MADE PHARMAWATI
Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Udayana, Kampus Bukit Jimbaran, Bali, Indonesia

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Journal : BIOSLOGOS

RESPON MORFOLOGIS DAN EKSPRESI GEN AQUAPORIN PADA PADI IR 64 YANG MENGALAMI CEKAMAN KEKERINGAN PADA FASE REPRODUKTIF (MORPHOLOGICAL RESPONSES AND AQUAPORIN GENE EXPRESSION IN RICE IR64 UNDER DROUGHT STRESS AT THE REPRODUCTIVE STAGE) Pharmawati, Made; Wirasiti, Ni Nyoman; Wrasiati, Luh Putu
JURNAL BIOS LOGOS Vol 7, No 2 (2017): JURNAL BIOSLOGOS
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35799/jbl.7.2.2017.18579

Abstract

Abstrak Cekaman kekeringan merupakan faktor pembatas penting bagi pertumbuhan dan produktivitas tanaman termasuk padi.      Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis respon padi IR64 terhadap cekaman kekeringan dengan pemberian polietilen glikol (PEG) pada fase reproduktif.  Penelitian juga bertujuan menganalisis ekspresi gen aquaporin akibat cekaman kekeringan.  Bibit padi ditanam dalam pot dan perlakuan PEG dengan konsentrasi 108g/L (-0.25MPa) dan 178g/L (-0.52 MPa) diberikan saat munculnya panikula. Perlakuan diberikan selama 2 minggu, kemudian tanaman disiram kembali.  Ekspresi gen diamati pada akhir perlakuan dengan semi kuantitatif real time PCR.  Ekstraksi RNA menggunakan RNeasy plant mini kit, sedangkan sintesis cDNA menggunakan Transcriptor First Strand cDNA Kit.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jumlah malai dan berat total malai berkurang akibat cekaman kekeringan.  Persentase gabah kosong mencapai 84,6% pada perlakuan PEG-0,52 MPa, sedangkan pada perlakuan PEG -0,25 MPa persentase gabah kosong sebesar 67,8%.  Pada kontrol persentase gabah kosong adalah 10,3%.  Ekspresi gen OsPIP2;7 sedikit menurun pada perlakuan PEG -0,52 MPa.Kata kunci: ekspresi gen, IR64, kekeringan, padi, PEG  Abstract Drought stress is one of the limiting factors of plant growth and productivity including rice.  The aim of this study was to analyze responses of IR64 rice to polyethylene glycol (PEG)-induced-drought stress at the reproductive stage.  This study also aimed to analyze the expression of aquaporin under drought stress.  Rice seedlings were grown in pot system and PEG treatment at concentration of -0.25MPa (108g/L) and -0.52 MPa (178g/L) were given when the panicles arose.  Treatments were conducted for 2 weeks, after that the plants were rewatered.  Gene expression was evaluated at the end of PEG treatment using semi quantitative real time PCR. RNA was extracted using RNeasy plant mini kit, while cDNA synthesis was done using Transcriptor First Strand cDNA Kit.  The results showed that the number and weight of rice ear were less in plant treated with PEG than in control.  The percentage of empty rice grain reached 84.6% at PEG -0.52 MPa, while at PEG -0.25 MPa the percentage of empty grain was 67.8%.  In control plant, the percentage of empty grain was 10.3%.  Drought stress did not alter the expression of OsPIP2;7.  Keywords: drought, gene expression, IR64, PEG, rice
INDUKSI MUTASI KROMOSOM DENGAN KOLKISIN PADA BAWANG PUTIH (ALLIUM SATIVUM L.) KULTIVAR ‘KESUNA BALI’ (INDUCED CHROMOSOME MUTATION USING COLCHICINE IN GARLIC (ALLIUM SATIVUM LINN.) CULTIVAR ‘KESUNA BALI’) Pharmawati, Made; Wistiani, Ni Luh Ayu Jami
JURNAL BIOS LOGOS Vol 5, No 1 (2015): JURNAL BIOSLOGOS
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35799/jbl.5.1.2015.9317

Abstract

Abstrak Tanaman bawang putih (Allium sativum L.) adalah tanaman holtikultura yang memiliki banyak manfaat terutama umbinya yang umumnya digunakan sebgai bumbu dan obat. Salah satu kultivar bawang putih yang ditanam di Bali adalah ?Kesuna Bali? yang hanya memiliki satu siung.  Salah satu cara untuk memperbaiki karakter tanaman adalah dengan cara induksi mutasi kromosom dengan kolkisin. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh perlakuan kolkisin terhadap indeks stomata dan jumlah kromosom dari tanaman ?Kesuna Bali?. Penelitian menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok dengan enam ulangan. Perlakuan kolkisin yang digunakan adalah 5%, 10% dan 20%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan kolkisin menurunkan indeks stomata dan meningkatkan jumlah kromosom. Kromosom triploid (2n=3x=24) dihasilkan pada perlakuan kolkisin 20%. Kata kunci : Allium sativum L., ?Kesuna Bali?, kolkisin, mutasi, sitologi Abstract Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is a horticultural crop that has many benefits, especially as spice and traditional medicine.  One of garlic cultivars planted in Bali is ?Kesuna Bali? which only has one clove. To improve characters of ?Kesuna Bali?, modification of ?Kesuna Bali? properties can be done by means of induced mutation using colchicine.  This research aims to analyse the effect of colchicine on stomata index and the number of chromosomes of 'Kesuna Bali'. This research used randomized block design with six replicates. In this experiment the concentration of colchicine used were 5%, 10% and 20%. The results of this study showed that colchicine treatment of 20% resulted in the lowest stomata index and there was an increase in chromosome number. Colchicine at concentration of 20% resulted in triploid chromosome set (2n = 3x = 24). Keywords: Allium sativum L., ?Kesuna Bali?, cholchicine, mutation, cytology
AKSI ETHYL METHANE SULPHONATE TERHADAP MUNCULNYA BIBIT DAN PERTUMBUHAN CABAI RAWIT(CAPSICUM FRUTESCENS L.) (ETHYL METHANE SULPHONATE ACTION ON SEED EMERGENCE AND GROWTH OF (CAPSICUM FRUTECENS L.)) Rustini, Ni Kadek Dewi; Pharmawati, Made
JURNAL BIOS LOGOS Vol 4, No 1 (2014): JURNAL BIOSLOGOS
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35799/jbl.4.1.2014.4836

Abstract

Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan mengamati pengaruh lama perendaman biji dengan 1% EMS terhadap persentase munculnya bibit dan karakter pertumbuhan tanaman cabai rawit pada umur 4 minggu setelah tanam (MST). Benih cabai rawit direndam dalam air selama 6 jam, selanjutnya direndam 1% EMS dalam buffer fosfat pH 7, selama 6 jam, 9 jam dan 12 jam. Tiap biji disemai dalam bumbungan kertas. Munculnya bibit diamati setiap hari. Setelah berumur 3 minggu, bibit dipindahkan ke bedengan. Hasil menunjukkan perlakuan 1% EMS memperlambat munculnya bibit. Pada 10 hari setelah semai (HSS) munculnya bibit pada perlakuan dapat mencapai 100%. Perlakuan 1% EMS berpengaruh nyata terhadap tinggi tanaman dan jumlah daun, sedangkan panjang, dan lebar daun dengan perendaman 6 jam tidak berbeda dengan kontrol, namun berbeda dengan perendaman 9 jam dan 12 jam. Kata kunci : EMS, bibit, pertumbuhan, Capsicum frustescens L.   Abstract This research aimed to evaluate the influence of different exposure durations of 1% EMS on seedling emergence and growth characters of C, fustescent at 4 week after planting (WAT). Seeds were soaked in water for 6 hours, then soaked in 1% EMS in phosphate buffer pH 7, for 6 hours, 9 hours and 12 hours. Each seed was then sowed in a single paper tube. Seedling emergence was observed every day. At 3 weeks after sowing, seedlings were transferred to field. Results showed that soaking seeds in 1% EMS inhibited seedling emergence. At 10 days after sowing, the percentages of seedling emergence at control and treated seed were 100%. Treatments of 1% EMS have a significant effect on plant height, and the number of leaf, while length, and width of leaf with 6 hour exposure were not different with control, but differ from exposure of 9 hours and 12 hours. Keywords: EMS, seed emergence, growth, Capsicum frutescens L.
OPTIMASI KONSENTRASI DNA DAN MGCL2 PADA REAKSI POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION-RANDOM AMPLIFIED POLYMORPHIC DNA UNTUK ANALISIS KERAGAMAN GENETIK TANAMAN FALOAK (STERCULIA QUADRIFIDA R.BR) (OPTIMIZATION OF DNA AND MGCL2 CONCENTRATIONS IN POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTI Uslan, Uslan; Pharmawati, Made
JURNAL BIOS LOGOS Vol 5, No 1 (2015): JURNAL BIOSLOGOS
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35799/jbl.5.1.2015.9316

Abstract

Abstrak Faloak  merupakan tanaman yang tumbuh di lahan kritis. Sebagai upaya mendukung pemuliaan dan konservasi tanaman faloak diperlukan informasi keragaman genetiknya. Salah satu metode analisis keragaman genetik adalah menggunakan penanda DNA yang berbasis PCR. Untuk itu diperlukan kondisi PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) yang tepat sehingga diperoleh hasil yang dapat dianalisis lebih lanjut. Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan kondisi optimum PCR-RAPD (Polymerase Chain Reaction-Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA) tanaman faloak. Ekstraksi DNA dilakukan dengan metode CTAB. Optimasi dilakukan dengan menggunakan beberapa konsentrasi DNA cetakan dan MgCl2. Kondisi optimum PCR-RAPD tanaman faloak yang menghasilkan pita produk PCR yang jelas diperoleh  menggunakan 50 ng/ul DNA, 3 mM MgCl2 serta jumlah siklus termal 45 x. Kata kunci : PCR-RAPD, optimasi, tanaman faloak Abstract Faloak is a plant that grows on critical lands. In an effort to support breeding and conservation of faloak, information about its genetic diversity is required. One of the methods of genetic diversity analysis is using PCR-based DNA markers. For that purpose, proper PCR conditions is needed in order to obtain results that can be further analyzed. This study aimed to determine the optimum conditions for PCR-RAPD of faloak plants. DNA extraction was conducted using CTAB. Optimization was done by using several concentrations of DNA templates and MgCl2. The optimum conditions of PCR-RAPD of faloak plants that produce clear band of PCR products were obtained using 50 ng/ ul DNA, 3 mM MgCl2 and 45x thermal cycles Keywords : PCR-RAPD, optimization, faloak plant