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KINETICS APPROACH OF BIODEGRADATION OF PETROLEUM CONTAMINATED SOIL BY USING INDIGENOUS ISOLATED BACTERIA Yudono, Bambang; Said, Muhammad; Sabaruddin, .; Napoleon, Adipati; Fanani, Zainal
Journal of Tropical Soils Vol 16, No 1: January 2011
Publisher : UNIVERSITY OF LAMPUNG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5400/jts.2011.v16i1.33-38

Abstract

The bioremediation of petroleum contaminated soil was investigated using a microscale Landfarming. The Indigenousbacteria, Pseudomonas pseudoalcaligenes, Bacillus megaterium, and Xanthobacter autotrophicus were isolated from the contaminated sites Sungai Lilin Jambi Pertamina Ltd and used further in the bioremediation experiments. The biodegradation rates of petroleum contaminated soil in the presence of the isolated bacteria were studied by using the chemical kinetics approach. The reaction orders were studied by using the differential method and the reaction rate constants were studied by using the integral method. The results showed that the reaction orders were 1.0949, 1.3985, 0.8823, and the reaction rate constants were 0.0189, 0.0204, 0.0324 day-1, respectively. Considering the values of reaction orders and reaction rate constants, the biodegradation rate of contaminated soil by usingeach bacteria had significantly different value; Xanthobacter Autotrophicus bacteria could degrade the petroleumoil sludge fastest than the others.Keywords: Biodegradation, indigenous bacteria, kinetics, petroleum oil
RESPON APLIKASI KAPUR TERHADAP BEBERAPA SIFAT KIMIA TANAH LAHAN PASANG SURUT Paripurna, Akbar; Budianta, Dedik; Napoleon, Adipati
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal: Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (545.628 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.6.1.2017.244

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Paripurna et al, 2017. Response of Lime Application to Some Soil Chemical Properties of Tidal Swamp Land. JLSO 6(1):59-70.Tidal swamp land of Banyu Urip Village Banyuasin District South Sumatera Province has a pH 4.5, 4.96 cmolkg-1 Al-exch, >20% Al saturation, low Ca and Mg availableity and contain Pyrite. This study analyzed response of lime application to some soil chemical properties of tidal swamp land. Lime used was dolomite. The research was conducted on April 2017.Lime dosages consisted of 0.00 ton ha-1, 0.81 ton ha-1, 1.63 ton ha-1, 2.45 ton   ha-1, 3.26 ton ha-1 and 4.07 ton ha-1 respectively mixed to 10 kg soil and placed to polybags than incubated for 7 days.Variables measured were soil pH, K-exch, Ca-exch, Mg-exch, Al-exch, CEC, H-exch and Al saturation. The results showed that lime with 3.26 ton ha-1 dosage gived best results by increased Mg-exch up to 0.85 cmolkg-1 and   decreased H-exch down to 1.14 cmolkg-1, while lime with 4.07 ton ha-1 dosage gived best results by increased soil pH up to 4.95, K-exch 0.64 Cmolkg-1, Ca-exch 2.18 cmolkg-1, and CEC 15.23 cmolkg-1, also decreased Al-exch down to 1.96 cmolkg-1 and Al saturation down to 12.87%. Lime as an ameliorant to acidic soil is effective to increase soil nutrients, decrease soil acidity, Al-exch and Al saturation that influenced by fertilization.
BIOREMEDIATION OF PETROLEUM SLUDGE WAS CONDUCTED BY USING LAND-FARMING METHOD IN MICRO SCALE AND BY APPLYING AN INDIGENOUS BACTERIA BACILLUS MEGATERIUM. THE SAMPLES WERE FROM PT. PERTAMINA MUSI BANYUASIN DISTRICT OF SOUTH SUMATRA. THE RESEARCH AIM WAS TO EVALUATE THE PERFORMANCE OF THE BACTERIA IN DEGRADING PETROLEUM SLUDGE. THE RATE OF THE BIODEGRADATION PROCESS WAS DETERMINED BY USING DIFFERENTIAL METHOD AND THE DATA ANALYSES SHOW THAT THE REACTION ORDER IS 0.74. THEN, THE RATE OF BIODEGRADATI YUDONO, BAMBANG; SAID, MUHAMMAD; SABARUDDIN, .; NAPOLEON, ADIPATI; UTAMI, MARYATI BUDI
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 17 No. 4 (2010): December 2010
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.17.4.155

Abstract

Bioremediation of petroleum sludge was conducted by using land-farming method in micro scale and by applying an indigenous bacteria Bacillus megaterium. The samples were from PT. Pertamina Musi Banyuasin district of South Sumatra. The research aim was to evaluate the performance of the bacteria in degrading petroleum sludge. The rate of the biodegradation process was determined by using differential method and the data analyses show that the reaction order is 0.74. Then, the rate of biodegradation constant was determined by using an integral method assuming that the biodegradation process was a first reaction order. From the calculation, it was revealed that the biodegradation reaction constant was 0.0204/day. The bioremediation-kinetics model is y = -0.0204X + 2.0365, and by using this model the bioremediation process could be ended after 99.83 days. The qualitative analysis was carried out by using GC-MS to investigate the components of compounds changed during the bioremediation process. The results show that the B. megaterium could degrade 99.32% of alkane compounds.
Diversity of Cu and Total Cr Metals in Surface Water and Sludge of Textile Wastewater from Tuan Kentang Village Seberang Ulu I Sub District Palembang Astari, Mirza Firdyah; Napoleon, Adipati; Mohadi, Risfidian
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 3 No 1 (2018): January
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (560.796 KB) | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2018.3.1.45-48

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Nowadays, the production of rainbow fabric as a traditional fabric of Palembang city has been grown rapidly. Commonly, the wastewater as the by-product of rainbow fabric production is discharged directly to domestic channels without any previous wastewater treatment. This research was aimed to evaluate the presence of Cu and total Cr heavy metal in the area of rainbow fabric industrial center in Tuan Kentang Village, Sebrang Ulu I Sub Distric, Palembang. The Cu and total Cr polluted in the collected wastewater sample was analyzed by using atomic absorption spectrometry method with wet destruction technique. The results indicated that the area of Tuan Kentang villages is contributing metal contaminants distribution and accumulation to nature.
ZEOLITE UTILIZATION AS A CATALYST AND NUTRIENT ADSORBENT OF AN ORGANIC FERTILIZER PROCESS FROM PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENT AS RAW MATERIAL Nursanti, Ida; Budianta, Dedik; Napoleon, Adipati; Parto, Yakup
Journal of Tropical Soils Vol 18, No 3: September 2013
Publisher : UNIVERSITY OF LAMPUNG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5400/jts.2013.v18i3.%p

Abstract

Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) cannot be directly used as an organic fertilizer source due to its high Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) thus it is not  environmentally safely. To increase the high quality of organic fertilizer obtained, the liquid wastes are needed to be processed in order to decrease the BOD to degrade both the soluble and suspension materials of organic materials. The altenative process to be conducted to make a better quality of POME is by adding the adsorbent. The aim of the research was to study the effect of zeolite utilization and duration of hydrolysis process in order to increase the nutrients content and to decrease the BOD of POME. The research was conducted at  the PT Sumbertama Nusa Pertiwi Jambi, Indonesia in August 2012 until February 2013. The sample of POME was taken from the inlet of the factory?s  acidulating pool. There were several doses of zeolite  as treatments which were 0, 5, 10, 15% and several durations of hydrolysis process which were 1,2,3 and 4 weeks. Active zeolite was added to POME and then it was fermented with different hydrolysis duration times as mentioned above. The research showed that application of  zeolite  and  duration of hydrolysis process significantly affected the pH, N,  P, K, Al, Fe, BOD of  POME and the adsorption of  N, P, K, Al, Fe by zeolite. It can be concluded that 10% of zeolite incubated  in  two weeks duration of hydrolysis process produced higher nutrient of N, P, K  with BOD, Al, Fe and pH matched  with the waste quality standard. The highest efficiency of  N, P and K adsorbent was show by the 15% of zeolite  which was incubated for two weeks of hydrolysis process.Keyword: Hydrolysis process duration, nutrient content, palm oil mill effluent, zeolite.[How to Cite: Nursanti I, D Budianta, A Napoleon and Y Parto. 2013.Zeolite Utilization as a Catalyst and Nutrient Adsorbent of an Organic Fertilizer Process From Palm Oil Mill Effluent as Raw Material. JTrop Soils 18 (3): 177-184. Doi: 10.5400/jts.2013.18.3.177][Permalink/DOI: www.dx.doi.org/10.5400/jts.2013.18.3.177] REFERENCESAno AO and CI Ubochi. 2007. Neutralization of soil acidity by animal manures: mechanism of reaction. Afr J Biotechnol 6: 364-368.Budianta D. 2005. Potensi limbah cair pabrik kelapa sawit sebagai sumber hara untuk tanaman perkebunan. Dinamika Pert 20: 273-282 (in Indonesian).Djajadi B Helianto and N Hidayah. 2010. Pengaruh media tanam dan frekuensi pemberian air terhadap sifat fisik, kimia dan biologi tanah serta pertumbuhan jarak pagar. J Littri 16: 64-69 (in Indonesian).Dhayat NR. 2011. Bioremediasi lumpur minyak bumi dengan zeolit dan mikroorganisme serta pengujiannya terhadap tanaman sengon                                      (Paraserianthes falcataria).http://pustaka. unpad.ac.id/wp-content/uploads/2009/04/bioremediasi_lumpur_minyak_bumi_ dengan_zeolit_dan_mikroorganisme.pdf       (accessed on 23   December 2011).Ersoy B and MS Celik. 2003. Effect of hydrocarbon chain length on adsorption of cationic onto clinoptilolite. Clay Clay Miner 51: 173-181.Fungaro DA. 2002. Removal of toxic metals from waters using zeolites from coal. J Environ Qual 2: 116-120.Feuerstein M, RJ Accardi and RF Lobo. 2000. Adsorption of nitrogen and oxygen in the zeolit. J Phys Chem 104: 1082-1087.Gu Z, F Buyuksonmez, S Gajaraj and N Edward. 2011. Adsorption of phosphate by goethite and zeolite: effects of humic substances from green waste compost. ProQuest Agric J  19 : 197-204.Jabri A. 2008. Kajian metode penetapan kapasitas tukar kation zeolit sebagai pembenah tanah untuk lahan pertanian terdegradasi. Jurnal Standardisasi. 10(2): 56-69 (in Indonesian).Karamah EF, Syafrizal and  AN Sari. 2010. Pengolahan limbah campuran logam Fe, Cu, Ni dan ammonia menggunakan metode flotasi-filtrasi dengan zeolit alam Lampung sebagai bahan pengikat. Proseding Seminar Nasional Teknik Kimia Lembaga Penelitian UGM. 26 Januari 2010.Yogyakarta (in Indonesian).Kundari NA,  A Susanto and MC Prihatiningsih. 2010. Adsorpsi Fe dan Mn dalam limbah cair dengan zeolit alam. Seminar Nasional VI Sdm Teknologi Nuklir Yogyakarta, 18 November 2010 (in Indonesian). Li Z, D Allesi and L Allen. 2000. Influence of quartenary ammonium of sorption of selected metal cations onto clinoptilolite zeolite. J Environ Qual 31: 1106-1114.Luturkey YA, A Ahmad and SZ Amraini. 2010. Uji kinerja bioreaktor hibrid anaerob bermedia tandan kosong dan pelepah sawit dalam penyisihan COD limbah cair pabrik minyak sawit. Prosiding Seminar Teknik Kimia. ITB, Bandung (in Indonesian).Ma AN. 2000. Environmental Management for the Oil Palm Industry. Palm Oil Dev 30: 1- 10.Oste LA, TM Lexmond and V Riemsdijk. 2002. Metal immobilization in soils using synthetic zeolites. J Environ Qual 31: 813-821.Raharjo PN. 2009. Studi banding teknologi pengolahan limbah cair pabrik kelapa sawit. J Teknol Lingk 10: 9-18 (in Indonesian).Raharjo PN. 2006. Teknologi pengelolaan limbah cair yang ideal untuk pabrik kelapa sawit. J Agr Indon 2 : 66-72 (in Indonesian).Simanjuntak H. 2009.  Studi korelasi antara BOD dengan unsur hara N, P dan K dari Limbah Cair Pabrik Kelapa Sawit [Thesis]. Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Sumatera Utara Medan (in Indonesian).Sumarlin LO, S Muharam and A Vitaria. 2008. Pemerangkapan ammonium (NH4+) dari urine dengan zeolit pada berbagai variasi konsentrasi urine. J Valensi 1: 110-117 (in Indonesian).Susanti PD and S Panjaitan. 2010. Manfaat zeolit dan rock phosphat dalam pengemposan limbah pasar. Prosiding Standardisasi 4 Agustus 2010. Banjarmasin (in Indonesian).Vaulina E. 2002. Potensi zeolit alam sebagai absorban logam-logam berat pada limbah perairan. Majalah Ilmiah  2: 1-8 (in Indonesian).Waluyo L. 2009. Mikrobiologi Lingkungan. Edisi 2. UMM Press. Malang. 341 p. (in Indonesian).
Bioremediation of Spent Bleaching Earth (SBE) Waste Using Lipolytic Fungi Menangcaye, Riezkatama; Napoleon, Adipati; Yudono, Bambang
IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry) Vol 3, No 3 (2018): October 2018
Publisher : IJFAC (Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i3.59

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to obtain the effectiveness level of bioremediation process of oil residue on SBE waste by using the isolates of lipolytic fungus Aspergilus fumigatus, Cylindrocladium sp and Fumago sp. This research was conducted by using completely randomized factorial design with 3 factors of treatment which consist of nutrient ratio (N:P:K) that were divided into three levels, namely n1=A(7:1.5:0.5), n2=B(14:3:1), n3=C(21:6:1.5). The humidity were divided into 3 levels treatment i.e. k1 (90%), k2 (80%), k3 (70%) and time that were divided into four levels, namely w1 (week 1), w2 (week 2), w3 (week 3), and w4 (week 4) with fixed pH i.e. pH 6, so that were obtained 36 combination of treatment and for each treatment combination repeated 3 times. Sampling of SBE waste was conducted in one cooking oil factory in South Sumatera using randomized sampling method as much as 24.000 g. The results showed that 80% humidity and nutrient A as the best treatment for lipolytic fungus consortium performance to degrade the SBE waste with the average percentage of oil degradation as much as 74.83%. 80% humidity and nutrient A was an effective interaction in affecting the percentage of oil degradation.
Perbaikan Stabilitas Agregat Tanah Pasir Berlempung Menggunakan Bakteri Pemantap Agregat dan Bahan Organik Utama, Diana; Gofar, Nuni; Napoleon, Adipati
Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim (Indonesian Soil and Climate Journal) Vol 42, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.2017/jti.v42i2.9484

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Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis stabilitas agregat tanah dengan perlakuan berbagai isolat bakteri pemantap agregat (BPA) dan bahan organik berupa kompos yang terbuat dari campuran 90% rumput Cyperus pilosus Vahl dan 10% kotoran sapi, dengan masa inkubasi yang berbeda. Taraf perlakuan terdiri dari kontrol, kombinasi isolat I, II, dan III masing – masing dikombinasikan dengan komposisi bahan organik 0%, 0.5%, dan 1%. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan aplikasi isolat BPA pada tanah pasir berlempung disertai pemberian bahan organik menyebabkan populasi yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan tanpa aplikasi keduanya. Klebsiella sp. LW-13 yang dikombinasi dengan 1% bahan organik dan Bukholderia anthina MYSP113 yang dikombinasi dengan berbagai taraf bahan organik (0 hingga 1%) menyebabkan agregat menjadi sangat mantap sekali pada pengamatan 60 hari setelah aplikasi. Eksopolisakarida yang dihasilkan bakteri akan mengikat partikel tanah dan membentuk agregasi. Penggunaan bakteri Bukholderia anthina MYSP113 dinilai lebih efisien dalam pemanfaatannya untuk memantapkan agregat tanah karena memiliki kemampuan terbaik untuk memantapkan agregat tanah hingga sangat mantap sekali dengan atau tanpa penambahan bahan organik pada periode 60 hari pengamatan.Abstract. This study aimed to analyze the aggregate stability of soil with sdifferent treatments of aggregate-stabilizing bacteria and organic matter (compost made of mixture of 90% Cyperus pilosus Vahl grass biomass and 10% cattle manure) at different incubation period. Treatments consisted of control, combination of three different isolate with three different composition of organic matter (0%, 0.5%, and 1%). The results showed that the application of aggregate-stabilyzing bacteria to loamy sand soil and organic matter causes a higher bacteria population than without both applications. Klebsiella sp. LW-13 combined with 1% organic matter and Bukholderia anthina MYSP113 which was combined with various levels of organic matter (0 to 1%) showed high aggregation at observation of 60 days after application. The exopolysaccharide produced by bacteria binds soil particles and forms soil aggregation. The use of Bukholderia anthina MYSP113 bacteria is considered to be efficient in its utilization to stabilize soil aggregates because it has the best ability to stabilize soil aggregates to be highly stable with or without the addition of organic matter in the 60-day observation period. 
PERUBAHAN BEBERAPA SIFAT KIMIA DAN BIOLOGI ULTISOL DAN SERAPAN HARA N P K SERTA PRODUKSI TANDAN BUAH SEGAR YANG DIBERI LCPKS Marlina, Marlina; Napoleon, Adipati; Budianta, Dedik
Klorofil: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Vol 13, No 1 (2018): klorofil
Publisher : Prodi Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32502/jk.v13i1.1105

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This research titled ?Change Some Properties of Chemical and Biological Ultisol and Nutrient Uptake of N P K Plant and Production of Fresh Fruit Bunches Marked Palm Oil Mill Effluent?. This research held from April till December 2014. The results showed that the application LCPKS can improve nutrient P , but has not been a significant influence on the chemical properties of the other on the ground in oil palm plantations. Liquid Waste Award mills are capable of increasing the population of micro- organisms in the soil first and third day of observation.? Results of weighing directly on the ground show that the weight of fresh fruit bunches (TBS) reached an average of 30.45 kg per bunch in the treatment on non LCPKS and weighs TBS averaged 21.48 kg per bunch . This shows that LCPKS can increase the weight of TBS as well as production