Articles

Beberapa Faktor yang Berpengaruh terhadap Barotrauma Membran Timpani pada Penyelam Tradisional di Wilayah Kabupaten Banyuwangi Sugianto, Sugianto; Hadisaputro, Suharyo; Supriharti, Supriharti; Munasik, Munasik; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno
Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 2, No 1: Februari 2017
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2434.233 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jekk.v2i1.3969

Abstract

Background : Tympanic membrane barotraumas is a rupture of tissue structure and its sequel. The initial research results show that there was 39.7% of tympanic membrane prevalence. The aim of the research was to prove the effect of several internal and external factors in traditional divers on tympanic membrane barotraumas.Method : The design used was cross sectional study strengthened by in-depth interview. The number of respondent was 130 from two groups of traditional divers taken in proportional stratified random sampling. The data analysis were univariate, bivariate, and multivariate.Results : The variables proven as the risk factors in the group of the divers who hold their breath for coins were the dive descending speed 18 meter per (p = 0.012) and without diving equipments (p = 0.018). In the group of the divers using air compressor, the significant variables were the age of the divers in older adult 37 years old (p = 0.025).Conclusion: Several factors influencing tympanic membrane barotraumas in the group of the traditional divers who hold their breath for coins were ascending speed 18 meters per minute and without diving equipments with the probability of 39%. In the group with air compressor, the variable was the age of older adult divers ≥ 37 years with the probability of 98%.
Beberapa Faktor yang Berpengaruh terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Dekompresi pada Penyelam Tradisional (Studi Kasus di Karimunjawa) Duke, Halena Isrumanti; Hadisaputro, Suharyo; Chasani, Sofa; Anies, Anies; Munasik, Munasik
Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 1, No 1: Februari 2016
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (689.341 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/j.e.k.k.v1i1.3936

Abstract

Background : Decompression sickness is caused by the release and development of gas bubbles in the late phase of blood or tissue due to the rapid pressure drop in the vicinity. Risk factors affected to decompression sympton such as depth, long dive, smoking habit, obesity, alcohol consumption, dehydration, and anemia. The purpose of this study to explain the magnitude of the effect of risk factors on the incidence of decompression sickness in divers traditional.Methods : This is mixed methode study that used a case-control study design is strengthened with indepth interview. Subject of respondents 46 were chosen, including 23 cases and 23 controls were taken by purposive sampling. Research instrument was a questionnaire interview. Analysis of the data using univariate, bivariate (chi-square) and multivariate (logistic regression).Result : Variables that proved to be a risk factor for decompression is the depth of the dive ≥30 meters (OR = 6.62, 95% CI 1059-41390, p = 0.043), longer dives ≥ 2 hours (OR = 61 680,95% CI = 3.687-1031.93, p = 0.004) and anemia (OR = 14,453, 95% CI = 2146-97346, p =0.006). Variables that are not proven to be a risk factor for decompression is smoking, alcohol consumption, and obesity.Conclusions : Factors that influence the incidence of decompression, depth of dive ≥ 30 m, long dive ≥ 2 hours, and anemia with probability 94,45%.
PEMETAAN KONDISI TERUMBU KARANG YANG TERKAIT DENGAN SEBARAN FOSFAT DAN NITRAT DI PERAIRAN PANTAI DESA KARIMUNJAWA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN METODE SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS Zainal, Jasmine Khairani; Subardjo, Petrus; Munasik, Munasik
977-2407769
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas PerikanJurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jmr.v3i3.5985

Abstract

Desa Karimunjawa merupakan desa dengan kepadatan penduduk tertinggi yang terdapat di Kawasan Taman Nasional Karimunjawa, didukung dengan keberadaan dua dermaga penting bagi masyarakat Kepulauan Karimunjawa yaitu Dermaga Perintis dan Dermaga Syahbandar yang menjadikannya pusat perekonomian masyarakat kepulauan Karimunjawa. Perairan Pantai Desa Karimunjawa banyak dipengaruhi oleh aktivitas manusia yang tinggi dan berpotensi dalam peningkatan kandungan nitrat (NO3-) dan fosfat (PO43-) perairan yang dapat memberikan tekanan pada ekosistem terumbu karang, sehingga diperlukan kajian untuk mengetahui kualitas air perairan pantai desa Karimunjawa khususnya nitrat, fosfat dan kondisi ekosistem terumbu karang. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif eksploratif menggunakan metode Manta Tow untuk kondisi terumbu karang dan analisis spasial pada ArcGIS 10 untuk sebaran kualitas air. Materi yang digunakan berupa sebaran dan kondisi terumbu karang dan kualitas air perairan pantai Desa Karimunjawa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa luas terumbu karang di perairan pantai Desa Karimunjawa yang padat penduduk adalah 149,50 m2berdasarkan analisa satelit Landsat-8 dan kondisi terumbu karang masuk dalam kategori sedang (26-50%). Kandungan fosfat perairan berkisar antara 0,12-2,19 mg/l dan kandungan nitrat perairan berkisar antara 0,04-1,33 mg/l.
KOMPOSISI JENIS DAN KELMPAHAN IKAN KARANG DI PERAIRAN PULAU PARANG KEPULAUAN KARIMUNJAWA JEPARA Wijanarko, Tutus; Munasik, Munasik; Ambariyanto, Ambariyanto
977-2407769
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas PerikanJurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jmr.v2i4.3683

Abstract

Parang island is the most northwest island in the Karimunjawa islands, It has unique characteristic, namelyleeward and windwardwaters. It is suspected to be the factors that can affect the existence of coral reef ecosystem diversity and reef fish?s habitat.This study aims to determine the species composition and abundance of reef fish in the waters of Parang island, Karimunjawa.Data were collected by using abelttransectmethod(belt transect) along 75meter coastline. The results showed that the research location have a totally 1069 individuals. There were differences in the composition and abundance of reef fish in the waters in the east, south, west and north. The highest abundance of reef fish was found in the north side the island, there were 462 fish which composed of 20 species and 9 families. Family which has the highest species composition was Pomacentridae and Labridae. The lowest abundance of reef fish was found in the waters in the west side with 146 fish which was composed of 11 species of 5 family of reef fish, and species of fish that hasthe highest constituent of abundance was Family Pomacentridae and Labridae. There were 203 reef fish found on the south side of theParangisland thatborders directly with Kumbang Island, which was composed of 16 species, 8 family, and species of fish that has the highest constituent wereFamily Pomacentridae and Caesionidae. While in the waters of the eastern side the dominance fish was found Family Apogonidae fairly high as 144 individu, from the total 258 individu reef fish consisting of 15 species and 6 families.Differences incompositionandabundance species ofreef fishin the waters ofParang islandis presumably becauseof differences inthe life form condition ofcoral reef habitatfrom effect leeward and windward of Parangisland, Karimunjawa Islands.
KONDISI TERUMBU KARANG PADA LOKASI WISATA SNORKELING DI KEPULAUAN KARIMUNJAWA, JAWA TENGAH Biondi, Ias; Munasik, Munasik; Koesoemadji, Koesoemadji
977-2407769
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas PerikanJurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jmr.v3i3.5990

Abstract

Peningkatan jumlah kunjungan wisata snorkeling di Taman Nasional Karimunjawa dikhawatirkan dapat mengakibatkan penurunan tutupan terumbu karang pada lokasi wisata snorkeling. Penelitian ini dilakukan  untuk mengetahui kondisi terumbu karang dan bentuk ? bentuk kerusakannya akibat wisata snorkeling. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan manta tow untuk pengambilan data terumbu karang dan metode survey untuk kualitas perairan seperti suhu, salinitas, pH dan kecerahan. Persentase tutupan terumbu karang hidup pada lokasi wisata snorkeling di Taman Nasional Karimunjawa sebesar 33%-52,5%. Kondisi ini termasuk dalam kategori buruk-baik. Persentase tutupan terumbu karang hidup tertinggi terdapat pada Pulau Sintok dengan nilai 52,5% dan persentase tutupan terumbu karang terendah terdapat pada Pulau Menjangan Kecil dengan nilai 33%. Kerusakan terumbu karang yang ditimbulkan dari wisata snorkeling dapat berupa rubble (patahan karang) dan karang keras mati dikarenakan terinjak maupun terkibas fins.
PREDIKSI WAKTU SPAWNING KARANG ACROPORA PADA MUSIM PERALIHAN KEDUA DI PULAU SAMBANGAN KEPULAUAN KARIMUNJAWA JEPARA Komarudin, Agus Nurul; Munasik, Munasik; Marwoto, Jarot
977-2407769
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas PerikanJurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jmr.v2i4.3688

Abstract

Knowledge of coral reproduction in Indonesian waters were divided into three groups, there are the spawning time which occurs in first transition season or before East season (January to April), the spawning time which occurs in second transition season or before West season (September-November), and the spawning time which occurs throughout the year. This study aims to predicted spawning time of Acropora by observe gonad maturity level during second transition season (September-October 2012) at Sambangan Island Karimunjawa Archipelago Jepara. The method used in this research was descriptive method. Distribution and composition Acropora were observed using Line Intercept Transect (LIT) method. Spawning time of Acropora was determined by presence or absence of gonad contents, and the maturity level of the gonads deferred to Hanafy et al. (2009). Gonad was examine in new moon phase, before full moon phase, and after full moon phase. The result show that distribution and composition of coral species Acropora at Sambangan Island in depth of 1-3 m was known 5 species of the stations I, 6 species at station II, and 8 species at station III with the highest cover composition at each station was a species A. formosa. Total 8 species Acropora were observe however only two species were found content of gonad. There were Acropora carduus and A. formosa. The gonad of coral A. carduus matured earlier than A. formosa. Gonad maturity of A. carduus occurred in September 2012 (new moon) and then gonad didn?t found in the phase before the full moon. Gonad maturity of coral A. formosa occured on the full moon phase in October 2012 and the phase after full moon the colony hadn?t contain gonads. Based on this information spawning of two species of Acropora likely occurred in different moon phase. Species of A. carduus has been spawned before the full moon phase and species A. formosa has been doing spawning after the full moon phase in October 2012.
ESTIMASI DAYA DUKUNG TERUMBU KARANG BERDASARKAN BIOMASSA IKAN KARANG DI PERAIRAN MISOOL SELATAN, RAJA AMPAT, PAPUA BARAT Prasetya, Sigit Heru; Munasik, Munasik; Ambariyanto, Ambariyanto
977-2407769
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas PerikanJurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jmr.v3i3.5995

Abstract

Terumbu karang merupakan ekosistem yang memiliki banyak fungsi ekologis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kondisi terumbu karang, biomassa ikan karang,dan estimasi daya dukung tutupan karang keras hidup pada area terumbu karang di perairan Misool Selatan. Pengambilan data lapangan dilakukan pada tanggal 15-28 November 2013. Nilai daya dukung terumbu karang diperoleh dengan perhitungan luasan area terumbu karang dikalikan jumlah biomassa pada area transek pengamatan (250 meter). Pengambilan data kondisi terumbu karang menggunakan metode Point Intercept Transect dan sensus visual untuk ikan karang pada kedalaman 10 meter dengan 5 transek sepanjang 50 meter sejajar garis pantai. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diperoleh bahwa kondisi terumbu karang di lokasi penelitian dalam keadaan sedang hingga baik dengan total genus yang ditemukan sebanyak 32 genus. Nilai Biomassa ikan karang tertinggi ada pada stasiun Waaf sebesar 97 kg/ha dan terendah pada stasiun Yoss sebesar 32,8 kg/ha. nilai daya dukung terumbu karang dengan persentase tutupan karang 36,7-70,7% serta bentuk lifeform yang ada di lokasi penelitian untuk tiap Famili ikan karang Scaridae 2,55-50,3 kg, Serranidae 0,5-6,8 kg, dan Caesionidae 6,4-44,8 kg. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa kondisi tutupan karang keras pada area terumbu karang mempengaruhi biomassa ikan karang untuk beberapa family ikan yaitu Caesionidae, Scaridae, dan Serranidae.
PENGARUH PERBEDAAN JENIS SUBSTRAT DAN KEDALAMAN TERHADAP JUMLAH JUVENIL KARANG YANG MENEMPEL DI PERAIRAN PULAU SAMBANGAN, KEPULAUAN KARIMUNJAWA, JEPARA Hartono, Eko Puji; Munasik, Munasik; Wijayanti, Diah Permata
977-2407769
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas PerikanJurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jmr.v1i2.2019

Abstract

Coral reef degradation caused by the human and natural factors. Human factors such as pollution and exploitation of marine resources is excessive. While natural factors such as waves, currents, brightness, substrate type and depth. This study aims to determine the effect of differences in substrate type and depth to the number of juvenile coral attached. Substrate used is a slab of concrete blocks and andesite which have been compiled into a series of collector substrate. Were of compile congcrete blok and andesit mounted at a depth of 3m and 10m. The study was conducted with experimental methods and data processed in the field by descriptive analysis. The observation station were using a purposive sampling method. The substrate was observed every month with 3 repetitions. After 6 mounth of observation the slabs of compile concrete blocks were tooh from the side and them. Taken were dipped in a chlorine solution of 10%. Juveniles determined attached identification and calculate. The number of juvenile corals on a andesite substrate at a depth of 3 meters by 14 induvidu the position of the water column and as many as 17 induvidu the bottom position, while at a depth of 10 meters as 11 induvidu at position 18 induvidu water column and bottom positions. While the number of juvenile corals are attached to the substrate concrete block at a depth of 3 meters by 24 induvidu the position of the water column and as many as 30 induvidu the bottom position, while at a depth of 10 meters by 17 induvidu at position 22 induvidu water column and bottom positions. The results may indicate that the differences in substrate type and depth of exercising influence over the settlement of juveniles.
KONDISI EKOSISTEM TERUMBU KARANG DI ROTE TIMUR, KABUPATEN ROTE NDAO, TAMAN NASIONAL PERAIRAN LAUT SAWU MENGGUNAKAN METODE MANTA TOW Achmad, Andy; Munasik, Munasik; Wijayanti, Diah Permata
977-2407769
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas PerikanJurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jmr.v2i3.3151

Abstract

Waters of the Savu Sea serves strategic means for the development of East Nusa Tenggara province, because most of the district / city in the province is highly dependent on the Savu Sea. The purpose of this study was to determine the condition of coral reef ecosystems using the Manta Tow in the waters of the East Rote, District of Rote Ndao, province of East Nusa Tenggara in the plan of conservation areas Savu Sea Marine National Park. The results show the percentage of hard coral life cover in the East Rote 3 study sites in the category of bad. The west side has average cover of 23.98%. Mulut Seribu Strait have hard coral life cover percentage of 15.8% and eastern side has the lowest percentage to hard coral life cover average by 12.33%.
PENGARUH PERBEDAAN METODE TRANSPLANTASI TERHADAP LAJU PERTUMBUHAN KARANG ACROPORA ASPERA PADA ARTIFICIAL PATCH REEF DI PULAU PANJANG, JEPARA Prayoga, Bintang; Munasik, Munasik; Irwani, Irwani
977-2407769
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas PerikanJurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jmr.v8i1.24302

Abstract

Artificial Patch Reef (APR) adalah salah satu terumbu karang buatan yang dirancang dengan bentuk melingkar modular berbentuk piramida dan memiliki 4 tingkatan atau kedalaman yang berbeda. Penelitian ini menggunakan Acropora aspera sebagai karang yang akan ditransplan pada APR karena saat ini populasi dari Acropora sangat terdegradasi dan terus menurun. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan April hingga Juli 2018 di perairan Pulau Panjang Jepara. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui laju pertumbuhan Acropora aspera dengan variasi metode yaitu ditransplan secara vertikal dan horizontal. Kedua metode memiliki keuntungan masing-masing dengan metode vertikal memiliki peluang pertumbuhan yang lebih cepat karena pertumbuhan pada karang selalu menuju ke arah datangnya sinar matahari, keuntungan dari posisi penanaman secara horizontal adalah posisi yang optimal karena hasilnya karang tetap dapat tumbuh pada dua sisi dan dapat tumbuh ke segala arah. Selain itu penelitian ini menggunakan 3 kedalaman yang berbeda. Pertumbuhan tertinggi pada perbedaan metode terjadi pada metode vertikal dengan laju pertumbuhan sebesar 0,35 cm/bulan sedangkan pada metode horizontal didapat hasil sebesar 0,27 cm/bulan. Untuk laju pertumbuhan pada perbedaan kedalaman atau tingkatan didapatkan laju pertumbuhan untuk tingkat 2 sebesar 0,24 cm/bulan, tingkat 3 sebesar 0,34 cm/bulan dan tingkat 4 sebesar 0,35 cm/bulan. Analisis statistik ANOVA  menunjukkan pada tingkatan dan metode diperoleh nilai Sig. 0,00  yang berarti H1 diterima, berarti ada perbedaan signifikan antar metode dan antar tingkatan. Artificial Patch Reef (APR) is one of the artificial reefs that is designed with a circular pyramidal modular shape and has 4 different gradations or depths. This study used Acropora aspera as the coral to be transplanted in the APR because currently the population of Acropora is highly degraded and continues to decrease. This research was conducted from April to July 2018 on the Panjang Island, Jepara. This research use Acropora aspera with a variety of methods that transplanted vertically and horizontally. Both methods have advantages. Vertical method has chance to growth faster than horizontal method. In the direction that comes from sunlight, the benefits of planting horizontally are optimal because they produce corals that can grow on both sides and can grow to all direction. In addition, this study uses 3 different levels. The highest method obtained in the vertical method with a growth rate of 0.35 cm / month in the horizontal method results obtained at 0.27 cm / month. For the growth rate at the growth rate or growth rate for level 2 of 0.24 cm / month, level 3 is 0.34 cm / month and level 4 is 0.35 cm / month. Statistical analysis of ANOVA determines at the level and method obtains the Sig. 0,00 which means H1 is accepted, meaning there are significant differences between methods and between levels.
Co-Authors A Sabdono A Sabdono Abra, Muhammad Agus Hartoko Agus Indarjo Agus Nurul Komarudin Agus Trianto Agustinah Setyaningrum, Agustinah Ambariyanto , Andy Achmad Anies Anies Arfiyan Arfiyan, Arfiyan Bahrun Bahrun Caribu Hadi Prajitno, Caribu Hadi Caribu Hadi Prayitno CH Prayitno, CH Chasani, Sofa Chrisna Adi Suryono CI Sutrisno, CI Denny N Sugianto Diah Permata W Diah Permata W Diah Permata Wijayanti Duke, Halena Isrumanti Ekayogiharso Ekayogiharso Eko Puji Hartono Errien N Aisyah Gentur Handoyo Hendro Kisworo Herkiki S Hudatwi, Mu?alimah Ias Biondi Ibnu Pratikto Indra Budi Prasetyawan Irwani Irwani Ita Riniatsih J Situmorang Jarot Marwoto Jasmine Khairani Zainal Jenny Lukytasari Jesmandt Situmorang Jesmant Situmorang Kamiso H N KAMISO HANDOYO NITIMULYO Kamiso HN Ko'ou, Alferd Y. Koesoemadji Koesoemadji Martinus, Ishak Mateus Sakundarno Adi, Mateus Sakundarno Muhammad Helmi Ni Made Ernawati, Ni Made Nozawa, Yoko OK. Radjasa OK. Radjasa Oscar Leonard J. Petrus Subardjo Prayoga, Bintang Pribadi, Rudi Purnama, Puji Eka R Pribadi R Pribadi Raden Ario Retno Hartati Ria Azizah Rikoh Manogar Siringoringo Rohani Juniarta Rudhi Pribadi S Anwar S Wouthuyzen Sari, Ni Wayan Purnama Sembiring, Yudhawira Bhaskara Sigar, Ihsan Yosinanda Sigit Heru Prasetya Subagiyo Subagiyo Sugianto Sugianto Suharsono Suharsono Suharyo Hadisaputro Supriharti, Supriharti Suryono Suryono Syaiful Anwar T Widiyastuti, T Titin Widiyastuti Tiwi Ajeng Prameliasari Tri Aryono Hadi Tutus Wijanarko Wahyu A Nugraha Widodo S Pranowo Widyastuti, Sri Rahayu Wisnu Widyatmoko Wisnu Wijatmoko