Akhmad Mustofa
University of Slamet Riyadi (UNISRI), Jl. Sumpah Pemuda, No. 18, Joglo, Surakarta. Central Java, Indonesia, Tel. +62-271-7013199, 856879, Fax.: +62-271-854670 Bioscience Program, School of Graduates, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta 57126, Centr

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HUBUNGAN ANTARA PERSEPSI PASIEN TERHADAP DIMENSI MUTU PELAYANAN KEPERAWATAN DENGAN KEPUASAN PASIEN DI RUANG RAWAT INAP RUMAH SAKIT UMUM PKU MUHAMMADIYAH TEMANGGUNG Mustofa, Akhmad
FIKkeS Vol 1, No 2 (2008): Keperawatan dan Kebidanan
Publisher : FIKkeS

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Abstract

Rumah Sakit PKIJ Muhammadiyah Temanggung mempunyai misi yaitu memberikan pelayanan kesehatan optimal berkualitas berdasarkan profesionalisme dan akhlaqul karimah.Penelitian ini bertuiuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antar persepsi responden terhadap dimensi mutu pelayanan keperawatan (wujud nyata, keandalan, ketanggapan, jaminan, dan empati) dengan kepuasan pasien.Rancangan penelitian yang dipakai adalah cross sectional dan merupakan penelitian korelasi dengan menggunakan kuesioner sebagai instrumen penelitian dengan jumlah responden 30 orang. Data diolah menggunakan statistic deskiptif kemudian dianalisis secara non parametric menggunakan rumus chi square.Hasil penelitian didapatkan hubungan antara persepsi terhadap dimensi mutu dengan kepuasan sebagai berikut : Dimensi buki nyata didapatkan X2 = 54.762 dengan nitai P = 0.000, dimensi keandalan didapatkan xz =9.542 dengan nilai P = 0.049, dimensi ketanggapan didapatkan X= 15.696 dengan nilai P = 0.003, dimensi jaminan didapatkan X=16,875 dengan nilai P = 0.019. Kelima dimensi tersebut nempunyai P<0.05 yang berarti terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara persepsi pasien terhadap mutu pelayanan dengan kepuasan pasien.Kata kunci : Persepsi, Kepuasan, Mutu Pelayanan Keperawatan
KARAKTERISTIK KIMIA, FISIKA, DAN SENSORI ES KRIM BUAH BIT (BETA VULGARIS L.) DENGAN PERBEDAAN JENIS GULA Nur Hasanah, Anggi Aswinda; Mustofa, Akhmad; Widanti, Yannie Asrie
JITIPARI Vol 5, No 1 (2020): JITIPARI
Publisher : Universitas Slamet Riyadi Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (142.639 KB) | DOI: 10.33061/jitipari.v5i1.3641

Abstract

Es krim adalah produk pangan beku yang dibuat dengan kombinasi proses pembekuan dan agitasi dengan bahan-bahan yang terdiri dari susu, pemanis, pengemulsi, penstabil dan flavor. Penambahan buah bit dan berbagai jenis gula dapat meningkatkan nilai gizi es krim. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui aktivitas antioksidan yang tertinggi pada produk dan mengetahui karakteristik kimia, fisika, dan sensori es krim buah bit. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan menggunakan dua faktor. Faktor pertama adalah bubur buah bit (20%, 30%, dan 40%) dan faktor kedua yaitu jenis gula (gula pasir, gula stevia, dan madu). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa  perlakuan es krim yang terbaik diperoleh berdasarkan aktivitas antioksidan tertinggi es krim yaitu pada perlakuan bubur buah bit 40% dan jenis gula berupa madu. Pada perlakuan tersebut memiliki karakteristik: aktivitas antioksidan 32,474% kadar protein 2,139%; kadar lemak 0,145%; kadar gula total 7,064%; overrun 14,172%; kecepatan meleleh 36,660 menit; warna  2,958 (ungu); rasa manis 2,500 (sedikit manis); tekstur lembut 3,216 (lembut); flavor buah bit 3,342 (semakin nyata); dan kesukaan keseluruhan 2,705 (sedikit suka). Kata kunci: Es krim, buah bit, jenis gula ABSTRACTIce cream is a product of frozen food that made with a combination of the process of freezing and agitation with ingredients consisting of milk, sweetener, emulsion, stabilizer, and flavor. The addition of beet fruit and the kind of sugar can improve the nutrition value of ice cream. The purpose of this research were to determine the highest antioxidant activity in a product and to determine the characteristic of physicochemical and sensoric characteristic of beet ice cream. This research used the method of Completely Randomized  Design (CRD) with two factors. The first factor was porridge of beet fruit (20%, 30%, and 40%) and the second factor was the type of sugar (cane, stevia, and honey). The result of this research indicates that the best treatment of ice cream based on the highest antioxidant activity was on the treatment of porridge beet fruit 40% and the type of sugar is honey. These treatment has a characteristic antioxidant activity 32,474%; protein 2,139%; fat 0,145%; the total of sugar 7,064%; overrun 14,172%; the velocity of melting 36,660 minutes; color 2,958 (purple); sweet taste 2,500 (a little sweet); soft texture 3,216 (soft), flavour of beet fruit 3,342 (more real); and the total of predilection 2,705(a little like).Keywords: Ice cream, beet fruit, type of sugar
Stabilitas Ekstrak Antosianin Beras Ketan (Oryza sativa var. glutinosa) Hitam selama Proses Pemanasan dan Penyimpanan Suhartatik, Nanik; Karyantina, Merkuria; Mustofa, Akhmad; Cahyanto, Muhammad Nur; Raharjo, Sri; Rahayu, Endang Sutriswati
Agritech Vol 33, No 4 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (490.062 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9533

Abstract

anthocyanin pigments are responsible for the red, blue, and purple colour in crop produces such as fruits, vegetables, rice, and flowers. This bioactive compound has been developed for natural colorants in food products, especially functional foods. The aims of this research were to study the stability of anthocyanin and its colour during heating in various temperatures and during storage under different conditions. The results showed that the higher the heating temperature and the longer the heating time, the higher degradation of anthocyanin. Except for anthocyanin extract heated below 50 c for not more than 15 min, it has increased the anthocyanin stability. antioxidant activities (% RSa, radical scavenging activity and fRaP value, Ferrous Radical Activity Power) decreased after the extract were heated at 70c. Extracts stored at room temperature with neutral solution (pH 7.0) have decreased their level of anthocyanin from 25 to 1.87 mg/100 mL. Storage at low temperature had not reduced significantly their anthocyanin concentration. ABSTRAKAntosianin sebagai senyawa yang menyebabkan timbulnya warna merah, biru, dan ungu pada padi, buah, sayuran, dan produk hortikultura lainnya, sangat berpotensi untuk dikembangkan sebagai bahan pewarna alami pada produk pangan fungsional. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mempelajari stabilitas dan warna ekstrak antosianin dari beras ketan hitam selama proses pemanasan dan penyimpanan. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa semakin tinggi suhu pemanasan dan semakin lama waktu pemanasan, menyebabkan kerusakan antosianin semakin banyak. Kecuali pada pemanasan <50 c tidak lebih dari 15 menit yang dapat meningkatkan kestabilan antosianin. aktivitas antioksidan (% RSa, radical scavenging activity dan nilai fRaP, Ferrous radical Activity Power) mengalami penurunan setelah dipanaskan pada suhu 70 oc. Penyimpanan pada suhu kamar dan pH 7,0 dapat menurunkan kadar antosianin ekstrak dari 25 menjadi 1,87 mg/100 mL. Sedangkan penyimpanan pada suhu rendah tidak menyebabkan perubahan kadar antosianin yang berarti.
POTENSI PRODUKSI BIOETANOL DARI BUAH SEMU JAMBU METE (Anacardium occidantale L.) Mustofa, Akhmad
Joglo Vol 22, No 1 (2010): Joglo
Publisher : Joglo

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Abstract

Changing the status of Indonesia's oil-exporting countries to be oil importing countries was certainly a heavy burden on the state budget. Search new fuel source that could produce by the nation itself becomes a necessity. Cashewnut apple fruit production was very abundant in Indonesia. It was about 2,250,180 tons per year and most just become garbage. This fruit had a huge potential to be used as bio-ethanol. When 10% of the fruit could be used as bio-ethanol will be obtained for 225,180 tonnes of bioethanol annually.Keyword : Cashewnut apple fruit, bioethanol
Stabilitas Minuman Isotonik Antosianin Beras Ketan Hitam dengan Senyawa Kopigmentasi Ekstrak Bunga Belimbing (Averrhoa carambola) Suhartatik, Nanik; Mustofa, Akhmad
Agritech Vol 38, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (307.668 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.15395

Abstract

Anthocyanin is a bioactive component which give basic color of red, purple, and blue to blackish foodstuffs. So, the anthocyanin could be developed as a natural pigment in foodstuffs, but it is unstable. Several studies have been conducted to improve its stability in the food system. The purpose of this study was to analyze the stability of anthocyanin in isotonic beverages as food system with the addition of copigmentation compound derived from star fruit flower extract. The stability of the isotonic beverage was tested at some heating temperatures and storage periods. Isotonic drink were formulated using anthocyanin extracted from glutinous rice flour. Isotonic beverages consist of sucrose, fructose, sodium benzoate, citric acid, KCl, and K2PO4 which were regulated containing anthocyanin equivalent to 25 mg/L. Added ingredients to increase the stability of anthocyanin in isotonic drinks was 5% star-fruit flower extract. During storage, the phenolic content, anthocyanin, and antioxidant activity of isotonic beverages were observed. The results showed that heating process declined the anthocyanin content significantly, from 25 mg/L to 2.82 mg/L. Decreased level of anthocyanin also occurred during storage. Heating at 50, 65, and 70 °C gave no significant difference of phenol content. Similar to its ability to capture DPPH radicals (% RSA DPPH, radical scavenging activity 2.2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl). Increasing the temperature from 50 to 70 °C would increase the stability of anthocyanin, total phenolic, and also the antioxidant activity. Meanwhile, storage would decrease the anthocyanin content but increase the phenolic content and the antioxidant activity. ABSTRAKAntosianin merupakan komponen bioaktif dan warna dasar bahan makanan yang berwarna merah, ungu, biru hingga kehitaman. Antosianin berpotensi dikembangkan sebagai pewarna alami untuk makanan, akan tetapi pigmen ini bersifat tidak stabil. Beberapa penelitian telah dilakukan untuk meningkatkan stabilitasnya dalam sistem pangan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis stabilitas antosianin dalam minuman isotonik sebagai sistem pangan dengan penambahan senyawa kopigmentasi yang berasal dari ekstrak bunga belimbing. Stabilitas minuman isotonik diuji pada beberapa suhu pemanasan dan periode penyimpanan. Minuman isotonik diformulasikan menggunakan antosianin hasil ekstraksi dari tepung beras ketan hitam. Minuman isotonik terdiri dari sukrosa, fruktosa, Na-benzoat, asam sitrat, KCl, dan K2PO4 yang diatur mengandung antosianin setara dengan 25 mg/L. Bahan yang ditambahkan untuk meningkatkan stabilitas antosianin pada minuman isotonik adalah ekstrak bunga maya (belimbing) 5%. Selama penyimpanan diamati kadar fenolik, kadar antosianin, dan aktivitas antioksidan dari minuman isotonik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa proses pemanasan menyebabkan penurunan yang signifikan dari kadar antosianin, dari semula 25 mg/L menjadi hanya 2,82 mg/L saja. Penurunan kadar antosianin terjadi juga selama penyimpanan. Perlakuan suhu 50, 65, dan 70 °C memberikan perbedaan kadar fenolik yang tidak signifikan. Begitu pula dengan kemampuannya untuk menangkap radikal DPPH (% RSA DPPH, radical scavenging activity 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl). Kenaikan suhu dari 50 menjadi 70 °C, meningkatkan stabilitas antosianin, meningkatkan kadar fenolik, dan aktivitas antioksidannya. Sementara proses penyimpanan membuat kadar antosianin semakin menurun dan meningkatkan kadar fenolik serta aktivitas antioksidannya.
CEMARAN MIKROBIOLOGIS JUS ALPUKAT YANG DIJUAL DI JALANAN KOTA SURAKARTA Astuti, Beti Cahyaning; Yuliastuti, Eko; Mustofa, Akhmad; Mardiyah, Ainun; Suhartatik, Nanik
AGROINTEK Vol 14, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : University of Trunojoyo Madura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21107/agrointek.v14i2.6374

Abstract

Fresh fruit juice was processed food was a part of healthy diet. Daily fresh juice consumption could improve health and prevent the occurrence of degenerative disease. Fresh juice were produce without any heat treatment which could allow natural microflora to growth. The aims of the research was to determine the microbiological contaminant of avocado street juice sold in Surakarta. Twenty five of samples were taken from 5 district. Samples were analyze for total viable aerobic count (TVAC), total coliform, total salmonella count, and total staphylococci. The results showed that microbiological contaminant of street avocado juice was extremely high. TVAC of avocado juice was 6.07 ± 0.37 to 8.95 ± 0.04 log CFU/ml; Total coliform 3.28 ± 0.01 to 4,60 ± 0,02 log CFU/ml; Total Staphylococci 4,47 ± 0,07 to 7,35 ± 0,07 log CFU/ml; and Total Salmonella-Shigella 2,34 ± 0,06 to 4,80 ± 0,00 log CFU/ml. There was 1 grocery that produce avocado juice which have undetected for coliform analysis. Producers, government and also consumers need to make some agreement to improve the safety of fresh juice.
FORTIFIKASI ANTIOKSIDAN DARI BEKATUL BERAS MERAH (ORYZA NIVARA) PADA TEMPE KEDELAI (GLYCINE MAX (L) MERIIL) DENGAN VARIASI LAMA FERMENTASI Permatasari, Oktavia; Suhartatik, Nanik; Mustofa, Akhmad
JITIPARI Vol 5, No 1 (2020): JITIPARI
Publisher : Universitas Slamet Riyadi Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (34.809 KB) | DOI: 10.33061/jitipari.v5i1.3110

Abstract

Tempe merupakan salah satu produk fermentasi kedelai tradisional yang cukup terkenal, dengan menggunakan jamur Rhizopus oligosporus. Tempe mempunyai berbagai macam manfaat bagi kesehatan tubuh. Demikian juga dengan bekatul beras merah yang memiliki berbagai nutrisi yaitu kandungan antioksidan dan serat yang tinggi, mengandung banyak mineral. Di kalangan masyarakat, bekatul beras merah belum banyak dimanfaatkan terutama sebagai produk olahan yang memiliki nilai fungsional. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan karakteristik kimia dan sensori tempe kedelai yang difortifikasi bekatul beras merah dan lama fermentasi, menentukan formulasi yang tepat dari tempe kedelai yang difortifikasi bekatul beras merah dengan lama fermentasi sehingga diperoleh tempe dengan aktivitas antioksidan dan serat yang tinggi serta disukai konsumen. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) 2 faktorial. Faktor pertama adalah rasio kedelai dan bekatul beras merah (80:20; 70:30; 60;40), sedangkan faktor kedua adalah lama fermentasi (24, 36, 48 jam). Penelitian dimulai dari pembuatan tempe yang difortifikasi bekatul beras merah kemudian dianalisis menggunakan analisis kadar air, kadar abu, kadar protein, aktivitas antioksidan, kadar serat, dan analisis uji organoleptik meliputi warna, rasa, aroma, kekompakan, dan kesukaan keseluruhan. Hasil penelitian yang terbaik adalah pada rasio kedelai dan bekatul beras merah 60:40 dengan lama fermentasi 48 jam didasarkan pada hasil pengujian kimia antioksidan dan serat terbaik. Pada perlakuan ini dihasilkan kadar air 51,34%, kadar abu 8,90%, kadar protein 21,62%, aktivitas antioksidan 72,03%, dan kadar serat 23,44%, sedangkan untuk pengujian organoleptik yang meliputi warna 3,66(merah bata); aroma 3,24 (aroma bekatul beras merah kuat); rasa 3,54 (rasa bekatul beras merah sangat kuat); kekompakan 3,73(kekompakan tempe sangat kuat); dan kesukaan keseluruhan 3,35 (suka). Kata kunci: Tempe, bekatul beras merah, antioksidan, serat, lama fermentasi.ABSTRACTTempeh is one of the well-known traditional soybean fermentation products, using the mushroom Rhizopus oligosporus. Tempeh has a variety of health benefits. Moreover, red rice bran which has a variety of nutrients that contain antioxidants and high fiber, and contain lot of minerals. Among the people, red rice bran has not been widely used, especially as a processed product that has functional value. This study aims to determine the chemical characteristics and sensory of soybean tempeh fortified with red rice bran and fermentation duration, to determine the appropriate formulation of soybean fortified soybean rice bran with fermentation duration so that tempe is obtained with antioxidant activity and high fiber as well as consumer preference. This research was conducted using two factorials Completely Randomized Design (CRD) The first factor was the ratio of soybean and rice bran (80:20; 70:30; 60:40), while the second factor was the duration of fermentation (24, 36, 48 hours). The study began with the making of tempeh fortified with red rice bran and then analyzed for water content analysis, ash content, protein content, antioxidant activity, fiber content, organoleptic test analysis including color, taste, aroma, compactness, and overall preference. The best results was at the ratio of 60:40 soybean and rice bran with fermentation duration 48 hour based on the results of testing the best chemical antioxidants and fiber. At this treatment produced 51,34% water content, 8,90% ash content, 21,62% protein content 72,03% antioxidant activity, and 23,44% fiber content, while for organoleptic testing which includes the color of 3,66 (brick red); aroma 3,24 (strong red rice bran aroma); flavor 3,54(flavor red rice bran very strong); compactness 3,73(compactness of tempeh is very strong); and overall preference 3,35 (likes). Keywords: Tempeh, red rice bran, antioxidant, fiber, long fermentation.
PENAMBAHAN EKSTRAK JAHE (Zingiber officinale var Amarum) DAN EKSTRAK KUNYIT PUTIH (Curcuma zedoaria) PADA PEMBUATAN TELUR ASIN DENGAN VARIASI LAMA PEMERAMAN Wibowo, Diky Gusnanto; Widanti, Yannie Asrie; Mustofa, Akhmad
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian (Teta)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

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Abstract

Salted eggs is eggs preserved by marinated. The use of ginger extract in the salting solution can increase lipase enzyme activity that can decrease the fat content. The addition of white turmeric in foodstuffs can maintain its freshness and nutritional value, increase its palatability and to prolong the shelf-life. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 2 factors. The first factor was the ratio of ginger extract and turmeric extract (100 mL : 50 mL, 75 mL : 75 mL , and 50 mL : 100 mL) while the second factor was the duration of curing time (7, 14, and 20 days). The purpose of this study was to produce salted egg that have favored by consumers. The optimum result of this research was salted egg with 100 mL ginger extract, 50 mL turmeric extract, and 14 days of  curing. Chemical characteristics of egg yolk: water (34.18%), fat (26.13%), peroxide number (6.03%), free fatty acid (FFA) (0.16%), and pH (6,1).The sensory characteristics of egg yolk: color (3.84), texture (3.84), ginger flavor (3.84), turmeric flavor (3.16), and overall preferences of panelists (4.68).Chemical characteristics of egg white: water (82.39%), fat (0.076%), peroxide number (0.791%), free fatty acid (FFA) (0.16%), and pH (8.45 %).The sensory characteristic of egg white: color (3.84), texture (3.84), ginger flavor (3), turmeric flavor (3.16), and overall favor of panelist (3.84).Keywords: ginger, long curing, salted egg, turmeric.
Pengaruh latihan Kegel Terhadap Frekuensi lnkontinensia Urine Pada Lansia di Panti Wreda Pucang Gading Semarang Mustofa, Akhmad; Widyaningsih, Wahyu
FIKkeS Vol 2, No 2 (2009): Keperawatan, Kesehatan, dan Kebidanan
Publisher : FIKkeS

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Abstract

Latihan kegel adalah latihan yang digunakan untuk memperkuat otot dasar panggul dengan cara mengkontraksikan rectum dan uretra yang ditahan selama 3 - 5 detik kemudian merelaksasikannya, dan ini diulangi sebanyak l0 kali selama 4 minggu. Kontraksi otat dasar panggul yang melemah dapat menyebabkan inkontinensia urine, dimana ini merupakansalah satu masalah yang dialami lansia dan perlu mendapatkan perhatian khusus seiring dengan meningkatnya populasi lansia di indonesia.Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh latihan kegel terhadap frekuensi inkontinensia urine pada lansia. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain penelitian Quasi Eksperimental dengan rancangan "Time Series Design" yang dilakukan pada 24 orang responden, untuk mengetahui pengaruh latihan kegel terhadap frekuensi inkontinensia urine pada lansia.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, bahwa setelah dilakukan latihan kegel terjadi penurunan frekuensi inkotinensia urine sebesar 21,6 % dari 10,043 kali menjadi 7,871 kali. Dari hasil uji T-dependent test didapatkan nilai p sebesar 0,000 sehingga ada pengaruh latihan kegel terhadap frekuensi inkontinensia urin pada lansia di PantiWreda Pucang Gading Semarang.Hasil penelitian tersebut mengindikasikan perlunya latihan kegel secara teratur dalam waktu yang relatif lama untuk mengetahui pengaruh latihan kegel terhadap penurunan frekuensi inkontinensia urin.Kata kunci : Latihan Kegel, Frekuensi lnkontinensia Urine, Lansia.
THE EFFECT OF NUTRITION EDUCATION ON STUDENTS’ CONSUMPTION BEHAVIOR AT UNIVERSITAS SLAMET RIYADI SURAKARTA Suhartatik, Nanik; Patmasari, Diyah Ayu Eka; Wulandari, Yustina Wuri; Mustofa, Akhmad; Handayani, Sri
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Research Vol 3 No 1 (2020): Publication in Press
Publisher : Talenta Publisher

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (820.971 KB) | DOI: 10.32734/injar.v2i3.3602

Abstract

The risk of obesity and chronic diseases rises with the increase in one?s level of welfare. Among the influencing factors for such phenomenon are eating behavior and lifestyle. Modern lifestyle which demands that everything be done in an instant makes people consume food with the nutritional adequacy disregarded. The emergence of fast food and junk food in Indonesia has also exerted an influence on people?s consumption pattern. Some preventive and mitigating efforts can be made, one of which is provision of nutrition education. This research was aimed to determine the influence of nutrition education on the change of consumption knowledge, behavior, and habit of the students of Universitas Slamet Riyadi Surakarta. The respondents enrolled in this research were of the ages of 19?21 years. They were purposively selected on the basis that some of them were able to plan and select which food to be consumed. This research employed questionnaires during pre-test and post-test, with the respondents assigned to 2 groups of 32 students each. The first group received nutrition education, while the second received none. Results showed that the provision of nutrition education for college students didn?t influence students? knowledge, attitude, and behavior when consuming food for both groups. The preference of the student college to food consumption probably influenced by another factors. It would need another study to evaluated factors that influenced the food preference of student college.