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Journal : Buletin Peternakan

EFFECTS OF METHIONINE-CYSTEINE AMINO ACID SUPPLEMENTATIONS IN THE AFLATOXIN B1 CONTAMINATED DIET ON BROILER PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE Purnamasari, Listya; Agus, Ali; Noviandi, Cuk Tri
Buletin Peternakan Vol 43, No 4 (2019): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 43 (4) NOVEMBER 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.86 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v43i4.31150

Abstract

This research aimed to observe the interaction of methionine-cysteine amino acid supplementation to decrease the effect of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) on diet against production performance of broiler chicken. A number of 240 mixed sex broiler chickens were treated in 9 treatments by factorial design 3 x 3 with methionine-cysteine amino acid (M+C) (75,100, dan 125%) factors and AFB1 levels (0, 200, dan 400 ppb). Variables observed were: Weight gain, feed consumption, and feed conversion ratio (FCR). The results showed that increased AFB1 content in diet from 0 to 400 ppb increased chicken body weight (P <0.05) in each age group. The high body weight was balanced with high feed consumption along with increased nutrient needs, mainly sulfuric amino acid (M+C) as the precursor of glutathione to eliminate toxic through conjugation reactions. The interaction effect was firstly occurred between M + C and AFB1 treatment (P <0.05). Meanwhile increased supplementation of M + C from 75 to 125% caused decreased feed consumption in each age group of chickens, but increased AFB1 levels further increased feed consumption (P<0.05). The interaction effect between the level of M + C and AFB1 contamination in diets on feed consumption were seen in 21-day-old chickens (P<0.05). FCR was also increased (P <0.05) with the reduction of M + C content in diet at 7 days old. The effect of AFB1 on diet and interaction between M + C and AFB1 on chicken FCR in this study was not significant in all age groups. It can be concluded from the current study that supplying methionine-cystine amino acid with 75, 100 and 125% in AFB1 contaminated diet of 0, 200 and 400 ppb improves the performance of broiler chicken production.
GROWTH, PRODUCTION AND SEED QUALITY OF BRACHIARIA BRIZANTHA CV. MG 5 UNDER DIFFERENT PLANTING SPACE Umami, Nafiatul; Kusuma, Asrie Hardianing Indra; Noviandi, Cuk Tri
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 3 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (3) AUGUST 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (276.533 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i3.12803

Abstract

The research aimed to investigate the effect of different planting space on the seed production of Brachiaria brizantha cv. MG 5.This study used three dimensions of spacing: 75 x 75 cm, 100 x 100 cm, and 150 x 150 cm. The seed was germinated before planted on the 3 x 3 m plot with three replications. Fertilization was performed twice at the age of 30 and 90 days with NPK fertilizer 400 kg ha-1 and given the same amount of water. The variables observed were the plants? height, length, number of tiller, inflorescence, raceme, spikelet, the seed purity, the seed production (kg ha-1), and viability. The data obtained were analyzed statistically by using the Completely Randomized Design (CRD), and if any difference existed, it was continued with Duncan's new multiple range test. The results showed that the different planting space was significant (P<0.05) to the seed production of Brachiaria brizantha cv. MG5., which was the seed production at 75 x 75 cm spacing was 206.43 kg ha-1, 100 x 100 cm was 354.43 kg ha-1, and 150 x 150 cm was 128.87 kg ha-1. The highest seed production was resulted in planting space of 100 x 100 cm that was 354.43 kg ha-1.
KAJIAN PRODUKSI AFLATOKSIN B1 KASAR DARI ISOLAT KAPANG ASPERGILLUS FLAVUS LOKAL PADA MEDIA JAGUNG DAN JAGUNG+KACANG TANAH purnamasari, listya; Agus, Ali; Noviandi, Cuk Tri
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 2 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (2) JUNI 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (879.829 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i2.9354

Abstract

Aflatoxin, which known as toxigenic compound, is a secondary metabolite produced by Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus. Aflatoxin is found in both food and feed stuffs, such as: corn and peanut. Aflatoxin standard is needed in every research of aflatoxin contamination. But it is rather difficult to get. It is imported, high costs, and take times. The aim of the research is to assess the potential local isolate of A. flavus to producing aflatoxin that can be used to be the alternative aflatoxin standard. Local mold of A. flavus FNCC 6122 and FNCC 6109 are got from PAU University of Gadjah Mada. Isolate was enriched on PDA medium for 5 days and move to corn medium of corn+peanut combine medium for 10-15 day at 25ºC. The variables was the content of AFB1 by ELISA test. The result is shown that isolat FNCC 6122 produced higher AFB1 than isolate FNCC 6109. The combine of corn and peanut medium stimulated FNCC 6122 to produce higher AFB1 and has potency to be the candidate of standard aflatoxin. In conclusion, the peanut addition on the medium would initiate increasing of the aflatoksin B1 level.
ADDITION OF CASSAVA IN THE BASAL FEED BASED ON RICE STRAW FERMENTATION TO IMPROVE THE DIGESTIBILITY IN VITRO ON THE BALI CATTLE Christofel, John Bernhard Sendow; Noviandi, Cuk Tri; Utomo, Ristianto
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 4 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (4) NOVEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (630.058 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i4.8807

Abstract

INTISARI Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui daya cerna sapi Bali secara in vitro terhadap penambahan ubi kayu pada waktu yang berbeda terhadap pakan basal jerami padi fermentasi. Penelitian ini selama 4 bulandan dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Teknologi Makanan Ternak, Biokimia Nutrisi, Uji Teknologi Pangan dan Hasil, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. Persiapan alat dan bahan yakni sapi Bali berfistula rumen, jerami padi fermentasi, ubi kayu, seperangkat bahan dan alat laboratorium untuk analisis proksimat in vitro.Uji in vitro tahap pertama untuk mengetahui kecernaan bahan kering (BK), bahan organik (BO), konsentrasi NH3, protein mikrobia dan VFA, penelitian menggunakan metodein vitroTilley dan Terry dengan memodifikasi pada bagian tutup tabung reaksi. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis variansi completely randomized design (CRD) one-way ANOVA dengan bantuan XLSTAT. Analisis dilanjutkan menggunakan Duncan?s new multiple range test (DMRT) jika terdapat perbedaan. Hasil uji in vitro menunjukkan perbedaan nyata (P<0,05) dengan perlakuannya yaknitanpa penambahan 10% (0 jam) danpenambahan 10%ubi kayu kering pada jam ke 2, 4, dan 6sebagai berikut BK(35,35%, 46,01%, 45,27%,41,52%). BO (44,74%, 53,57%, 50,49%, 51,04%),NH3 (6,77 mg/100 ml, 4,85 mg/100 ml, 5,66 mg/100 ml, 5,39 mg/100 ml), protein mikrobia (0,17 mMol/ml/g, 0,15 mMol/ml/g, 0,14 mMol/ml/g, 0,14 mMol/ml/g), VFA : asetat, (22,98 mM, 20,18 mM, 30,70 mM, 35,21 mM), propionat (5,51 mM, 4,87 mM, 5,40 mM, 7,46 mM), butirat (1,38 mM, 2,51 mM, 3,23 mM, 3,42 mM). Kesimpulannya yakni penambahan ubi kayu pada waktu berbeda setelah diberi pakan basal jerami padi fermentasi dapat meningkatkan kecernaan sapi Bali secara in vitro.  (Kata Kunci :  In Vitro, Jerami Padi Fermentasi, Sapi Bali, Ubi Kayu).