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PENELITIAN “RUBBER BLEND” ANTARA KARET ALAM RSS DENGAN KARET SINTESIS JSR 0061 UNTUK SOL RINGAN SESUAI SNI 12-0778-1989 Setyowati, Penny; Murwati, Murwati; Nadilah, Sri
Majalah Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik Vol 12, No 24 (1997): Majalah Barang Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik
Publisher : Center for Leather, Rubber, and Plastic Ministry of Industry, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20543/mkkp.v12i24.306

Abstract

The objective of this research is to find composision of rubber blend of RSS and JSR 0061 and Carbon black for preparation light rubber sole compound and stabile on high process temperature that give the best fisical properties and the best sole product at moulding vulcanization trial. The best rubber compound to be reached at the compound formulation R III with composision of RSS 90 phr, JSR 0061 10 phr dan carbon black 40 phr.  INTISARI Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendapatkan kompsisi campuran karet alam RSS dan karet sintetis JSR 0061 serta carbon black, untuk pembuatan kompon karet sol ringan dan stabil pada suhu proses tinggi yang memberikan sifat- sifat fisika terbaik serta menghasilkan produk sol yang terbaik pada uji coba ceta vulkanisasi. Kompon karet terbaik dicapai pada formulasi kompon R III dengan komposisi RSS 90 phr, JSR 10 phr dan carbon black 40 phr.
PENERAPAN COGNITIF BEHAVIOR THERAPI (CBT) PADA IBU NIFAS SEBAGAI UPAYA PENCEGAHAN DEPRESI POST PARTUM DI KABUPATEN KLATEN Murwati, Murwati; Suroso, Suroso
JURNAL KEBIDANAN DAN KESEHATAN TRADISIONAL Vol 2 No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kebidanan dan Kesehatan Tradisional
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta

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Abstract

Abstract: Cognitive Behavior Teraphi, Postpartum Depression. Postpartum mothers who are unable to adjust to their new role may experience psychological disorders such as postpartum depression. In Klaten found 36.7% postpartum experienced postpartum depression (Imaninditya, Murwati, 2014). Family support and good health care proved to have an effect on the postpartum depression (Wahyuni, et al, 2014). In addition, cognitive intervention is needed that can overcome the condition of the post-partum mother. This research design is quasi experiment type post test control group design, sample is normal postpartum mother day to 10 - 40, BPM working area of health office of Klaten regency, the sample size is 25 treatment group and 25 control group with Purposive consequtive sampling technique . The act of using CBT(Cognitive Behavior therapy)-based Cognitive Counseling Guidelines and for measuring DPP using EPDS (Edinburg postnatal Depression Scale). The study found 16% depression syndrome in the treatment group and 52% in the control group. The value of p = 0.014, the application of CBT in the postpartum mother can prevent the occurrence of postpartum depression.
HUBUNGAN GANGGUAN TIDUR IBU NIFAS DENGAN KEJADIAN POSTPARTUM BLUES DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KARANGMALANG SRAGEN Hasna, Amalia Nabillah; Murwati, Murwati; Susilowati, Dewi
JURNAL KEBIDANAN DAN KESEHATAN TRADISIONAL Vol 3 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Kebidanan dan Kesehatan Tradisional
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta

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Abstract

Abstract Background : Postpartum mothers who fail to adjust to their new role can experience postpartum blues. Physical fatigue due to the activity of babysitting, breastfeeding, bathing the baby, cradling the baby at any time can cause maternal rest so that the mother's sleep/ rest can be disrupted. Rest/ sleep that is sufficient can reduce the occurrence of postpartum blues in postpartum mothers. Method: This study is an analytical study with a cross sectional approach. The population in this study were all postpartum mothers in the working area of Karangmalang Sragen health center. The sampling technique was purposive sampling and a sample of 31 postpartum mothers from day 3 to day 10 was obtained which had a history of spontaneous normal labor. Univariate analysis with frequency distribution and bivariate analysis with Rankspearman statistical test. The results of this study were the age of respondents at most,namely age 20-35 years 90.3%, multipara mothers 54.8%, respondents with secondary education 61.3%, mothers working at home 77.4%, severe sleep disorders 25.8%, experienced postpartum blues 32.3%. Result: The results of Rank-spearman statistical test can be concluded p value = 0,000 and r value of 0.812. onclusion: The conclusion is that there is a relationship between postpartum blues sleep disturbance in the working area of Karangmalang Sragen Health Center.
Pemanfaatan zeolit sebagai bahan pengisi dalam pembuatan karet sponge untuk tatakan sepatu Herminiwati, Herminiwati; Murwati, Murwati; Lestari, Sri Brataningsih Puji
Majalah Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik Vol 23, No 1 (2007): Majalah Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik
Publisher : Center for Leather, Rubber, and Plastic Ministry of Industry, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (759.686 KB) | DOI: 10.20543/mkkp.v23i1.334

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The purpose of this research was to study the effect of zeolite as filler in the preparation of sponge rubber for shoe insocks. During wearing period of shoes, unpleasant odor often smell for the result of sweat accumulation and their decomposition by microorganism. Besides as rubber filler, zeolit has odor adsorption function. The formula of rbber sponge could be as the following : crepe rubber 100 phr, paraffinic oil 20 phr, ZnO 10 phr, stearic acid 5 phr, MBTS 1 phr, TMTD 0.25 phr, anti-oxidant 1 phr and sulphur 2 phr. To obtain the best sponge rubber formula, some experiment was done by formulating variation of zeolite and blowing agent AZDM in the amount of 25, 50, 75 phr and 5, 10, 15 phr respectively. The vulcanization process was carried-out at temperature 140oC for minutes by compression moulding. The research showed that the best formula with high odor absorption was consist of zeolite 50 phr and blowing agent AZDM 5 phr. The sponge rubber had odor adsorption 93,47%, and the physical properties were as follow: tensile strength 2.018 N/mm2, elongation at break 251%, tear strength 1.029 N/mm2, density 0.717 g/cm3, and compression set 36.38%. Odor absorption was tested by using gas chromatography. Key words : zeolite,filler, sponge, rubber, shoe insocks. ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh penggunana zeolit sebagai bahan pengisi dalam pembuatan karet sponge untuk tatakan sepatu. Pada pemakaian sepatu seringkali timbul bau tak sedap karena akumulasi keringat dan perurainnya oleh mikroorganisme. Zeolit selain sebagai bahan pengisi karet juga berfungsi sebagai peneyrap bau. Formula karet sponge terdiri atas karet krep 100 phr, minyak parafinik 20 phr, ZnO 10 phr, asam stearat 5 phr, MBTS 1 phr, TMTD 0,25 phr, anti oksidan 1 phr, belerang 2 phr. Untuk mendapatkan formula karet sponge terbaik maka peneltiian dilakukan dengan variasi bahan pengisi zeolit sebesar 25,50, 75 phr dan bahan pengembang AZDM sebesar 5, 10, 15 phr. Vulkanisasi dilakukan pada suhu 140 oC selama 10 menit dengan proses cetak tekan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa formula terbaik dengan daya serap bau tinggi terdiri atas zeolit 50 phr dan bahan pengembang 5 phr. Karet sponge mempunyai daya serap bau 93,47% dan sifat fisis sebagai berikut: tegangan putus 2,018 N/mm2, perpanjangan putus 521%, ketahanan sobek 1,029 N/mm2, bobot jenis 0,717 g/cm3, pampat tetap 36,38%. Daya serap bau diuji menggunakan gas kromatografi. Kata kunci : zeolit, bahan pngisi, karet sponge, tatakan sepatu
Penentuan jenis lem yang tepat pada pembuatan sepatu plastik dengan sol pvc sistim pres dingin Murwati, Murwati
Majalah Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik Vol 9, No 17 (1994): Majalah Barang Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik
Publisher : Center for Leather, Rubber, and Plastic Ministry of Industry, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (834.43 KB) | DOI: 10.20543/mkkp.v9i17.410

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In this research, used 5 kinds of adhesive wich has code : RU, NU, SG, PD and EK for making plastic shoes, imitation leather, and PVC battom. We made 5 pairs of men shoes of each kinds of adhesion. The total of shoes are 25 pairs, 20 pairs for adhesion test and peel test, and the other 5 pairs for fils. The best decision of adhesive is depanded on the result of the adhesion test and peel test. INTISARI Pembuatan sepatu plastic atasan kulit imitasi, sol PVC pada penelitian ini, menggunakan 5 jenis lem dengan kode : RU, NU, SG, PD, dan EK, untuk setiap jenis lem masing-masing dibuat 5 pasang sepatu pria, jadi jumlah sepatu yang dibuat adalah 25 pasang, dimana 20 pasang untuk uji kekuatan rekat lem (Adhesion Test dan Peel Test) dan 5 pasang untuk arsip. Penelitian jenis yang terbaik berdasarkan prioritas yang diperoleh dari pengamatan nilai adhesion test dan peel test dengan urutan sebagai berikut :-          Lem dengan kode RU-          Lem dengan kode NU-          Lem dengan kode SG
Pengaruh radiasi kopolimer dengan monomer metil metakrilat (MMA) pada lateks sebagai lem terhadap sifat kuat rekat Nadilah, Sri; Setyowati, Penny; Murwati, Murwati
Majalah Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik Vol 12, No 25 (1998): Majalah Barang Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik
Publisher : Center for Leather, Rubber, and Plastic Ministry of Industry, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (748.602 KB) | DOI: 10.20543/mkkp.v12i25.379

Abstract

Vulcanizing process of copolymer radiation with methyl methacrylate monomer 75 (per hundred parts of rubbers) of natural latex was done, and to application like adhesive for rubber shoes. This research was centered to find the influence of radiation copolymerization process of methyl methacrylate monomer, with the methods to compare the peel strength with natural latex. Natural latex was copolymer radiation processed with methyl methyl methacrylate monomer 75 (per hundred parts of rubbers), the radiation doses 5 kGy have peel strength as adhesives on rubber shoe more than natural latex, and the result fulfill the requirements of SNI. 12. 0172-1987 “Super Kanvas Umum”.  INTISARI Proses vulkanisasi secara radiasi kopolimer dengan monomer metil metakrilat 75 psk (per seratus bagian berat karet) terhadap bahan lateks alam dan lateks alam iradiasi telah dilakukan, dan digunakan sebagai lem untuk sepatu kanvas. Titik berat penelitian ini adalah mencari pengaruh proses kopolimerisasi radiasi dengan monomer metil metakrilat dengan cara membandingkan sifat kuat rekatnya dengan lateks alam. Ternyata lateks yang diradiasi kopolimer dengan monomer metil metakrilat 75 psk dengan dosis radiasi 5 kGy mempunyai sifat kuat rekat yang lebih baik dan memenuhi persyaratan standar mutu SNI. 12. 0172-1987 “Sepatu Kanvas Umum”.
Penelitian pemanfaatan lateks alam iradiasi pada pembuatan sepatu kanvas Murwati, Murwati; Setyowati, Penny; Nadilah, Sri
Majalah Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik Vol 11, No 21 (1996): Majalah Barang Kulit, Karet, dan Plastik
Publisher : Center for Leather, Rubber, and Plastic Ministry of Industry, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (819.914 KB) | DOI: 10.20543/mkkp.v11i21.387

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The aim of the research is to applicate irradiation natural latex as cement material for sole and foxing of convas shoes. The process of shoe manufacturing is carried out using steam vulcanization system. Shoe production is tested their cemented strenght consisting of cemented strength testing of sole to canvas, and foxing testing to canvas. The result of cemented strength of canvas shoes Li compared with sulphuric vulcanization latex LA based on SNI -12-0172-1987, Canvas shoes for general purposes, proved that cemented strength of sole to canvas shoes Li = 10.660 N/6 mm is lower compared with canvas shoes LA. Cemented strenght of foxing to canvas shoes Li = 11.892 N/6 mm is higher compared with canvas LA. Cemented strength result to all testings of canvas shoes Li fulfills specification of SNI-12-0172-1987, Canvas shoes for general purposes, in addition irradiation natural latex can be used as cemented material in shoes manufacturing. INTISARI Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menerapkan lateks alam iradiasi sebagai bahan perekat untuk pemasangan sol dan foxing pada sepatu kanvas.Proses pembuatan sepatu dilakukan dengan sistim vulkanisasi uap, hasil sepatu diuji kekuatan rekatnya meliputi uji kuat rekat sol luar dengan kanvas dan uji kuat rekat foxing dengan kanvas. Nilai uji kuat rekat sepatu kanvas (Li) dibandingkan dengan nilai uji kuat rekat sepatu kanvas yang menggunakan perekat (lem) lateks alam vulkanisasi belerang (LA) dengan tolok ukur SNI-12-0172-1987, Sepatu kanvas sol luar dengan kanvas sepatu kanvas Li = 10,660 N/6 mm adalah lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan nilai kuat rekat sol luar dengan kanvas sepatu kanvas LA. Sedangkan nilai kuat rekat foxing kanvas Li = 11,892 N/6 mm adalah lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan kuat rekat foxing dengan sepatu kanvas LA. Nilai kuat rekat untuk semua jenis uji sepatu kanvas Li memenuhi persyaratan SNI-12-0172-1987, Sepatu kanvas untuk umum, dengan demikian lateks alam iradiasi dapat digunakan sebagai bahan perekat (lem) pada pembuatan sepatu kanvas.
THE CHARACTERISTIC OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL AND CONSUMER PREFERENCE OF MUSHROOM’S CHIPS DURING ROOM TEMPERATURE STORAGE Djaafar, T.F.; Raharu, Siti; Murwati, Murwati
Agros Journal of Agriculture Science Vol 7, No 1 (2005): Edisi Juli 2005
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Janabadra University

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Abstract

The mushroom represent the horticulture commodity which high nutrient. In this time, in Yogyakarta have been developed of mushroom cultivation, especially in Pakem and Cangkringan Sub district, Sleman Regency. This research was aim to know the consumer preference and physic-chemical characteristic of mushroom’s chips during room temperature storage. This research was carried out in Post Harvest and Mechanical Laboratory, AIAT Yogyakarta. This research was done in two phase. The first phase done by making of mushroom’s chips using four kinds ingredient. The Random Device Complete was used as methodology research to choose the mushroom’s chips which liked consumer. As for flavor which is used as following : Treatment A ( 20 % garlic + 15 % salt to dry mushroom weight); Treatment B (20% garlic+15% salt + 0.4% jinten + 0.8% pepper to dry mushroom weight); Treatment C ( 20% garlic + 15% salt + 1.6% coriander to dry mushroom weight) and Treatment D (20% garlic + 15% salt + 40% onion + 1.6% coriander to dry mushroom weight). Sensory evaluation was examined with five hedonic scale method for color, texture, flavor, taste and for all liked to chosen the mushroom’s chips which liked by consumer. The second phase was done by making mushroom’s chips with the ingredient that liked by consumer and then were wrapped with aluminum foil and plastic bag and the were kept at room temperature during four weeks. The methodology research in this packaging and storage treatment was done by Random Device Complete with five repeated. The examination was carried out periodical for each week. During storage of mushroom’s chips was carried out of sensory evaluation and consumer acceptance with the hedonic scale method to color, texture, flavor, taste and entirety likely. Others, is also conducted by a examination periodical each week to moisture content, protein, fat, and peroxide number and also the characteristic of texture this case hardness mushroom’s chips with the Lloyd Instrument Unit. The result of this research indicate that the consumer prefer the mushroom’s chips which yielded with the gift of garlic and salt with the making expense equal to Rp. 8.515,- each 100 g of dry mushroom weight. During storage, protein content in mushroom’s chips that wrapped with two kind of package was constant, while the fat content was decrease and peroxide number was increase. But peroxide number increased in aluminum foil bag was smaller than in plastic bag. The crispy of mushroom’s chips in aluminum foil bag was 0.043 N/mm2. So the mushroom’s chips which wrapped with aluminum foil were defensible during storage.
PENGARUH TERAPI RELAKSASI NAFAS DALAM TERHADAP TINGKAT KECEMASAN DAN LAMA PERSALINAN KALA I DAN II DI BPM WILAYAH KLATEN Istikhomah, Henik; Murwati, Murwati
Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 5 No 1 (2016): INTEREST : JURNAL ILMU KESEHATAN
Publisher : Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan

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Abstract: Deep Relaxation Therapy, Level Anxiety And Prolong Duration Labor Stage. Patients who will give birth had experienced psychological problems that cause form the emotional reaction as the manifestation of psychological symptoms, the actions to be carried out either surgery or childbirth aid measures constitute a potential or actual threat to the integrity of someone who can evoke physiological and psychological stress. This emotional reaction usually is generally a negative reaction, such as refuse, fear, anger, sadness, and anxiety. Giving deep breathing relaxation techniques in patients will be a decrease in tension, feeling amazingly beautiful in controlling body functions so that labor becomes smooth. Purpose of this study was to determine the effect of therapy on the breath in anxiety level and duration of labor. The design of this study using the pre and post-test only one group. analysis techniques with Wilcoxon test. using purposive sampling technique with 25 respondents. Univariate analysis results mean pre-test anxiety at 43.16 and the average post-test by 31. The mean duration of the first labor stage of the intervention group is 504 minutes and 564 minutes at control group. The Mean duration of second labor stage of the intervention group is 140 minutes and the control group was 57 minutes. Bivariate test results there is the influence between deep breathing relaxation therapy interventions with anxiety with a p value= 0.001, there is the influence of deep breathing relaxation techniques with the duration of first labor stage with p-value = 0.001, no effect of deep breathing relaxation with the duration of second labor stage with p = 0:59. In conclusion, there is the influence of deep breathing relaxation therapy to anxiety and the duration of the first stage of labor time, there is no influence therapy relaxation with the duration of the second labor stage.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA DUKUNGAN ORANG TUA DAN PENGETAHUAN SISWI DENGAN KESIAPAN SISWI DALAM MENGHADAPI MENSTRUASI DI MI SANGGRONG TEGALREJO PURWANTORO WONOGIRI Rahmawati, Rahmawati; Murwati, Murwati; Istikhomah, Henik
JURNAL KEBIDANAN DAN KESEHATAN TRADISIONAL Vol 3 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kebidanan dan Kesehatan Tradisional
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta

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Abstract: Support Parent, Knowledge Of Student, Readiness Of Student, Menstruation. Menarche is a sign of early entry of a woman in the reproductive period.Menarche is the first menstrual period experienced by all women, especially adolescents. All teenagers who will experience the first menstruation most say fear,anxiety, and not yet avail, this is due to lack of parental support and lack of knowledge of girls about menstruation so that the impact on the readiness of female students in menstrual period. Purpose: to know the relationship between parental support and knowledge students about menstruation with the readiness of students in the face of menstruation. Method: This research is a descriptive analytic research with cross sectional approach. The population in this study were all students of MI Sanggrong class IV, V, VI in 2017 which amounted to 64 students. Sampling by using purposive sampling with amount as much as 33 student. Result of research: parent support to menstruation enter enough category as much 47,2% of respondents. Students' knowledge about menstruation is categorized as good as 66.7% of respondents. While the readiness of students in the face of menstruation is said to be as much as 88.9%. The value of p value on pearson correlation test between parental support and side readiness is 0,011 where p value <0,05 meaning there is significant relation between parent support with readiness of student in facing menstruation. While the value of p value of Pearson correlation test between students 'knowledge with the readiness offemale students in facing menstruation is 0.001 where p value <0.05 which means there is a relationship between students' knowledge about menstruation and readiness of students in the face of menstruation. Conclusion: There is a relationship between the support of parents and the knowledge of female students with the readiness of female students in facing menstruation in MI sanggrong, tegalrejo, purwantoro, wonogiri with p value 0.001 and 0.011