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Journal : Indonesian Aquaculture Journal

IN VITRO ANTAGONISTIC ACTIVITIES OF INDONESIAN MARINE SPONGE AAPTOS AAPTOS AND CALLYSPONGIA PSEUDORETICULATA EXTRACTS AND THEIR TOXICITY AGAINST Vibrio spp. Rosmiati, Rosmiati; Mohamad, Habsah; Muhammad, Tengku Sifzizul Tengku; Musa, Najiah; Ahmad, Aziz; Ismail, Noraznawati; Mohamad, Farida; Nurhidayah, Nurhidayah
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 6, No 2 (2011): (December 2011)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (193.645 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.6.2.2011.173-182

Abstract

Vibriosis is one of diseases which often results in mass mortality of Penaeus monodon larval rearing systems. It attacks shrimp of all stages in zoea, mysis and shrimp postlarva stage. This disease is caused by Vibrio spp, particularly Vibrio harveyi (a luminescent bacterium). Several kinds of antibiotics and chemical material have been used to overcome the disease but they have side effects to environment and human. The searching of bioactive compounds as an alternative treatment has been done for multi purposes. In this study diethyl eter, butanol and aqueous extract of Indonesian sponges Aaptos aaptos and Callyspongia pseudoreticulata were tested for in vitro activity against Vibrio spp. and Vibrio harveyi by using disc diffusion method. The result showed that all extracts of Aaptos aaptos gave a positive antibacterial activity towards those pathogenic bacteria. Meanwhile, only butanol extract of Callyspongia pseudoreticulata obtained to exhibit an antibacterial activity on those pathogenic bacteria. The strong anti-vibrio activity were shown by butanol and aqueous extract of Aaptos aaptos with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of 0.313 and 0.625 mg/mL, respectively. Whilst, the butanol extract of Callyspongia pseudoreticulata indicated a low antibacterial activity with the MIC value of 10 mg/mL. Toxicity of those active extracts was evaluated by Brine Shrimp Lethality Test (BST). Interestingly, butanol and aqueous extracts of Aaptos aaptos did not show any toxic effect in Artemia salina larvae up to 8 x MIC (2.504 mg/mL and 5.000 mg/mL). It is the first report for the anti-vibr io activity of both Aaptos aaptos and Callyspongia pseudoreticulata. This results suggest that Aaptos aaptos has a potential to be used as a source of alternative compound to vibriosis prevention for mariculture.
Co-Authors A. Sriyanti, A. Abdul Hamid Ade Kemala Jaya, Ade Kemala Afrianto, M Ficky Afrianto, Muhammad Ficky Afrianto, Muhammad Ficky ahmad yani Ahmad, Aziz Ainnadya Hasan, Phika Akhmad Qashlim, Akhmad Amir Kamal Amir Amiruddin Siahaan Andriani Andriani Anthon Monde Armin Lawi ARSYAD MAF?UL, MUHAMMAD ASDAR ASDAR, ASDAR Atmomarsono, Muharijadi Atmomarsono, Muharijadi Bakhtiar Bakhtiar BAKU, AGUS Baso Amri Basuki, Ismu Burhanuddin Burhanuddin Dahlia Dahlia Dian Farkhatus Solikha, Dian Farkhatus Dwi Handayani Dyah Kusuma, Farida Halis Emy Ismiaty, Emy Erianjoni Erianjoni Faizar Farid fatimah Fatimah Fika Masruroh, Fika Firman , Firman Fitriah, Endik mufidatul Fitriani Nur, Fitriani Frastica Deswardani H., Wahidyanti Rahayu Hajar Halini, Halini Hamdani Hamdani Hartono, Resky Haryunita, Haryunita Helga Dwi Fahyuan Hilda Karim Ichsan Invanni Baharuddin Isjoni Isjoni, Isjoni Ismail, Noraznawati Jaya, A I Jismulatif, Jismulatif Kamaruddin Kamaruddin karmila karmila Kesumawardhani, Aryani Dwi Khotimah, Nurul Khusnul Koko Kurniawan Kuswarini, Purwati Lily Mauliani Listiawati, Nurul Maddatuang Maddatuang, Maddatuang Made Pasek Kardiwinata, Made Pasek Made Sutarga Madeali, Mun Imah Mappamiring Mappamiring Mardison, Safri Marzuki Marzuki Mohamad, Farida Mohamad, Habsah MS, Nur Hafsah Yunus Muhammad, Tengku Sifzizul Tengku Muliani Muliani, Muliani Muliani, Mulian Musa, Najiah Nehru Nehru Nelson Nelson Ni Nyoman Karmini Novitasari, Rifni Nukhbatul Bidayati Haka, Nukhbatul Bidayati Nurbaya Nurbaya, Nurbaya Nurlina Nurlina Nurwahyudin, Nurwahyudin Pamuji Sukoco Pratiwi Puji Lestari, Pratiwi Puji Puji, Pratiwi Puspanita, Intan R Ratianingsih Rahma, Nur Ramlan Ramlan Riski, Ranti Anda Rizqiyah, Fitriyatur Rosmiati Rosmiati Rudhini, Mahmud Samad, Irfawandi Sari, Septa Sitti Hadijah, Sitti Sormin, Corry sparzinanda, eif Suaka, I Nyoman Sudiati Sudiati Sulaiman, Lusman Suradi Tahmir, Suradi Susianingsih, Endang Suwarni Suwarni Taufiqurrahman Taufiqurrahman Thamrin Tayeb, Thamrin Usman Mulbar Usman Rianse, Usman Usman, Harlina Usna, Sri Rahayu Alfitri Usna, Sri Rahayu Alfitri Verawaty Verawaty, Verawaty Vita Meylani Weka Gusmiarty Abdullah, Weka Gusmiarty Widayanti, Virginia Meyka Yeni solfiah, Yeni Yulastini, Fitria Z, Gusmanely