DIANA NURANI
Laboratory of Industrial Technology Development for Agro and Biomedical Center for Bioindustrial Technology, Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) BPPT Buiding II 15th floor, Jalan MH Thamrin No 8, Jakarta 10340, Indonesia

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Optimasi Media Kultivasi Senyawa Aktif Penicillium lagena sebagai Antifungi Patogen Phellinus lamaoensis dengan Menggunakan Respon Surface Methodology Sunaryanto, Rofiq; Nurani, Diana; Riswoko, Asep; Nabilah, Siti; Syamsu, Khaswar
Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal 2018: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal "Tantangan dan Solusi Pengembangan PAJALE dan Kel
Publisher : Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Sunaryanto et al, 2019. Optimization of Penicillium lagena Medium Cultivation on Antifungal Pathogen of Phellinus lamaoensis using Response Surface Methodology. pp. 410-420. Phellinus lamaoensis (Murr.) Hein is fungal pathogen that can cause brown root rot disease in cocoa, tea, rubber, and coffee plants. Endophytic fungi, Penicillium lagena, isolated from bandotan (Ageratum conyzoides Linn.), medicinal plant, is able to inhibit the growth of pathogenic, P. lamaoensis. The effect of carbon source, nitrogen source, and mineral solution was studied. Lactose, yeast extract, and mineral solution were media components which showed significant effect toward production of P. lagena active compound. Composition optimization of these three medium components was done by response surface methodology (RSM). The Optimal response region of the significant factor was predicted by using a second order polynomial model with statistical design, central composite design (CCD). Higest production of P. lagena active compound by quadratic model was predicted to be 69.233% with medium composition 44.77 g L-1 lactose, 13.02 g L-1 yeast extract, and 15.95 mL L-1 mineral solution. Verification value in laboratory is 58.365%, lower 15.7% than its prediction. Optimization increase P. lagena active compound 9 fold compared to unoptimize media.
OPTIMASI PERMUKAAN RESPONS MEDIUM FERMENTASI Streptomyces prasinopilosus SEBAGAI ANTIFUNGI TERHADAP PATOGEN Ganoderma boninense Sunaryanto, Rofiq; Nurani, Diana
Jurnal Bioteknologi & Biosains Indonesia (JBBI) Vol. 6 No. 2 (2019): December 2019
Publisher : Balai Bioteknologi, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi (BPPT)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1326.321 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jbbi.v6i2.3231

Abstract

Response Surface Optimization of Medium Fermentation for Streptomyces prasinopilosus as An Antifungal against Ganoderma boninenseGanoderma boninense is one of the pathogenic fungi that cause basal stem rot (BPB) on oil palm plants. This research aims to study the effect of carbon sources, nitrogen sources, and minerals on the production of Streptomyces prasinopilosus active compounds. Lactose, yeast extract, and minerals are medium components that show a real influence on the production of S. prasinopilosus active compounds. Optimization of the factors that have significant influence was predicted by the second-order model, statistically through a central composite design (CCD). The highest S. prasinopilosus active compound production, with a medium composition of 44.77 g L-1 lactose, 13.02 g L-1 yeast extract, and 15.95 mL L-1 mineral solution, was predicted by the quadratic model to reach 32269366.338 peak area unit on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The verification of the mathematical model of the production of the active compounds through experiments in the laboratory was 27,203,907.310 peak area unit. This result was 15.7% lower compared to the result of the quadratic model. Optimization increased S. prasinopilosus active compound 9-fold compared to that before optimization.Keywords: active compound; G. boninense; optimization; RSM; S. prasinopilosus ABSTRAKGanoderma boninense merupakan salah satu jamur patogen yang menyebabkan penyakit busuk pangkal batang atau biasa disebut BPB pada tanaman kelapa sawit. Penelitian bertujuan mempelajari pengaruh sumber karbon, sumber nitrogen, dan mineral terhadap produksi senyawa aktif S. prasinopilosus. Laktosa, yeast extract, dan mineral adalah komponen medium yang menunjukkan pengaruh nyata terhadap produksi senyawa aktif S. prasinopilosus. Optimasi terhadap faktor yang berpengaruh nyata diprediksi dengan model orde dua melalui rancangan statistis central composite design (CCD). Produksi senyawa aktif S. prasinopilosus tertinggi diprediksi oleh model kuadratik mencapai 32269366,338 luasan puncak kromatografi cair kinerja tinggi (KCKT) dengan komposisi medium laktosa 44,77 g L-1, yeast extract 13,02 g L-1, dan larutan mineral 15,95 mL L-1. Verifikasi model matematis produksi senyawa aktif yang dihasilkan melalui percobaan di laboratorium adalah sebesar 27.203.907,310 luasan puncak kromatogram KCKT. Hasil ini lebih rendah 15,7% dibandingkan dengan model kuadratik hasil optimasi. Optimasi meningkatkan senyawa aktif S. prasinopilosus 9 kali lipat dibandingkan sebelum optimasi.