Articles

Efektivitas Sinkronisasi Estrus dan Fertilitas Spermatozoa Hasil Sexing pada Sapi Bali di Sulawesi Tenggara (EFFECTIVENESS OF ESTRUS SYNCHRONIZATION AND SPERMATOZOA FERTILITY RESULTS OF SEXING ON BALI CATTLE IN SOUTHEAST SULAWESI) Saili, Takdir; Nafiu, La Ode; Baa, La Ode; Rahadi, Syam; Napirah, Astriana; Syamsuddin, Syamsuddin; Sura, I Wayan; Lopulalan, Febiang
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (99.005 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.3.353

Abstract

Estrus synchronization is one of the reproduction technology applied in the cows that aim to induce estrus of some cows to occur in the same time. In this research, all cows expressing estrus would be inseminated using sexed sperm that produced using column albumen method. Sexing sperm technology could be applied to produce the desired sex of calf. Effectivity of chilled sexed sperm to produce the desired sex of calf was evaluated in this research. Sixty three bali cows divided into 2 groups of ages (3-4 yo. and 5- 6 yo.) were used and performed synchronization using Capriglandin (PGF2a) hormone prior to application of artificial insemination with chilled sexed sperm. Variable measured were success rate of synchronization, estrus post synchronization, estrus quality, non return rate, conception rate and calving rate. The results showed that 62.90% of cows showed estrus following synchronization, estrus post synchronization occurred at 71.73 hours following synchronization, and estrus quality was 2.5%. There were 82.54% of inseminated cows was predicted to be pregnant after first insemination using chilled sexed sperm. However, only 73.02% could maintain the pregnancy up to calving. Whereas 78.26 % of newborn calf was male calf. Finally, it was concluded that PGF2a was effective to trigger estrus in bali cows, while sexed sperm still had good fertility and the sex of newborn calf was 78,26% confirmed the prediction. ABSTRAK Sinkronisasi estrus merupakan salah satu teknologi reproduksi yang diterapkan pada ternak sapi betina dengan tujuan untuk mendapatkan sejumlah ternak yang estrus secara bersamaan. Pada penelitian ini ternak yang mengalami estrus tersebut diinseminasi menggunakan spermatozoa yang telah melalui proses sexing menggunakan metode kolum albumen. Teknologi sexing spermatozoa memungkinkan untuk mengatur kelahiran anak ternak sesuai jenis kelamin yang diinginkan. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi efektivitas penggunaan semen cair hasil sexing dalam memproduksi anak sapi dengan jenis kelamin yang diinginkan. Sapi bali induk sebanyak 63 ekor yang dibagi ke dalam dua kelompok, umur 3-4 tahun dan 5-6 tahun digunakan sebagai akseptor pada penelitian ini. Sebelum inseminasi buatan (IB) dilakukan, semua sapi akseptor disinkronisasi menggunakan hormon Capriglandin (PGF2a). Variabel yang diamati adalah keberhasilan sinkronisasi, estrus pascapenyerentakan birahi, kualitas estrus, non return rate, conception rate dan calving rate. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 62,90% sapi mengalami estrus setelah sinkronisasi dengan rataan waktu munculnya estrus 71,73 jam dan kualitas estrus 2,5. Sapi yang diprediksi bunting setelah inseminasi pertama dengan semen hasil sexing mencapai 82,54%. Jumlah sapi yang mampu mempertahankan kebuntingan hingga melahirkan hanya 73,02% dengan persentase jumlah anak sapi jantan yang dilahirkan mencapai 78,26%. Simpulan yang dapat diperoleh dari hasil penelitian ini adalah PGF2a cukup efektif merangsang munculnya estrus pada sapi bali induk dan spermatozoa hasil sexing masih mempunyai daya fertilitas yang cukup baik dengan tingkat kesesuaian jenis kelamin anak sapi yang dilahirkan mencapai 78,26%.
PEMETAAN POTENSI SUMBERDAYA LAHAN HIJAUAN PAKAN TERNAK SAPI BALI DI KECAMATAN TINANGGEA KABUPATEN KONAWE SELATAN Abadi, Musram; Nafiu, La Ode; Karim, Jufri
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 6, No 1 (2019): JITRO, Januari
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/jitro.v6i1.8203

Abstract

ABSTRAK   Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi dan memetakkan potensi sumberdaya lahan hijauan pakan ternak (HPT) di Kecamatan Tinanggea Kabupaten Konawe Selatan. Metode analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis deskripsi kualitatif dan analisis SIG. Lokasi penelitian ini adalah Kecamatan Tinanggea, yang memiliki sumberdaya lahan potensial untuk dikembangkannya hijauan pakan ternak (HPT). Metode pengumpulan data menggunakan metode survey melalui pengambilan sampel tanah pada setiap wilayah yang telah ditetapkan, selanjutnya melakukan pemetaan wilayah yang memiliki potensi untuk pengembangan hijauan pakan ternak (HPT). Hasil penelitian ini diperoleh berdasarkan evaluasi kesesuaian lahan yang dilakukan di Kecamatan Tinanggea Kabupaten Konawe Selatan dengan menggunakan metode pencocokan (matching) antara data karakteristik dan kualitas lahan dengan kriteria kesesuaian lahan (persyaratan tumbuh tanaman yang dievaluasi) dengan kategori sangat sesuai, yaitu lahan untuk tanaman rumput gajah seluas 31,85 hektar, lahan untuk tanaman leguminosa seluas 21,50 hektar, dan lahan untuk tanaman rumput lapangan seluas 184,26 hektar.Kata Kunci: hijauan pakan ternak, pemetaan, sumberdaya lahanABSTRACTThis study aimed to identify and map the potential of forage land resources in Sub-district Tinaggea, Konawe Selatan Regency.  Analysis method used in this research was qualitively descriptive analysis and Geographic Information System (SIG).  This research was conducted in Sub-district Tinanggea where the land resources are very potential to be improved as the pasture area.  Method of collecting data used survey method by collecting the soil samples in each determined areas, and then mapping the areas that have the potential for expanding the forage land. Result of the study was obtained based on evaluation of land suitability conducted in Sub-district Tinanggea, Konawe Selatan Regency by using matching method among characteristic data and land quality with the land suitability criteria (growth requirement of evaluated grass) in the very appropriate category including the land for elephant grass as large as 31.85 hectare, leguminosae as large as 21.50 hectare, and grass field as large as 184.26 hectare.Keywords: forage, land resources, mapping
Relative superiority analysis of Garut dam and its crossbred Inounu, I; ., Subandriyo; Tiesnamurti, B; Hidajati, N; Nafiu, La Ode
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 10, No 1 (2005)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.664 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v10i1.473

Abstract

In attemp to increase the productivity of Garut sheep, Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production has crossed Garut sheep (GG) with St. Croix sheep (HH) that has high frame body size and adaptable to the hot climate (in 1995) and with Moulton Charollais sheep (MM) that has high body weight gain and good milk production to raise multiple birth (in 1996). The objective of this research was to evaluate the ewe productivity of Garut sheep and its crosses with St. Croix and Moulton Charollais. This research was conducted at Animal Research Station, Bogor from 1995 to 2002. In this study the crossing was done using frozen semen of M. Charollais and ram of St. Croix so that the real performance of these sheep under Indonesian condition is not known. So that the relative superiority of these crosses is calculated from the percentage of the differences between traits mean of crossbred and purebred divided by trait means of purebred Garut, except for the threeway crosses (MHG and HMG) is calculated from the difference between the means of threeway crossbred trait with the means of two parents (MG and HG). It is concluded that HG and MHG show higher dam productivity than GG, it can be seen from their litter weight at birth and weaning. In poor feed condition GG showed higher productivity than the crossbred sheep (MG and HG), but MHG/MHG showed higher relative superiority compare to their parents (MG and HG). In good feed condition HG and MHG/HMG sheep showed higher productivity than Garut sheep. The relative superiority of HG sheep is 26.40% over GG and for MHG/HMG is 11.24% over their parents (MG and HG).       Key Words: Garut Sheep, St. Croix Sheep, M. Charollais Sheep, Relative Superiority
DAYA TETAS DAN LAMA MENETAS TELUR AYAM TOLAKI PADA MESIN TETAS DENGAN SUMBER PANAS YANG BERBEDA Nafiu, La Ode
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

This study aims to determine the hatchability and long of hatching of tolaki chicken eggs in incubator with different heat sources. Research carried out for 5 months in breeding cage Faculty of Animal science Halu Oleo University.  Chicken Tolaki used consisted of 5 males and 15 females aged approximately 20 months. Mating chicken is done by IB. Parameters measured were: (1) fertility, embryo viability, hatchability, hatching weight and long hatch. The results showed: (1) the average fertility Tolaki chicken eggs in PL incubator is 58.57% and PLM incubator is 46.88%, but both the incubator statistically was not significantly different, (2) the average of DHE in PL incubator is 96.67% and PLM incubator is 89.58%, (3) the average hatchability in PL incubator is 45.61% and PLM incubator is 64.81%, (4) the average weight of hatching in PL incubator is 26.47 g, while the PLM incubator is 26.96 g, and (5) long the eggs hatch in PL incubator is 21,05 days and PLM is 21,09 days. Statistically, the use incubator with different heat source had no significant effect on all parameters were observed.Based on the discussion concluded that incubator with different heat source does not significantly affect on fertility, DHE, hatchability, hatching weight and length of hatching of Tolaki chicken eggs, but to improve the hatchability is recommended to use incubator with a combination electric and oil lamps heat sources. Key words: fertility, embryo viability, hatchability and length of hatching, and tolaki chicken.
PERFORMANCES OF VILLAGE CHICKEN FOLLOWING CROSS BREEDING WITH DIFFERENT BREEDS OF CHICKEN Saili, Takdir; Badaruddin, Rusli; Nafiu, La Ode
International Journal of Sustainable Tropical Agricultural Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : International Journal of Sustainable Tropical Agricultural Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (159.76 KB)

Abstract

The performances of village chicken in South-east Sulawesi, Indonesia were typically small and light weight, and low productivity of both egg and meat. However, they more resistant to disease compared to other breed of chicken such as commercial broiler or layer. Therefore, in this research the more productive breed of cocks were used. The objective of this research was to improve productivity of the village chicken using different breeds of cock. Bangkok-crossed breed chicken, commercial broiler and village chicken were used to mate the hen of village chicken using artificial insemination.  Variables measured were egg fertility, egg hatchability, and day old chick weight of village chicken crossed by different breeds. Duncan multiple range test was applied to compare the averages of each data. The results showed that the higher egg fertility and hatchability were obtained when crossing the hen of village chicken and bangkok-crossed breed cocks, although no statistical differences was showed between breeds of cock. The average of day old chick weight was also higher in a group of village chicken hen crossed by bangkok-crossed breed cocks compare to other breeds, but no significant differences was showed. It was concluded that the bangkok-crossed breed cocks tended to be a good candidate for increasing the productivity of village chicken.
POTRAIT OF REPRODUCTIVE MANAGEMENT IMPLEMENTATION ON BUFFALO BREEDING IN BOMBANA DISTRICT Nafiu, La Ode; Saili, Takdir
Proceeding Buffalo International Conference 2013
Publisher : Proceeding Buffalo International Conference

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Buffalo production is one of the alternative livestock production in attempt to reach meat self-sufficiency program in 2014. Production system of buffalo in Bombana district was still under traditional management in which buffalo are kept in free range system. This study aimed to describe the reproductive management of buffalo breeding in Bombana District. The survey was conducted on the mainland and islands of Bombana district, involved 80 farmers that consisted of 60 farmers in the mainland and 20 farmers in the islands. Some parameters reflected the reproductive management aspects were observed. The results showed that: (1) there was only 50% of farmers who arranged the first mating of their buffalo cows, (2) 66% buffalo cows were first mated at the age of 2-3 years, 22.50% mated over 3 years, and only 11.25% mated under the age of 2 years, (3) 61.25% buffalo cows calving for the first time at the age of 3-4 years and 38.75% over 4 years, (4) 45% had calving interval <1.5 years, 27.50% ranging from 1.5 - 2.0 years and 27.50% was > 2 years, (5) 100% buffalo were natural mating, and (6) 31.25% of farmers did not know the signs of estrus in buffalo.  In conclusion, implementation of reproductive management of buffalo breeding in Bombana was still low. Application of reproductive management by farmers in the mainland areas was better than the islands.
KELAYAKAN FINANSIAL USAHA PETERNAKAN PUYUH (STUDI KASUS PETERNAKAN PUYUH PERMATA KOTA KENDARI) Fatmawati, .; Bafadal, Azhar; nafiu, La Ode; Abadi, Musram
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 5, No 2 (2018): JITRO, Mei
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.364 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jitro.v5i2.4510

Abstract

Peternakan merupakan salah satu subsektor pertanian yang mempunyai peran strategis dalam perekonomian di Indonesia. Namun dalam pelaksanaannya subsektor peternakan menghadapi berbagai risiko yang tidak jarang memberikan kerugian bagi pelaku subsektor peternakan khususnya peternak. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis kelayakan finansial Peternakan Puyuh Permata.  Hasil analisis kelayakan finansial menunjukan bahwa usaha Peternakan Puyuh Permata layak untuk dikembangkan.  Hasil perhitungan NPV adalah positif pada discount faktor 12%, yakni sebesar sebesar Rp. Rp. 119.192.758,-, Nilai Net B/C Ratio sebesar 2.30, ( > 1), nilai IRR sebesar 32.04 % (>12%) dan Payback Periode untuk mengembalikan nilai investasi sebesar Rp. 119.192.758-, memerlukan waktu 2 tahun 66 hari. Kata Kunci : Evaluasi Kelayakan Finansial, Agribisnis, Puyuh 
KARATERISTIK HABITAT MALEO (Macrocephalon male SAL MULER 1846) DI TAMAN NASIONAL RAWA AOPA WATUMOHAI (TNRAW) Nafiu, La Ode
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 1, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis (JITRO)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik habitat burung maleo di TNRAW, yang berlangsung pada bulan Maret-April 2013 di Resort Langkowala Desa Watu-watu, kecamatan Lantari Jaya, TNRAW Kabupaten Bombana, Sulawesi Tenggara. Survei lapangan dilakukan untuk mengamati kondisi habitat maleo, mengidentifikasi flora dan fauna, mengambil sampel yang diperlukan untuk pengamatan laboratorium dan melakukan wawancana langsung dengan petugas TNRAW dan masyarakat di sekitar lokasi pengamatan. Pengamatan suhu dan kelembaban udara dilakukan 3 kali sehari, yaitu pagi, siang dan sore hari. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) bahwa habitat burung maleo di kedua lokasi terdiri dari pohon-pohon dengan ketinggian yang berkisar antara 15-30 meter dan semak belukar, tetapi kedua lokasi memiliki perbedaan jenis dan jumlah vegetasi, (2) pada lokasi pertama, kedalaman lubang bertelur rata-rata 43.33 cm dan lokasi kedua rata-rata 42.66 cm, (3) pada pukul 08.00, sarang bertelur maleo di lokasi pertama memiliki temperatur 28,930C dengan kelembaban 94,75%, sedangkan lokasi kedua adalah 29,960C, dengan kelembaban 94,04%. Pada pukul 13.00, temperatur di dua lokasi bertelur tidak jauh berbeda, yaitu sekitar 31,86oC, dengan kelembaban 94%. Pada pukul 17.00, di lokasi peneluran pertama memiliki temperatur sekitar 32,110C dengan kelembaban 93,98%, sedangkan pada lokasi  kedua adalah 31,970C, dengan kelembaban 93,59%.Secara umum dapat disimpulkan bahwa karakteristik habitat burung maleo di TNRAW dicirikan oleh adanya pepohonan dengan tinggi berkisar 15–30 meter dan semak belukar.  Disamping itu, tekstur tanah yang dominan adalah berpasir, dengan kedalaman lubang peneluran berkisar 35–55 cm dan rata-rata 43 cm.   Kata kunci : maleo, karateristik habitat, TNRAW
Relative superiority analysis of Garut dam and its crossbred Inounu, I; ., Subandriyo; Tiesnamurti, B; Hidajati, N; Nafiu, La Ode
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 10, No 1 (2005): MARCH 2005
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.664 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v10i1.473

Abstract

In attemp to increase the productivity of Garut sheep, Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production has crossed Garut sheep (GG) with St. Croix sheep (HH) that has high frame body size and adaptable to the hot climate (in 1995) and with Moulton Charollais sheep (MM) that has high body weight gain and good milk production to raise multiple birth (in 1996). The objective of this research was to evaluate the ewe productivity of Garut sheep and its crosses with St. Croix and Moulton Charollais. This research was conducted at Animal Research Station, Bogor from 1995 to 2002. In this study the crossing was done using frozen semen of M. Charollais and ram of St. Croix so that the real performance of these sheep under Indonesian condition is not known. So that the relative superiority of these crosses is calculated from the percentage of the differences between traits mean of crossbred and purebred divided by trait means of purebred Garut, except for the threeway crosses (MHG and HMG) is calculated from the difference between the means of threeway crossbred trait with the means of two parents (MG and HG). It is concluded that HG and MHG show higher dam productivity than GG, it can be seen from their litter weight at birth and weaning. In poor feed condition GG showed higher productivity than the crossbred sheep (MG and HG), but MHG/MHG showed higher relative superiority compare to their parents (MG and HG). In good feed condition HG and MHG/HMG sheep showed higher productivity than Garut sheep. The relative superiority of HG sheep is 26.40% over GG and for MHG/HMG is 11.24% over their parents (MG and HG).       Key Words: Garut Sheep, St. Croix Sheep, M. Charollais Sheep, Relative Superiority
PERFORMANS AYAM KAMPUNG SUPER PADA PAKAN YANG DISUBTTUSI DEDAK PADI FERMENTASI DENGAN FERMENTOR BERBEDA Munira, .; Nafiu, La Ode; Tasse, A.Murlina
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 3, No 2 (2016): JITRO, Mei
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.728 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh dedak padi fermentasi dengan fermentor berbeda terhadap performans ayam kampung super. Penelitian dilaksanakan di kandang Kelompok Permata Kota Kendari. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri dari 4 perlakuan pakan yaitu R0 = ransum kontrol tanpa dedak padi fermentasi (DP), R1 = 10% dedak padi fermentasi cairan rumen (DPFCR), R2 = 10%  dedak  padi  fermentasi  ragi  tempe  (DPFRTe),  R3  =  10%  dedak  padi fermentasi ragi tape (DPFRTa), dengan 4 kali ulangan. Setiap satuan percobaan terdiri dari 5 ekor ayam kampung super. Parameter yang diukur adalah konsumsi pakan, pertambahan bobot badan, konversi pakan, bobot potong, bobot karkas dan persentase karkas. Data dianalisis dengan analysis of variance (ANOVA) sesuai dengan RAL dan bila terdapat perbedaan antar perlakuan akan dilakukan uji lanjut dengan Uji Tukey (Steel and Toriee, 1991). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian dedak padi fermentasi dengan fermentor berbeda tidak berpengaruh nyata (P>0,05) terhadap Konsumsi Pakan, PBB, Bobot Potong, Bobot Karkas dan Persentase karkas. Penggunaan dedak padi fermentasi dengan fermentor berbeda berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap konversi ransum. Dari hasil penelitian ini, maka dedak padi fermentasi dapat digunakan 10% dalam ransum untuk mensubtitusi pakan basal.Kata  kunci  :  Ayam  Kampung  Super,  Dedak  Padi  Fermentasi,  Konsumsi  Pakan, Konversi Pakan.