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FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN OBESITAS PADA MURID SEKOLAH DASAR NEGERI 11 LUBUK BUAYA KOTA PADANG TAHUN 2018 Yensasnidar, Yensasnidar; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Putri, Atika dewi Kumala
JURNAL KESEHATAN PERINTIS (Perintis's Health Journal) Vol 5 No 2 (2018): DESEMBER 2018 : Jurnal Kesehatan Perintis (Perintis's Health Journal)
Publisher : STIKES PERINTIS PADANG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (439.905 KB) | DOI: 10.33653/jkp.v5i2.147

Abstract

Obesitas pada anak saat ini merupakan masalah di seluruh dunia termasuk Indonesia. Prevalensi obesitas pada Tahun 2012 di Indonesia 18,8%. Begitu pula di Sumatera Barat pada Tahun 2011 prevalensi obesitas yaitu 5,4%. Di Kota Padang prevalensi obesitas pada Tahun 2011 yaitu 9,2%. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian obesitas pada (pola makan, aktivitas fisik dan konsumsi serat). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa apakah ada faktor-faktor yang berhubungan antara pola makan, aktivitas fisik, dan konsumsi serat dengan kejadian obesitas pada Murid Sekolah Dasar Negeri 11 Lubuk Buaya Kota Padang Tahun 2018.  Jenis penelitian ini adalah deskriptif analitik dengan menggunakan desain case control. Sampel pada penelitian ini adalah murid Sekolah Dasar Negeri 11 Lubuk Buaya Tahun 2018 sebanyak 80 kasus adalah anak obesitas (IMT/U > +25) dan kontrol adalah anak tidak obesitas. orang dengan menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Untuk mengetahui adanya hubungan antara variabel dengan terjadinya kejadian obesitas digunakan uji statistik chi square. Hasil analisis univariat Faktor yang secara bermakna berhubungan (p<0,05) dan menjadi faktor risiko terjadinya obesitas pada anak adalah pola makan 47,5% aktivitas fisik 48,8%, konsumsi serat 51,2%. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah adanya hubungan antara pola makan, aktivitas fisik dan konsumsi serat dengan kejadian obesitas. Berdasarkan peelitian ini Disarankan bagi anak dan orang tua agar membiasakan diri bersikap positif dan mengontrol diri agar  memiliki pola makan baik, aktivitas fisik ringan, tingkat ekonomi cukup dan konsumsi serat yang cukup supaya terhindar dari penyakit obesitas.
PENGARUH STRATEGI GENIUS LEARNING DISERTAI METODE PENEMUAN TERBIMBING TERHADAP PEMAHAMAN KONSEP MATEMATIS SISWA KELAS IX SMPN 20 PADANG TAHUN PELAJARAN 2012/2013 Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Putra, Atus Amadi; Harisman, Yulyanti
Pendidikan Matematika Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Mahasiswa Prodi Pendidikan Matematika
Publisher : STKIP PGRI Sumbar

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Abstract

The centre of learning process by the teachers and lack of motivation to find mathematic concept causes the comprehension math concept of students relatively low is the basic to do this research. The purpose of this research is to know weather the comprehension of math concept by using the Genius Learning strategy with Penemuan Terbimbing method is better than comprehension of math concept by using conventional learning at class IX of state Junior High School 20 Padang TP 2012/2013. This research is experimental research and use random sampling. To analyze the data this research used Mann-Whitney test with Minitab software. The result of hypotesis test is probability = 0,0039 with a = 0,05, so the hypotesis was accepted. So that it concludes that the comprehension of students math concept by using Genius Learning strategy with Penemuan Terbimbing method is better than comprehension of math concept by using conventional learning.
HUBUNGAN PENAMPILAN, RASA DAN KERAMAHAN PENYAJIAN TERHADAP SISA MAKANAN PADA PASIEN RAWAT INAP RSUD AROSUKA SOLOK Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Yensasnidar, Yensasnidar; Manora, Elsa
Sainstek : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Vol 11, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : IAIN Batusangkar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.767 KB) | DOI: 10.31958/js.v11i2.1619

Abstract

Nutrition services in the hospital are services provided and adapted to the circumstances patient based on clinical states, nutritional and the body?s metabolism status. The success of a food establishment is o often associated with the remaining food consumed by the patient. This study aims to determine the relationship of the quality, hospitality and the accuracy of serving food to the rest of soft foods in hospitalized patients at the Hospital Arosuka Solok. The desain study is a cross sectional. Samples were taken by using accidental sampling, with a total samples of 50 people (Adults around 17 and above of age). The result of univariate shows that patient leave the soft foods served. Statistical test results show the appearance of food, taste, hospitality presenter officials relationship the remaining soft food patients. While the result of statistical of the timeliness of presentation does not significant relationship (p=0.05). It is hopped installation of officers Arosuka Hospital nutrition increase the quality in the taste of food by providing training and comparative study so that the food processing personnel can produce high quality food. The nutritionist of the hospital should monitor food taste before serving it and can tace care of serving method which includes food serving color, shape and place so that, the food appearance will be attractive.
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PERILAKU IBU TERHADAP KEBIASAAN MENYIKAT GIGI ANAK Zia, Hanim Khalida; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Afriza, Dhona
B-Dent: Jurnal Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Baiturrahmah Volume 1, Nomor 1, Juni 2014
Publisher : Universitas Baiturrahmah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.679 KB) | DOI: 10.33854/JBDjbd.51

Abstract

Peran orang tua terutama ibu, sangat berpengaruh dalam pemeliharaan kesehatan dan kebersihan gigi anak. Pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku ibu terhadap kesehatan gigi akan menentukan status kesehatan gigi anak kelak. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku ibu terhadap kebiasaan menyikat gigi pada murid kelas 1 di SDN 02 Ulak Karang Kota Padang. Jenis penelitian adalah survei analitik dengan rancangan cross sectional. Cara pengambilan sampel dengan conservative sampling yaitu 36 orang ibu beserta anaknya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 52,8% murid kelas 1 SDN 02 Ulak Karang Kota Padang sering menyikat gigi, sedangkan 47,2% lagi jarang menyikat gigi. Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara pengetahuan ibu dengan kebiasaan menyikat gigi anaknya (p = 0,000). Antara perilaku ibu dengan kebiasaan menyikat gigi anaknya juga memiliki hubungan signifikan (p = 0,007). Namun tidak terdapat hubungan antara sikap ibu dengan kebiasaan menyikat gigi anaknya (p = 0,101). Dari hasil penelitian sebagian besar responden sudah mengetahui cara memelihara kesehatan gigi dan mulut anak, aplikasinya dalam hal tindakan pemeliharaan juga sudah baik, tetapi sikap yang ditunjukkan responden dalam pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dan mulut anak masih kurang.
IDENTIFIKASI PROFIL FITOKIMIA DAN UJI AKTIFITAS ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK DIETIL ETER DAUN SURIAN (TOONA SINENSIS (A.JUSS) M.ROEM) DENGAN METODE DPPH. Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Nurdin, Hazli; Manjang, Yunazar; Dharma, Abdi
Alotrop Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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Abstract

Surian Toona sinensis (A.Juss) M. Roem is a plant that is widely used by the community in the field of medicine such as fever, diarrhea, blood booster, tonic and others. This study aims to determine the secondary metabolite compounds found in leaf extracts of Toona sinensis and test the antioxidant activity using the 2,2-diphenyl-1- (2,4,6-trinitrophenyl) -hydrazinyl (DPPH) method. Identification of secondary metabolites by alkaloids, terpenoids, steroids, flavonoids, phenolics, saponins, coumarin and carotenoids. Toona sinensis leaf was extracted using methanol as a solvent. The resulting extract was saponified with a KOH solution in methanol. The saponification results were extracted again with diethyl ether solvent. The ether layer obtained was washed with distilled water, then dried with Na2SO4 and evaporated to dry, then tested its antioxidant activity. The identification results show Surian leaves contain all secondary metabolites except alkaloids. The antioxidant activity parameters of the Surian extract (Toona sinensis) are indicated by the% inhibitory and IC50 values. Test results showed diethyl ether extract had moderate category of antioxidant activity with IC50 122, 3752 ?g / mL
PERBANDINGAN SENSITIVITAS NANOPARTIKEL PERAK DENGAN REDUKTOR ALBUMIN DARI TELUR AYAM DAN BEBEK UNTUK ANALISIS MERKURI Azhar, Fikri Fadillah; Elvinawati, Elvinawati; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah
Alotrop Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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Abstract

The aims of this study were determine the protein level of chicken egg albumin (Gallus Sp.) And duck egg albumin (Anas domestica) also optimum conditions, sensitivity, and LOD values of silver nanoparticles (NPP) synthesized using bioreductors of chicken (Gallus Sp.) egg albumin and duck (Anas domestica) egg albumin for analysis of mercury ions (II). This research was conducted at the Laboratory of Chemistry FKIP UNIB on April - July 2019. Protein levels of chicken egg albumin and duck egg albumin were obtained in the amount of 0.210 gr / 100 ml and 0.234 gr / 100ml, respectively. The NPP synthesized in this study was carried out by mixing silver precursors derived from 10 mM AgNO3 solution and 1% albumin solution as bioreductors of each chicken egg albumin solution and duck egg albumin. The optimum condition of NPP synthesized using chicken egg albumin bioreductor and duck egg albumin was the same, with the number of comparisons between AgNO3 and albumin solutions namely 1: 2 and stirring time of 30 minutes. The results showed that NPP synthesized using chicken egg albumin and egg albumin ducks had good sensitivity to Hg metal with the addition of Hg metal concentrations above 50 ppm that be marked with significant color changes from brownish yellow to clear. LOD values in each NPP synthesized using bioreductors of chicken egg albumin and duck egg albumin were 3334 ppm and 2,238 ppm, so that NPP synthesized using bioreductor of duck egg albumin was more sensitive than NPP synthesized using bioreductor of chicken egg albumin for mercury metal analysis. This is influenced by the differences of protein levels of chicken egg albumin and duck egg albumin where the protein level of duck egg was higher than the protein level of chicken egg.
UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI DAUN JERUK KALAMANSI (CITROFORTUNELLA MICROCARPA) TERHADAP BAKTERI STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS DAN ESCHERICHIA COLI Oktasila, Deza; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Handayani, Dewi
Alotrop Vol 3, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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Abstract

This study aims to examine the antibacterial activity of ethanol extract and essential oil of Kalamansi citrus leaves (Citrofortunella microcarpa) against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli bacteria. The raw material of Kalamansi citrus leaves is obtained from the Village of Pondok Kubang, Bengkulu Tengah (3.70060S, 102.35780E). Ethanol extract from Kalamansi citrus leaves was obtained by maceration using ethanol 96%, then ethanol extract was made dilution concentration 40 ; 20; , 10; and 5%. The essential oil of Kalamansi citrus leaves is obtained by water-vapor distillation, then made variations of concentration 20;, 15;, 10;  and 5%. The method used to test the antibacterial activity is the paper disc diffusion method , the antibacterial activity is shown by the diameter of the inhibiting  zone formed. The data of antibacterial test result were analyzed by using One Way Anova test which showed the effect of treatment on the growth of test bacteria seen from the value (P <0,01) and continued by Duncan test to know the effect of the treatment. The results showed that ethanol extract of Kalamansi citrus leaves had antibacterial activity against S. aureus and E. coli bacteria with moderate inhibitory diameter is  7.20 and 5.73 mm at concentration 40%, while antibacterial activity on essential oil of Kalamansi citrus leaves is categorized as strong with inhibition zone diameter is 14.83 and 13.00 mm at concentration 20%.
AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN METABOLIT SEKUNDER BAKTERI ENDOFIT AKAR TANAMAN MORINGA OLEIFERA L (KELOR) Kuntari, Zeta; Sumpono, Sumpono; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah
Alotrop Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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Abstract

[ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF SECONDARY METABOLITE FROM ENDOFIT BACTERIA OF  Moringa oleifera L (KELOR) ROOTS]  The purpose of this research was aims to isolate and measure the ability of antioxidant activity from secondary metabolites produced by endophytic bacteria that grow in the live tissue root  of Moringa oleifera L. (kelor). Endophytic bacteria were purified and cultured using a solid  Murashige-skoog (MS)  medium for 3 days at room temperature. Secondary metabolites were obtained by centrifugation process at a rate of 3000 rpm for 20 minutes. The bacterial fermentation process  using  Nutrient Broth  (NB) medium for 72 hours with a shaker speed at 170 rpm . The suspension supernatant was extracted with a maceration method using 86% ethyl acetate, followed by vacuum rotary evaporator concentration at 40 ° C. The extract antioxidant activity test  was performed using the DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) method using a UV-Vis spectrophotometer at 517 nm wavelength and ascorbic acid as standard. The result of DPPH test showed that the antioxidant activity of ethyl acetate extract of endophytic bacterial from root of M. oleifera L root has IC50 value at  315, 396 ppm.  Based on these results, it can be concluded that the secondary metabolite extract of endophytic bacterial from M. oleifera L root classified as weak antioxidant (IC50> 250 ppm).
PEMANFAATAN EKSTRAK BUAH MORUS ALBA L. (MURBEI) SEBAGAI PENGAWET ALAMI IKAN SELAROIDES LEPTOLEPIS (SELAR) Nastiti, Diah Sari; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Chandra, I Nyoman
Alotrop Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to measure the influence of concentration and time of soaking of fruit extracts Morus alba l. (Mulberry) is effective as a preservative Selaroides leptolepis fish (Trevally). Samples taken of coral in the fruit of the Holy City of Argamakmur, North Bengkulu and trevally fish samples taken directly from the beach, the village Plow Jakat, province of Bengkulu. Fruit samples grinded using a blender and aqueous extracts are obtained through maceration method using aquades and filtered so that retrieved the mulberry and subsequent solution diluted with aquades be a concentration of 20, 40, 60 and 80% (v/v). Phytochemicals profile test to determination of secondary metabolites in extracts. The test is done through the methods of preserving this soaking on a several concentrations variation and soaking time with without soaking as control. The variation of the concentrations is done at a concentration of 10, 20, 30 and 40%, with soaking time variation 1, 2 and 3 hours. Variation of time observations were at 12, 18 and 24 hours and test the chemical content in the form of a test of water content, levels of Total Volatile Bases (TVB), and pH values. Phytochemical test results obtained the presence of saponins, alkaloids, terpenoids, phenolic and flavonoid compounds and do not contain steroids. The results showed that the extract of Mulberry fruits proved capable of lowering the pH and the levels of TVB but does not affect the water content of the fish. Soaking time variations do not affect the water content, pH and the levels of TVB. From the results obtained that the use of the mulberry fruit extract at concentrations of 30% with long submergence 1 hour most optimal for use as a preservative natural for S. leptolepis up to 18 hours at room temperature to the value pH 6.7 and TVB at 27.2 mg N%.
SKRINING FITOKIMIA DAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN BEBERAPA FRAKSI DARI KULIT BATANG JARAK (RICINUS COMMUNIS L.) Agustina, Wulan; Nurhamidah, Nurhamidah; Handayani, Dewi
Alotrop Vol 1, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : FKIP University of Bengkulu

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Abstract

[PHYTOCHEMICAL SCREENING AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF SOME FRACTIONS FROM BARK OF CASTOR (Ricinus communis L.)]. The Phytochemical screening was conducted to determine secondary metabolites found in the bark of castor (Ricinus communis L.).The test results of phytochemical screening that has been done presence of  phenolic, flavonoids, alkaloids, saponins, and terpenoids. Extraction is done by maceration using ethanol 96%. Tests performed on the fraction of the antioxidant activity of ethanol, ethyl acetate, n-hexane, and ascorbic acid as compared to using DPPH. The results of measuring the antioxidant activity using Uv-Vis Spectrophotometer IC50 values obtained succession namely fraction of ethanol, ethyl acetate, n-hexane, and ascorbic acid, 33,38, 24,38, 289, 05 and 12, 48 ppm. Fraction of ethanol and ethyl acetate has a very strong antioxidant activity due IC50<50 ppm while the n-hexane fraction very weak antioxidant activity. Phenolic and flavonoids the bark of castor that can be potentially as antioxidants