Harry Murti
Bagian Klinik Hewan, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Udayana, Bali

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PCS-16 DETERMAINING SURGICAL METHOD BY MENISCECTOMY INDUCTION ON GARUT SHEEP (OVIS ARIES) FOR EARLY STAGE OF OSTEOARTHRITIS Rakhmawati, Handina; Situmeang, Adrian; Nurhidayat, .; Lubis, Andri Maruli Tua; Murti, Harry; Boediono, Arief
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease that cause of pain and disability by various factors such as advanced age, obesity, trauma, and arthritis disease. These factors affect by degeneration of the cartilage surface, leading to loss of matrix include proteoglycan osteophyte formation, subcondral and synovial membrane affected. In the healthy joint, meniscus, articular cartilage, subchondral bone, and synovial membrane provide support to the joint. The meniscus is an important load bearing structure and has nutritive as well as lubricating properties in the knee joint as well (Little et al. 2010).Animal models are research materials that can be used in studying potential pathogenesis and therapy in various diseases in humans. Sheep are commonly large animal model of OA because of the availability, ease of handling, and have a similarities with humans in size and structure of joint. In the development of science, sheep can be used as an animal model in studying the pathogenesis of diseases in human orthopedics studies such as joints, ligaments, and bones. Garut sheep is an Indonesian germplasm indigenous that has the structure, density, and size of joint anatomy that are similar in human joints rather than other small animals. This is the basis of the utilization of Garut sheep as an animal model in human orthopaedic. (Little et al. 2010; Gregory et al. 2012).The aim of this study was to identify and analyze the determining surgical method by meniscectomy induction on Garut sheep with 8 weeks post meniscectomy observation for early stage of OA.
Efektivitas Larutan Dekalsifikasi pada Os tibia Domba Garut (Ovis aries) (THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DECALCIFYING SOLUTIONS ON THE TIBIAL OF GARUT SHEEP (OVIS ARIES)) Rakhmawati, Handina; Situmeang, Adrian; Nurhidayat, Nurhidayat; Lubis, Andri Maruli Tua; Murti, Harry; Boediono, Arief
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (168.024 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.3.403

Abstract

Bone is a tissue that has a density of extracellular matrix structures and composed by organic and inorganic components. Decalcification is a stage that plays an important role in bone histology using various types of solutions. The sample used in this study was lateral condyle from tibia of three garut sheeps (Ovis aries) which had been fixed with 10% Neutral Buffered Formalin (NBF) for 24 hours. Sample were cut into pieces ranging from 1 cm x 1 cm x 1 cm in size, the decalcification using three solutions; 10% nitric acid, 10% EDTA (pH 7.4) and 10% EDTA (pH 7.4) + TBD-1®. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of three solutions for the decalcification process of lateral tibial condyle of garut sheep. Observation parameter in this study includes: duration of decalcification, sectioning process of ribboning formation, structural integrity and absorption of hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The results shows that 10% EDTA (pH 7.4) solution provides a long duration of decalcification which is ease sectioning process ribboning, the best structural integrity of lateral tibial condyle. In hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining shows that 10% nitric acid solution does not absorb the optimum color, opposite in 10% EDTA and 10% EDTA + TBD-1® solution, the color intensity between hematoxylin and eosin in the tissue shows the best results. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the 10% EDTA (pH 7.4) is the best decalcification solution for lateral condyle from tibial of garut sheeps.
Perkembangan Praimplantasi Embrio Mencit dengan Materi Genetik yang Berasal dari Parental, Maternal, dan Inti Sel Somatik (PRE-IMPLANTATION DEVELOPMENT OF MOUSE EMBRYO WITH GENETIC MATERIAL DERIVED FROM PARENTAL, MATERNAL AND SOMATIC CELL NUCLEUS) Murti, Harry; Fahrudin, Mokhamad; Agus Setiadi, Mohamad; Setiawan, Boenjamin; Boediono, Arief
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 15 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Cloned embryo and parthenogenetic embryo are a potential source of stem cells for regenerativemedicine. Stem cells derived from those embryos are expected to overcome the ethical issues to the use offertilization embryos for therapeutic purposes. The pre-implantation development is a critical step fordeveloping embryos reach the blastocyst stage. The objectives in vivo of this research are to produce mousecloned embryo, parthenogenetic embryo, and fertilized embryo and to study stages of  in vitro pre-implantation development culture. In vivo fertilized embryos, mouse oocytes, and cumulus cells were usedin this study. Treatment was performed on female mice superovulated with PMSG and hCG injections.Two-cell stage of in vivo fertilized embryos were collected on the second day post hCG injection. Clonedembryos were produced through Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCNT), which included enucleation, nucleartransfer and artificial activation. Parthenogenetic embryos were produced with artificial activationtechnique. The result of the research indicated that SCNT application was able to produce cloned embryos which could develop to blastocyst stage (3,2%). In addition, artificial activation of oocytes could produceparthenogenetic embryos which were able to develop up to the blastocyst stage (8,6%). In conclusion,efficiency level of parthenogenetic embryos that is able to reach the blastocyst stage was higher than in thecloned embryos. Fertilized embryos shows a better development and more efficient compared to in vitrocloned embryos and parthenogenetic embryos cultures.
Direct and Indirect Effect of TNFα and IFNγ Toward Apoptosis in Breast Cancer Cells Widowati, Wahyu; Jasaputra, Diana Krisanti; Sumitro, Sutiman Bambang; Widodo, Mochammad Aris; Afifah, Ervi; Rizal, Rizal; Rihibiha, Dwi Davidson; Kusuma, Hanna Sari Widya; Murti, Harry; Bachtiar, Indra; Faried, Ahmad
Molecular and Cellular Biomedical Sciences Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Cell and BioPharmaceutical Institute

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21705/mcbs.v2i2.21

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of death cancer in women. Cancer therapies using TNFα and IFNγ have been recently developed by direct effects and activation of immune responses. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of TNFα and IFNγ directly, and TNFα and IFNγ secreted by Conditioned Medium-human Wharton’s Jelly Mesenchymal Stem Cells (CM-hWJMSCs) toward apoptosis of BC cells (MCF7).Materials and Methods: BC cells were induced by TNFα and IFNγ in 175 and 350ng/mL, respectively. CM-hWJMSCs were produced by co-culture hWJMSCs and NK cells that secreted TNFα, IFNγ, perforin (Prf1), granzyme B (GzmB) for treating BC cells. The BC cells were treated with CM-hWJMSCs in 50%. The expression of apoptotic genes Bax, p53, and the antiapoptotic gene Bcl-2 were determined using RT-PCR.Results: TNFα and IFNγ at concentration of 350 ng/mL induced higher Bax expression compared to 175 ng/mL. TNFα and IFNγ 350 ng/mL, 175 ng/mL induced p53 expression, whilst TNFα and IFNγ at 350 ng/mL decreased Bcl-2 expression. Perf1, GzmB, TNFα and IFNγ-containing CM-hWJMSCs induced significantly apoptosis percentage, induced Bax expression, but did not effect p53, Bcl-2 expression.Conclusion: TNFα and IFNγ directly induce Bax, p53, decrease Bcl-2 gene expression. The Prf1, GzmB, TNFα, IFNγ-containing CM-hWJMSCs induce apoptosis and Bax expression.Keywords: breast cancer, Wharton’s Jelly mesenchymal stem cells, TNFα, IFNγ