Erida Nurahmi
Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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EFFECT OF ORGANIC MATTERS AND WATER STRESS ON PERFORMANCE OF RICE IN VEGETATIVE PHASE Ichsan, Cut Nur; Nurahmi, Erida; Rochmad, Oktrya; Bakhtiar, Bakhtiar; Efendi, Efendi; Sabaruddin, Sabaruddin
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 5, No 2 (2015): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Drought become a major limiting factor in world cereal production. Various methods are used to solve this problem such as irrigation management by managing the soil moisture effectively for the  plants  to  grow  normally.  Another  way  to  improve  the  water  holding  capacity  with  the addition  of  organic  matter  in  soil.  Another  way  by  planting  drought  tolerant  rice  varieties. Drought-tolerant  rice  varieties  like  Inpago  8  with  various  doses  of  organic  matter  and  water stress at vegetative phase treatment done  to analyze  the  change of rice plant performance at the  vegetative  phase  of  the  rice  crop  due  to  drought  and  organic  matter  dose.    At  very  low water  content,  which  happened  repeatedly  during  the  vegetative  phase  causes  the  change  in root growth, plant height, length and width of rice leaf significantly
VIABILITAS BENIH PALA (MYRISTICA FRAGRANS HOUTT) PADA BEBERAPA TINGKAT SKARIFIKASI DAN KONSENTRASI AIR KELAPA MUDA Nurahmi, Erida; Hereri, Agam Ihsan; Afriansyah, Afriansyah
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 2 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 2 Agustus 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Nutmegg Seed (Myristica fragrans HOUTT) Viability Scarification on Several Levels and The Concentration of Young Coconut Water.ABSTRACT. One of the efforts to eliminate the mechanical barrier is by scarification treatment (scrubbing) the seed that becomes a thin shell that easily enter the water and air. Besides the presence of growth regulators in seed also be an important factor for accelerating the growth of seedlings. The experimental design used in this research in Completely randomized design (CRD) 3x3 factorial with three replications. There are two factors studied, namely scarification percentage and the concentration of young coconut water. Increased nutmeg seed viability and seedling vigor due scarification treatment , except for potential growth. Scarification 100% gives the acceleration of growth was significantly different from the seed without scarification but not significantly different from the scarification 50%. Concentration of 100% coconut water could also accelerate the growth of normal seeds without significantly as compared with young coconut water immersion, but not significantly different from the concentration or 50% young coconut water. There were no significant interaction between treatments were tested on the viability and vigor of seed germinating of nutmeg.
VIABILITAS BENIH DAN VIGOR BIBIT KAKAO (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) BERDASARKAN KONDISI AIR PADA MEDIA TANAM DAN KEDALAMAN TANAM BENIH Hereri, Agam Ihsan; Nurahmi, Erida; Zahara, Nur
Jurnal Agrista Vol 13, No 2 (2009): Volume 13 Nomor 2 Agustus 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Seed Viability and Form of Seedling Cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) Condition Based on Moisture Media Planting and Deep SeededABSTRACT. Plant that have a high productivity has always started with the best planting material, both in the form of seeds or seedling. Agronomic inputs would be more optimal if the plants have optimum vigor. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of water on medium condition of seedlings and planting depth on seed viability and vigor of seedling of cacao. The result showed that the germination medium water conditions have no significant on all variables observed. While the depth of planting the seed in cultivation media has a very significant effect on potential germination, seedling vigor and dry weight, but no significant effect on height and weight of epicotyls weight wet. The best variables values found in the seeds are planted as deep as 4 cm from the surface of growing media. Besides seed viability and vigor of seedling planted at a depth indicated that different is not severely affected by the condition of water at planting media.
BEBERAPA CARA PEMBERIAN DAN TINGKAT KONSENTRASI EM-4 TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BIBIT KAKAO (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) Nurahmi, Erida; Yunus, Yuswar; Tasbih, M. Ilham
Jurnal Agrista Vol 13, No 3 (2009): Volume 13 Nomor 3 Desember 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Some Ways Application and Level EM-4 Concentration on Growth Seed Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.)ABSTRACT. Crop productivity is strongly influenced from the seed which will produce plants vigor and healthy. Efforts to get a healthy cacao seedling and various treatments which required strong support in creating an optimal environment to grow. One of these efforts is to use the potential of soil microorganisms endemic in growing media through the application of bio-activator (microorganisms) of land. This study aims to determine how and concentration of appropriate gifts in order to obtain good growth of cocoa seedlings and to determine whether there is linkage between these two factors tested. The design used was randomized block design with factorial pattern. 3x3 and 3 replications, so there are 27 units experiment. There are two factors studied, namely the factor for granting the solution of EM-4 (C) consist of 3 levels, and concentration factor of EM-4 (K) consisting of 3 levels. The result showed that the influence of the method of solution of EM-4 is only significant effect on high-added cocoa seedling age of 60 and 70 DAT. The way of EM-4 is best through the soil only. While on the other variables had no significant effect. While the EM-4 solution concentration significantly affected the height increment of seedling of cocoa age of 70 DAT. The best concentration of EM-4 was 5 ml/l of water. In addition to higher seed, the concentration tested did not significantly effect other variables. There was no significant interaction between the route of administration with a concentration of EM-4 for all variables observed the growth of cocoa seedling.
Pengaruh Lama Pengomposan Dan Konsentrasi Pupuk Super A1 Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Hasil Jamur Merang (Volvariella volvacea L) Fachlevi, T Ade; Nurahmi, Erida; Anhar, Ashabul
SAMUDERA Vol 8, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Malikussaleh

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui lama pengomposan media tanam dan konsentrasi pupuk Super A1 terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil jamur merang, serta untuk mengetahui apakah terdapat interaksi antara kedua faktor tersebut terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil jamur merang. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Usaha Budidaya Jamur Merang Darul Jala, Desa Limpok Kecamatan Darussalam, Aceh Besar dari 25 Februari sampai dengan 06 April 2012. Bahan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah benih jamur merang, air, tandan kosong kelapa sawit, kapur dolomit, bekatul dan pupuk. Sedangkan alat yang digunakan adalah cangkul, sekop, timba, drum 200 liter untuk sterilisasi, bak air, pipa 6 Inci, sprayer, thermometer, pH meter, timbangan analitik, mistar dan alat tulis. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap pola faktorial 3 x 3 dengan 3 ulangan. Terdapat 27 unit percobaan yang masing-masing terdiri dari 5 sampel tanaman. Dengan demikian terdapat 135 tanaman. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan lama pengomposan berbeda sangat nyata terhadap pembentukan primordial, stadia telur, jumlah badan buah panen I dan berat badan buah panen I, berpengaruh nyata terhadap jumlah badan buah dan panjang badan buah pada panen II, akan tetapi tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap jumlah badan buah panen III, panjang badan buah panen I dan III, berat badan buah panen II dan III. Sedangkan pada perlakuan konsentrasi pupuk menunjukkan adanya perbedaan nyata terhadap jumlah badan buah pada panen I dan III. Akan tetapi tidak terdapat perbedaan nyata terhadap pembentukan primordial, stadia telur, jumlah badan buah panen II, panjang badan buah dan berat badan buah pada panen I sampai dengan panen III. Terdapat interaksi yang nyata anatara lama pengomposan dan konsentrasi pupuk Super A1 pada panjang badan buah jamur merang panen I, kombinasi terbaik dijumpai pada perlakuan lama pengomposan 8 hari dan konsentrasi pupuk Super A1 1,5%.
PENGARUH TRICHODERMA TERHADAP PERKECAMBAHAN DAN PERTUMBUHAN BIBIT KAKAO, TOMAT, DAN KEDELAI Nurahmi, Erida; Susanna, Susanna; Sriwati, Rina
Jurnal Floratek Vol 7, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Trichoderma is a free-living fungus, commonly can be found in soil and root ecosystem.  Extensively, it is capable of producing antibiotics, parasite to other fungus, and microorganism that cause diseases on plants.  The objectives of the experiment were to study effects of Trichoderma on germination and growth of cacao, tomato, and soybean. The result showed that provision of Trichoderma (T. harzianum and T. virens) conidia suspension using seed submersion technique did not affect seed germination of cacao, tomato, and soybean, but significantly affected cacao root extension. Provision of Trichoderma through seed submersion on sand box germination gave a positive response to tomato plant, tolerance to cacao plant, and a negative response to soybean plant.  The causing factors of difference responses varied including concentration, application techniques, and kinds of seed.
KANDUNGAN UNSUR HARA TANAH DAN TANAMAN SELADA PADA TANAH BEKAS TSUNAMI AKIBAT PEMBERIAN PUPUK ORGANIK DAN ANORGANIK Nurahmi, Erida
Jurnal Floratek Vol 5, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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            Various forms of soil damage can be seen from the changes in physical properties, chemical and biological soil which happens in almost all coastal areas affected by the tsunami. The objectives of the study were to investigate the influence of organic and inorganic fertilizers in tsunami-affected lands on the growth of lettuce, and elemental content of N, P, and K in soil and plants. Experiment was carried out in polybags. Result showed that organic and inorganic fertilizer increased nutrient status of N and P soil, increased growth and nutrient content of N and P in lettuce plants. While for nutrient content of K, organic and inorganic fertilizer only affected soil and roots of lettuce. Growth and nutrient content of N, P and K in soil and plants due to organic and inorganic fertilizer application was highly dependent on the dosage given. The best growth of lettuce was obtained at combination of organic fertilizer 30 tons/ha with inorganic NPK fertilizer 1000 kg/ha
PENGARUH DOSIS PUPUK UREA DAN FREKUENSI PENYIRAMAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN SETEKNILAM ACEH (POGOSTEMON CABLIN BENTH) Nurahmi, Erida; Hidayat, Taufan; Mishar, Mishar
Jurnal Floratek Vol 12, No 2 (2017): Oktober 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The purpose of this study was to determine the dose of urea fertilizer and proper watering frequency on the growth of patchouli cuttings Aceh and whether there is interaction between the two factors. Factors urea fertilizer consists of 3 levels: 1 g/polybag, 2 g/polybag and 3 g/polybag. Watering frequency factor also consists of 3 levels: 2 times a day, 1 time a day and 2 days of watering.The results showed a significant effect of urea fertilizer on plant height at 15 DAP, however no significant effect on plant height age of 30, 45 and 60 DAT, the number and percentage of shoots grown at 15, 30, 45 and 60 DAP. Patchouli better growth obtained in the treatment of urea fertilizer dose of 2 g / polybag. The frequency of watering did not significantly affect plant height, number of shoots, a growing percentage of the age of 15, 30, 45 and 60 DAP. Better growth likely to be obtained at the frequency of watering treatment 1 a day.There is no real interaction between the dose of urea with the frequency of watering on plant height, number of shoots and the percentage is growing at 15, 30, 45 and 60 DAP.
PENGARUH JENIS KAKAO DAN KOMBINASI ZAT PENGATUR TUMBUH TERHADAP INDUKSI EMBRIO SOMATIK SECARA IN VITRO Zuyasna, Zuyasna; Nurahmi, Erida; Fajri, Rahmi
Jurnal Floratek Vol 9, No 2 (2014): Oktober 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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In an effort to increase the productivity of cocoa in Aceh, the government has carried out a cocoa plantation revitalization program for plants aged 25-30 years. The revitalization effort was constrained by the unavailability of quality seedlings. Alternatively, cocoa seedlings can be made available through vegetative propagations or through tissue culture techniques. Based on those facts, we have studied the inducing of callus and somatic embryos of cacao clones that were adaptive and highly productive in Aceh. The experiment was arranged in a completely randomized design, consisted of two factors. The first factor was the cacao genotype, having red and green fruits skin. The second factor consisted of six combinations of growth regulators 2,4-D and kinetin. The results showed that genotype of explants origin from cocoa red flowers responded very well in the formation of callus and somatic embryo formation. There was a significant interaction between genotype and growth regulator combinations on the explants in the number of somatic embryos formed. The best combination of concentrations growth regulator in response to somatic embryo in SCG (Secondary Callus Growth) medium was 3 mgL-1 2,4 D and 1 mgL-1 kinetin for explants from cocoa red flowers, and 1 mgL-1 2,4 D and 0 mgL-1 kinetin for explants origin from cacao green flowers. 
EFEKTIVITAS PUPUK ORGANIK TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL CABAI MERAH Nurahmi, Erida; T. Mahmud, T. Mahmud; Rossiana S, Sylvia
Jurnal Floratek Vol 6, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Program Studi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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            The objectives of this experiment were to study effectiveness of organic fertilizer on growth and yield of some varieties of red chili The experiment used a Randomized Complete Block Design with factorial pattern 3 x 3 and 3 replicates. There were 2 factors studied, i.e. organic fertilizer (P1= compost fertilizer, P2= liquid fertilizer, P3= guano fertilizer) and varieties (V1= TM-999, V2= ST-168, V3= local). The result showed that the best fertilizer for red chili growth and yield was guano fertilizer and the best variety was local variety. There was not significant interaction between organic fertilizers and varieties on all growth and yield variables studied.