Deli Nirmala
Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University, Semarang

Published : 13 Documents
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KOMPONEN MAKNA UNGKAPAN METAFORIS DALAM PILEG 2009 DALAM WACANA SURAT PEMBACA DI HARIAN SUARA MERDEKA Nirmala, Deli
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 1 Nomor 1 Oktober 2010
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (296.703 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v1i0.13-36

Abstract

This paper is investigating the semantic components of the metaphorical expressions of letters to editors found in Suara Merdeka daily newspaper by  contrasting  the semantic features of the source and the target of the metaphorical expressions compared to those of the non-metaphorical expressions to find out the ground existing. Nonparticipant observation is used to collect and select the data. Referential identity and distributional methods with substitution and paraphrasing techniques are used to analyze the data. The result shows that the ground can be used to show the association of  the target and the source. The association can be elaborated by analyzing the diagnostic components of each domain. From the analysis, there are some association that can be shown among other things similarity in attributes, qualities, movement, and action.
THE FORCE SCHEME IN JAVANESE EMOTION METAPHORS Rahardian, Ema; Nirmala, Deli
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 8 Number 1 April 2018
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (593.913 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v8i1.12-18

Abstract

People with their creativity can use language for different purposes with different attitudes. They use metaphors in daily communication. In this paper, the writer tried to analyze them from force schemas to show the cognitive patterns of the users? mind. . This paper aims at discussing the use of force schema in Javanese EMOTION metaphor. To collect the data, the writer used non-participant observation supported by note-taking technique. To choose the samples, the writers used purposive sampling technique. This means that the writers only took the metaphorical expressions containing a concept of emotion especially force schema conceptualization. To analyze the data, the writers used referential identity method. The writers used the method to uncover the meaning and the attitude of the speakers in using the expressions. The writer found that force schema used in Javanese EMOTION metaphors are compulsion, enablement, diversion, and restraint-removing force schemas. The writer also found that Javanese people have active and inactive responses when they get emotion. This finding may add more studies on metaphors.
METAPHORICAL FORCES OF EXPRESSIONS IN LETTERS TO THE EDITORS IN BAHASA INDONESIA Nirmala, Deli
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 24, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (153.592 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.1063

Abstract

This study focuses on the metaphorical forces conveyed in the metaphorical expressions used in the letters to the editors, which are considered as the second- order meaning. Classified into existential, quantitative, qualitative, directional, spatial, motion, and temporal, these forces imply living experiences showing the existence, development, quality, movement, and space and time used by humans intheir lives in the world. The experiences built in the mind are activated when language is used.Keywords: metaphors, metaphorical forces, metaphorical expressions, second order of meaning
METAPHORS: UNIVERSAL, SPESIFIC, AND PUBLIC Nirmala, Deli
Bahasa dan Seni: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni, dan Pengajarannya Vol 39, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Sastra Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (154.882 KB)

Abstract

Metaphors in a written discourse such as in letters using bahasa Indonesia can be derived from the metaphorical expressions used by the writers to the editors, showing conceptualization which is based on what they experience, feel, and think in their life.This paper aims at finding out the universality of the concepts shown by the metaphors and the users using the metaphors. Using nonparticipant observation with  note-taking  technique,  the data  are  collected  and  chosen  purposively.  With distributional, referential, reflective introspective, and abductive inferential methods, the data are analyzed. The results indicate that metaphors can be grouped into universal,  specific,  and  public  ones  due  to  the  universality,  specification  of the concepts  conveyed  in,  and  the  users  using  them.  This       implies  that  bahasa Indonesia  conveys  similar concepts  as other languages  in the world do which is caused   by  the   experiences   from   different   time   and   places   encountered   by Indonesians living in an agricultural country
JAVANESE CULTURAL WORDS IN LOCAL NEWSPAPERS IN CENTRAL JAVA AS A LANGUAGE MAINTENANCE MODEL Nirmala, Deli
Jurnal Humaniora Vol 27, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Cultural Science Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (486.208 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jh.10589

Abstract

Javanese cultural words are the linguistic units which are very specific to Javanese culture and society. This article aims at describing what Javanese cultural words that are found in the local newspapers, what they represent, and why they are used in the local newspapers in Central Java. Non-participant observation is used to present the data for analysis, continued with page-filing and note-taking techniques. Referential, reflective-introspective, and abductive inferential methods are used to analyze the data. The result indicates that the Javanese cultural words found in the local newspapers represent festivals, rituals, Javanese ways of life, social activities, actions, feelings, thoughts, behavior, and experiences. The words become the indicators that the journalists of the local newspapers in Cental Java have positive attitudes toward Javanese words. This becomes a model for language maintenance of Javanese. This implies that the words are stored in the long-term memory, that become mental image, which are used when needed by the user for communication. The existence of the concepts residing in the mind will make the Javanese language maintenance possible, which is supported by the attitudes of the Javanese.
KIAT-KIAT PENYUSUNAN PROPOSAL PENELITIAN TINDAKAN KELAS UNTUK GURU-GURU MTS & MA MIFTAHUSSALAM DEMAK Nirmala, Deli; Kepirianto, Catur
Harmoni: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Vol 1, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Departemen Linguistik Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (502.026 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/hm.1.1.%p

Abstract

Artikel ini menyajikan kiat-kiat dalam menyusun proposal penelitian tindakan kelas. Materi ini disampaikan dalam pelatihan untuk guru-guru MTs dan MA Miftahussalam Demak dalam rangka pengabdian kepada masyarakat yang diprakarsai oleh Program Magister Linguistik, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Undip. Materi disampaikan dengan metode ceramah dan penugasan dalam kelompok sesuai dengan bidang studi. Terdapat 7 (tujuh) kelompok yang menyusun draf proposal penelitian tindakan kelas, yaitu: Agama, IPA, Kimia, Ekonomi, SKI, Bahasa Indonesia, dan Bahasa Inggris. Penyusunan draf proposal ringkas ini diawali dengan pemetaan permasalahan dalam pengajaran dan dilanjutkan dengan penentuan judul, permasalahan, dan tujuan penelitian. Penugasan selanjutnya adalah melengkapi draf yang dilakukan secara mandiri dengan konsultasi secara online. Draf proposal akan ditinjau pada pelatihan berikutnya. Ketika proposal sudah siap, maka penelitian tindakan kelas dapat dilakukan diikuti dengan penulisan laporan dan publikasi yang akan dilanjutkan dengan pelatihan-pelatihan berikutnya.Kata kunci:  kiat-kiat; proposal; penelitian tindakan kelas; Miftahussalam Demak ABSTRACT This article presents some hints in writing research proposal of action research. The material was presented in in-house teacher training of Miftahussalam Demak. This was a community service conducted by Master Program in Linguistics, Faculty of Humanities, Diponegoro University. It was task-based training for groups of teachers of different subjects.  There were 7 (seven) groups working together for  writing a short draft of the proposal of classroom action research, consisting of Religion, Physics, Chemistry, Economy, SKI, Bahasa Indonesia, and English. The short proposal draft writing was started with finding problems in teaching, choosing a topic, and purposes of the study.  . The tasks given were completing the draft by working independently in groups and consulting online. The draft will be reviewed in the following training. When the proposal is complete, the action research will be conducted, continued with report writing and publication and other types of training.Keywords : proposal; classroom action research; Miftahussalam Demak; MTs &MA 
Multilingualism in Kemujan, Karimunjawa, Indonesia Nirmala, Deli
Culturalistics: Journal of Cultural, Literary, and Linguistic Studies Vol 1, No 1 (2017): September 2017
Publisher : Culturalistics: Journal of Cultural, Literary, and Linguistic Studies

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Abstract

Karimunjawa can be studied not only from social aspect but also from multilingualism. This paper aims at investigating the languages living in Karimunjawa and their vitality. The study is focused on Kemujan island whose languages are Javanese, Buginese, Maduranese, Mandarese, and bahasa Indonesia. To see the vitality of them, I used UNESCO check list, observation, and interview. Referential and distributional methods were used to show how languages were used, language contact, and language vitality. The result indicates that bahasa Indonesia is the first dominant, Javanese is the second dominant, Buginese is the third, Maduranese is the fourth, and Mandarese is the least dominant. 
Embodied Experiences Represented in Fishermen’s Children’s Writing across Ages in Pekalongan, Indonesia: A Cognitive Linguistic Perspective Nirmala, Deli
Culturalistics: Journal of Cultural, Literary, and Linguistic Studies Vol 2, No 3 (2018): September 2018
Publisher : Culturalistics: Journal of Cultural, Literary, and Linguistic Studies

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Abstract

Language represents the speaker’s identity due to the experiences stored in the mind that become mental lexicon used as expressions for communication. Fisherman children observing their fathers’ activities in fishing daily perceive what their parents do for their family. This article is aimed to describe the children’s feeling, experiences, and thought about fishermen through their words or expressions in their writing. To uncover the problems, I used observation method for collecting data; referential and inferential methods for analyzing data. I used elicitation technique to collect the data. The data were the words or expressions written by thirty seven fisherman children of SDN 01 API-API (elementary) SMP Fatkhul Qowim (junior secondary school), and MA Fatkhul Qowim (senior high school) in Wonokerto, Pekalongan, Indonesia. The results indicate that they use emotive vocabulary items which may result in their mental lexicon stored in the mind and fisherman vocabulary item preservation. Besides, they indicate fisherman habits, fishing trip duration, and natural challenges. The most prominent expressions are those referring to the main duties of fishing, natural challenges and hardship on the sea during fishing. Even the children have no direct experiences, they can perceive fisherman jobs quite well due to everyday observation. 
GENERIC STRUCTURE AND COHESIVE DEVICES: A STUDY ON THE FINAL PROJECT REPORT PRESENTATION OF THE ACCOUNTING STUDENTS OF POLINES SEMARANG Raharjo, Suko; Nirmala, Deli
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 6 Number 2 October 2016
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (850.035 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v6i2.27-40

Abstract

This study examines the generic structure and cohesive devices in the Final Project Report (FPR) presentation delivered in English by the Accounting students of Polines. Fourteen randomly selected subjects (10% of the third graders? population) were involved and audio-recorded during their presentation. The recordings were then transcribed and analyzed using a descriptive-interpretative method. The result shows that the generic structure most presenters used was Greeting and Salutation?Self Introduction?Topic Introduction?Body?Summary?Conclusion, in which the Body mostly consists of Background or Object of the Study, Problem Statement, Aims of the Study, Research Method, and Results and Discussion, and the Summary consists of Conclusion and Suggestion. The major cohesive devices employed were conjunctives of Textual, hypotactic and paratactic types, referents of exophoric and anaphoric types, and repetition as part of lexical cohesion. The transition of stages was marked mostly with referents and specific lexical items. This study may contribute to teaching public speaking of the university students especially in presentation.
SEMANTIC CHANGES OF ENGLISH LOANWORDS IN RADAR KEDIRI DAILY NEWSPAPER HEADLINES Anam, Moh Khoirul; Nirmala, Deli
PAROLE: Journal of Linguistics and Education Volume 9 Number 2 October 2019
Publisher : Master Program in Linguistics, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (807.944 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/parole.v9i2.80-89

Abstract

Use of English loanwords in mass media like newspapers is so prominent. However, the writers still use the words even though the words go through meaning changes. Hence, this study aims to investigate why the writers still use loanwords in their article. Loanwords from the headline of Radar Kediri were taken as data. There were sixty-seven English loanwords variations used in the articles of the headlines in the time span of the study. Close and open questionnaires were administered to the writers and the editors of the headline articles. Questionnaires encompassed the English loanwords which the writers wrote in their articles were administered to them. Interviewing the other editor was also used as data crosschecks. This study found that, first, there are six different categories undergoing a meaning change in the headline of Radar Kediri based on Bloomfield semantic change classification, viz, Narrowing, Widening, Metaphor, Synecdoche, Degeneration, and Elevation. Second, there are six reasons why the writers use English loanwords in their articles: be more effective in conveying a message, be more global/common in use, be more modern, be more educated, to vary vocabulary in a sentence by using synonymous, and to avoid monotony