mobility becomes smaller. The water drop test used 5 variations of distance from 1.2 cm, 1.5 cm, 1.8 cm, 2.1 cm and 2.4 cm with duration of 5-35 minutes with 5-minute increments. Water drop test results also show that the longer the process of irradiation of polyester knitting cloth gray, then the absorption time increases. This is shown in the study where the duration of 5 minutes obtained the absorption time of 6.42 seconds while in the duration of 35 minutes obtained time 2.87 seconds. in SEM test results used 3 fabric where the fabric I as control, fabric II and fabric III experienced plasma irradiation. The control fabric has a finer surface than the plasma-treated cloth. SEM test results note that plasma change morphology on polyester fabric, thus increasing the roughness of fabric surface. Keywords: polyester fabrics, ion mobility, multi-point fields, textile treatment, corona plasma, clashing fabric properties
KARAKTERISTIK THERMOLUMINESCENT DOSIMETERS UNTUK DOSIMETRI IN VIVO PADA RADIOTERAPI EKSTERNA Mursiyatun, Mursiyatun; Setiawati, Evi; Muhlisin, Zaenul
YOUNGSTER PHYSICS JOURNAL Vol 3, No 4 (2014): Youngster Physics Journal Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurusan Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

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The Characteristics of Thermoluminescent Dosimeters (TLD) for in vivo dosimetry in external radiotherapy have been examined. The research was intended to determine the TLD calibration factor and TLD correction factors to various radiation doses, source surface distance (SSD), size field and angle of incidence so that the TLD can be beneficial for in vivo dosimetry. TLD was placed on the surface of solid water phantom and ionization chamber at the reference depth (10 cm). Then was irradiated using 6 MV photons with variation in radiation doses, SSD, size field and angle of incidence. The research  resulted in the TLD calibration factor (4,26 + 0,3) x 10-2 cGy/nC. The value of TLD correction factors at the number of MU 100, SSD 100 cm, size field 10 x 10 cm2 and angle of incidence 00 was 1.Keywords: Thermoluminescent Dosimeters (TLD), in vivo dosimetry, calibration factor, correction factor
APLIKASI PLASMA LUCUTAN BERPENGHALANG DIELEKTRIK PADA PENGOLAHAN AIR SUMUR : PENGARUH TERHADAP PH, KESADAHAN, DAN TOTAL COLIFORM Maylia, Rizky; Nur, Muhammad; Muhlisin, Zaenul
YOUNGSTER PHYSICS JOURNAL Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Youngster Physics Journal Januari 2014
Publisher : Jurusan Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

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Has conducted research on dielectric barrier discharge plasma applications configured with spiral ? chylindrical electrodes to generate ozone free air source. Purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ozone dissolved in water quality through pH, hardness ( CaCO3 ), and total coliform in the waterin the eastern part of the village Gemah.             Electrodes used in this study has a diameter of 3 cm and a length of 15cm. Plasma generation using AC voltage with a voltage of 7 kV. Air flow velocity used 5,5 L/min with a volume of water that will be treated with ozone as much as 1 liter. Dissolved ozone free air is obtained by incorporating into the DBD reactor, out of the reactor, ozone is formed, and flowed into the water. Dissolved ozone concentration were determined by varying the time and use a constant voltage.            The result showed the concentration of dissolved ozone diminishing increments. pH values tend to be fixed and not affected by ozone treatment of water. Water hardness value decreased slightly and the number of total coliform as a whole are likely to remain. Keywords :electrode spiral-cylindrical, dielectric barrier discharge, dissolved ozone concentrate, CaCO3, total coliform, pH.
STUDY OF THE MOST RESPONSIBLE PARAMETERS ON POLARIZATION FOR POWERFUL PRELIMINARY TEST OF OIL QUALITY Firdausi, Ketut Sofjan; Suryono, Suryono; Priyono, Priyono; Muhlisin, Zaenul
YOUNGSTER PHYSICS JOURNAL Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Youngster Physics Journal April 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

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In this study, the most responsible parameters on polarization in total natural vegetable oils and fats have been investigated by determination of the relation between the polarization change and fatty acids (FA) composition. The change of light polarization was simply measured by using a pair of polarizer-analyser to indicate oil quality level, and the FA composition was obtained by using Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometer (GCMS) method. Various vegetable oils and fats were examined without any preliminary treatments. The experimental condition of the samples during measurement was assumed to be constant. It has been shown that various oils and fats have different angle of change of polarization, which indicates various oil quality level relative to each other, in agreement to the previous works. Especially for vegetable oils, high change of polarization has been considered as low quality of oil. The long chain of saturated fatty acids (SFA) and unsaturated fatty acids (UFA), which are distributed at third position (R3) and first position (R1) of triglycerides (TG) molecules, are responsible for the change of polarization and presented as a linear combination of the number of SFA or UFA. The result shows that the polarization could be used as powerful method for preliminary detection of oil quality level. The highest number of coefficient of C19:0 in lard indicates that this method has provided good prospect to evaluate the halal level of oil due to lard contamination.Keywords?polarization, triglyceride (TG), saturated fatty acid (SFA), unsaturated fatty acids (UFA)
APLIKASI PLASMA LUCUTAN BERPENGHALANG DIELEKTRIK PADA PENINGKATAN KUALITAS AIR DENGAN MENGALIRKAN AIR SECARA LANGSUNG DALAM REAKTOR BERKONFIGURASI ELEKTRODA SPIRAL-SILINDER Muhlisin, Zaenul; Oktiyana, Wulandary; Nur, Muhammad
BERKALA FISIKA Vol 12, No 3 (2009): Berkala Fisika
Publisher : BERKALA FISIKA

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A dielectric barrier discharge plasma reactor has been realized and characterized with air source as a working gas. Ozone and dissolved ozone concentration were measured at various voltages (4 to 8 kV), treatment time ( 1 to 5 minutes), water flow rate 4.167 l/min and different air flow rates (1.5 and 2.5 l/min). And the other hand, for understand the ability of ozone to improve water quality, dissolved oxygen has been measured at various voltage (3.6 to 5.2 kV) and after treatment time (until 90 minutes). Spiral electrode is made by copper wire with circumference length 500 mm and diameters 1 mm, while cylindrical electrode is made from aluminum foil with 450 mm in length. Aluminum foil is stuck at inner wall of PVC tube with 500 mm in length and diameter 1.25 inch. Pyrex is used as dielectric material, with length 500 mm, inner diameter 10 mm and thickness 1 mm The result show ozone is produced have maximum concentration 15.613 ppm and dissolved ozone have maximum concentration 10.305 ppm. As a whole ozone concentration higher than dissolved ozone concentration. Both of ozone and dissolved ozone concentration increases by increase of the voltage applied, increases by increase treatment time and increases by decrease of the gas flow rate inside the reactor. Command dissolved oxygen increases with the increase of the high voltage applied and increases after dissociation ozone in water. Key Words : spiral cylindrical electrode, dielectric barrier discharge, the ozone concentration, the dissolved ozone concentration, dissolved oxygen
STUDI PENGARUH UKURAN PIXEL IMAGING PLATE TERHADAP KUALITAS CITRA RADIOGRAF Sudin, Ahmad; Widyandari, Hendri; Muhlisin, Zaenul
YOUNGSTER PHYSICS JOURNAL Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Youngster Physics Journal Juli 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Fisika, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

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This study aims to determine the image on each imaging plate which has a different pixel sizes. This research is using a plane X-ray, Computed Radiography (CR) which is used in the diagnostic field. This study uses three imaging plate each having size of 0.097 mm, 0.115 mm and 0.168 mm with stepwedge objects on it and use the same factor, namely kV eksposi: 64.5 and mAs: 16. In each of the imaging plate in eksposi 3 times and the results of each radiograph imaging plate will be measured by using a densitometer. Stepwedge radiograph of the measurement results will be obtained the density and contrast value of each imaging plate. Contrast value for each imaging plate will be compared so they will know what the size of the imaging plate which has a higher contrast value. Research on the effects of different pixel size on the imaging plate is done in Radiology Hospital Tugu Semarang, in July 2014. From the results it can be concluded each different pixel sizes on the imaging plate will generate a different image quality.Keywords: pixel,imaging plate,Quality Preview, contras , density