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Pengaruh Pendampingan Suami Terhadap Kecemasan Ibu Pada Proses Persalinan Kala I (Fase Laten-Fase Aktif) mukhoirotin, mukhoirotin
Prosiding Seminas Competitive Advantage Vol 1, No 1 (2011): Seminas Competitive Advantage I
Publisher : Unipdu Jombang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.483 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAK Kecemasan yang dialami oleh ibu bersalin semakin lama akan semakin meningkat seiring dengan semakin seringnya kontraksi muncul sehingga keadaan ini akan membuat ibu semakin tidak kooperatif yang berakibat persalinan berlangsung lama dan terjadi fetal distres. Kehadiran suami atau pasangan sangat dianjurkan untuk mendampingi ibu selama persalinan karena pendekatan langsung dapat mendorong komunikasi diantara keduanya sehingga dapat mengatasi semua kekhawatiran. Tujuan dari peneitian ini untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh pendampingan suami terhadap kecemasan ibu pada proses persalinan kala I. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah Pra-Experiment dengan pendekatan Pre-Post Test Design yang menggunakan teknik Consecutive Sampling dengan jumlah sampel 10 responden. Pengambilan data diperoleh dengan menggunakan kuesioner, kemudian dianalisis menggunakan Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya pengaruh pendampingan suami terhadap penurunan tingkat kecemasan dengan nilai ρ = 0,02. Pendampingan suami sangat dibutuhkan ibu pada proses persalinan karena dengan pendampingan suami yang maksimal dapat meurunkan kecemasan.   Kata kunci: tingkat kecemasan ibu, proses persalinan kala i , pendampingan suami. ABSTRACT   The longer anxiety that is prolonged by pregnant mothers will be increased alongside the frequency of contractions that appears in such circumstances and it would make the mother less cooperative resulting in prolonged labor and fetal distress occured. The presence of husbands or lover partners is suggested to accompany his wife during labor process, it is because the direct approach can support a pleasant communication between them so they can overcome all fears that matters. The purpose of this research is to investigate the influence of husband´s assistance to maternal anxiety at the first stage of labor process in connecticut .This design of the research used The Pre-Experiment method with approach in Pre-Post Test design that exerted Consecutive Sampling technique with the samples 10 respondents. The data collection was examined through a questionnaire which was then analyzed by using the Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test.The result showed that influence of husband’sasistence to decreased the level of mother’s anxiety with significant value ρ = 0.02. The husband assistance is needed by pregnant mother in the delivery process because the husband is the maximum assistance can reduce anxiety. Keywords :anxiety levels mother, delivery process period ,husband accompaniment.
PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN TERHADAP KECEMASAN PRIMIGRAVIDA DALAM MENGHADAPI PERSALINAN Mukhoirotin, Mukhoirotin; Rahmat, Ibrahim; Siswosudarmo, Risanto
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 1, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : IPAKESPRO

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.997 KB)

Abstract

PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN TERHADAP KECEMASAN PRIMIGRAVIDA DALAM MENGHADAPI PERSALINANMukhoirotin1, Ibrahim Rahmat2, Risanto Siswosudarmo3ABSTRACTBackground: During a process of labor and delivery a primigravida mother tends to have increased fear and anxiety, because of pain and discomfort. She is worry about her safety and her baby. Unless it is well managed it might cause same complication such us premature labor, prolonged labor, and fetal death. Health education is one effort that can be done by health workers to decrease anxiety and prepare mother in facing the process of labor and delivery.Objective: To find out the influence of health education to primigravida anxiety in facing the process of labor and delivery.Method: The study was a quasy experiment by pretest-postest control group design. Subjects were all primigravidas at Peterongan Public Health Centre (Puskesmas) area of Jombang Regency. A total of sixty six respondents meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited. They were devided into two groups, the treated group received health education and booklet (n=33) and the control group received health education only (n=33). The sampling tehnique were using consecutive sampling and cluster randomized trial. The instrument used to measure anxiety was Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale. Data were processed using computer program. Paired and independent sample t-tests were used for statistical analysis .Results and Discussion: The anxiety scores before treatment was comparable between the two groups (p>0.05). This scores decreased significantly after treatment from 36.79 to 29.79 in the treated group, and from 36.85 to 32.03 in the control group (p<0.05). The post treatment score was significanly different between the treated and the control groups (29.79±4.14 vs. 32.03±4.01; p<0.05).Conclution: Health education with booklet was more effective to decrease anxiety in the primigravida in facing labor compared to health education only.Keywords: health education, booklet, anxiety, primigravida. ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Selama proses persalinan dan melahirkan seorang ibu primigravida cenderung mengalami peningkatan ketakutan dan kecemasan, karena rasa sakit dan ketidaknyamanan. Ibu khawatir tentang keselamatan dirinya dan bayinya. Apabila hal ini tidak dikelola dengan baik dapat menyebabkan beberapa komplikasi seperti persalinan prematur, partus lama, dan kematian janin. Pendidikan kesehatan merupakan salah satu upaya yang dapat dilakukan oleh tenaga kesehatan untuk menurunkan kecemasan dan mempersiapkan ibu dalam menghadapi proses persalinan dan melahirkan.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan terhadap kecemasan primigravida dalam menghadapi persalinan.Metode: Penelitian ini adalah quasi experiment dengan pendekatan pretest-postest control group design. Subyek penelitian adalah semua primigravida di wilayah Puskesmas Peterongan kabupaten Jombang. Sebanyak 66 responden yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi direkrut.Subyek penelitian dibagi menjadi dua kelompok, kelompok perlakuan yang mendapatkan pendidikan kesehatan dan booklet (n=33) dan kelompok kontrol yang mendapatkan pendidikan kesehatan (n=33). Tehnik sampling menggunakan consecutive sampling dan cluster randomized trial. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk mengukur kecemasan adalah Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale. Data diolah dengan menggunakan program komputer. Paired sample t-test dan independent sample t-test digunakan untuk analisis statistik.Hasil dan Pembahasan: Skor kecemasan sebelum perlakuan adalah sebanding antara kedua kelompok (p>0,05). Skor ini menurun secara signifikan setelah perlakuan dari 36,79-29,79 pada kelompok perlakuan, dan dari 36,85-32,03 pada kelompok kontrol (p<0,05). Skor setelah perlakuan terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol (29,79±4,14 vs. 32,03±4,01, p<0,05).Kesimpulan: Pendidikan kesehatan dengan booklet lebih efektif untuk menurunkan kecemasan primigravida dalam menghadapi persalinan dibandingkan dengan pendidikan kesehatan saja.Kata Kunci: pendidikan kesehatan, booklet, kecemasan, primigravida. 1,2 Program Studi Magister Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta3 Bagian Obstetri dan Ginekologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta 
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN KECEMASAN MENARCHE PADA REMAJA PUTRI Mukhoirotin, Mukhoirotin; Taufik, Milda Laila
Journal Of Holistic Nursing Science Vol 3 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

Abstract Menarche is an important time for a woman when puberty. Symptoms often occur during puberty is that anxiety and fear. Knowledge and family support are high is one of the forms to reduce the anxiety. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship ofknowledge and family support with anxiety menarche in young women. The design used in this research is descriptive analytic with cross-sectional. The sample consisted of 30 respondents, the independent variable is the knowledge and family support, the dependent variable is the menarche anxiety. Sampling by using purposive sampling. Measuring devices using questionnaires, the data were analyzed using the Spearman rho test with significance level of 5% (α ≤0,05).The research concludes that there is a relationship of knowledge with anxiety menarche in adolescents (P = 0.002; r = - 0.544), family support relationships with anxiety menarche in adolescents (P = 0.002; r = - 0.536) with a negative correlation with the direction of considerable strength.Knowledge and family support the relationship with anxiety menarche. The higher the knowledge and family support of anxiety menarche decreased, and conversely the less than the knowledge and family support of anxiety menarche increased.
PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN TERHADAP MOTIVASI MELAKUKAN VAKSINASI HPV DI MAN 1 JOMBANG Mukhoirotin, Mukhoirotin; Effendi, Dian Tri Wulandari
Journal Of Holistic Nursing Science Vol 5 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/nursing.v5i1.1875

Abstract

HPV vaccine is an early preventive measure to prevent cervical cancer in adolescents. But inits implementation it faces barriers from the cost of vaccine, acceptance, lack of awarenessand knowledge. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of health education onmotivation to HPV vaccination in MAN 1 Jombang. This research uses experimental quasydesign with pretest posttest control group design. The population of this study were 244respondents. Sampling using random sampling technique was 30 respondents (15 treatmentgroups and 15 control groups) that fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria. Treatmentgroups were given health education and leaflets, control groups were given leaflets. Theinstruments used to measure motivation using questionnaires. Data were analyzed usingWilcoxon and Mann Whitney test with significance level . The results showed thatthere was an effect of health education on the motivation of HPV vaccination with p-value0,004 (p<α), there was significant difference in treatment group and control group afterhealth education with p-value 0,030 (p<α). Health education with leaflets is more effectiveto increase students motivation to HPV vaccination compared with leaflets only.   Vaksin HPV merupakan cara pencegahan awal untuk mencegah kanker servik pada remaja.Namun dalam implementasinya menghadapi banyak halangan, dari biaya vaksin,penerimaan, kurangnya kesadaran dan pengetahuan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untukmenentukan efek dari pendidikan kesehatan dalam motivasinya terhadap vaksinasi HPV diMAN 1 Jombang. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian quasy dengan desainpengelompokan grup pre test dan post test. Populasi dari penelitian ini ada 244 responden.Sampling menggunakan teknik random sampling 30 responden (15 kelompok perawatan dan15 kelompok kontrol) yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan ekslusi. Kelompok perawatandiberikan pendidikan kesehatan dan leaflet, kontrol grup diberikan leaflet. Instrumen yangdigunakan untuk mengukur motivasi menggunakan kuisioner. Data dianalisa menggunakanWilcoxon dan Mann Whitney test dengan level . Hasil penelitian menunjukkanbahwa ada efek pendidikan kesehatan terhadap motivasi vaksinasi HPV dengan p-value0,004 (p<α), ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara grup perawatan dan grup kontrol setelahpendidikan kesehatan dengan p-value 0,030 (p<α). Kesimpulan: pendidikan kesehatandengan leaflet lebih efektif untuk meningkatkan motivasi siswa terhadap vaksinasi HPVdibandingkan dengan leaflet saja.
PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN TERHADAP MOTIVASI MELAKUKAN VAKSINASI HPV DI MAN 1 JOMBANG Mukhoirotin, Mukhoirotin; Effendi, Dian Tri Wulandari
Journal of Holistic Nursing Science Vol 5 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/nursing.v5i1.1875

Abstract

HPV vaccine is an early preventive measure to prevent cervical cancer in adolescents. But inits implementation it faces barriers from the cost of vaccine, acceptance, lack of awarenessand knowledge. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of health education onmotivation to HPV vaccination in MAN 1 Jombang. This research uses experimental quasydesign with pretest posttest control group design. The population of this study were 244respondents. Sampling using random sampling technique was 30 respondents (15 treatmentgroups and 15 control groups) that fulfilled inclusion and exclusion criteria. Treatmentgroups were given health education and leaflets, control groups were given leaflets. Theinstruments used to measure motivation using questionnaires. Data were analyzed usingWilcoxon and Mann Whitney test with significance level . The results showed thatthere was an effect of health education on the motivation of HPV vaccination with p-value0,004 (p<α), there was significant difference in treatment group and control group afterhealth education with p-value 0,030 (p<α). Health education with leaflets is more effectiveto increase students' motivation to HPV vaccination compared with leaflets only.   Vaksin HPV merupakan cara pencegahan awal untuk mencegah kanker servik pada remaja.Namun dalam implementasinya menghadapi banyak halangan, dari biaya vaksin,penerimaan, kurangnya kesadaran dan pengetahuan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untukmenentukan efek dari pendidikan kesehatan dalam motivasinya terhadap vaksinasi HPV diMAN 1 Jombang. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian quasy dengan desainpengelompokan grup pre test dan post test. Populasi dari penelitian ini ada 244 responden.Sampling menggunakan teknik random sampling 30 responden (15 kelompok perawatan dan15 kelompok kontrol) yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan ekslusi. Kelompok perawatandiberikan pendidikan kesehatan dan leaflet, kontrol grup diberikan leaflet. Instrumen yangdigunakan untuk mengukur motivasi menggunakan kuisioner. Data dianalisa menggunakanWilcoxon dan Mann Whitney test dengan level . Hasil penelitian menunjukkanbahwa ada efek pendidikan kesehatan terhadap motivasi vaksinasi HPV dengan p-value0,004 (p<α), ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara grup perawatan dan grup kontrol setelahpendidikan kesehatan dengan p-value 0,030 (p<α). Kesimpulan: pendidikan kesehatandengan leaflet lebih efektif untuk meningkatkan motivasi siswa terhadap vaksinasi HPVdibandingkan dengan leaflet saja.
Pengaruh Pendampingan Suami Terhadap Kecemasan Ibu Pada Proses Persalinan Kala I (Fase Laten-Fase Aktif) mukhoirotin, mukhoirotin
Prosiding Seminas Vol 1, No 1 (2011): Seminas Competitive Advantage I
Publisher : Unipdu Jombang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.483 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRAK Kecemasan yang dialami oleh ibu bersalin semakin lama akan semakin meningkat seiring dengan semakin seringnya kontraksi muncul sehingga keadaan ini akan membuat ibu semakin tidak kooperatif yang berakibat persalinan berlangsung lama dan terjadi fetal distres. Kehadiran suami atau pasangan sangat dianjurkan untuk mendampingi ibu selama persalinan karena pendekatan langsung dapat mendorong komunikasi diantara keduanya sehingga dapat mengatasi semua kekhawatiran. Tujuan dari peneitian ini untuk mengetahui adanya pengaruh pendampingan suami terhadap kecemasan ibu pada proses persalinan kala I. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah Pra-Experiment dengan pendekatan Pre-Post Test Design yang menggunakan teknik Consecutive Sampling dengan jumlah sampel 10 responden. Pengambilan data diperoleh dengan menggunakan kuesioner, kemudian dianalisis menggunakan Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya pengaruh pendampingan suami terhadap penurunan tingkat kecemasan dengan nilai ρ = 0,02. Pendampingan suami sangat dibutuhkan ibu pada proses persalinan karena dengan pendampingan suami yang maksimal dapat meurunkan kecemasan.   Kata kunci: tingkat kecemasan ibu, proses persalinan kala i , pendampingan suami. ABSTRACT   The longer anxiety that is prolonged by pregnant mothers will be increased alongside the frequency of contractions that appears in such circumstances and it would make the mother less cooperative resulting in prolonged labor and fetal distress occured. The presence of husbands or lover partners is suggested to accompany his wife during labor process, it is because the direct approach can support a pleasant communication between them so they can overcome all fears that matters. The purpose of this research is to investigate the influence of husband's assistance to maternal anxiety at the first stage of labor process in connecticut .This design of the research used The Pre-Experiment method with approach in Pre-Post Test design that exerted Consecutive Sampling technique with the samples 10 respondents. The data collection was examined through a questionnaire which was then analyzed by using the Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test.The result showed that influence of husbandâ??sasistence to decreased the level of motherâ??s anxiety with significant value ρ = 0.02. The husband assistance is needed by pregnant mother in the delivery process because the husband is the maximum assistance can reduce anxiety. Keywords :anxiety levels mother, delivery process period ,husband accompaniment.
SPIRITUAL RELAXATION TO REDUCE DYSMENORRHEA: A QUASY EXPERIMENTAL A'yun, Qurota; Mukhoirotin, Mukhoirotin
MEDISAINS Vol 17, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/medisains.v17i3.5432

Abstract

Background: The dysmenorrhea prevalence is still reported high in the world. Several previous studies discovered that deep breathing relaxation effectively reduced dysmenorrhea. Other studies presented the combination of early mobilization and spiritual relaxation could reduce the level of client pain postoperative appendectomy, however the effectiveness of spiritual relaxation techniques to reduce dysmenorrhea is not yet tested.Objective: to determine the effect of spiritual relaxation to reduce dysmenorrhea.Method: The research design used was Quasi Experiment with the pretest-posttest Control Group Design approach. The populations were female students who experienced menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea) and met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The variable in this study was dysmenorrhea. The sampling technique was simple ramdom sampling consisted of 44 respondents. The calculation instrument was NRS (Numeric Rating Scale) and data were analyzed through statistical test of Paired T-Test and Independent T-Test.Results: After spiritual relaxation treatment, the intensity of menstrual pain reduced significantly from 6.05 - 1.77, it proved that there was an effect of spiritual relaxation on dysmenorrhea with a significant value (?) of 0.000 (p ? 0.05). There were significant differences in the intensity of menstrual pain in the intervention and control groups (1.77 ± 1,109 vs 5.63 ± 0.445; p> 0.05).Conclusion: Spiritual relaxation effectively reduces dysmenorrhea
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN KECEMASAN MENARCHE PADA REMAJA PUTRI Mukhoirotin, Mukhoirotin; Taufik, Milda Laila
Journal of Holistic Nursing Science Vol 3 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abstract Menarche is an important time for a woman when puberty. Symptoms often occur during puberty is that anxiety and fear. Knowledge and family support are high is one of the forms to reduce the anxiety. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship ofknowledge and family support with anxiety menarche in young women. The design used in this research is descriptive analytic with cross-sectional. The sample consisted of 30 respondents, the independent variable is the knowledge and family support, the dependent variable is the menarche anxiety. Sampling by using purposive sampling. Measuring devices using questionnaires, the data were analyzed using the Spearman rho test with significance level of 5% (? ?0,05).The research concludes that there is a relationship of knowledge with anxiety menarche in adolescents (P = 0.002; r = - 0.544), family support relationships with anxiety menarche in adolescents (P = 0.002; r = - 0.536) with a negative correlation with the direction of considerable strength.Knowledge and family support the relationship with anxiety menarche. The higher the knowledge and family support of anxiety menarche decreased, and conversely the less than the knowledge and family support of anxiety menarche increased.
PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN TERHADAP KECEMASAN PRIMIGRAVIDA DALAM MENGHADAPI PERSALINAN Mukhoirotin, Mukhoirotin; Rahmat, Ibrahim; Siswosudarmo, Risanto
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 1, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : IPAKESPRO

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.997 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.5747

Abstract

PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN TERHADAP KECEMASAN PRIMIGRAVIDA DALAM MENGHADAPI PERSALINANMukhoirotin1, Ibrahim Rahmat2, Risanto Siswosudarmo3ABSTRACTBackground: During a process of labor and delivery a primigravida mother tends to have increased fear and anxiety, because of pain and discomfort. She is worry about her safety and her baby. Unless it is well managed it might cause same complication such us premature labor, prolonged labor, and fetal death. Health education is one effort that can be done by health workers to decrease anxiety and prepare mother in facing the process of labor and delivery.Objective: To find out the influence of health education to primigravida anxiety in facing the process of labor and delivery.Method: The study was a quasy experiment by pretest-postest control group design. Subjects were all primigravidas at Peterongan Public Health Centre (Puskesmas) area of Jombang Regency. A total of sixty six respondents meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited. They were devided into two groups, the treated group received health education and booklet (n=33) and the control group received health education only (n=33). The sampling tehnique were using consecutive sampling and cluster randomized trial. The instrument used to measure anxiety was Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale. Data were processed using computer program. Paired and independent sample t-tests were used for statistical analysis .Results and Discussion: The anxiety scores before treatment was comparable between the two groups (p>0.05). This scores decreased significantly after treatment from 36.79 to 29.79 in the treated group, and from 36.85 to 32.03 in the control group (p<0.05). The post treatment score was significanly different between the treated and the control groups (29.79±4.14 vs. 32.03±4.01; p<0.05).Conclution: Health education with booklet was more effective to decrease anxiety in the primigravida in facing labor compared to health education only.Keywords: health education, booklet, anxiety, primigravida. ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Selama proses persalinan dan melahirkan seorang ibu primigravida cenderung mengalami peningkatan ketakutan dan kecemasan, karena rasa sakit dan ketidaknyamanan. Ibu khawatir tentang keselamatan dirinya dan bayinya. Apabila hal ini tidak dikelola dengan baik dapat menyebabkan beberapa komplikasi seperti persalinan prematur, partus lama, dan kematian janin. Pendidikan kesehatan merupakan salah satu upaya yang dapat dilakukan oleh tenaga kesehatan untuk menurunkan kecemasan dan mempersiapkan ibu dalam menghadapi proses persalinan dan melahirkan.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui pengaruh pendidikan kesehatan terhadap kecemasan primigravida dalam menghadapi persalinan.Metode: Penelitian ini adalah quasi experiment dengan pendekatan pretest-postest control group design. Subyek penelitian adalah semua primigravida di wilayah Puskesmas Peterongan kabupaten Jombang. Sebanyak 66 responden yang memenuhi kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi direkrut.Subyek penelitian dibagi menjadi dua kelompok, kelompok perlakuan yang mendapatkan pendidikan kesehatan dan booklet (n=33) dan kelompok kontrol yang mendapatkan pendidikan kesehatan (n=33). Tehnik sampling menggunakan consecutive sampling dan cluster randomized trial. Instrumen yang digunakan untuk mengukur kecemasan adalah Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale. Data diolah dengan menggunakan program komputer. Paired sample t-test dan independent sample t-test digunakan untuk analisis statistik.Hasil dan Pembahasan: Skor kecemasan sebelum perlakuan adalah sebanding antara kedua kelompok (p>0,05). Skor ini menurun secara signifikan setelah perlakuan dari 36,79-29,79 pada kelompok perlakuan, dan dari 36,85-32,03 pada kelompok kontrol (p<0,05). Skor setelah perlakuan terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol (29,79±4,14 vs. 32,03±4,01, p<0,05).Kesimpulan: Pendidikan kesehatan dengan booklet lebih efektif untuk menurunkan kecemasan primigravida dalam menghadapi persalinan dibandingkan dengan pendidikan kesehatan saja.Kata Kunci: pendidikan kesehatan, booklet, kecemasan, primigravida. 1,2 Program Studi Magister Keperawatan, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta3 Bagian Obstetri dan Ginekologi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta 
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN COKELAT HITAM (DARK CHOCOLATE) DAN JAHE TERHADAP INTENSITAS NYERI HAID (DYSMENORRHEA) Faizah, Nurul; Mukhoirotin, Mukhoirotin
Bahasa Indonesia Vol 8 No 2 (2019): Jurnal Keperawatan
Publisher : STIKes William Booth Surabaya

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Abstract

Dismenore merupakan nyeri pada waktu haid berupa kram pada perut bawah dan panggul, apabila masalah ini tidak diatasi akan berdampak pada kegiatan sehari-hari. Intervensi nonfarmakologi yang digunakan untuk menangani nyeri haid yaitu menggunakan cokelat hitam dan jahe. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menjelaskan pengaruh pemberian cokelat hitam dan jahe terhadap intensitas nyeri haid. Desain penelitian menggunakan Quasy Experiment dengan pendekatan Pretest-Postest Design, pengambilan sampel dengan teknik Purposive Sampling. Jumlah populasi penelitian adalah 53 responden. Subyek penelitian sebanyak 36 responden (kelompok coklat hitam n=18, Kelompok jahe n=18). Pemberian cokelat hitam sebanyak 100 gram dan jahe 1500 mg diberikan pada hari pertama menstruasi. Intensitas nyeri dikaji dengan Numeric Rating Scale (NRS). Uji statistik menggunakan Paired t test dan Independent t test. Hasil penelitian didapatkan ntensitas nyeri haid sebelum diberikan intervensi pada kelompok cokelat hitam dan jahe adalah sebanding (p&gt;0.05). Intensitas nyeri haid pada kelompok cokelat hitam menurun secara signifikan dari 5.44 menjadi 2.56 dan intensitas nyeri pada kelompok jahe menurun secara signifikan dari 5.28 menjadi 1,89. Tidak ada perbedaan pengaruh antara pemberian cokelat hitam dan jahe terhadap dysmenorrhea (2.56 ± 1.75 vs 1.89 ± 1.45; p&gt;0.05). Dark Chocolate mengandung triptophan yang dapat merangsang pengeluaran serotonin sementara jahe mengandung komponen bioaktif yang terdiri dari gingerol dan shogaol yang berfungsi untuk antiinflamasi yang memblokir prostaglandin sehingga intensitas nyeri haid menurun.