Ronny Rachman Noor
Departemen Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi, Fak. Peternakan IPB, Jl. Agatis, Darmaga, Bogor

Published : 10 Documents
Articles

Found 10 Documents
Search

TINGKAH LAKU MENETAS PIYIK BURUNG WERIS (GALLIRALLUS PHILIPENSIS) DAN BURUNG DEWASA DALAM PENANGKARAN (HATCHING BEHAVIOR AND BEHAVIOR IN CAPTIVITY OF GALLIRALLUS PHILIPPENSIS) Lambey, Lucia Johana; Noor, Ronny Rachman; Manalu, Wasmen; Duryadi, Dedy
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The study of behavior has a very important role in wildlife management process both for cultivationand for preservation in nature. The purpose of this study was to observe and document behaviors and dailyactivities of weris. Observation of hatching process and behavior of juvenile weris used direct observationmethod, while the behavior of adult weris in captivity used scanning sampling method. The data wereanalyzed descriptively. Weris had six stages of hatching processes starting from the breakdown of the eggshell until the chick moved out from the shell. The placement of the eggs in hatching machine was byputting the dull part on upside. Weris is a diurnal bird that active in the morning until late afternoon.Young and adult weris birds had different activities, i.e., adult birds did bathing and flying activities,while the young birds just rest and sleep. Observation on behavior of adult weris (n = 10) showed that thehighest activity for 12 hours was moving (314,6 minutes), then followed by resting (283,1 minutes), eating(51,8 minutes), drinking (29 minutes), bathing (22,9 minutes), and the lowest was preening (18,6 minutes).Inherited behavior pattern, such as bathing, did not change, eventhough the environment changed.
KERAGAMAN GEN HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN 70 PADA AYAM KAMPUNG, AYAM ARAB, DAN AYAM RAS (POLYMORPHISMS OF THE HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN 70 GENE IN KAMPONG, ARABIC, AND COMMERCIAL CHICKENS) Tamzil, Mohamad Hasil; Noor, Ronny Rachman; Manalu, Wasmen; Sumantri, Cece
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 14 No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aim of the research was to identify the polymorphisms of HSP-70 gene of kampong, Arabic, andcommercial chickens. The study used whole blood samples taken from the branchial vein at the age of 12weeks from a group of chickens that were kept since DOC. Kampong chickens DOC were obtained byhatching the eggs that were collected from lowlands, medium and high altitude areas in Lombok island,while the Arabic chickens DOC were obtained from farmer. DOC of commercial chickens were purchased atthe poultry shop. The genotyping results using PCR-SSCP analysis showed that kampong and arabicchickens were polimorphic, while commercial chickens were  classified as monomorphic. Kampong chickenshad seven genotypes of HSP-70, namely AA, AB, AC, CC, AD, DD, and BC.  The AD genotypes had thehighest frequency, whereas in arabic chickens had six genotypes, namely AA, AB, AC, CC, AD and BC,which AC genotype had the highest frequencies.  However, the commercial chickens contain only onegenotype which was DD. There were three polymorphic sites found in amplificated area, namely AÆGmutation at site 617, AÆG mutation at site 628, GÆC mutation at site 646,  CÆT mutation at site 661,AÆG mutation at site 699, GÆC mutation at site 754, and AÆG mutation at site 792.  Mutations at sites628, 646 and 661 were considered as silent mutation. HSP-70 gene in kampung and arabic chickenpopulation in this study was in equilibrium. The value of Ho, He, and PIC of kampung and arabic chickenswere not different.
POLIMORFISME PROTEIN DARAH ITIK PEGAGAN DENGAN METODE PAGE Sari, Meisji Liana; Noor, Ronny Rachman; Hardjosworo, Peni S.; Nisa, Chairun
Jurnal Agripet Vol 11, No 2 (2011): Volume 11, No. 2, Oktober 2011
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v11i2.376

Abstract

polymorphism of blood protein pegagan duck by PAGE methodABSTRACT. Pegagan duck is one of local duck species which comes from Ogan Ilir (OI) Regency, South Sumatera. This species is not popular, yet. But, it has spread out along Ogan river which comprises of three districts e.g Tanjung Raja, Inderalaya and Pemulutan. The ecosystem in this three districts is dominated by swampy area. As far, there is relatively limited information of Pegagan duck compared to another local duck. So, for the first step was done a reseach to identify genetic characteristic from blood protein analyses by electrophoresis method. It is expected that this information will become the bases in determining of the policy of Pegagan duck development. Polymorphism analyses of blood protein was done with 9 duck samples which taken randomly from 400 pegagan ducks. Protein locus observed were albumin (Alb), post albumin (Pa), transferrine (Tf), post transferrine-1 (Ptf-1), and post transferrine-2 (Ptf-2). Polymorphism analyses of blood protein of pegagan duck was characterized by allele A in locus Transferrine (TfA), Post transferrine-1 (Ptf-1A) and Post transferrine-2 (Ptf-2A) . Genetic diversity based on blood protein of Pegagan duck showed that gen frequency value in a range of 0,11 ? 0,94 and high heterozygosis value that was 0,62 %.
Behaviour characteristics estimation tool of genetic distance between sheep breeds Handiwirawan, Eko; Noor, Ronny Rachman; Sumantri, Cece; ., Subandriyo .
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 19, No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1210.684 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i4.1092

Abstract

Information on the estimation of genetic distances and differentiation among sheep breeds are needed in crossing and conservation programs. This research aims to study of utilizing behaviour characteristic variables to differentiate and estimate genetic distance between the sheep breeds.  The study was conducted at Cilebut and Bogor Animal House of Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production.  Five sheep breeds used were Barbados Black Belly Cross (BC), Garut Composite (KG), Garut Local (LG), Sumatera Composite (KS) and St. Croix Cross (SC), with total sample of 50 heads.  A total of 10 variables of behavior traits were observed in this study. Analysis of variances and significance tests were applied to compare between sheep breeds and performed for all of behavior traits using PROC GLM of SAS Program ver. 9.0. PROC CANDISC was used for canonical discriminant analyses, the hierarchical clustering was performed using the PROC CLUSTER by Average Linkage method (Unweighted Pair-Group Method Using Arithmetic Averages, UPGMA), and the dendogram for the five sheep breeds was described using PROC TREE.  The differentiator variables for the behavior traits were standing and feeding duration.  The canonical plotting based on behavioral characteristics could differentiate BC, KS and LG (with KG and SC) sheeps. Estimation of genetic distance based on the behavior traits is less accurate for grouping of sheep breeds. Key Words: Behaviour Characteristic, Differentiation, Genetic Distance
Isolation and identification of indigenous lactic acid bacteria from North Sumatra river buffalo milk Rizqiati, Heni; Sumantri, Cece; Noor, Ronny Rachman; Damayanthi, E.; Rianti, E. I.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 20, No 2 (2015): JUNE 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (273.693 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v20i2.1163

Abstract

Buffalo milk is a source of various lactic acid bacteria (LAB) which is potential as culture starter as well as the probiotic. This study was conducted to isolate and identify LAB from indigenous North Sumatra river buffalo milk. Lactic acid bacteria was isolated and grown in medium De Man Rogosa Sharpe Agar (MRSA). The isolation was conducted to obtain pure isolate. The identification of  LAB was studied in terms of morphology, physiology, biochemistry and survival on low pH. Morphology tests were conducted by Gram staining and cell forming; physiology tests were conducted for growing viability at pH 4.5 and temperature at 45oC; whereas biochemistry tests were conducted for CO2, dextran and NH3 productions. Determination of LAB species was conducted using Analytical Profile Index (API) test CHL 50. Results of identification showed that 41 isolates were identified as LAB with Gram-positive, catalase-negative, rod and round shaped characteristics. Resistance test done to low pH (pH 2) for the lactic acid bacteria showed decrease of bacteria viability up to1.24±0.68 log cfu/ml. The resistant isolates at low pH were L12, L16, L17, L19, L20, M10, P8, S3, S19 and S20. Identification with API test CHL 50 for 10 isolates showed that four isolates were identified as Lactobacillus plantarum, L. brevis, L. pentosus and Lactococuslactis. Key Words: Buffalo Milk, LAB, Isolation, Identification
Behaviour characteristics estimation tool of genetic distance between sheep breeds Handiwirawan, Eko; Noor, Ronny Rachman; Sumantri, Cece; ., Subandriyo .
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 19, No 4 (2014): DECEMBER 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1210.684 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v19i4.1092

Abstract

Information on the estimation of genetic distances and differentiation among sheep breeds are needed in crossing and conservation programs. This research aims to study of utilizing behaviour characteristic variables to differentiate and estimate genetic distance between the sheep breeds.  The study was conducted at Cilebut and Bogor Animal House of Indonesian Research Institute for Animal Production.  Five sheep breeds used were Barbados Black Belly Cross (BC), Garut Composite (KG), Garut Local (LG), Sumatera Composite (KS) and St. Croix Cross (SC), with total sample of 50 heads.  A total of 10 variables of behavior traits were observed in this study. Analysis of variances and significance tests were applied to compare between sheep breeds and performed for all of behavior traits using PROC GLM of SAS Program ver. 9.0. PROC CANDISC was used for canonical discriminant analyses, the hierarchical clustering was performed using the PROC CLUSTER by Average Linkage method (Unweighted Pair-Group Method Using Arithmetic Averages, UPGMA), and the dendogram for the five sheep breeds was described using PROC TREE.  The differentiator variables for the behavior traits were standing and feeding duration.  The canonical plotting based on behavioral characteristics could differentiate BC, KS and LG (with KG and SC) sheeps. Estimation of genetic distance based on the behavior traits is less accurate for grouping of sheep breeds.
ANALISIS KETERKAITAN GEN BMP15, BMPR1B, DAN KISS1 DENGAN SIFAT FEKUNDITAS PADA KAMBING PERANAKAN ETAWAH BETINA Mulyono, Rini Herlina; Sumantri, Cece; Noor, Ronny Rachman; Jakaria, .; Astuti, Dewi Apri
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 24 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (641.746 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.24.2.83

Abstract

Etawah grade goat is a result of grading up line between Kacang and Etawah goats, which well adapted to Indonesia?s humid tropical climate. This goat is a dual-purpose goat breed for milk and meat production. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the polymorphism of fecundity genes through the investigation of four candidate genes for prolificacy, i.e., BMP15 (exon 1), BMPR1B (exon 1), KISS1 (exon 1), and KISS1 (intron 1) and their associations with the litter size of Etawah-Grade does. The diversity of BMP15 (exon 1), BMPR1B (exon 1), KISS1 (exon 1), and KISS1 (introns 1) genes were analyzed by the PCR-RFLP technique. A total of 106 of DNA samples were collected from Etawah-Grade does at BPTU-HPT Pelaihari in Pelaihari, South Kalimantan (51 heads) and Cordero Farm in Bogor, West Java (55 heads). Genetic polymorphisms between the two Etawah-Grade groups were calculated as well as their allele and genotype frequencies and the Polymorphic Informative Content (PIC). The Kruskal-Wallis one-factor ranked analysis of variance was used to determine whether there was any effect of genotype of the fecundity genes on litter size. The polymorphic information content (PIC) estimated at BPTU-HPT Pelaihari was 0.313, whereas at Cordero farm was 0.174, and overall PIC was 0.244. There was no association between genotypes of BMP15 (exon 1), BMPR1B (exon 1), KISS1 (exon 1), and KISS1 (intron 1) genes and litter size. Results indicated that BMP15 (exon 1) and KISS1 (exon 1) genes were monomorphic. However, the other two loci showed polymorphisms. The BMPR1B (exon 1) locus had two genotypes with the frequency for CC (96.23%) and for GG (3.77%), and KISS1 (intron 1) locus had three genotypes with the frequency for TT (80.19%), AT (17.92%), and AA (1.89%).
ANALISIS KEMAMPUAN DAYA GABUNG GEN PADA GENOTIPE UDANG GALAH UNTUK MENDUKUNG PROGRAM SELEKSI DAN HIBRIDISASI Hadie, Wartono; Subandriyo, Subandriyo; Hadie, Lies Emmawati; Noor, Ronny Rachman
Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia Vol 11, No 5 (2005): (Vol. 11 No. 5 2005)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2701.02 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jppi.11.5.2005.51-56

Abstract

Penelitian tentang daya gabung gen (conbining ability), dilakukan dengan mengunakan tiga strain udang galah yakni Musi, Barito, dan GlMacro. Perkawinan dilakukan secara fullsib di dalam dan di antara strain serta menghasilkan sembilan kombinasi genotipe.
KURVA PERTUMBUHAN SAPI FRIESIAN HOLSTEIN DARI LAHIR SAMPAI SIAP KAWIN BERDASARKAN TINGKAT KELAHIRAN (HOLSTEIN GROWTH CURVE OF NEW BORN CALF UNTIL FIRST MATING BASED ON BIRTH RATE) Salman, Lia Budimulyati; Sumantri, Cece; Noor, Ronny Rachman; Saefuddin, Asep; Talib, Chalid
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16 No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The growth curve is a reflection of the ability of an individual or population to actualize themselves aswell as the size will be the development of the parts of the body until it reaches the maximum size (adult)on the existing environmental conditions. The main goal of this study is to determine the growth curvemodel of Friesian Holstein cattle from birth until ready to mate based on birth rates with Logistic model,Gompertz, and von Bertalanffy. The data was used in this study is the result of the weighing of dairy cowsbody weight of female Friesian Holstein as many as 335 head number collected by PT Taurus Dairy FarmSukabumi from 2001to 2011, which have complete data from birth until first mating with a birth rate thatis different from the birth of the one to five. The data used in the analysis of growth curves using three nonlineargrowth curve model i.e. Logistic models, Gompertz, and Von Bertalanffy. The results obtainedindicate that the growth curve model shave different levels of accuracy, depending on the environment andage or duration of observation, the longer observed to mature weight (A), the age of puberty, and pubertygreater weight. The Conclusion of this study is a model of Logistic close to field conditions. Morover thehigher the birth rate will be heavier birth weight and adult weight. These three non-linear mathematicalmodel used in this study has a high degree of accuracy.
KELENTURAN FENOTIPIK UDANG GALAH (Macrobrachium rosenbergrr) STRAIN MUSI, BARITO , Glffiacro, DAN PERSILANGAN NYA PADA LINGKUNGAN BERSALINITAS Hadie, Wartono; Sumantadinata, Komar; Noor, Ronny Rachman; Subandriyo, Subandriyo; Carman, Odang; Hadie, Lies Emmawati
Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia Vol 10, No 5 (2004): (Vol. 10 No. 5 2004)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (10288.921 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jppi.10.5.2004.33-46

Abstract

Penefitian kelenturan fenotipik udang galah (Macrobrachium rosenbergir) dilakukan pada salinitas 0%, 10%, dan '15%. Tiga strain yaitu Barito (BB), Musi(MM), dan GlMacro (GG) digunakanuntuk membentuk dan mengevaluasi populasi dasar tersebut pada salinitas yang berbeda. Perkawinan secara fullsib dan dialelle crosses dilakukan di dalam dan di antara strain. Larva hasil dari persilangan tersebut dipelihara pada bak kerucut dengan menggunakan sistem air jernih pada salinitas 12% - 15%. Pasca larva yang dihasilkan dari masing-masing persilangan dibesarkan di tambak pada tiga salinitas media yang berbeda selama lima bulan.