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Journal : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia

Dampak Desentralisasi Fiskal Terhadap Perekonomian Antar Daerah : Analisa Model IRIO Nurkholis, Nurkholis; Brodjonegoro, Bambang P.S.
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2003): Januari
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEUI

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Abstract

Regional autonomy program is the form of fiscal decentralization policy in Indonesia, legally started with the law of Regional Government No.22/1999 about de-concentration azas, which imply power or authority sharing and No.25/1999 about decentralization, which imply financial sharing between central and regional government. Financial sharing is tax and natural resources sharing revenue. This financial sharing type can widen fiscal gap between regions. As the solution, the central government gives block grants.   Interregional Input-Output (IRIO) model can be used to analyze the impact of fiscal decentralization policy on sectoral and regional linkages, multipliers, growth, equalization, and efficiency of the regional economy. The analysis use shock variables of inter-governmental transfer including tax sharing revenue, natural resources revenue and block grants. They are treated as an exogenous variable package by regional government expenditure. The expenditures are in the form of investment and consumption based on IRIO model to analyze the optimality of policy variation.   The analysis shows that the optimality of growth, equalization, and economic efficiency will be reached if the allocation of inter-governmental transfer is exactly the same as the potency and linkages between sectors and regions. We find the current formulation of intergovernmental transfer by central government, potent to increase regional disparity. Central government should reformulate division of inter-governmental transfer to avoid fiscal decentralization to be contra productive policy
PERKEMBANGAN HUBUNGAN ANTAR SEKTOR DAN ANTAR DAERAH DALAM PEREKONOMIAN INDONESIA: ANALISA MODEL INTERREGIONAL INPUT-OUTPUT TAHUN 1995 DAN 2000 Hirawan, Susiati B.; Nurkholis, Nurkholis
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 8, No 2 (2008): Januari
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEUI

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Abstract

The changes in sectors and linkages in Indonesian economy have been changing thus affecting the structure. This study aims to evaluate the changes in the nation´s economic structure by focusing on the development of intra/inter sectors and intra/inter regions linkage using lnterregional Input-Output (IRIO) model in 1995 and 2000 data. The model analyzes the changes by applying the concept of technical coeflicient stability, testing changes on the coeflicients, and exploring the basic IRIO model. The study found that there has been a significant decrease of relative relationship between sectors and regions in Indonesian economy albeit of seemingly insignificant. Further, the analysis in intra and inter regions showed that an increase in intra regions relationship has not been significant meanwhile the decrease of inter regions relationship has been significant. The studies also revealed that industry was a high potential sector in national development priorities notonly because of its high multiplier but also its role in strengthening and increasing theinteractions of intra/inter sectors and intra/inter regions.
PERKEMBANGAN HUBUNGAN ANTAR SEKTOR DAN ANTAR DAERAH DALAM PEREKONOMIAN INDONESIA: ANALISA MODEL INTERREGIONAL INPUT-OUTPUT TAHUN 1995 DAN 2000 Hirawan, Susiati B.; Nurkholis, Nurkholis
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 8 No 2 (2008): Januari
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEB UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (489.258 KB) | DOI: 10.21002/jepi.v8i2.173

Abstract

The changes in sectors and linkages in Indonesian economy have been changing thus affecting the structure. This study aims to evaluate the changes in the nation's economic structure by focusing on the development of intra/inter sectors and intra/inter regions linkage using lnterregional Input-Output (IRIO) model in 1995 and 2000 data. The model analyzes the changes by applying the concept of technical coeflicient stability, testing changes on the coeflicients, and exploring the basic IRIO model. The study found that there has been a significant decrease of relative relationship between sectors and regions in Indonesian economy albeit of seemingly insignificant. Further, the analysis in intra and inter regions showed that an increase in intra regions relationship has not been significant meanwhile the decrease of inter regions relationship has been significant. The studies also revealed that industry was a high potential sector in national development priorities notonly because of its high multiplier but also its role in strengthening and increasing theinteractions of intra/inter sectors and intra/inter regions.
PENDANAAN DALAM PENCAPAIAN AKSES UNIVERSAL AIR MINUM DI INDONESIA Sudarsono, Ratria Anggraini; Nurkholis, Nurkholis
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 20 No 1 (2020): Januari 2020
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEB UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21002/jepi.v20i1.844

Abstract

RPJMN 2015?2019 mandates universal access of drinking water in 2019. This study analyzes the policy using panel data regression. Random E ect Model (REM ) shows funding, per capita Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP), and population density explain the water coverage of 23.57%, while the rest are explained by variables outside the model. Gross Regional Domestic Product (PDRB) per capita has the biggest impact on coverage, followed by Population Density. On funding, central government?s budget significantly has the highest impact, followed by local government?s budget (APBD), while others aren?t significant. Investment has positive effect, but high per capita investment may not provide high coverage. The coverage in 2019 based on unit-cost calculation is 80.21%, universal access target isn?t reached. --------------------------------------- RPJMN 2015?2019 mengamanatkan pencapaian akses universal air minum tahun 2019. Penelitian ini menganalisis pencapaian kebijakan tersebut menggunakan regresi data panel. Random Effect Model (REM) menunjukkan variabel pendanaan, PDRB per kapita, dan kepadatan penduduk mampu menjelaskan variabel cakupan air minum sebesar 23,57%, sementara sisanya dijelaskan variabel di luar model. Variabel PDRB per kapita berpengaruh terbesar pada cakupan air minum, diikuti kepadatan penduduk. Untuk pendanaan, APBN signifikan memberikan pengaruh tertinggi pada cakupan air minum, diikuti APBD. Investasi berpengaruh positif, namun tingginya investasi per kapita belum tentu memberikan tambahan cakupan air minum tinggi.
DAMPAK DESENTRALISASI FISKAL TERHADAP PEREKONOMIAN ANTAR DAERAH : ANALISA MODEL IRIO Nurkholis, Nurkholis; Brodjonegoro, Bambang P.S.
Jurnal Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Indonesia Vol 3 No 2 (2003): Januari
Publisher : Department of Economics-FEB UI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (327.327 KB) | DOI: 10.21002/jepi.v3i2.28

Abstract

Regional autonomy program is the form of fiscal decentralization policy in Indonesia, legally started with the law of Regional Government No.22/1999 about de-concentration azas, which imply power or authority sharing and No.25/1999 about decentralization, which imply financial sharing between central and regional government. Financial sharing is tax and natural resources sharing revenue. This financial sharing type can widen fiscal gap between regions. As the solution, the central government gives block grants. Interregional Input-Output (IRIO) model can be used to analyze the impact of fiscal decentralization policy on sectoral and regional linkages, multipliers, growth, equalization, and efficiency of the regional economy. The analysis use shock variables of inter-governmental transfer including tax sharing revenue, natural resources revenue and block grants. They are treated as an exogenous variable package by regional government expenditure. The expenditures are in the form of investment and consumption based on IRIO model to analyze the optimality of policy variation. The analysis shows that the optimality of growth, equalization, and economic efficiency will be reached if the allocation of inter-governmental transfer is exactly the same as the potency and linkages between sectors and regions. We find the current formulation of intergovernmental transfer by central government, potent to increase regional disparity. Central government should reformulate division of inter-governmental transfer to avoid fiscal decentralization to be contra productive policy.
Co-Authors - Sutrisno Abdul Ghofar Affandi, Arlisya Tika Afifah, Nur Rahmah Agus Hadi Prayitno AGUS PURWANTO Agustina, Clara Aini, Sitti Nurul Alfonsus Jantong, Alfonsus Ali Djamhuri Amalia, Bonita Ana Pratiwi, Ana Anang Febri Prasetyo, Anang Febri Andri veno, Andri Andriono, Rian Arief Hidayat Afendi, Arief Hidayat Atmanto, Arif Puji Awaludin, Aan Bambang Hariadi Bambang P.S. Brodjonegoro Bambang Subroto Bawono, Ari bsa, Sholikhin Diel, M. Martono Edy Mintarto, Edy Elmonita, Yudhanoorsanti Endang Mardiati Fajar, Abdul Gariri, Putu Novia Gugus Irianto Gusti Adriansyah, Gusti HASAN SUBEKTI Hijriah, Amanah I Putu Hendra Setiawan I Wayan Dasna Ika Ratnawati, Ika Krisnawan, Gede Kusumawati, febriana Tri M. Ibnu Fajril Jabin, M. Ibnu Fajril Mariandini, Fransiska Iing Martarosa Martarosa Maskur Maskur Meidiana Dwidiyanti MIFTAKHUL JANNAH Muddin, Saripuddin Muhammad Firdaus Munjazi, Achmad Ibnu Munzil Munzil, Munzil Muslikhin Hidayat Mutaqin Mutaqin Ninda Ayu Wiranti, Ninda Ayu Nugraheni, Yudhi Ratna Nusantoro, Suluh Prabowo Yudo Jayanto, Prabowo Yudo Prijanto, Tulus Priyono Priyono Puspitasari, Nur Wahyu Putriana Salman Rahman, Fadhli Reni Kurniawati, Reni Riwan Kusmiadi, Riwan Rizki Bagustianto Roekhudin, Roekhudin Rozaq, Ibrahim Kholilul Rukmi, Dyah Laksito Safitri, Mei Via SAMUYUS NEALMA Sarto Sarto Siti Jamilatun Siti Nurul Hidayati, Siti Nurul Soekarjono, Satria Utama Sopyan Ali Rohman, Sopyan Ali Subaida, Ida Sudarsono, Ratria Anggraini Sudiyatno Sudiyatno Sulistiyaningsih Sulistiyaningsih SULISTYARTO, SONI Sulistyo, Indah Surjani Wonorahardjo, Surjani Susiati B. Hirawan Sutrisno T Sutrisno, T Syahniar, Theo Mahiseta Wiwin, Desak Wulan Fitri Utami, Wulan Fitri Zuhri, Mohammad