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FORAGE PRODUCTIVITY OF ARBILA (Phaseolus lunatus) AT VARIOUS LEVELS OF RHIZOBIUM INOCULANTS AND HARVESTING TIMES Koten, B.B.; Soetrisno, R.D.; Ngadiyono, N.; Soewignyo, B.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 37, No 4 (2012): (December)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (100.014 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.37.4.286-293

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate forage productivity of arbila (Phaseolus lunatus) as theruminant feed at various levels of rhizobium inoculants and harvesting times, was designed followingcompletely randomized design of factorial pattern with two factors. The first factor was the level ofinoculums (I) i.e. I1 (without inoculum), I2 (5 g/kg seed), I3 (10 g/kg seed), and I4 (15 g/kg seed). Thesecond factor was harvesting time (U) i.e. U1 (60 days), U2 (80 days), U3 (100 days) with 4replications. The variables were N uptake, production of dry matter (DM) and organic matter (OM), andpercentage of OM, crude protein (CP), crude fiber (CF), nitrogen free extract (NFE), extract ether (EE)and ash of arbila forage (based on DM). The results showed that inoculant treatment at the rate of 15g/kg seed produced the highest percentage of effective nodules (98.72%), and in combination withharvesting age at 100 days each polybag of plant was able to absorb the higest amount of N (688. 10 g)with production of DM 273.81 g, OM production 263.96 g and nutrients content based on DM of about91.14% OM, 33.52% CF, 34.76%, 5.75% EE, 09.37% ash, and 16.16% CP. From the study, it can beconcluded that arbila plants inoculated specific rhizobium Phaseolus vulgaris at the rate of 15 g/kg seedand harvested at 100 days yielded the best forage as feed.
Breeding value of sires based on offspring weaning weight as a recommendation for selecting Kebumen Ongole Grade cattle Sumadi, S.; Fathoni, A.; Maharani, D.; Ngadiyono, N.; Widayati, D. T.; Noviandi, C. T.; Khusnudin, M.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 42, No 3 (2017): September
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.39 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.42.3.160-166

Abstract

The objective of study was to estimate breeding value of sires of Kebumen Ongole grade cattle based on offsprings weaning weight. This research was carried out from August to December 2015 in Urut Sewu area, Kebumen. The calculation of genetic parameter estimation was heritability of weaning weight. The value of heritability was used to calculate the breeding value of sires based on offsprings weaning weight. Heritability was calculated using paternal half-sib correlation with the direct pattern variance analysis. Breeding Value (BV) of sire was calculated by absolute estimated breeding value. The materials used in this study included were data record during the last three years (2013-2015) consisted of 41 sires, 51 dams and 244 calves. Weaning weight data had been corrected based on age of dams, sex and weaning age of 120 days. The results showed that the heritability value of weaning weight was included in high category (0.36 ± 0.21). The highest BV was KJ.J608 (49.76) with a ratio of 231.45%. The results of this study were expected to be the basis recommendation for selecting sires in Kebumen.
Supplementing energy and protein source at different rate of degradability to mixture of corn waste and coffee pod as basal diet on rumen fermentation kinetic of beef cattle Pamungkas, Dicky; Utomo, R.; Ngadiyono, N.; Winugroho, M.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 15, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (81.431 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v15i1.674

Abstract

The use of corn waste and coffee pod as basal diet needs energy and protein supplementation in order to optimize rumen microbial growth. A research was done to study the appropriate supplement which is suitable based on the result of rumen fermentation kinetics. Four ruminally canulated cows, (205-224 kg of live weight) were placed in individual cages. The basal diet (BD) offered were corn waste and coffee pod mixture (80:20). Source of high degradable energy (HDE) was cassava pomace; while the low degradable energy (LDE) was arenga piñata waste. The high degradable protein (HDP) was mixed-concentrate while the low degradable protein (LDP) was leucaena leave meal. The supplementation of energy and protein to basal diet was in ratio of 50:50 based on dry matter. Feed offered were basal diet and the supplement at ratio of 60: 40 (3 % of LW). Observation was carried out for 4 periods (10 days/period). In each period, animal was fed one of the following diets:  A = BD, B = BD+ HDE+LDP, C = BD+LDE+LDP, and D = BD+HDE+HDP. Rumen kinetics observed were: pH, and VFA, NH3 and rumen microbial protein concentrations. Rumen fluid was taken at the end of each period gradually along the course of 24 hours fermentation. The results showed that the diets gave significant effect (P < 0.05) on rumen pH. The lowest rumen pH (5.76) was observed on diet D  at 2:00, 12 hours after feeding. Meanwhile, the highest pH (7.22) was found in animal fed diet A at 16:00. The total VFA on diet D of periode:1, 3 and 4 showed the highest level: 68.1 mmol/l; 75.37 mmol/l and 85.14 mmol/l respectively. The highest NH3 concentration was found in diet D followed  by diet C, B and A. At 12:00 observation or at 4 h after morning feeding the highest NH3 was observed from diet D (41.94 mg/100 ml). It is concluded that diet D resulted in the best rumen fermentation kinetic, therefore it could be used in feed formulation in cattle diets. Key words: Corn Waste, Coffee Pod, Degradation, Rumen Fermentation
ESTIMASI OUTPUT SAPI POTONG DI KABUPATEN BANYUASIN PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN Susanti, A.E.; Ngadiyono, N.; ., Sumadi
Jurnal Peternakan Sriwijaya Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Peternakan Sriwijaya
Publisher : Department of Animal Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (173.511 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JPS.4.2.2015.2803

Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk membuat estimasi out put ternak sapi potong di Kabupaten Banyuasin, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. Penelitian dilakukan secara survei di Kecamatan Betung, Talang Kelapa dan Tanjung Lago. Data diambil dengan metode wawancara terhadap 1180 responden. Data yang diambil meliputi komposisi populasi dan pengelolaan reproduksi. Data komposisi populasi dan pengelolaan reproduksi dianalisis dengan rata-rata dan standar deviasi, sedangkan output sapi potong diestimasi dengan teori pemuliabiakan ternak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa populasi sapi tertinggi adalah bangsa Pesisir 81,15%, efisiensi reproduksi (ER) 98,27%, natural increase 24,39%, net replacement rate jantan 143,26% dan betina 220,15% dan output sapi potong sebesar 24,30% atau 7.267 ekor. Kata kunci:  Estimasi output, Sapi potong, Banyuasin
THE NUTRITIONAL VALUE OF INTERCROPPING FORAGE OF ARBILA (PHASEOLUS LUNATUS) INOCULATED BY RHIZOBIUM WITH SORGHUM (SORGHUM BICOLOR) AT DIFFERENT PLANTING SPACE OF ARBILA AND DIFFERENT ROW NUMBER OF SORGHUM Koten, B. B.; Soetrisno, R. D.; Ngadiyono, N.; Soewignyo, B.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (132.365 KB)

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate intercropping forage production between inoculated arbila (Phaseolus lunatus) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) at different planting space of arbila and different row number of sorgum. The experiment was arranged factorially according to completely randomised design. The first factor was two planting space of arbila i.e. J1 (120 cm) and J2 (180 cm). The second factor was three different row number of sorghum i.e. P1 (1 row), P2 (2 rows), P3 (3 rows). The replication for each treatment combination was three giving total number of experimental units of 18. Variables abserved were organic matter (OM), crude protein (CP), crude fiber (CF), nitrogen free ekstract (NFE), ether extract (EE), and ash contents of intercropped forage. Results showed that nutritional value of intercropping forage between  arbila and sorgum was better compared with monoculture crop of either arbila or sorghum. At intercropping, OM content of all treatments were high, except for treatment  J1P1. The lowest CF was noticed for treatment J1P2 (30.64%). The highest CP content was for J1P1 (16.16%) but  the CP content of J1P2 was still quiet good (13.36%). EE values were relatively similar for all treatments. The highest value for NFE was for J1P3 (48.35%) and J2P1 (48.45%) but the value for J1P2 was still reasonably good (48.35%). The ash content for treatment J1P1, J1P2, and J1P3 was 8.62%, 7.51%, and 7.15% respectively, and it was considered good enough for forage. In conclusion, intercropping between arbila at 120 cm planting space and 2 or 3 rows of sorghums produces the best nutritive content of forage for ruminant feed.
Supplementing energy and protein source at different rate of degradability to mixture of corn waste and coffee pod as basal diet on rumen fermentation kinetic of beef cattle Pamungkas, Dicky; Utomo, R.; Ngadiyono, N.; Winugroho, M.
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 15, No 1 (2010): MARCH 2010
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (81.431 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v15i1.674

Abstract

The use of corn waste and coffee pod as basal diet needs energy and protein supplementation in order to optimize rumen microbial growth. A research was done to study the appropriate supplement which is suitable based on the result of rumen fermentation kinetics. Four ruminally canulated cows, (205-224 kg of live weight) were placed in individual cages. The basal diet (BD) offered were corn waste and coffee pod mixture (80:20). Source of high degradable energy (HDE) was cassava pomace; while the low degradable energy (LDE) was arenga piñata waste. The high degradable protein (HDP) was mixed-concentrate while the low degradable protein (LDP) was leucaena leave meal. The supplementation of energy and protein to basal diet was in ratio of 50:50 based on dry matter. Feed offered were basal diet and the supplement at ratio of 60: 40 (3 % of LW). Observation was carried out for 4 periods (10 days/period). In each period, animal was fed one of the following diets:  A = BD, B = BD+ HDE+LDP, C = BD+LDE+LDP, and D = BD+HDE+HDP. Rumen kinetics observed were: pH, and VFA, NH3 and rumen microbial protein concentrations. Rumen fluid was taken at the end of each period gradually along the course of 24 hours fermentation. The results showed that the diets gave significant effect (P < 0.05) on rumen pH. The lowest rumen pH (5.76) was observed on diet D  at 2:00, 12 hours after feeding. Meanwhile, the highest pH (7.22) was found in animal fed diet A at 16:00. The total VFA on diet D of periode:1, 3 and 4 showed the highest level: 68.1 mmol/l; 75.37 mmol/l and 85.14 mmol/l respectively. The highest NH3 concentration was found in diet D followed  by diet C, B and A. At 12:00 observation or at 4 h after morning feeding the highest NH3 was observed from diet D (41.94 mg/100 ml). It is concluded that diet D resulted in the best rumen fermentation kinetic, therefore it could be used in feed formulation in cattle diets. Key words: Corn Waste, Coffee Pod, Degradation, Rumen Fermentation