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KESANTUNAN BERBAHASA INDONESIA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI 06 KOTA BENGKULU Hambali, Daimun; Novia, Novia
Jurnal PGSD Vol 10, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS BENGKULU

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (241.973 KB) | DOI: 10.33369/pgsd.10.1.11-17

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to describe the politeness of Indonesian between students and between students and teachers at SDN 06 Bengkulu City neighborhood. The research subject is that students of class V. The scope of this research is the use of verbal and nonverbal politeness by students at SDN 06 Bengkulu: students with students, and students with teachers. This type of research is qualitative descriptive. Data collected by observation, field notes, interview techniques and recording technique. Steps of data analysis conducted in stages, data reduction, data display and data verification. Results of research on linguistic politeness Indonesia students in the SDN 06 Bengkulu city, namely (1) for politeness the studentsdata found conversational politeness students more than the data conversation violation of politeness that is, 21 data is conversations that contain maxims of politeness and 5 the data conversation violation maxim of politeness, (2) for politeness between students and teachers found 7 data containing politeness conversation, and was not found students who violate the maxim of politeness and not found students against teachers. All data that conversation concluded with a look at the context of the speech that underlie the events said. The conclusion from this study is that politeness between students and between students and teachers reveal politeness. For nonverbal language, in speaking students use the fit between body language and speech (verbal). 
CFD Modeling Of Waste Heat Recovery On The Rotary Kiln System in the Cement Industry Novia, Novia; Faizal, Muhammad; Liana, Septa
Jurnal Ilmu Teknik Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmu Teknik
Publisher : Sriwijaya University

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Abstract

The cement production process is one of the most energy and cost intensive in the world. In order to produce clinker, a cement industry requires the substantial energy consumption. About 70% of energy consumption lies on the unit of rotary kiln system. The higher amount of energy consumption is due to the lack of work efficiency tools leading the waste heat. This reserach was focus on modeling of the waste heat recovery in the rotary kiln system using CFD. Analysis of mass and energy balance was used to determine the sources of heat loss from kiln system. The results showed that the distribustion of the input heat to the system is a good agreement with the output energy and gave the significant insights oft the reasons for the low overall system efficiency. The system efficiency is obtained of 53 %. The major heat loss sources have been determined as kiln exhaust (21.88% of total input), cooler exhaust to stack (9.62 % of total input) and heat loss astemated as heat from kiln surface (13.54 % of total input). The amount of heat energy can be absorbed by air amounted to 163,080 Kcal / hour and can be used as air for combustion of fuel. Based on data calculation, the amount of coal can be saved amounted to 738 kg / day.
Effects of Mesophilic and Thermophilic Temperature Condition to Biogas Production (Methane) from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) with Cow Manures Fajar, Muhammad Fajar; Faizal, Muhammad; Novia, Novia
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 3 No 1 (2018): January
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1852.88 KB) | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2018.3.1.19-25

Abstract

Biogas is an environmentally friendly renewable energy source. Biogas can be used using Palm Oil Mill Effluents (POME). However, the % yield of biogas productivity is still not optimum due to the low conversion. The biogas productivity can be optimized by adding methanogen bacteria which increase the methane production through the anaerobic fermentation process. This study aims to utilize cow manures as the source of methanogen bacteria in methane production from POME. Furthermore, this study specifically aims to obtain the optimum productivity condition of biogas production by the composition ratio of POME and cow manures to the amount of fermentation time at 35oC and 50oC for mesophilic and thermophilic bacteria, respectively. The ratio of POME and cow mature were A1 (100:0), A2 (80:20), A3 (70:30), A4 (60:40), and A5 (0:100). The highest yield of biogas production was A2 ratio using the thermophilic condition which showed 51.33% mol with the total solid decline of 73.43%, COD removal of 77.01%, and BOD removal of 70.02%. 
UQUBAT DENDA BAGI PEGULANGAN PENCURIAN RINGAN OLEH ANAK-ANAK DI BAWAH UMUR Iqbal, Muhammad; Novia, Novia
LEGITIMASI: Jurnal Hukum Pidana dan Politik Islam Vol 8, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Criminal Islamic Law, Universitas Islam Negeri Ar-Raniry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22373/legitimasi.v8i2.5853

Abstract

ABSTRAK Kejahatan adalah setiap perbuatan yang anti sosial, merugikan, dan menjengkelkan masyarakat. Anak yang melakukan pelanggaran hukum lebih banyak disebabkan oleh ketidakmatangan jiwa, teman dan lingkungan sekitarnya Kondisi ini juga di perkuat oleh keinginan untuk mencoba mengekpresikan jiwa mudanya untuk membuktikan jati diri tentang keberadaannya. Adapun pertanyaan yang terdapat dalam penelitian ini adalah Apa hukuman bagi tindak pidana pencurian yang dilakukan oleh anak-anak dalam Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak, Bagaimana penjatuhan hukuman bagi anak yang melakukan pengulangan pencurian ringan digampong Ie Mameh, Kecamatan Kuala Batee, Kabupaten Aceh Barat Daya, Dengan mengunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan metode empiris. Data dikumpulkan dari data primer dan data sekunder data primer berupa wawancara dengan narasumber dari pihak aparatur desa sedangan data sekunder yaitu melalui buku-buku yang terkait dengan pembahsan skripsi. Hasil penelitian yang penulis temukan bahwa dalam Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak tidak diatur secara khusus tentang bagaimana sanksi hukuman terhadap anak yang melakukan tindak pidana pencurian secara bersama-sama, dan menurut Undang-undang Perlindungan Anak, anak yang dibawah perlindungan anak menurut Pasal 7 bukan merupakan pengulangan tindak pidana. Menurut analisis penulis dalam Sistem Peradilan Pidana Anak tidak dijelaskan secara rinci masalah hukuman bagi pengulangan tindak pidana terhadap anak dibawah umur yang melakukan tindak pidana , dan begitu juga dalam Undang-undang Perlindungan Anak yang terbaru yaitu Undang-Undang No.35 tahun 2014.  Dalam Sistem Peradilan Hukum Adat di Gampong Ie Mameh anak-anak yang melakukan tindak pidana pencurian akan dikenakan sanksi pidana denda, tidak ada perberdaan antara satu anak yang melakukan tindak pidana pencurian dengan sekelompok anak yang melakukan tindak pidana pencurian. Sedangkan untuk anak yang telah melakukan pengulangan tindak pidana maka anak tersebut dijatuhi sanksi tindakan yang tegas. Dalam Hukum Islam anak-anak yang melakukan tindak pidana pencurian hukumannya adalah  hukuman Takzir sedangkan dalam Hukum Pidana Indonesia hukumannya adalah hukuman penjara minimal 1/3  dari hukuman yang diberikan kepada orang dewasa. Menurut analis penulis dalam Hukum Islam juga tidak mengatur bagaimana hukuman bagi anak-anak yang melakukan pengulangan tindak pidana secara tertulis tetapi apabila terdapat kasus yang sedemikian maka hukuman nya menjadi hak ulil amri (takzir). Kata Kunci    :           pengulangan pencurian oleh anak
PENGARUH LINGKUNGAN KERJA DAN STRES KERJA TERHADAP SEMANGAT KERJA KARYAWAN PADA PT. AGUNG AUTOMALL CABANG DURI Novia, Novia; Marzolina, Marzolina; Fitri, Kurniawaty
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Ekonomi Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Wisuda Februari 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Ilmu Ekonomi

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Abstract

The research conducted at PT. Agung Automall Branch of Duri with the purpose to determine and analyze the influence of work environment and work stress by simultant and partial on employee morale at PT. Agung Automall Branch of Duri. Population and sample in this research it is a 60 employee of all employee the operational part in PT. Agung Automall Branch of Duri. Data collection methods used through questionnaires, interviews and documentation. Data analysis used is descriptive, as it also used quantitative analysis, specifically using multiple linear regression with the help of the SPSS program version 18.0. Of the research and data processing has been done. Simultan regression test (F Test) show the work environment and work stress has a significant effect on employee morale at PT. Agung Automall Branch of Duri. The result of partial test (t Test) show that work environment partially has a significant impact on employee morale at PT. Agung Automall Branch of Duri. Of the research conducted it is suggested to the company to pay more attention the work environment and work stress of employees, especially employee of part servce and sales so that make employees more passion in their work so that the work of employees in company even become more optimal.Keywords : work environment, work stres and morale
Bioethanol Production From Cellulose by Candida tropicalis, as An Alternative Microbial Agent to Produce Ethanol from Lignocellulosic Biomass Hermansyah, Hermansyah; Novia, Novia; Wiraningsih, Maulin
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 1, No 1 (2016): The First Issue: Green Environment for Future Life
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22135/sje.2016.1.1.10-13

Abstract

Abstract: Candida tropicalis isolated from Tuak is a potentially useful microorganism for the ethanol production from lignocellulosic biomass and it can be alterbative agent replacing Saccharomyces cerevisae for fermentation process. Although C.tropicalis could not convert  all carbohydrates content of lignocellulosic into bioethanol, however it is able to grow on medium in the presence of either xylose or arabinose as carbon source.  Our result showed that fermentation of 10 % (w/v) cellulosic as sole carbon source produced 2.88% (v/v) ethanol by C.tropicalis.  This ethanol production was lower than usage of 10% (w/v) dextrose as sole carbon source  medium which producing 5.51% (v/v) ethanol.  Based upon our expreiment indicated that C.tropicalis is able to conduct two main process in converting of cellulosic material- to ethanol which is hydrolysis the degradation of cellulose into glucose, and fermentation the process the conversion glucose into bioethanol.Keywords  : Candida tropicalis, bioethanol, fermentation, cellulosic Abstrak (Indonesian): Candida tropicalis yang diisiolasi dari Tuak adalah agen yang berpotensi dalam produksi etanol dari biomasa lignoselulosa dan dapat dijadikan agen alternatif menggantikan Saccharomyces cerevisiae pada proses fernentasi.  Walaupun C.tropicalis tidak dapat mengkonversi semua kandungan karbohidrat lignoselulosamenjadi etanol, akan tetapi C.tropicalis mampu tumbuh pada media dengan xilosa atau arabinosa sebagaisumber karbon. Hasil kami menunjukkan bahwa dengan mengguankan C.tropicalis  fermentasi 10% (w/v) selulosa sebagai satu-satunya sumber karbon menghasilkan 2,88% (v/v) etanol, Produksi etanol ini lebih rendah jika menggunakan 10% (w/v) dekstrosa sebagai satu satunya sumber karbon yang menghasilkan 5,51% (v/v) etanol.  Berdasarkan percobaan menunjukkan bahwa C.tropicalis mampu melakukan dua proses utama dalam mengkonversi material selulosa menjadi etanol yaitu hidrolisis degradasi selulosa menjadi glukosa, dan fermentasi proses konversi glukosa menjadi bioetanol.Kata Kunci: Candida tropicalis, bioetanol, fermentasi, celulosik 
Studi Respon Siswa SMP Terhadap Levels Of Inquiry Model Pada Pembelajaran IPA Novia, Novia; Riandi, Riandi; Novianawati, Noor
Jurnal Inspirasi Pendidikan Vol 8 No 2 (2018): Agustus 2018
Publisher : Universitas Kanjuruhan Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21067/jip.v8i2.2640

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan respon siswa terhadap pembelajaran levels of inquiry model pada pembelajaran IPA secara keseluruhan dan berdasarkan setiap aspeknya. Terdapat sembilan aspek yang terkait dengan respon siswa pada terhadap Levels of Inquiry Model. Selain itu, penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh gambaran informasi mengenai subjek penelitian. Respon siswa diukur mengunakan Skala Guttman dengan jumlah pertanyaan sebanyak 9 soal. Selain menggunakan kuesioner, penelitian ini juga menggunakan instrumen wawancara terstruktur. Metode penelitian yang dipilih dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif kuantitatif. Populasi dalam peneitian ini adalah seluruh siswa SMP kelas VII tahun ajaran 2014/2015 di SMP Laboratorium Percontohan UPI Bandung. Sampel dari penelitian ini adalah salah satu kelas VII yaitu kelas VII C. Metode pengambilan sampel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara kuantitatif dapat dikatakan bahwa hampir semua siswa (86,7%)  menyukai pembelajaran yang dilakukan dengan model levels of inquiry dengan berbagai alasan, seperti dapat lebih aktif belajar, menyenangkan, lebih memahami materi yang disajikan, menemukan konsep sendiri dan menjadi lebih bersemangat. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa siswa siap belajar karena telah biasa melakukan pembelajaran levels of inquiry dan memiliki motivasi yang tinggi untuk melaksanakan pembelajarannya.
Nitrogen Removal by Anammox Biofilm Column Reactor at Moderately Low Temperature Agustina, Tuty Emilia; Novia, Novia; Diansyah, Gusti; Ike, Michihiko; Soda, Satoshi
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 2, No 3 (2017): October 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v2.i3.78

Abstract

The anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) as a new biological approach for nitrogen removal has been considered to be more cost-effective compared with the combination of nitrification and denitrification process. However, the anammox bioreactors are mostly explored at high temperature (>300C) in which temperature controlling system is fully required. This research was intended to develop and to apply anammox process for high nitrogen concentration removal at ambient temperature used for treating wastewater in tropical countries. An up-flow biofilm column reactor, which the upper part constructed with a porous polyester non-woven fabric material as a carrier to attach the anammox bacteria was operated without heating system. A maximum nitrogen removal rate (NRR) of 1.05 kg-N m3 d-1 was reached in the operation days of 178 with a Total Nitrogen (TN) removal efficiency of 74%. This showed the biofilm column anammox reactor was successfully applied to moderate high nitrogen removal from synthetic wastewater at moderately low temperature. Keywords: Anammox, biofilm column reactor, ambient temperature, nitrogen removal
Effect of Dilute Acid - Alkaline Pretreatment on Rice Husk Composition and Hydrodynamic Modeling with CFD Novia, Novia; Pareek, Vishnu K; Hermansyah, Hermansyah; Jannah, Asyeni Miftahul
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 4 No 1 (2019): January
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (846.51 KB) | DOI: 10.26554/sti.2019.4.1.18-23

Abstract

The high cellulosic content of rice husk can be utilized as a feedstock for pulp and biofuel. Pretreatment is necessary to break the bonds in the complex lignocellulose matrices addressing the cellulose access. This work aims to utilize the rice husk using dilute acid and alkaline pretreatment experimentally and CFD modeling. The study consists of three series of research. The first stage was the dilute acid pretreatment with sulfuric acid concentration of 1% to 5% (v/v) at 85°C for 60 minutes, and alkaline pretreatment with NaOH concentration of 1% to 5% (w/v) at 85oC for 30 minutes separately. The second stage used the combination of both pretreatment. Moreover the last stage of research was hydrodynamic modeling of pretreatment process by CFD (ANSYS FLUENT 16). The experimental results showed that the lowest lignin content after acid pretreatment was about 10.74%. Alkaline pretreatment produced the lowest lignin content of 4.35%. The highest cellulose content was 66.75 % for acid-alkaline pretreatment. The lowest content of lignin was about 6.09% for acid-alkaline pretreatment. The lowest performance of alkaline pretreatment on HWS (hot water solubility) of about 7.34% can be enhanced to 9.71% by using a combination alkaline-acid. The combined pretreatments result hemicellulose of about 9.59% (alkaline-acid) and 9.27% (acid-alkaline). Modeling results showed that the mixing area had the minimum pressure of about -6250 Pa which is vortex leading minimum efficiency of mixing. The rice husk flowed upward to the upper level and mixed with reagent in the perfect mixing.  
PENGARUH WAKTU TINGGAL DAN UMUR TANAMAN PADA BIOSORPSI AMMONIA OLEH TANAMAN AIR ENCENG GONDOK (EICHHORNIA GRASSIPES) Suhendrayatna, Suhendrayatna; Bahagia, Bahagia; Novia, Novia; Elvitriana, Elvitriana
Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan Vol 7, No 2 (2009): Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Department, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

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Abstract

Ammonia biosorption by using Enceng Gondok, Eichhornia crassipes, was conducted in outdoor laboratory with objective to study the influence residence time and plant age to ammonia biosorption rate. The research uses reactor test consisting of wet land and sludge. Enceng Gondok is planted on reactor test flown by ammonia as bacth with relatif low enough concentration (2 mg/L), water height 20 cm, plant?s number in each reactor of 4 stems with variatious plant?s length 10, 20, 30, and 40 cm, and various residence time 2, 4, 6, and 8 days. Each test conducted was completed by controlling reactor. Research result showed that maximun biosorption occurs at 2 days culturization; ammonia biosorption rate by roots increases as residence time increases. Residence time 2, 4, 6 and 8 days can decrease ammonia concentration up to 1.568 mg/l, 0.245 mg/l, 0.204 mg/l (10%), and 0.022 mg/l, respectively, at plant length 10 cm. Further, research results showed that the more the plant?s age, the larger the biosorption by plant.Keywords: ammonia biosorption, enceng gondok, plant?s age, residence time