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ASUPAN ZAT GIZI MAKRO DAN SERAT MENURUT STATUS GIZI ANAK USIA 6-12 TAHUN DI PULAU SULAWESI Agustina, Wulan; Mulyani, Erry Yudhya; Kuswari, Mury; Jus’at, Idrus
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 1 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (363.381 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.1.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe aimed of this study was to determine the differences intake of macro-nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrates) and fiber with respect to their nutritional status of children aged 6-12 years. This study was used secondary data Riskesdas 2010. The number of subjects was 2,987 children aged 6-12 years in Sulawesi Island. Body Mass Index for Age (BMI/U) was used to measure the nutritional status. Independent sample t-test and analysis of variance were applied to answer the research questions. The result showed that most of subjects were male (58.7%), living in rural areas (50.2%), and with low economic status (54.1%). In regard to protein intake, most of the children age 6 years was about 80-99% Recommended Dietary Intake (RDA). On the contrary, most of children 7-9 years and 10-12 years were below 70% RDA. There were no differences intake of macro-nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrates) and fiber to the nutritional status of children aged 6-12 years (p>0.05). This study found that most of the children were suffering macro-nutrients intake regardless their nutritional status. Therefore, we need to have a good program to monitor nutritional status of school children.Keywords: nutrient intake, nutritional status, school age children 6-12 yearABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan asupan zat gizi makro (protein, lemak, karbohidrat) dan serat terhadap status gizi pada anak usia 6-12 tahun. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder Riskesdas 2010 dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Subjek penelitian adalah anak usia 6-12 tahun dengan status gizi kurus, normal, dan gemuk menurut IMT/U di Pulau Sulawesi tahun 2010 berjumlah 2.087 orang. Pengujian statistik menggunakan independent sample t-test dan Anova. Sebagian besar subjek berjenis kelamin laki-laki (58,7%), tinggal di perdesaan (50,2%), dan berstatus ekonomi rendah (54,1%). Rata-rata asupan protein pada kelompok umur 6 tahun termasuk kategori sedang (80-99% AKG) namun pada usia 7-9 tahun dan usia 10-12 tahun termasuk kategori defisit (<70% AKG). Tidak terdapat perbedaan asupan zat gizi makro dan serat terhadap status gizi (IMT/U) di Pulau Sulawesi (p>0,05). Penelitian ini menemukan adanya keberagaman asupan dan status gizi anak usia sekolah. Oleh karenanya, diperlukan program pemantauan status gizi secara rutin di sekolah.Kata kunci: anak usia 6-12 tahun, asupan zat gizi, status gizi
Kecukupan zat gizi makro, status gizi, stres, dan siklus menstruasi pada remaja Sitoayu, Laras; Pertiwi, Dewi Ayu; Mulyani, Erry Yudhya
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2017): Januari
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, FK-KMK UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (201.461 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17867

Abstract

Background: Adolescence is the transition period from children to adults which is characterized by the occurrence of changes in the body that allowed it to reproductive health problems. One of reproductive health problems is menstrual cycle disorders. Menstrual cycle disorder due to several factors including food intake, nutritional status, and stress.Objective: This research supposed to know the association the sufficient of macro-nutrients, nutritional status and stress with the menstrual cycle on adolescent at SMA Negeri Jakarta 21, 2016.Method: This design research is observation analytic with cross sectional approach. Sampling technique used proportionate random sampling and obtained 83 respondents adolescent. The technique of data collection used menstrual cycle questionnaire, DASS 14, food recall 3x24 hours (2 weekdays and 1 weekend), standardized food ingredient photos, and nutrisurvey.Results: There is 68.7% of respondents have an abnormal menstrual cycle. Based on statistical analysis of Chi-Square test, there is a significant relation between sufficient intake of carbohydrates (p=0.030), sufficient intake of protein (p=0.001), sufficient intake of fat (p=0.003), nutritional status (p=0,004), stress (p=0.000) and menstrual cycle. Based on logistic regression test results obtained the factors that most influence the menstrual cycle i.e. nutritional status (OR=20.16).Conclusion: Sufficient intake of macronutrients, nutritional status, and stress can affect menstrual cycle on adolescent, and nutritional status is the dominant factor that can affect the menstrual cycle.
THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PROTEIN, SELECTED VITAMINS AND SELENIUM TO MORBIDITY IN YOUNG CHILDREN Mulyani, Erry Yudhya; Angkasa, Dudung; Elvandari, Milliyantri; Jus’at, Idrus
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2017: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Publikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Morbidity rate in children under 3 years of age is higher among rural than urban area. Adequate intake of protein and selected vitamins suppresses the immune system to function efficiently. This cross-sectional study at Tangerang district was aimed to understand the difference in protein, selected vitamins and selenium intake to morbidity episode among young children. A total of 87 children under 3 years of age was drawn randomly from 3 selected villages. All measurement was carried out by well trained professional health personnel’s. The independent t-test and Mann-Whitney were employed to analyze the data. The youngchildren aged 7-11 month (16.1%) and 12-36 month (83.9%), weight was 9.8±2.1 (kg), height was 78.5±8.1(cm), and MUAC was 13.5±6.6 (cm). The average intake of protein, Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Selenium inchildren aged 7-11 month were 12.7±11.0 (g), 42.7±108.1 (mg), 0.8±1.2 (mg), and 0.1±0.0 (mcg), respectively. Then for the children age 12-36 month were 26.6±15.5 (g), 23.0±34.6 (mg), 2.2±1.8 (mg), and 0.3±1.4(mcg), respectively. There were no differences in protein, vitamin C, vitamin E and selenium intakes between morbidity episode among children aged 12-36 month (p≥0.05). While, there was a difference in protein intake between morbidity status in younger children (p<0.05).  This study failed to find contribution of selected vitamins and selenium to morbidity status. An adequate intake of protein, selected vitamins andminerals was needed to curb the intermittent infections.Keywords: Protein, Selected Vitamins, Selenium, Morbidity, Young Children
Analisis Status Hidrasi dan Asupan Zat Gizi Serta Air pada Ibu Hamil Mulyani, Erry Yudhya; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Briawan, Dodik; Santoso, Budi Iman
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 14, No 3: SEPTEMBER 2018
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (330.177 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v14i3.4343

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Kehamilan merupakan periode fisiologis-spesifik yang mana selama periode ini, kebutuhan zat gizi meningkat. Sebanyak 50-70% ibu hamil mengalami mual dan muntah terus menerus, berdampak pada kurang maksimalnya pemberian asupan gizi bagi ibu dan bayi. Keberlanjutan kondisi ibu dapat menyebabkan ketidakseimbangan cairan di dalam tubuh yang berdampak pada status hidrasi ibu. Penelitian bertujuan menganalisis hubungan karakteristik, sosial-ekonomi, status gizi, asupan gizi dan air dengan status hidrasi. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian cross-sectional, dilakukan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kecamatan Kebon Jeruk, Jakarta Barat. Subjek penelitian ini adalah ibu hamil trimester kedua, memeriksakan kehamilan di tempat penelitian berjumlah 107 subjek. Uji t-test independent dan chi-square digunakan untuk menganalisis data. Subjek dibagi ke dalam dua kelompok berdasarkan status hidrasi dari nilai osmolalitas urin; normal dan hipohidrasi. Nilai rerata osmolalitas urin pada kelompok hipohidrasi dan normal, adalah 838.78±172.35 mOsm/Kg dan 268.05±116.64 mOsm/Kg. Karakteristik subjek (umur, umur kehamilan, berat badan, tinggi badan, status gizi sebelum hamil, lingkar lengan atas, lingkar pinggang, lingkar panggul, tekanan darah) tidak terdapat perbedaan di antara dua kelompok (p≥0.05). Tidak terdapat hubungan tingkat pendidikan ayah dan ibu, pekerjaan ayah dan ibu, pengeluaran rumah tangga, dan pengetahuan ibu (p≥0.05). Terdapat perbedaan asupan energi, karbohidrat, dan zinc di dua kelompok (p<0.05), tetapi tidak menemukan perbedaan asupan (protein, lemak, kalsium, zat besi, asam folat) dan air di dua kelompok (p≥0.05). Namun demikian, ibu harus tetap memerhatikan asupan zat gizi dan air untuk mendukung tumbuh kembang janin.
The Impact of Dehydration in the Third Trimesters on Pregnancy Outcome-Infant Birth Weight and Length Mulyani, Erry Yudhya; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Briawan, Dodik; Santoso, Budi Iman
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 13 No. 3 (2018)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (399.182 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.3.157-164

Abstract

This cohort study aimed to analyze the effect of dehydration on pregnancy outcome. A total of 66 pregnant women aged (18-35 years) at second trimester (&gt;12 weeks) of pregnancy was recruited from seven health centers (Puskesmas) Kebon Jeruk, West Jakarta from December 2016 to January 2018. Five biomarkers (urine color, urine osmolality, urine specific gravity, serum osmolality, serum sodium) were utilized to determine hydration status. Based on the result, subjects were then assigned to dehydration group (DG) and normal group (NG), 51.5% was in the DG and 48.5%, in the NG respectively. Independent t-tests and Chi-square were employed to answer research questions. There were differences in weight of the mothers in the second and third trimester between the two groups (p&lt;0.05), but no differences in weight gain during pregnancy (p≥0.05). More than fifty percent of subjects suffered nausea and vomiting during pregnancy in the two groups. Water intake level in DG (72.53±14.41%) were lower than NG (118.68±14.37%). The accounted difference in Infant birth weight, length, chest circumference and head circumference; were 491.84 g, 0.98 cm, 0.98 cm, and 1.11 cm, respectively where infant from the NG had higher measurements than DG. After adjustment for water intake level, the infant birth weight and length in DG (2,798.53±97.85 g; 47.32±0.32 cm) was lower than NG (3,371.77±102.60 g; 49.09±0.33 cm). The accounted difference in infant birth weight and length between the two groups were 596.1 g and 1.8 cm, respectively. Thus in addition to nutrient intake and weight gain during pregnancy, pregnant mothers should also concern for their fluid intake in order to maintain their health condition and feotal growth - development.
STATUS GIZI BERDASARKAN POLA MAKAN ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN RAJEG TANGERANG (NUTRITIONAL STATUS BASED ON PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENT’S DIETARY INTAKE IN RAJEG DISTRICT TANGERANG CITY) Anzarkusuma, Indah Suci; Mulyani, Erry Yudhya; Jus’at, Idrus; Angkasa, Dudung
Indonesian Journal of Human Nutrition Vol 1, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Gizi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Brawijaya Malang

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Abstract

Abstrak Penduduk yang mengkonsumsi makanan dengan nilai gizi di bawah 70% dari Angka Kecukupan Gizi (AKG) masih tinggi (40,6%) dan banyak dijumpai pada anak usia sekolah (41,2%). Prevalensi anak usia sekolah dengan status gizi kurus di provinsi Banten sebesar 9,5% lebih tinggi dari angka nasional (7,6%). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan status gizi berdasarkan pola makan anak sekolah di Kecamatan Rajeg Tangerang. Penelitian ini bersifat kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross-sectional. Populasi merupakan anak sekolah dasar di wilayah Kecamatan Rajeg Tangerang. Sampel berjumlah 124 anak. Analisis data dengan menggunakan pengujian statisik dengan uji t tidak berpasangan, one-way ANNOVA dan korelasi Pearson. Sebagian besar responden berjenis kelamin laki-laki (53.2%) dengan rata-rata umur 10 tahun dan berada pada kelas 4 SD (37.9%). Berdasarkan IMT/U didapatkan rata-rata nilai Z-score (-0.4±1.8). Responden yang memiliki frekuensi makan 3 kali dalam sehari sebanyak 53.2%, memiliki kebiasaan sarapan pagi sebanyak (94.4%) dan tidak memiliki kebiasaan membawa bekal makanan sebanyak (79,0%), dengan rata-rata nominal uang saku sebesar (3200±1.400) rupiah. Ada perbedaan status gizi anak berdasarkan frekuensi makan (p&lt;0,05), tidak ada perbedaan status gizi anak berdasarkan jenis kelamin, umur,  nominal uang saku, kebiasaan sarapan pagi dan kebiasaan membawa bekal makanan (p≥0.05). Perlu dilakukan program pembinaan gizi dan pengetahuan kesehatan seperti diadakannya penyuluhan untuk siswa dan pembinaan UKS tentang pentingnya sarapan dan membawa bekal makanan, sanitasi dan makanan jajanan yang sehat Kata Kunci: Status Gizi, Pola Makan, Anak Sekolah Dasar AbstractRISKESDAS 2010 showed the prevalence of food consumption below 70% of Recommended Daily Intake (RDI) 2004 was 40.6% while among school-age children was about 41.2 %. The prevalence of underweight (Body-Mass-Index for age = BMI/A) was 7.6%; in Banten province was about 9.5%. This study aims to determine the differences of nutritional status among school aged children in relation to their dietary pattern in a primary school, District of Rajeg, Tangerang, Banten. This is a cross-sectional study. The population is a primary school children, with total respondent of 124 children. Dietary patterns and anthropometric measurements were conducted by trained junior nutritionists. Independent t-test, correlation and one-way Anova were employed to answer research questions. Most of respondent are male (53.2 %) with an average 10 years of age and in mostly in 5th grade (62.1 %). Average value of Z –score BMI/Age was (-0.4 ± 1.8). About 53.2% have 3 meals a day, 94.4 % having breakfast, and if there is no breakfast at home (79%) those students get their pocket money about 3200 ± 1400 rupiah/day. There is a difference OF nutritional status based on the frequency of meals (p&lt; 0.05). There were no difference in nutritional status by sex, age, having breakfast at home, and no correlation with nominal allowances (p ≥ 0.05). Intensive counseling and nutrition education for school children should be given by teacher, especially information regarding the importance of breakfast or habit of bringing food or healthy snack, sanitation and personal hygiene. Keywords: Nutritional Status, Dietary Pattern, School Aged-children
ANALISIS PENGETAHUAN GIZI DAN HIDRASI TERHADAP SIKAP DAN PERILAKU IBU DI MASA KEHAMILAN Mulyani, Erry Yudhya; Jus?at, Idrus; Angkasa, Dudung; Anggiruling, Dwikani Oklita
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 42, No 2 (2019): September 2019
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (673.531 KB) | DOI: 10.36457/gizindo.v42i2.462

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Nutrition and health behavior during pregnancy has an impact on fetal health and outcome birth.The aims of this study were to analyze the relationship between nutrition and hydration knowledge on maternal attitudes and behavior during pregnancy.This study was a cross-sectional study, conducted in Kebon Jeruk District Health Center, West Jakarta.The research subjects were pregnant women in the second and third trimesters who examined their pregnancies at the study site, totaling 100 subjects. The data collected were characteristics subjects, anthropometrics, level of knowledges, attitudes, and behaviors. Data was taken through interviews and anthropometric measurements by enumerators and health professional trainee. Pearson's correlation and chi-square tests were used to analyze data.Subjects were on average 29.0 ± 5.7 years, body weight 54.3 ± 8.6 kg, body height 153.7 ± 5.4 cm, body mass index 23.0 ± 3.8 kg/m2, upper arm circumference 26.4 ± 3.3 cm, and hemoglobin level 11.9 ± 0.9 g/dL. There was a positive relationship between nutrition and hydration knowledge on the behavior of pregnant women (p<0.05).The proportion of mothers in the high-level group had a positive attitude about water consumption when nausea and vomiting were more than those with low-level group (p<0.05).Mothers with a high-level group of knowledge have a tendency to have frequent water consumption and vary in diet from the low-level group (p <0.05).Therefore, the health professional needs to give the nutrition education which reliable and accurate to pregnant women in antenatal care.
Kecukupan zat gizi makro, status gizi, stres, dan siklus menstruasi pada remaja Sitoayu, Laras; Pertiwi, Dewi Ayu; Mulyani, Erry Yudhya
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 13, No 3 (2017): Januari
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17867

Abstract

Background: Adolescence is the transition period from children to adults which is characterized by the occurrence of changes in the body that allowed it to reproductive health problems. One of reproductive health problems is menstrual cycle disorders. Menstrual cycle disorder due to several factors including food intake, nutritional status, and stress.Objective: This research supposed to know the association the sufficient of macro-nutrients, nutritional status and stress with the menstrual cycle on adolescent at SMA Negeri Jakarta 21, 2016.Method: This design research is observation analytic with cross sectional approach. Sampling technique used proportionate random sampling and obtained 83 respondents adolescent. The technique of data collection used menstrual cycle questionnaire, DASS 14, food recall 3x24 hours (2 weekdays and 1 weekend), standardized food ingredient photos, and nutrisurvey.Results: There is 68.7% of respondents have an abnormal menstrual cycle. Based on statistical analysis of Chi-Square test, there is a significant relation between sufficient intake of carbohydrates (p=0.030), sufficient intake of protein (p=0.001), sufficient intake of fat (p=0.003), nutritional status (p=0,004), stress (p=0.000) and menstrual cycle. Based on logistic regression test results obtained the factors that most influence the menstrual cycle i.e. nutritional status (OR=20.16).Conclusion: Sufficient intake of macronutrients, nutritional status, and stress can affect menstrual cycle on adolescent, and nutritional status is the dominant factor that can affect the menstrual cycle.
Upaya Komunikasi, Informasi, dan Edukasi (KIE) dalam Peningkatan Pengetahuan mengenai Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS) tatanan Rumah Tangga pada Nelayan di Muara Angke, Jakarta Silviana, Intan; Mulyani, Erry Yudhya; Novianti, Titta; Zelfino, Zelfino; Handayani, Putri
Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat AbdiMas Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Abdimas
Publisher : Universitas Esa Unggul

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Abstract

AbstrakPendahuluan: Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS) di tumah tangga adalah upaya un-tuk memberdayakan anggota rumah tangga agar tahu, mau dan mampu melaksanakan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat serta berperan aktif dalam gerakan kesehatan di masyarakat. Menurut data RISKESDAS tahun 2013, proporsi nasional rumah tangga dengan PHBS baik adalah 32,3 persen,sementara target dari Kementerian Kesehatan adalah mencapai 70% pada tahun 2014. Dari indikator PHBS rumah tangga tersebut, prevalensi nasional rumah tangga yang melakukan pemberian ASI eksklusif yaitu hanya sebesar 38%, dan perilaku mencuci tangan dengan air bersih dan sabun yaitu 47,2%. Masih banyak masyarakat di wilayah Muara Angke, Jakarta, yang masih belum menerapkan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat di rumah tangga, sehingga angka kejadian diare dan Infeksi Saluran Pernapasan Akut (ISPA) masih merupakan angka kesakitan tertinggi di Puskesmas Muara Angke. Hal tersebut dipengaruhi oleh pengetahuan dan sikap masyarakat mengenai perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat di rumah tangga. Tujuan dari kegiatan ini yaitu untuk memberikan upaya-upaya Komunikasi, Informasi, dan Edukasi (KIE) dalam rangka me-ningkatkan pengetahuan mengenai perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat tatanan rumah tangga pada ibu nelayan di Muara Angke, Jakarta. Metode Pelaksanaan: Kegiatan upaya Komunikasi, Informasi, dan Edukasi ini meliputi kegiatan penelitian untuk meng-identifikasi pengetahuan mengenai perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat rumah tangga, kegiatan penyuluhan kesehatan mengenai perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat rumah tangga, dan sosialisasi pesan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat rumah tangga melalui media KIE, seperti poster, booklet, dan lain-lain. Kegiatan penyuluhan kesehatan mengenai Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat tatanan Rumah Tangga dilakukan pada hari Rabu, 25 Juni 2014, ber-tempat di pelataran Masjid As-Salam di wilayah PHPT Muara Angke, dengan jumlah peserta sebanyak 60 orang. Materi-materi yang disampaikan meliputi materi mengenai perilaku kesehatan ibu dan anak, perilaku sanitasi lingkungan, perilaku pengolahan makanan, dan perilaku pengolahan limbah rumah tangga. Hasil: Berdasarkan hasil penyu-luhan kesehatan, didapatkan bahwa adanya peningkatan pengetahuan ibu-ibu nelayan di wilayah PHPT Muara Angke mengenai perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat tatanan rumah tangga dari 48,6% yang memiliki pengetahuan yang baik sebelum penyuluhan menjadi 62,8% memiliki pengetahuan yang baik sesudah penyuluhan. Perlu adanya kegiatan upaya Komunikasi, Informasi, dan Edukasi (KIE) yang berkelanjutan dalam rangaka mening-katkan Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat pada ibu-ibu nelayan di PHPT Muara Angke. Kata kunci: perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat, upaya komunikasi, informasi