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Journal : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis

CHEMICAL, MICROBIOLOGY CHANGES AND DETECTION OF HDC GENE ON LONGTAIL TUNA THUNNUS TONGGOL DURING CHILLING TEMPERATURE STORAGE Nurilmala, Mala; Abdullah, Asadatun; Matutina, Vicentius Marco; Nurjanah; Yusfiandayani, Roza; Sondita, M. Fedi A.; Hizbullah, Hanifah Husein
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 11 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (942.362 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v11i2.23007

Abstract

Histamine is a biogenic amine that appear during post moterm phase on the fish flesh that contain high content of histidine. The higher level of histamine can be reduced by good handling practice to maintain fish quality for example: using chilling temperature. This research aimed to determine chemical and microbiology changes from longtail tuna Thunnus tonggol and the time when hdc gene can be detected during chilling temperature storage 8±3°C. This research design was a completely randomized design (CRD) with parameters of differences in fish storage time (1,2,3,4,5,6,7 days) and ice ratio 1:1. The results showed that the tuna fish experienced quality deterioration for 7 days of storage. Organoleptic values and pH decreased during storage and on the seventh day the fish were in the rigormortis phase. TVB and TPC values increased during storage and on the sixth day storage has passed the safe limit for consumption. Histamine levels of this tuna on the seventh day were 1.96 ppm. HDc gene detection using the PCR method showed negative results in each treatment. The protein profile that was formed during storage displayed to separate because of the cathepsin activity.
PROTEIN HISTON PADA SIPUT GONGGONG BINTAN STROMBUS SP. SEBAGAI KANDIDAT PANGAN FUNGSIONAL Viruly, Lily; Andarwulan, Nuri; Suhartono, Maggy T.; Nurilmala, Mala
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 11 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1114.559 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v11i1.22299

Abstract

ABSTRAKGonggong termasuk sejenis siput laut, biota endemik yang banyak hidup di pantai Pulau Bintan dan sekitarnya di Provinsi Kepulauan Riau. Gonggong merupakan ikon kota Tanjungpinang, Provinsi Kepulauan Riau. Sampai saat ini, penelitian gonggong masih sangat sedikit padahal siput ini merupakan spesies yang sangat potensial. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkarakterisasi protein histon dari siput gonggong Strombus sp. asal Bintan sebagai kandidat pangan fungsional. Karakterisasi profil protein menggunakan SDS-PAGE. Kadar protein pada gonggong dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode Bradford. Gonggong rebus bercangkang tebal diekstraksi dengan metode maserasi menggunakan pelarut etanol PA 95% dan uji aktivitas antimikroba menggunakan metode sumur. Asam amino dianalisis menggunakan HPLC. Hasil karakterisasi profil protein pada daging gonggong menunjukkan bahwa gonggong bercangkang tipis dan gonggong bercangkang tebal memiliki pita profil protein yang sama pada berat molekul 11-37 kDa, sedangkan profil protein pada lendir gonggong bercangkang tebal dan tipis memiliki pita protein yang sama pada berat molekul 37 kDa. Jenis protein pada spesies gonggong Bintan diprediksi merupakan protein histon karena hasil amplifikasi menggunakan primer protein histon H2A dan H2B didapatkan gen target pada 75 bp dan uji antimikroba pada bakteri S. aureus dan E. coli memiliki nilai DDH sebesar 25,65±0,02 mm dan 14,45±0,13 mm, sehingga diduga bahwa gonggong Bintan berpotensi sebagai kandidat pangan fungsional khas Kepulauan Riau. ABSTRACTGonggong is one of the sea snails, endemic species living on coastal waters of Bintan Island and surrounding islands of the Riau Islands Province. Sea snail gonggong is an icon of Tanjungpinang-Riau Islands Province. Until now, research this snail is the least, whereas it is potential species. The purpose of this study was to characterize histone protein from Bintan gonggong snail Strombus sp. as functional food candidate. Protein profiling used SDS-PAGE. Protein contents were analyzed by Bradford method. Boiled thick shelled gonggong were extracted by maseration method using ethanol PA 95% and antimicrobial activity tes using well method. Amino acid analized with HPLC. The result of characterization on protein profiles in meat gonggong showed that the thin-shelled and thick-shelled gonggong had the same band as protein profiles by 11-37 kDa and protein profiles in mucus gonggong were found the same band as protein profiles of 37 kDa. The type of protein in spesies Bintan gonggong had been predicted a histone protein because DNA identification using primer protein histone H2A and H2B had gen target of 75 bp. Antimicrobial activity test on S. aureus and E. coli bacteria had value DDH of 25.65±0.02 mm and 14.45±0.13 mm. In fact, gonggong snail was potentially as antimicrobial peptide, so it will make local functional food candidate from Riau Islands Province.
AMINO ACID PROFILE AND BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS OF SEAHORSE HIPPOCAMPUS COMES Sari, Evi Maya; Nurilmala, Mala; Abdullah, Asadatun
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 9 No. 2 (2017): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (406.366 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v9i2.19295

Abstract

Seahorse is one of the marine living  resources usually used as ornamental fish, traditional medicinal materials, and souvenirs. The purpose of the study was to determine the proximate composition of wet and dry seahorses, determine the profile of amino acid hydrolyzate and powder of seahorses, and determines to content of bioactive compounds from the ethanol extract of seahorses on qualitatively. The sample of this study is seahorses obtained from nature. Prviously, seahorses were morphometric identified, subsequently, seahorses were made of the powder, hydrolyzate, and ethanol extract. Several analyzes used were qualitative analysis of proximate, amino acid, and phytochemical analysis. Morphometric identification results indicate that the type is Hippocampus comes. The proximate composition is water content is 66.16 ± 0.33% (wet) and 10.33 ± 0.16% (dry), ash content of 9.55 ± 0.15% (wet) and 9.65 ± 0.16% (dry), lipid content 1.18 ± 0.23% (wet) and 4.89 ± 0.37% (dry), protein content of 22.73 ± 0.17% (wet) and 69.83 ± 0.31% (dry), carbohydrate 0.39 ± 0.23 (wet) and 5.50 ± 0.34 (dry). The amino acid composition both on hydrolyzate and powder comprising 9 essential amino acids are lysine, leucine, isoleucine, phenylalaline, valine, methionine, histidine, arginine, and threonine and 6 non essential amino acids are tyrosine, alanine, glycine, serine, glutamic acid, and aspartic acid. The results of identification of bioactive compounds is flavonoids, triterpenoids, steroids, saponins, and phenol of hydroquinone. Keywords: Hippocampus comes, proximate analysis, amino acid, and bioactive compounds