Kartika Dyah Palupi
Cancer Chemoprevention Research Center Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

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SynergisticCombinationofCiplukan(Physalis angulata) HerbsEthanolicExtractandDoxorubicinonT47DBreast CancerCells Armandari, Inna; Palupi, Kartika Dyah; Farida, Sofa; Hermawan, Adam; Susidarti, Ratna Asmah; Meiyanto, Edy
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 1, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4.399 KB)

Abstract

Doxorubicinisoneofchemotherapeuticagentwidelyusedinbreastcancertreatment,but in high dose doxorubicin gives negative side effect, including vomit, nausea, immune suppression, and cardiac toxicity. This toxicity hopefully could be reduced by combination chemotherapy using natural herbs such as ciplukan herb. This research was conducted to explorecytotoxicactivityofsingleciplukanherbsethanolicextractanditscombinationwith doxorubicinonT47Dbreastcancercells.Cytotoxicactivityofciplukanherbsethanolicextract only and its combination with doxorubicinwere tested on T47D cells using MTT assay toobtainIC50valueandcombinationindex(CI),respectively.Singleextractshowedcytotoxic activityonT47DcellswithIC50valueofwas160*g/ml.Thus,combinationtreatmentfrom ciplukanherbsethanolicextractanddoxorubicinshowedsynergisticeffect(CI<1,0).Thiseffect wasreachedatconcentrationofciplukanherbsethanolicextract-doxorubicin80μg/ml-2nM, 80 μg/ml-4 nM, and 80 μg/ml-8 nM. This research indicated that ciplukan herbs ethanolic extractispotentialtobeappliedasco-chemotherapeuticagentinbreastcancertherapy.
EFEK SITOTOKSIK EKSTRAK ETANOLIK HERBA SELEDRI (Apium graveolens L.) PADA SEL KANKER T47D, WiDr, DAN HeLa Palupi, Kartika Dyah; Wulandari, Ainun; Goenadi, Fina Aryani; Nur, Kholid Alfan; Fitriasari, Aditya; Meiyanto, Edy
Farmasains : Jurnal Farmasi dan Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 1, No 2 (2011): Oktober 2010 - Maret 2011
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.379 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/far.v1i2.1164

Abstract

Celery (Apium graveolens L.) is commonly used to lower blood pressure, antirheumatic, relaxant, mild diuretic, antiseptic for the urinary tract, antioxidant, and anti-inflammation. According to previous studies, a number of the phytochemicals found in the plant show cytotoxicity toward some types of cancer cells. However, studies on the cytotoxic effects of celery herb ethanolic extract (CEE) on breast cancer cell (T47D), colon cancer cell (WiDr), and cervix cancer cell (HeLa), however, has not been done yet. Our research aims at doing so. Cytotoxicity test was conducted using MTT assay and its absorbance was read using ELISA reader at λ = 595 nm. Results of the assay show that CEE reduces cell viability at concentrations of 100-750 µg/ml on HeLa cells, while reduction of T47D and WiDr cell viability was not achieved until concentrations of 500-750 µg/ml. Based on these results, we conclude that CEE hold many potentials for further developments as preventive and therapeutive agent in cancer treatment.
SKRINING BEBERAPA JAMUR ENDOFIT TUMBUHAN DARI PULAU ENGGANO, BENGKULU SEBAGAI ANTIBAKTERI DAN ANTIOKSIDAN [Screening of Plant Endophytic Fungi from Enggano Island, Bengkulu for Antibacterial and Antioxidant Activites] wulansari, dewi; Putra, Aldho Pramana; Ilyas, Muhammad; Praptiwi, Praptiwi; Fathoni, Ahmad; Palupi, Kartika Dyah; Agusta, Andria
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3260.703 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i3.2259

Abstract

Fungal endophytes have been known as sources for bioactives with high chemical structure variability. This study aimed to screen extracts of some endophytic fungi associated with plants from Enggano Island as antioxidant and antibacterial using thin layer chromatography (TLC) bioautography method. Antibacterial ativity was performed against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Seventeen out of 22 extracts showed growth inhibition activity against both bacteria, while 16 extracts were active as DPPH free radical scavenging agents. Further determination on IC50 value of four prominent extracts revealed that fungal endophytes AK3018-1, FC-1, KC-4, and SO-3 have IC50 value of 85, 84, 704, and 347 ?g/ml, respectively in DPPH radical scavenging method. Extracts of fungal endophytes CR-3, CS-2, and SM-2 showed prominent antibacterial activity among other extracts, indicated by wide clear white zone around the spot. Further evaluation on minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of those three extracts by microdilution method showed that CR-3, CS-2, and SM-2 have MICs value of 512, >512, and 64µg/ml, respectively against S. aureus.Fungal endophytes AK3018-1, FC-1, KC-4, SO-3, CR-3, CS-2, and SM-2 were respectively isolated from Dioscorea bulbifera tuber, Fibraurea chloroleuca twig, Knema cinerea twig, Smilax odoratissima stem, Cryptocarya sp. twig, Calophyllum soulattri twig, and Smilaxmacrophylla stem.
EVALUASI ANTIBAKTERI DAN ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK SMILAX spp. DARI PULAU ENGGANO [Evaluation of Antibacterial and Antioxidant of Smilax spp. Extracts Collected from Enggano] Tiwi, Praptiwi; Palupi, Kartika Dyah; Fathoni, Ahmad; Keim, Ary P; Royani, M Fathi; Effendi, Oscar; Agusta, Andria
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3098.315 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i3.2213

Abstract

Three species of Smilax spp. (Smilax macrophylla, S. odoratissima and S. zeylanica) collected from Enggano island were evaluated for their potential as an antibacterial and antioxidant. Stems and leaves of three species of Smilax spp. were extracted successively with nhexane,chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol. Antibacterial activity was evaluated by TLC-bioautography against Eschericha. coli InaCC B5 and Staphylococcus. aureus Ina-CC B4. The antioxidant activity was analyzed by DPPH free radical activity by bioautography method. The value of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and IC50 of active extracts were done by serial dilution in 96- well microplate. The results showed that 20 extracts have antioxidant activity, 13 extracts inhibited the growth of S. aureus Ina-CC B4, and 14 extracts inhibited the growth of E. coli Ina-CC B5. MIC values of active extracts against S. aureus Ina-CC B4 were in the range of 128 - > 512 µg / ml, while the values of MIC against E. coli B5 Ina-CC were > 512 µg / ml. IC50 values of extracts that has antioxidant activity were in the range of 184.11-4549.34 mg/L.
Synergistic Combination of Ciplukan (Physalis angulata) Herbs Ethanolic Extract and Doxorubicin on T47D Breast Cancer Cells Armandari, Inna; Palupi, Kartika Dyah; Farida, Sofa; Hermawan, Adam; Susidarti, Ratna Asmah; Meiyanto, Edy
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 1, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev1iss1pp26-31

Abstract

Doxorubicin is one of chemotherapeutic agent widely used in breast cancer treatment, but in high dose doxorubicin gives negative side effect, including vomit, nausea, immune suppression, and cardiac toxicity. This toxicity hopefully could be reduced by combination chemotherapy using natural herbs such as ciplukan herb. This research was conducted to explore cytotoxic activity of single ciplukan herbs ethanolic extract and its combination with doxorubicin on T47D breast cancer cells. Cytotoxic activity of ciplukan herbs ethanolic extract only and its combination with doxorubicin were tested on T47D cells using MTT assay to obtain IC50 value and combination index (CI), respectively. Single extract showed cytotoxic activity on T47D cells with IC50 value of was 160 µg/ml. Thus, combination treatment from ciplukan herbs ethanolic extract and doxorubicin showed synergistic effect (CI<1,0). This effect was reached at concentration of ciplukan herbs ethanolic extract-doxorubicin 80 μg/ml- 2 nM, 80 μg/ml-4 nM, and 80 μg/ml-8 nM. This research indicated that ciplukan herbs ethanolic extract is potential to be applied as co-chemotherapeutic agent in breast cancer therapy.Key word : ciplukan herbs, doxorubicin, co-chemotherapy, T47D cells
AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI DAN ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK IXORA CUMINGIANA Palupi, Kartika Dyah; Praptiwi, Praptiwi; Wulansari, Dewi; Agusta, Andria
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 19, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v19i1.3777

Abstract

Plants from Ixora genus exhibit a variety of pharmacological activities including antioxidant, antibacterial, and antitumor activities. This plants may contain many interesting bioactive compounds, especially phenolics and terpenoids groups. Ixora cumingiana is one of the Ixora species whose pharmacological effect has not been explored comprehensively. This study aimed to evaluate the antibacterial and antioxidant activity of eight extracts from bark and leaf of I. cumingiana. The plant samples were successively extracted using n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and methanol. The antibacterial evaluation was carried out against Staphylococcus aureus and the antioxidant activity was evaluated using a radical scavenging assay against 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). Initial activity screening was performed using thin layer chromatography-bioautography followed by the determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the determination of antioxidant activity index (AAI) using microdilution technique. The dichloromethane extract of the bark as well as the n-hexane and dichloromethane extract of the leaf of I. cumingiana exhibited moderate antibacterial effect with MIC value of 128, 128, and 256 µg/ml, respectively. The methanol extract from the bark displayed a strong antioxidant activity (AAI = 1.5±0.13) and possessed the highest total phenolic content (43±0.91 mg AGE/ g extract). These experimental results showed that I. cumingiana is potential to be developed as an antioxidant agent rather than as an antibacterial agent. 
SKRINING BEBERAPA JAMUR ENDOFIT TUMBUHAN DARI PULAU ENGGANO, BENGKULU SEBAGAI ANTIBAKTERI DAN ANTIOKSIDAN Wulansari, Dewi; Putra, Aldho Pramana; Ilyas, Muhammad; Praptiwi, Praptiwi; Fathoni, Ahmad; Palupi, Kartika Dyah; Agusta, Andria
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i3.2259

Abstract

Fungal endophytes have been known as sources for bioactives with high chemical structure variability. This study aimed to screen extracts of some endophytic fungi associated with plants from Enggano Island as antioxidant and antibacterial using thin layer chromatography (TLC) bioautography method. Antibacterial ativity was performed against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Seventeen out of 22 extracts showed growth inhibition activity against both bacteria, while 16 extracts were active as DPPH free radical scavenging agents. Further determination on IC50 value of four prominent extracts revealed that fungal endophytes AK3018-1, FC-1, KC-4, and SO-3 have IC50 value of 85, 84, 704, and 347 ?g/ml, respectively in DPPH radical scavenging method. Extracts of fungal endophytes CR-3, CS-2, and SM-2 showed prominent antibacterial activity among other extracts, indicated by wide clear white zone around the spot. Further evaluation on minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of those three extracts by microdilution method showed that CR-3, CS-2, and SM-2 have MICs value of 512, >512, and 64µg/ml, respectively against S. aureus.Fungal endophytes AK3018-1, FC-1, KC-4, SO-3, CR-3, CS-2, and SM-2 were respectively isolated from Dioscorea bulbifera tuber, Fibraurea chloroleuca twig, Knema cinerea twig, Smilax odoratissima stem, Cryptocarya sp. twig, Calophyllum soulattri twig, and Smilaxmacrophylla stem.
EVALUASI ANTIBAKTERI DAN ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK SMILAX SPP. DARI PULAU ENGGANO Tiwi, Praptiwi; Palupi, Kartika Dyah; Fathoni, Ahmad; Keim, Ary P; Royani, M Fathi; Effendi, Oscar; Agusta, Andria
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i3.2213

Abstract

Three species of Smilax spp. (Smilax macrophylla, S. odoratissima and S. zeylanica) collected from Enggano island were evaluated for their potential as an antibacterial and antioxidant. Stems and leaves of three species of Smilax spp. were extracted successively with nhexane,chloroform, ethyl acetate and methanol. Antibacterial activity was evaluated by TLC-bioautography against Eschericha. coli InaCC B5 and Staphylococcus. aureus Ina-CC B4. The antioxidant activity was analyzed by DPPH free radical activity by bioautography method. The value of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and IC50 of active extracts were done by serial dilution in 96- well microplate. The results showed that 20 extracts have antioxidant activity, 13 extracts inhibited the growth of S. aureus Ina-CC B4, and 14 extracts inhibited the growth of E. coli Ina-CC B5. MIC values of active extracts against S. aureus Ina-CC B4 were in the range of 128 - > 512 µg / ml, while the values of MIC against E. coli B5 Ina-CC were > 512 µg / ml. IC50 values of extracts that has antioxidant activity were in the range of 184.11-4549.34 mg/L.