Sarjana Parman
Departement of Biology, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, The University of Diponegoro, Semarang Indonesia

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PENGARUH METODE PENGERINGAN TERHADAP KUALITAS SIMPLISIA LEMPUYANG WANGI (Zingiber aromaticum L.) Winangsih, Winangsih; Prihastanti, Erma; Parman, Sarjana
BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA Vol 21, No 1 (2013): Volume XXI, Nomor 1, Maret 2013
Publisher : BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (199.616 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/baf.v21i1.6268

Abstract

Pengeringan merupakan tahapan terpenting dalam menjaga kestabilan senyawa pada simplisia. Simplisia tanaman lempuyang wangi sejak lama dikenal sebagai bahan ramuan obat untuk diare, disentri penyakit kulit dan antimikroba. dikenal sebagai bahan ramuan obat untuk diare, disentri penyakit kulit dan antimikroba. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman dan Obat (B2P2TO2T). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh metode pengeringan terhadap biomasa, kadar air, rendemen minyak atsiri dan nilai kesukaan terhadap simplisia tanaman lempuyang wangi. Metode pengeringan yang digunakan adalah pengeringan dengan oven 50oC, pengeringan sinar matahari langsung dan kering angin. Parameter yang diamati yaitu biomasa, kadar air, rendemen minyak atsiri dan nilai kesukaan. Hasilnya menunjukkan pengeringan menggunakan oven suhu 50oC merupakan pengeringan yang paling baik dengan kadar air paling sedikit 8.4%, rendemen minyak atsiri paling banyak 0.87 % meskipun biomasa paling sedikit yakni 239,36 g.   Kata kunci: pengeringan, kualitas, Lempuyang wangi (Zingiber aromaticum L.)
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN GIBERELIN PADA PERTUMBUHAN RUMPUN PADI IR-64 (Oryza sativa var IR-64) Parman, Sarjana
BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA Vol 23, No 1 (2015): VOLUME XXIII, NOMOR 1, MARET 2015
Publisher : BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.329 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/baf.v23i1.8742

Abstract

The research objective was to determine the effect of administration of Gibberellins on Growth pembeian clump IR-64 rice (Oryza sativa var IR = 64). This research laboratory dilakkan BSFT MIPA UNDIP FSM.Ilanjukan with the effect of giving gibberellin on growth of the IR-64 rice (Oryza sativa IR-64 with RAL design is done in the fields pwercobaan, one treatment that is giving giberelinie 0 mg / l; 5 mg / l; 10 mg / l; 15 mg / l; and 20 mg / l. given crop spraying since the age of 7 HST, repeated every 7 days with giberelin volume, 500 ML / ha, which dilajutkan the Duncans test 5%. The results showed there were differences in plant height of rice to week -7 though there are similarities in the pattern of increase in plant height spraying all treatments are the same. The number of grains and grain on the contents of the treatment penyemprotngiberelin 5 mg / l - 15 mg / l in contrast to the control, was treated spraying gibberellin 20 mg / l is not significantly different. Giving gibberellin concentrate 10 mb / l was able to increase the number of tillers per hill that formed start week 4 to week 8.. gibberellin concentration of 10 mg / l is the optimum concentration where the height of rice plants at week 23 reached average -rata 56.91 (50.22 cm control; the establishment of rice seedlings per hill at week 8 was 34.89 tillers per hill, control tiller 29.07 every clump.   Keywords: gibrelin, clumps of rice IR-64  , the number of tillers per hill, plant height
PENGARUH PUPUK ORGANIK CAIR BERBAHAN DASAR LIMBAH SAWI PUTIH (Brassica chinensis L.) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN JAGUNG MANIS Rahmah, Atikah; Izzati, Munifatul; Parman, Sarjana
BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA Vol 22, No 1 (2014): Volume XXII, NOMOR 1, MARET 2014
Publisher : BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (218.144 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/baf.v22i1.7810

Abstract

Liquid organic fertilizer was a fertilizer that comes from nature and served to increase the physical, chemical and biological condition of soil. It contains nutrient that be able to improve plants growth. The purpose of this experiment was to observe the effect of liquid organic fertilizer from waste of china cabbage on the growth of sweet corn. The research was conducted in Laboratory of Biology, Diponegoro University. The research design used was a completely randomized design witha single factor, namely  the concentration of liquid organic fertilizer in 6 treatments and 5 replication that. The treatments were control (without fertilizer), 1 mL/L, 2 mL/L, 3 mL/L, 4 mL/L, 5 mL/L. The data were analyzed by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) at 95% significance level. Parameters observed were plant height, number of leaves, fresh weight and dry weight. The results showed that treatment of liquid organic fertilizer spraying with different concentrations affect on all growth parameters. Concentration of 3 mL/L produced the highest plant, the concentration of 1 mL/Land 4 mL/L  resulted in the highest number of leaves. The highest of fresh and dry weight were resulted by application of 1 mL/L liquid organic fertilizer.
Analisis Proximat, Antioksidan dan Kesukaan Sereal Makanan Dari Bahan Dasar Tepung Jagung (Zea mays L.) dan Tepung Labu Kuning (Cucurbita moschata Durch) Ramadhani, Gian Aprilia; Izzati, Munifatul; Parman, Sarjana
BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA Vol 20, No 2 (2012): VOL XX, NOMOR 2, TAHUN 2012
Publisher : BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (336.483 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/baf.v20i2.4770

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Labu Kuning ( Cucurbita moschata ) memiliki kandungan antioksidan dan karbohidrat yang tinggi dan masih memiliki nilai ekonomi yang rendah, sama  hal nya dengan jagung ( Zea mays ) yang banyak memiliki kandungan serat dan karbohidrat yang tinggi. Kedua bahan tersebut dapat digunakan sebagai salah satu bahan alternatif pangan dengan mengolahnya menjadikan sereal  makanan siap saji. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan komposisi yang tepat dan dapat diterima masyarakat dengan mengetahui kualitas gizi dari produk sereal makanan ini dengan tiga taraf perbandingan tepung labu kuning dan tepung  jagung sebagai bahan dasar  (1:1; 1:2;  2:1). Hasil analisis proksimat menunjukan bahwa taraf kedua memiliki kandungan gizi yang tinggi meliputi kadar air 4,275 %, kadar abu 0, 832%, kadar serat  kasar 10,654%, sedangkan kandungan gizi lain yang tinggi untuk kadar antioksidan 27,772%, kadar lemak 24,316% dan kadar protein 15,211% terdapat pada taraf ketiga, Taraf pertama hanya memiliki kandungan karbohidrat yang tinggi yaitu 54,135%.  Hasil analisis organoleptik penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa panelis berjumlah 28 orang  lebih menyukai taraf kedua dibanding taraf lainnya, baik dari segi rasa, aroma, tektur dan warna
Pengaruh Pemberian Pupuk Organik Cair terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Kentang (Solanum tuberosum L.) Parman, Sarjana
BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA Vol 15, No 2 (2007): Volume XV, Nomor 2, Oktober 2007
Publisher : BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (66.553 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/baf.v15i2.2569

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The research about influence of liquid fertilizer on Solanum tuberosum var granola has been done in research garden Getasan, Salatiga,. This research began on May 2001-August 2001. Thr parental Solanum tuberosum seed var granola which able from the farmer from Dieng plateau in Batur regency Banjarnegara district and liquid fertilizer Supra fromSurya Putra Alam Yogyakarta. Complate research design single factor is used, and continued with Duncan Multiple Range Test 5% for data analysis. Result indicated that liquid fertilixer 4 mg/l not influence on hight, fresh and dry weight potatos tuber Solanum tuberosum. Liquid fertilizer by 3 mg/l – 4 mg/l caused fresh weight hight and bulbus diameters. Highly is given withconstrentation liquid fertilizer 4 mg/l caused fresh wight than the other concentration, and not real defferent with the other given treatment with given fertilizer concentration 3 mg/l.
APLIKASI PENAMBAHAN PEMBENAH TANAH DARI Eichhornia crassipes Solms. DAN Salvinia molesta Mitchell. PADA TANAH PASIR DAN TANAH LIAT TERHADAP PERKECAMBAHAN DAN PERTUMBUHAN TANAMAN ROSELLA (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) Amalia, Nur Rizki; Haryanti, Sri; Parman, Sarjana
BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA Vol 22, No 2 (2014): Volume XXII, NOMOR 2, OKTOBER 2014
Publisher : BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (551.037 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/baf.v22i2.7814

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Soil conditioner is materials that add to the soil. Soil conditioner can be improve soil structure, changing the capacity of the soil, hold and pull through the water, so it can support plant growth. This study aims to determine the effects of soil conditioner the germination and growth of rosella (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) on sandy and clay soil. This research was conducted at Laboratory of Biological Structure and Function of Plant Biology, Faculty of Sains and Mathematic, Diponegoro University. This research was designed by completely random design with factorial pattern 2 x 3. This treatment was replicated 3 time. Ratio of soil and soil conditioner is 75%:25%. The result data analized by Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) continued by test Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT) on 95% significance level. The parameters in this research were field capacity, viability, shoot length, number of leaf, fresh and dry weight. The results showed that addition soil conditioner from Salvinia molesta increase the germination of 20% and the addition soil conditioner from Eichhornia crassipes increase the germination of 30%. The addition soil conditioner from Salvinia molesta increase the plant growth of 17,45% and the addition soil conditioner from Eichhornia crassipes increase the plant growth of 20,94%. Application of the  addition soil conditioner from Eichhornia crassipes Solms. on clay soil more effective to increase field capacity, germination and plant growth of Hibiscus sabdariffa.
Produksi Tanaman Jagung Manis (Zea Mays L. Saccharata) yang Diperlakukan dengan Kompos Kascing dengan Dosis yang Berbeda Marvelita, Awalita; Darmanti, Sri; Parman, Sarjana
BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA Vol 14, No 2 (2006): Vol. XIV, No. 2, Oktober 2006
Publisher : BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (563.511 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/baf.v14i2.2573

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Land where as place growth plant must have nutrient content for support plant production. Available nutrient on soil must influence on organic substrate, because organic substrat can repairing of soil plant. Organic content in soil was decrease for a long time, it cant solution with given fertilizer. This research used organic fertilizer as cascing fertilizer with application on corn ( Zea mays L Saccarata ) plant. Main research is understand the influence of fertilizer of kascing with different dosage on production of sweet corn and understanding optimally dosage on maximally production of sweet corn. This research used RAL single factor, 4 treatment is dosage 0 gr/plant ( DO ), 125 gr/plant ( D1 ), 240 gr/plant ( D2 ), and 375 gr/plant ( D3 ). Data analysis with anova and continued by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test ( DMRT ) on level of signification 5%. Result this research indicatet that production sweet corn by treatment D1, D2, and D3 more lower compare with D0. This fact because the use fertilizer have highly ratio C/N, that hight nutrition that used by plant can’t on ready form.
Pertumbuhan, Kandungan Klorofil dan Serat Kasar pada Defoliasi Pertama Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L ) Akibat Pemupukan Mikorisa Parman, Sarjana; Harnina, S.
BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA Vol 16, No 2 (2008): Vol. XVI, No. 2, Oktober 2008
Publisher : BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (386.99 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/baf.v16i2.2587

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Research about growth, chlorophyl and fibre content at first defoliation in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L)after giving biofertilizer mycorrhiza have been done.. This research beginning at 15 March 2006 – 15agustus 2006 in research on biological garden FPMIPA UNNES Semarang, using plastic polybag, anddesign research of complete randomized design, one treatment that is give of mycorriza with fiveconcentration that is Mo ( without mikorizzsa); M1 ( ½ capcule/plant ;      M2 ( 1 capcule/plant), M3 ( ofmikorizza 11/2 capcule/plant) and M4 ( 2 capcule/plant). Every treatment repeating 5 times. Chlorophyllcontent determined to use method Arnon ( 1949 in Hukmani & Tripathy, 1994); Fibre content used bymethod AOC ( 1970 in Sudarmaji, 1984 data analyzed this research by computer with SPSS-13 program.Result of research show there are high difference of plant , sum of dry weight and of alfalfa at firstdefoliation. So the chlorophyll content is ( mg/100 gram naterial) is M0 ( 158,94), M1 ( 149,15), M2 (202,12),         M3 ( 208,69) and M4 ( 196,91) is sigmificant at p=0,007. Contain average fibre of alfalfa do notsignifikan ( p=0,067) start from M0 ( 26,42), M1 ( 26,11), M2 ( 29,57), M3 ( 22,55) and M4 ( 23,44).Conclusion from this research that mycorrhiza biofertilizer influence growth, but not have an in with highdry weight and crop of plant crop, and able to improve content of chlorophyll of crop and have an effect onin is not real at improvement of harsh fibre of alfalfa ( M. sativa L). At first defoliasi of crop M. sativaL.
Analisis Proksimat dan Nilai Kesukaaan Beras Artifisial Berbahan Dasar Tepung Ubi Kayu (Manihot esculenta Crantz ) dan Tepung Labu Kuning (Cucurbita moschata Durch) Rahmawati, Dewi Kartika; Izzati, Munifatul; Parman, Sarjana
Buletin Anatomi dan Fisiologi (Bulletin of Anatomy and Physiology) Volume 3, Nomor 2, Tahun 2018
Publisher : Departemen Biologi Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.057 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/baf.3.2.2018.203-206

Abstract

Beras artifisial adalah beras yang dibuat dari non padi dengan kandungan karbohidrat mendekati atau melebihi beras. Beras artifisial berbahan dasar tepung ubi kayu dan labu  kuning merupakan solusi agar ketergantungan masyarakat terhadap beras dapat dikurangi.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dan mengkaji kandungan gizi beras  artifisial  berbahan dasar tepung ubi kayu dan labu kuning ditinjau dari analisis proksimat dan antioksidan serta mengetahui dan mengkaji tingkat kesukaan masyarakat. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan satu faktor yaitu jumlah perbandingan tepung ubi kayu dan tepung labu kuning yang terdiri dari 3 taraf yaitu formula 2:1, 1:1 dan 1:2. Metode dari penelitian ini meliputi analisis proksimat, analisis antioksidan dan uji nilai kesukaan.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa formula beras artifisial berbahan dasar tepung ubi kayu dan labu kuning yang memiliki kualitas gizi terbaik yaitu formula 1:2. Formula 1:2  memiliki kadar abu sebesar 3,5%; kadar  a ir 9,2%; kadar serat kasar 8,2%;kadar protein 8%; kadar lemak 0,4%; kadar karbohidrat 78,5% dan  kadar antioksidan 8%. Uji nilai kesukaan menunjukan bahwa beras artifisial berbahan dasar tepung ubi kayu dan labu kuning formula 1:2 kurang disukai dari segi warna, aroma, dan penerimaan umum,  namun dari segi rasa panelis rata-rata menyukainya.
Peningkatan Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Panen Kentang Oleh Aplikasi Biofungisida Tricho Powder Produk Lokal Temanggung Purwantisari, Susiana; Parman, Sarjana; Sitepu, Harum
Jurnal Akademika Biologi Vol. 7 No. 4 Oktober 2018
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (171.968 KB)

Abstract

Penyakit hawar daun oleh jamur patogen Phytophthora infestans merupakan penyakit utamapada tanaman kentang yang dapat menurunkan produksi hingga 100%. Penggunaan agensia hayati Trichoderma spp. sebagai penginduksi ketahanan tanaman budidaya terhadap serangan patogen penyebab penyakit tanaman telah lama terbukti sebagai metode yang sangat efektif dilakukan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengevaluasi penggunaan biofungisida Tricho powder berbahan aktif jamur antagonis Trichoderma harzianum produk petani lokal untuk menginduksi ketahanan tanaman kentang sehingga mampu meningkatkan hasil panennya. Metode penelitian menggunakan penelitian eksperimental dengan pola penelitian rancangan acak lengkap dengan 5 perlakuan. Penelitian dilakukan di lahan demplot pertanaman tanaman kentang di Desa Kledung Temanggung dengan ketinggian 1350 meter di atas permukaan laut. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi biofungisida Tricho powder dapat meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan hasil panen tanaman kentang.