R.R. Noor
Department of Animal Science and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science , Bogor Agriculture University, Jl. Agatis, Darmaga Campus, Bogor

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PRODUCTIVITY AND GENETIC DIVERSITY OF LOCAL CATTLE IN CIAMIS-WEST JAVA Hilmia, N.; Noor, R.R.; Sumantri, C.; Gurnadi, R.E.; Priyanto, R.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 38, No 1 (2013): (March)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (131.858 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.38.1.10-19

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to identify the productivity and genetic diversity of local cattle inCiamis West Java based on DNA microsatellite, in order to provide the basic information for its rearing,conservation and development. Eighteen of local cattle were kept for 58 days by feeding concentratesand rice straw. The measured parameters were weekly body weight as well as carcass percentage. Thepercentage of comparing carcass was taken from PO, Bali and crossbred cattle from local cattle withLimousin, Simmental, Brahman and Angus cattle. Data were analyzed using Excel software and SAS(2004). Blood samples were taken from two subpopulations i.e., 46 and 52 samples from Tambaksariand Cijulang areas, respectively. Other DNA samples were collected from Bali, PO, Limousin, Simental,Brahman and Angus cattle. Genetic diversity and phylogenetic analysis were analyzed using 3microsatellite loci, that were INRA35, HEL9 and BM2113. The genotyping data were analyzed usingPOPGENE.32 program, while phylogenetic trees were analyzed by MEGA 4. Average daily gain (ADG)of local cattle in Ciamis was 0.62±0.23 kg/head/day with a carcass percentage was 51.62±1.80%. Thecarcasses percentage of local cattle in Ciamis was not significantly different from those of Bali, PO, andcrossbred cattle. The genetic diversity of local cattle in Ciamis was categorized in the medium level, thediversity of local cattle in Tambaksari subpopulation was higher than in Cijulang subpopulation. Localcattle in Ciamis had a closer genetic distance with the PO cattle.
COMPARISON ON ACCURACY OF LOGISTIC, GOMPERTZ AND VON BERTALANFFY MODELS IN PREDICTING GROWTH OF NEW BORN CALF UNTIL FIRST MATING OF HOLSTEIN FRIESIAN HEIFERS Budimulyati S., L.; Noor, R.R.; Saefuddin, A.; Talib, C.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 37, No 3 (2012): (September)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (424.267 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.37.3.151-160

Abstract

The body weight records of 1221 heifers were used in this study collected from PT Taurus DairyFarm Sukabumi from year 2001 until 2011. The records that could be used for analysis were 373 out of1221 heifers, having completed data from birth to first mating period. Three different models i.e,Logistic, Gompertz, and von Bertalanffy were performed to analyze the growth rate of heifers. Theresults showed that the three models had different accuracy and heavily depend on age, environment andduration of recording. The body weights of sexual maturity and on certain ages were affected by theduration of recording. The Gompertz model was performed as the simpliest model in form ofcalculation. On the other hand, the Logistic was more difficult to calculate. All models indicated highaccuracy with the determination coefficient (R2) more than 90%. Based on the comparison, theGompertz and Logistic model are recommended for predicting the growth rate of heifers from birth tosexual maturity.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PROLACTIN HORMONE LEVEL, MOLTING AND DUCK EGG PRODUCTION Susanti, T.; Noor, R.R.; Hardjosworo, P.S.; Prasetyo, L.H.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 37, No 3 (2012): (September)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (136.409 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.37.3.161-167

Abstract

The aims of this study were to obtain information on the mechanism of molting and the prolactinhormone levels affecting egg production. The study utilized AP (crossbred of Alabio ? with Peking ?)and PA (crossbred of Peking ? and Alabio ? ducks) with a total of 180 birds. The observed variableswere the duration of cessation of egg production before and after molting, the prolactin hormone level inthe period of molting, the egg production period before and after molting. The data was analyzed usingANOVA, regression and correlation. The results showed that AP crossbred had fewer molting (23.33%)compared to PA (50.00%). The mechanism of molting is always preceded by cessation of eggproduction, molting and relaying. The prolactin hormone concentrations of AP and PA in the periodbefore and after molting were significantly higher than in the period of molting. At the egg productionperiod before molting, the prolactin hormone concentration of AP ducks was higher than the PA ducks.So that the egg production of AP before molting (0-16 weeks) was higher than the PA. The eggproduction of AP was higher than PA, 256.66±6.00 vs 232.22±6.64 eggs for 48 weeks. So it can beconcluded that the prolactin hormone affects the molting and egg production.
IDENTIFICATION OF POLYMORPHISM OF FSH BETA-SUBUNIT GENE AS SPERM QUALITY MARKER IN BALI CATTLE USING PCR-RFLP Ishak, A.B.L.; Sumantri, C.; Noor, R.R.; Arifiantini, I.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 36, No 4 (2011): (December)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.823 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.36.4.221-227

Abstract

The aim of study was to identify the association of FSH beta-subunit gene polymorphisms withsperm quality traits. A total of 470 samples of normal mature bull from several breeds were used forpopulation study and 127 bulls from National and Regional AI centre of Indonesia for association study.To amplify, a PCR-RFLP method was used and digested with Pst1 restriction enzyme. The allelefrequency of the A and B in Bali cattle were (0.000) and (1.000), respectively. The absence of otherallele A suggested that the Bali cattle was monomorphic, while Brahman, FH, Simmental and Limousinewere polymorphic. The highest observed heterozygosity were found in Limousine (0.318) and thehighest expected heterozygosity were in Simmental (0.420). The higher incident of percentage of spermabnormalities were found in Simmental, Limousin, Brahman compared to Bali and FH. Among all typesof sperm abnormalities, the abaxial and microcephalus were found in highest number.
THE DIFFERENTIATION OF SHEEP BREED BASED ON THE BODY MEASUREMENTS Handiwirawan, E.; Noor, R.R.; Sumantri, C.; Subandriyo, S.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 36, No 1 (2011): (March)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.022 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.36.1.1-8

Abstract

This research was carried out to make a difference and to predict genetic distance some sheep thatare genetically related to each other based on the body size measurements. Nineteen bodies size of 323sheeps of five sheep breeds; namely Barbados Black Belly Cross (BC), Garut Local (GL), GarutComposite (GC), Sumatra Composite (SC) and St. Croix Cross (SCC) were measured. Analysis ofvariance and canonical discriminant analysis, Mahalanobis distance, plotting canonical and dendogramwere performed using PROC GLM, PROC CANDISC, PROC CLUSTER and PROC TREE of SASsoftware ver. 9.0. Index Length, Width Slope, Depth Slope, Balance and Cumulative Index of GC sheepwere significantly higher than the four other breeds. Canonical discriminant analysis successfully coulddifferentiate among the five sheep breeds. All five breed were divided into two groups: the first groupconsisted of SCC, SC and BC; and the second group consisted of the GL and GC. The results of geneticdistance estimation showed that the SCC had a value of sheep genetic distance closest to SC (10.83) andBC (27.98), while GL had the closest distance to GC (66.60). The tail width, horn base circumference,horn length (canonical 1) and variable length of the tail and body length (canonical 2) were the breeddifferentiation variable in this study.
THE COLOR PATTERN OF ALABIO DUCK (Anas platyrhynchos Borneo) IN SOUTH KALIMANTAN Suryana, S.; Noor, R.R.; Hardjosworo, P.S.; Prasetyo, L.H.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 35, No 2 (2010): (June)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (67.166 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.35.2.83-89

Abstract

The study was carried to identify the phenotypic variation of Alabio duck (Anas platyrhynchosBorneo) being kept by smallholder. This research was conducted in Hulu Sungai Selatan (HSS), HuluSungai Tengah (HST) and Hulu Sungai Utara (HSU), South Kalimantan from May until November2009. Six hundreds (75 males and 525 females) duck characterized in this study was age ranged from5-5.5 months old. The observed parameters were plumage color, color feature, plumage shine, the colorof bill, feet and shank. The results showed that the ducks from three locations (HSS, HST and HSU)performed different plumage color and color feature. The dominant plumage color of the Alabio maleduck was grayish white on the neck (44-56%), grayish black on the back (40-60%) brownish grey onthe chest (52-80%), while the wing was more dominated by blue-green (56%) and black (80%) in thetail. Whereas the female ducks was dominated (70-100%) brown spotted color, the rest blackish gray attail, such as back, neck and chest. Twinkle Alabio duck plumage on males and females have the highestpercentage was the glint of silver (100%) and of shiny blue-green for males (85-100%). The percentageof phenotypic color of bill, feet and shank of male and female ducks were lite yellow (40-60%), brightorange (12-44%), pale yellow (8-28%) and black (4-12%).
Molecular characterization of six sub population Indonesian local goats based on mitochondrial DNA D-loop Batubara, Aron; Noor, R.R.; Farajallah, A.; Tiesnamurti, B.; Doloksaribu, M.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 16, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (136.805 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v16i1.634

Abstract

Indonesian local goats were spread in some region, but there was still limited data’s known about the characteristics of its genetic diversity and origin. The Mitochondrial DNA D-loop sequences were used to study the genetic diversity and relationships of six sub population Indonesian local goats, namely, Kacang, Marica, Samosir, Jawarandu, Muara and Bengali goats. From 539 blood samples and DNA extraction collections were selected about 60 samples (10 samples each sub populations) analyzed by PCR-RFLP methods, followed sequence analyzed about 5 PCR products each sub population. The results of the sequence analyses were edited and acquired about 957 bp of nucleotides length. After the alignment analyses were found 50 polymorphic sites which divided into 19 haplotype groups of mtDNA D-loop region. The value of nucleotide diversity was 0.014 ± 0.002. Analysis of Neighbour Joining with Kimura 2 Parameter methods and bootstrap test with 1000 replication indicated that each sub population groups was significantly different between one groups to the others. The maternal lineages origin of six breeds of Indonesian local goats was included to the group of lineage B. The Lineage B was the maternal origin of the haplogroup of goats in the region of East Asia, South Asia, China, Mongolia, North and South Africa, Malaysia, Indonesia, Pakistan and India. Key words: Genetic Diversity, mtDNA D-loop, Haplotypes, Local Goats
Moleculer analysis of genotype kappa casein and composition of goat milk Etawah grade, Saanen and their crossbred Zurriyati, Yayu; Noor, R.R.; Maheswari, R.R.A.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 16, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.007 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v16i1.635

Abstract

Polymorphism of goat casein gene closely linked to the quality of milk protein. κ-casein is one of the casein fractions that influence the shape and stability of grain milk. This study is aimed to identify the variation of genotype κ-casein and related with milk quality from Etawah grade, Saanen and their crossbreed (PE-SA). The number of dairy goats used in this study was 150 animals consisted of Etawah grade (48 animals), Saanen (51 animals) and PE-SA (51 animals). Steps of experiment were: blood and milk sampling collection, DNA amplification by PCR and the product digestion using Pst1 enzyme, κ-casein gene sequencing and analyzing the quality of fresh milk. The results showed that κ-casein gene is monomorphic by PCR-RFLP (Pst1) for all the goat breeds, but DNA sequencing indicated 38 point of mutation.  Observation on goat milk quality showed that Etawah grade milk had highest (P < 0.05) density value (1.033 ± 0.002) and solid non fat (9.577 ± 0.704%) than those of Saanen and PE-SA fresh milk goat. Key Words: Dairy Goats, Κ-Casein Gene, PCR-RFLP, Milk
The qualitative variation of Katingan cattle Utomo, Bambang Ngaji; Noor, R.R.; Sumantri, C; Supriatna, I; Gunardi, E.D; Tiesnamurti, B
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1849.577 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v17i1.707

Abstract

The characterization is main activities in order to identify important trait of Katingan cattle. Information of its phenotypic characteristic is not available yet. The aim of the study is to describe the qualitative characteristic of Katingan cattle. Three location of the study were sub-district of Tewah Sanggalang Garing (Pendahara Village), sub-district of Pulau Malan (Buntut Bali Village), and sub-district of Katingan Tengah (Tumbang Lahang Village). The samples of Katingan cattle were taken as many as possible based on the field conditions to observe pattern of colour, growth of horn and gibbosity appear among two horns. General characteristic of Katingan cattle was various in colours of coat, having horns, humped and dewlop. The main characteristics were expressed at female of Katingan cattle. There were six variations of horn shape at female, however the growth of arching forwards was dominant (78.4%). Horn shape of male was generally grown upside (98.3%). Gibbosity was founded among horn only at female cattle (92.6%). There were 9 combinations of coat colour of female Katingan Cattle, those were brown reddish (27%), brown whitish (14.1%), brown like colour of Bali cattle (13.8%), black (12.5%), brown dull (9.6%), brown sorrel (9.3%), blackish (7.1%), white brownish (5.5%) and white grayish (4.5%). Male of Katingan cattle had eight colour combinations, those were brown whitish (14.8%), brown whitish and reddish (14.8%), brown reddish (13.1%), blackish (12.3%), brown whiteish with black withers (10.7%), brown sorrel (9.8%) and brown sorrel with black withers (7.8%). Based on qualitative analysis, the Katingan cattle had variations in coat of colour, growth of horn and the gibbosity. The variation of coat colour had potentially selection related to the value of cultural. Key Words: Katingan Cattle, Qualitative, Coat Colour, Horn, Gibbosity
Performance, carcass precentages and heterosis values, Alabio and Cihateup line and crossbreeding on eight week old Matitaputty, P.R.; Noor, R.R.; Hardjosworo, P.S.; Wijaya, C.H.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 16, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (360.653 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v16i2.638

Abstract

One effort for improving the productivity of Indonesian local ducks in particular as a meat types is by crossing among the local ducks. Crossbreeding is a fast breeding program for improving some commercial traits. Crossing between two lines or different breed are often used in production systems to utilized the advantage of heterosis (hybrid vigor). Crossbreeding is expected to produce new synthetic strains of duck that perform better than their parents. This study aims to utilize the heterosis and determine best cross, and to study the performance changes due to crossbreeding. The statistical design used in this study was a randomized complete design (RCD) consisting of 4 treatments with 6 replications, each replication consisting of five ducks. The treatments used were the crossing of the pure Cihateup ♂ x Cihateup ♀ (CC), line Alabio ♂ x Alabio ♀ (AA), Alabio ♂ x Cihateup ♀ (AC) cross as well as Cihateup ♂ x Alabio ♀ (CA) cross. This study using male ducklings first hybrid (F1). The results show that the CA is better than AC in the final live weight (7.05%), weight gain (7.32%), carcass weight (9.24%) and carcass yield (2.55%). Fleshy carcass cuts such as breast meat of AA (6.13%) is better when compared to the others, but the highest percentage of meat percentage of the thigh is the AC (10.13%). Duck crossesing CA possess superior properties more and economic value compared with the duck AC. Key Words: Alabio Duck, Cihateup Duck, Crossing, Heterosis, Performance