Rini Mutahar
Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Sriwijaya

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PARITAS DAN PERAN SERTA SUAMI DALAM PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN TERHADAP PENGGUNAAN METODE KONTRASEPSI Yeni, Yeni; Mutahar, Rini; Etrawati, Fenny; Utama, Feranita
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 13, No 4: DESEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (242.411 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v13i4.3158

Abstract

Data Riskesdas tahun 2013 menunjukkan prevalensi penggunaan KB yang meningkat dari 55,8% pada tahun 2010 menjadi 59,7% pada tahun 2013. Penelitian sebelumnya menunjukkan bahwa hanya 8,4% pria menggunakan kontrasepsi atau terlibat secara langsung dalam penggunaan pelayanan keluarga berencana terutama kondom pria. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh paritas dan peran serta suami dalam pengambilan keputusan terhadap penggunaan metode kontrasepsi. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah desain cross sectional. Sampel penelitian ini adalah wanita menikah usia 15-45 tahun sebanyak 216 orang. Kriteria inklusi sampel adalah wanita dengan status menikah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebanyak 79,2% responden menggunakan kontrasepsi, 91,7% responden memiliki suami yang mendukung kontrasepsi dan 72,7% responden memiliki jumlah anak 2 sampai 4 orang. Ada pengaruh yang signifikan antara peran serta suami (PR:4,570;95%CI:1,647-12,682) dan paritas (multipara (PR:0,218;95%CI:0,060-0,790), primipara (PR:0,518;95%CI:0,132-2,028)) terhadap penggunaan kontrasepsi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa peran serta suami merupakan faktor risiko perilaku penggunaan metode kontrasepsi sedangkan paritas merupakan faktor protektif dari perilaku penggunaan metode kontrasepsi. Penelitian ini menunjukkan pentingnya mendorong para ibu rumah tangga untuk mengajak pasangan ikut serta dalam setiap pengambilan keputusan mengenai penggunaan metode kontrasepsi dengan meningkatkan cakupan partisipasi suami secara langsung dalam menggunakan metode kontrasepsi.
THE RELATION OF ATTITUDE, SUBJECTIVE NORM, AND PERCEIVED BEHAVIORAL CONTROL WITH INTENTION THE FAMILY HEAD FOR SMOKING IN THE HOUSE IN MAJASARI 2014 Haryani, Haryani; Mutahar, Rini; Budi, Iwan Stia
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: Smoking in the house is not only detrimental to the health of smokers themselves, but also detrimental to the health of other family members who were in the house. Based on a survey conducted by 61,4 % of respondents smoking in the house, and is largely is head of the family. Method: The behavior of the family head for smoking in the house occur because of the intention that preceded it. In the theory of planned behavior intention influenced by three things: attitude, subjective norm and perceived behavioral control. This research is an analytical survey research with cross sectional design. Subjects studied were heads of household who smoked in the house who lives in Majasari with a sample size of 65 respondents. Sampling technique used was purposive sampling. The statistical test using the chi square test. Result: The results showed that there is a relationship between perceived behavioral control with the intention of the family heads to smoke in the house. While attitudes and subjective norm not have a relationship with the family heads intention to smoke in the house. Conclution: The family head in Majasari assess smoke in the house in a positive way so that the head of the family has a positive attitude towards smoking behavior in the house. Keyword: Theory of planned behavior, smoking in the house 
ANALYSIS OF RISK FACTORS FOR PULMONARY TB INCIDENCE IN WORK AREA HEALTH KERTAPATI PALEMBANG Oktavia, Surakhmi; Mutahar, Rini; Destriatania, Suci
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 7, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: Tubercullosis (TB) Lung as a public health problem that is very important and serious worldwide and is a disease that causes global emergencies (Global Emergency). Indonesia is the country with the fourth highest prevalence. Pulmonary TB incidence is influenced by host factors (Host) and the environment. Kertapati Public health Centre with highest number of cases in 2013. Numbers of cases  from October 2013 to December 2014 amounted to 89 cases. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors of pulmonary TB Method: This study used case control design. The number of subjects was 66 consisting of 33 cases and 33 controls. Data is collected using medical records of patients at the health center program Kertapati P2TB in Palembang in 2015, using questionnaires to measure variables residential neighborhood, with consecutive sampling techniques. Data was analyzed by univariate and bivariateResult: The incidence of pulmonary TB associated with age (OR 0.3; 95% CI 0.12-0.89), the last of education (OR 3.9: 95% CI 1.34-11.6), the type of floor (OR 16.7; 95% CI 4.63- 60.1), ventilation (OR 27.12; 95% CI 5.49-133.84), residential density (OR 4.3; 95% CI 1,39 - 12.95), the contact with TB (OR 4.7; CI 95% 1,44-15,075), nutritional status (OR 16.7; 95% CI 4.96- 56.4).Conclusion: The risk factors associated with the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Puskesmas Kertapati were age, level of education, nutritional status. Environmental factors include the density of residential housing, ventilation, types of flooring, as well as contacts with pulmonary TB patients. Suggestions for relevant agencies in order to prioritize efforts to promotive and preventive efforts to increase public knowledge about pulmonary TB, and a qualified home health through counseling or clinics sanitation, and to improve the provision of medical facilities and activities for early detection of the incidence of Tb lungs, infrastructure and health care coverage. The increase in per capita income families by providing entrepreneurial training in accordance with local wisdoKeywords : Tubercullosis (TB) Lung, Environmental Housing, Risk Factors DOI: https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2016.7.2.124-138
ANALYZE THE ADMINISTRATION CONTROL OF HAZARD AND ACCIDENT RISK IN BETARA GAS PLANT PETROCHINA INTERNATIONAL JABUNG Ltd. D, Eka Retvina; Mutahar, Rini; Sitorus, Rico Januar
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 3, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background : Exploration of oil and gas in mining industry is a industry with high risk to accident. Accident happens because of lack of knowledge and training, lack of control, no safety permit, damage safety sign and unappropriated SOP implementation. So that, with analysis of hazard and accident risk, can be designed one act of control which purpose to prevent accident happens. This objective of this research is to analyze the administration control of hazard and accident risk in Betara Gas Plant PetroChina International Jabung Ltd. Method : This research is descriptive studied by qualitative approximation. Method of research is by depth interview, observation and using the company document as a compare. Source of information in this research totally seven informant and 1 expert informant. Result : From this research can be explained that all hazard in plant can cause accident risk. There’s any work permits that effective as administration control. The hazard warning signs have been done and are effective too. About the trainings there are effective if its done seriously. The safety inspection has been done routinely and it’s effective to be administration control.. Conclusion : Based on the result of the research, is resulted that all hazard is so dangerously and can cause accident risk, so its need the act of control especially administration control. The administration control that be used are work permit, hazard warning sign, training, and safety inspection. There’s controls are effective enough, but still not optimum yet. Suggestions from this research are improving the worker’s knowledge by more training, communicating the rules by implementation of hazard warning sign, and keeping the equipments and tools by safety inspection. About work permit that’s requested for high risk work must be enclosed by JSA for safety. Keywords : hazard, accident risk, and administration control 
CORRELATION OF SMOKING DEGREE WITH TUBERCULOSIS ON SMOKERS IN INDONESIA (ANALYSIS OF IFLS 2014) Harahap, Indah Wahyuni; Mutahar, Rini; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: Tuberculosis is one of infectious disease that has special attention in Indonesia. Based on WHO report, in 2015 Indonesia is the second country with the largest tuberculosis cases in the world which number of tuberculosis reach 10% of all TB cases in the world. This condition also consist by the higher number of smokers in Indonesia where Indonesia is the third rank of the largest number of smokers in the world. This study conducted to know the correlation between smoking degree with tuberculosis. Method: This study is an analytical study using cross sectional approach. The sampel in this study are 9.639 people. Statistical analysis used in this study are univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis using complex sample analysis. Result: The result of univariate analysis of this study showed the percentage of respondents who suffer from tuberculosis is 6,7%. Bivariate analysis showed a correlation between smoking degree , age, sex, education level, income level, body mass index, occupancy density, type of house floor, and the type of wall of the house with the incidence of tuberculosis. The result of multivariate analysis showed that there was a correlation between the smoking degree and the incidence of tuberculosis after controlling for age, sex, education level, income level, body mass index, and type of house wall. Conclusion: The smoking degree influences the incidence of tuberculosis in Indonesia, so it should be given special attention to smokers in Indonesia in order to decrease the incidence of tuberculosis and can optimize the health status of Indonesian people, especially the group of smokers in Indonesia.Key Word: Tuberculosis, degree of smoking, smokers DOI: 10.26553/jikm.2017.8.3.169-179 
DETERMINANTS OF CONDOM USED AT THE FIRST SEXUAL INTERCOURSE ON UNMARRIED ADOLESCENTS IN INDONESIA (IDHS ARH 2012) Adilah, Yunis; Mutahar, Rini; Purnamasari, Indah
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: The use of condoms is as a part of prevention against the risk of unwanted pregnancy and sexual transmitted diseases. Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey of Adolescent Reproductive Health in 2012 showed an increase in condoms use at the first sexual intercourse by unmarried adolescents in five years before survey. This study was to determine the most variables which influencing on condoms use at the first time by unmarried adolescents. Methods: This study used a cross sectional design and secondary data from Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey of Adolescents Reproductive Health in 2012. Population were unmarried adolescents aged 15-24 years old and samples were unmarried adolescents who ever had sexual intercourse and answer questions completely. Data analysis was done using univariate, bivariate and multivariate. Results: Condoms use at the first sexual intercourse by unmarried adolescents in Indonesia about 24.7%. The results of bivariate analysis indicate that there is a significant relationship between economic status (p-value = 0.007), information access (p-value = 0.042) and knowledge (p-value = 0.009) with the condoms use at the first sexual intercourse by unmarried adolescents in Indonesia. Economic status is the most influences factor of condoms use at the first sexual intercourse by unmarried adolescents (RP = 1.629 95% CI: 1.076 to 2.468; p-value = 0.021). Conclusion: These results can be informed not only on prevention and control program of HIV/AIDS but also on sexual transmitted infections in Indonesia which adolescents as the target.Keywords: Adolescents, Condom, First, Intercourse, Sexual DOI: https://doi.org/10.26553/jikm.2016.8.2.91-99
KNOWLEDGE AND HISTORY OF NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AMONG HOUSEWIVES IN THE YEAR 2013 OGAN ILIR-SOUTH SUMATERA-INDONESIA Najmah, Najmah; Mutahar, Rini; Yeni, Yeni
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 6, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: Indonesia as a developing country experiencing epidemiologic transition in which communicable diseases are still main concern in Indonesia, while non-communicable diseases (degenerative) is starting to increase and to be major cause of death. Degenerative diseases are caused by many risk factors including lifestyle, eating habits, smoking, physical inactivity, genetics and other causes. Basic Health Research in 2007 showed the prevalence of the disease in Indonesia among other degenerative joint disease (30.3%), hypertension (29.8%), stroke (0.8%), heart (7.2%), diabetes mellitus (1,1%), and cancer (0.4%).Methods: This research is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach. The study design used was a cross sectional study. The samples in this study were 99 housewives in Ogan Ilir. Sampling technique in this study is a cluster random sampling to select four villages as clusters. The analyses conducted in this study are univariate analysis and correlation tests.Results: The results of this study were 29 (29.3%) of respondents had received counseling on non-communicable diseases, 40.4% of respondents considered overweight (obesity) can reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases, 79.8% knew that reducing caffeine consumption may decrease the risk of non-communicable diseases, and 77% know that reducing smoking can reduce the risk of non-communicable diseases. The disease is the most common rheumatic respondents (20.2%), traffic accidents (19.2), and hypertension (17.2%). Non-communicable diseases most suffered by the elderly respondents were hypertension (42.4%), arthritis (38.4%), and heart (19.2%). Correlation test results demonstrate a positive correlation between the respondent and the history of disease in the elderly (r = 0.172).Conclusion: Health promotion in order to improve the knowledge of the risk factors of non-communicable diseases in the housewife needs to be done both through education and the mass media. This encourages housewives to avoid the risk factors of non-communicable diseases which mainly caused by unhealthy eating patterns.Keywords: Non communicable diseases, knowledge, disease history, risk factors, prevention, housewives.
DETERMINANT OF TUBERCULOSIS IN ADULT IN THE WORKING AREA OF BOOM BARU PUBLIC HEALTH CENTER OF PALEMBANG Hardini, Felly Happy; Mutahar, Rini; Febry, Fatmalina
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background : Tuberculosis is a disease that is still a health problem in developing countries, including Indonesia. For the city of Palembang, based on data from the City Health Department found that the Health Center New Boom is one contributor to health centers the incidence of TB every year ever. However, there has been no research on the determinants of the incidence of tuberculosis in adults in the working area of Boom Baru Public Health Center of Palembang 2010. Method : Analytical research using a case control study is included in this research. Sampel required as 24 case and 48 control with the comparison 1:2. After that, data processed and analysed by univariat and bivariate by using Chi-Square test and α= 0,05. Result : From the results of research known that there was a significant association between age (p-value = 0,031; CI 95%: 1,279<OR< 13,797), education level (p-value = 0,020; CI 95%: 1,367<OR<15,484), family income level (p-value = 0,031; CI 95%: 1,279<OR<13,797), nutrition status (p-value = 0,000; CI 95%: 3,200<OR<37,818), home ventilation (p-value = 0,013; CI 95%: 1,472<OR<12,755), and history of contact transmission (p-value = 0,037; CI 95%: 1,079<OR<33,962) with the occurence tuberculosis in adults. Suggestion of this research that staff of Boom Baru Public Health Center to provide continuously  counseling about a healthy housing, nutritional status and nutritious feeding programs. Keywords : Determinants, Tuberculosis, Adult, Health Center, Case Control 
GAMBARAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN IBU DAN PEMBERIAN MAKANAN PENDAMPING ASI PADA ANAK USIA 6-24 BULAN DI KELURAHAN KUTO BATU KOTA PALEMBANG Nurmaliani, Rizki; Febry, Fatmalina; Mutahar, Rini
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 1, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background : Complementary feeding (MP-ASI) has an important role in meeting the needs and complement the nutrients children aged 6-24 months because breast milk could not meet the nutritional needs to achieve optimal growth. Low knowledge about provision of MP-ASI and the provision of MP-ASI that done uncorrectly can cause nutritional problems such as disruption of growth and development and less nutrition. The purpose of this research was to determine the  mother’s knowledge level and the gift of complementary feeding on children aged 6-24 months in Kelurahan Kuto Batu Kecamatan Ilir Timur II Palembang 2009. Method : This research was a descriptive study. The data was collected by doing an interview using a questionnaire. The sample in this study amounted to 100 people. Result : The results showed that 50% of respondents had less knowledge level regarding the provision of MP-ASI, 55% of respondents giving MP-ASI early, 57% of respondents giving MP-ASI in bad way, and 72% of respondents giving MP-ASI with the frequency of eating in accordance with the stages of growth and development. Conclusion : For a better future, local government needs to hold information about complementary feeding to mothers who have the children aged 0-24 months and mothers should expected to provide complementary feeding for children begin at aged 6 months to 24-months-old child with a food frequency and types of MP-ASI in accordance with the stages of child growth and development. Keywords : complementary feeding, MP-ASI, mother’s knowledge 
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RISK ANALYSIS EXPOSURE TO NITROGEN DIOXIDE (NO2) AND SULFUR DIOXIDE (SO2) ON STREET VENDOR IN AMPERA TERMINAL PALEMBANG 2015 Arista, Gita; Sunarsih, Elvi; Mutahar, Rini
Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 6, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Sriwijaya

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Background: Terminal is a location that generates air pollution as a result of transport activity performed. The use of motorized transport will produce a wide range of gases including NO2 and SO2. At certain concentrations of NO2 and SO2 can have an effect on health disorders for example respiratory problems, throat irritation and eye irritation.Methods: This study was a descriptive study of environmental health risk analysis method. Eighty four traders were sampled in this study. Simple random sampling was used as sampling technique. The variable used is the concentration of NO2, SO2 concentration, Inhalation Rate (R), exposure time, frequency of exposure, duration of exposure, weight, time period average-average, RFC, risk level. Univariate data analysis techniques. And then the data is presented in tabular form and narrative to interpret the data. Result: The street vendors in Terminal Palembang Ampera has a weight of less than 65.57 kg by 54.8%, exposure time ≤8 hours/day by 54.8%, the frequency of exposure ≤362 days/year amounted to 98.8 %, duration of exposure ≤10 years of 57.1%, intake NO2 ≤0.00132 mg/kg/day by 50%, SO2 intake 0.00677 mg/kg/day by 50%, NO2 RQ>1 at 0%, SO2 RQ>1 amounted to 11.9%, SO2 RQ>1 male sex-men by 80%, and SO2 RQ>1 is derived from the four measurement points by 40%. Conclution: This research concluded that exposure to Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2) to street vendors at Terminal Ampera Palembang does not pose a risk, whereas exposure to Sulfur Dioxide (SO2) provides risk to 10 street vendors in Terminal Ampera Palembang. Keywords: Environmental health risk analysis, Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), street vendors, terminal