Priyadi Nugraha Prabamurti
Bagian PKIP FKM Undip

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STRATEGI COPING STRESS KEJADIAN BULLYING (PERUNDUNGAN) SISWA SMP DI WILAYAH KECAMATAN BANYUMANIK Nurhidayanti, Yeni Dwi; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha; Husodo, Besar Tirto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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ABSTRACTThe bullying phenomenon often occurs in schools and does not receive enough attention when it can have a negative impact on victims of bullying which causes depression, stress and is also depressed so that it wants to conduct research that can lead to the need for strategies to deal with stress appropriately in accordance with the problems caused by bullying. The research was aimed to know stress coping strategies by adolscent against bullying in Junior High School (JHS) student in the Banyumanik sub-district. The study population was 89 students who were victims of bullying in their schools spread across seven Junior High School (JHS) in the Banyumanik sub-district of Semarang, the sample was 87 respondents taken using total sampling technique with the design research of descriptive analytic. Bullying data was obtained from interview technique with counseling teachers of each school. Retrieval of this research data by questionnaire. The result of the reasearch that were (52,9%) respondents who used stress coping strategies in the form of problem focused coping, while (47.1%) others used emotional focused coping strategies. In the Chi Square test, the results showed that stress coping strategies with perceived suscepbility (p-value =0,033), perceived control over outcomes (p-value = 0.049), perceived control over outcomes (p-value = 0.006).  Suggestions for victims of bullying are to remain positively related and to always get along with peers at school, for the school can do active counseling with students who are indicated trying to bullying at school. Research recommended for future research Improving future research More emphasizes strategies to deal with stress by students related to the incidence of bullying in schools in the Banyumanik District. 
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN, PERSEPSI KESERIUSAN, PERSEPSI HAMBATAN DAN EFIKASI DIRI DENGAN PARTISIPASI REMAJA DALAM MENGIKUTI POSYANDU REMAJA DI KELURAHAN PANGGUNG KIDUL KOTA SEMARANG Kurniawati, Kika Dwi; Kusumawati, Aditya; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 3 (2020): MEI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Posyandu remaja is one of the forms of Community-Based Health Efforts (UKBM) which is managed and organized from, by, for and with the community including youth in organizing health development, in order to empower the community and provide facilities in obtaining health services for adolescents to improve their health and skills teenage healthy life. Posyandu remaja is an extension of PKPR program implemented by puskesmas. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors related to the participation of adolescents in participating in posyandu remaja in the Panggung Kidul Village. This research uses quantitative research with cross-sectional approach. The population in this study were adolescents in the Village of Panggung Kidul with a total of 836 adolescents and then samples were taken as many as 100 adolescents using the Propotional Random Sampling method. This study used univariate and bivariate analysis with the Chi Square test. This research was conducted after obtaining ethical approval from the Health Research Ethics Commission of the Faculty of Public Health, University of Diponegoro under number 442 / EA / KEPK-FKM / 2019.The results showed that knowledge (p-value = 0.013), perception of seriousness (p-value = 0.009), perception of obstacles (p-value = 0.003) and self-efficacy (p-value = 0.003) were related to adolescent participation in participating in posyandu remaja. It is hoped that Bulu Lor Health Center can improve information on the form of services provided by Posyandu remaja and there is a need for training and the formation of new cadres. In addition, there is still a need for an active role from Posyandu remaja cadres to provide more varied material.
EKPLORASI PERAN FORUM KESEHATAN DESA (FKD) DALAM PEROLEHAN STRATA DESA SIAGA DI KABUPATEN BLORA Maqfirah, Durotun; BM, Syamsulhuda; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Background : Desa Siaga program is useful to improve the community's health status independently, specifically reducing mortality, morbidity and nutritional status. In 2016, Blora Regency was ranked 5th with the highest mortality rate. The number of villages that have independent strata is still very small, coupled with a decrease in strata in various villages.Purpose : to analyze the Role of the Village Health Forum (FKD) in obtaining strata of Desa Siaga in Blora Regency.Method : Type of qualitative research with a descriptive approach. Data collection is done through in-depth interviews and observations. The main informants were 21 people consisting of village midwives and administrators of the Village Health Forum (FKD).Results :  showed an increase in the Desa Siaga strata due to: a) Addition to the activity section, b) Management reorganization, c) Routine running meetings, d) The role of the puskesmas, e) Funds for independent community, community and private businesses, f) Having their own building, g) Systematic planning, h) Active forum, i) Support from the community and village government. While the decrease in the Desa Siaga strata was due to: a) The Management did not know the main tasks and functions of the Village Health Forum (FKD), b) There was no management reorganization, c) The village was still dependent on the Community Health Centers, d) There was no guidance for the village who could not afford fostered, e) Only have one source of funds, f) Non-systematic planning, g) Activities outside the forum, h) Lack of coordination, and i) The village head is not aware of the existence of the Village Health Forum in his village.Advice : given are: a) Empowering the village apparatus to be administrators, b) Organizing reorganization, c) Carrying out regular meetings, d) Raising independent funds from the community, e) Seeking financial support and infrastructure for business owners, f) Conducting systematic planning and g) seeking sustainable support from the community and village government.
KAJIAN PENGARUH PREDISPOSING, ENABLING DAN REINFORCING FACTORS TERHADAP PRAKTEK KERJA TENAGA KERJA BONGKAR MUAT YANG BERISIKO TERJADINYA KECELAKAAN KERJA DI PELABUHAN TANJUNG EMAS SEMARANG Rais, Muhammad; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 4, No. 1, Januari 2009
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

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Abstract

Background: Occupational Health and Safety aims to prevent, reduce and eliminate accidents. By the year of 2007, number of loading-unloading laborers in Tanjung Emas Port reach 756 persons, 2.56% of them experienced working accidents in the last 4 years. This research isaimed to analyze predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors influencing loading-unloading laborers risky working behavior at Tanjung Emas Semarang.Method: It was a cross sectional study of 90 respondents from 756 laborers. Proportional random sampling was employed to obtain number of samples required. Data were collected using check list and questionnaires and were analyzed with logistic regression.Result: This study revealed that laborers? knowledge and attitudes, equipments, working standard, support of the head of laborers? group and laborers? cooperation generally categorized as good. Laborers? knowledge of occupational health and safety, equipment availability, working standard, equipment design, support of head of laborers? group andsupport laborers? cooperation were correlated with laborers? working practice. Knowledge and support of laborers? cooperation were simultaneously correlated to laborers? working practice.Keywords : predisposing, enabling, reinforcing, risky behavior, working accident
GAMBARAN PERILAKU PEMANFAATAN VCT (VOLUNTARY COUNSELING AND TESTING) PADA LSL DI LSM SGC (SEMARANG GAYA COMMUNITY) KOTA SEMARANG Herdanindita, Erdelia; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha; Widjanarko, Bagoes
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 2 (2020): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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HIV / AIDS is a sexually transmitted disease that attacks human immunity. MSM (men having sex with men) is one of the risk groups for HIV / AIDS transmission. Semarang City was ranked first as the highest number of HIV cases in Central Java Province in 2018 with 332 cases. A preliminary survey conducted at the SGC NGO on the results of STBP number of MSM who carried out VCT as many as 209 people in June 2014-February 2015. This study aims to describe the behavior of utilizing VCT on MSM in the SGC NGO Semarang City. This research uses a qualitative approach. 4 MSM informants at SGC NGOs with inclusion live in Semarang City, and were willing to become informants. Data collected by conducting in-depth interviews and observations. Analyzed descriptively and presented in narrative form. The results showed that almost all informants had good behaviour through VCT utilization. They are routinely using VCT services, have sufficient knowledge and perceptions related to HIV / AIDS and VCT, good availability of VCT service infrastructure, affordability of information facilities, support for the use of VCT by counselors, sexual partners, and community friends. However, access to night VCT services is still constrained by night service schedules 1-2 times a month at one health service. It can be concluded that knowledge, perception, availability of infrastructure, HIV / AIDS and VCT information facilities, as well as the support of counselors, sexual partners, and community friend influence the use of VCT. Meanwhile, attitudes related to HIV / AIDS as well as VCT and family support do not influence the use of VCT in MSM.
HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI KERENTANAN DAN PERSEPSI ANCAMAN DENGAN PERAN PMO DALAM PEMBERIAN OBAT TB PADA ANAK TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN KEJADIAN DROP OUT Dewi, Intannia Islami; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha; Indraswari, Ratih
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Cases of TB in children can cause various problems such as disability, memory loss, stunting and causing death. PMO is a person who plays a role in the supervision of taking medication in patients with TB. PMO also acts as a motivator and encouragement for TB sufferers to continue taking the medicine. The role of the PMO has a big influence on the prevention of Drop Out. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between perception of vulnerability and perceived threat to the role of PMO in the delivery of TB drugs to children against the prevention of Drop Out. This research is a quantitative study with cross sectional research design. The sample in this study is the PMO of TB children in the city of Semarang with a total of 113 people. Data collection was conducted by interview using a questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using univariate and bivariate analysis. The results of this study note that PMO which has a good role in the administration of TB drugs is 70.8% and those that play an unfavorable role is 29.2%. Bivariate test results show there is a relationship between perception of vulnerability (p-value=0.034) and threat perception (p-value=0.035) with the role of PMO in giving TB drugs to children against the prevention of Drop Out. PMO is expected to have a high perception of vulnerability and threat perception with the aim that PMO can take action to prevent and change behavior so that children who are supervised taking medication can avoid dropout. In addition, PMO is expected to increase its role in supervising TB patients during the treatment period. PMO is expected to have a high perception of vulnerability and threat perception with the aim that PMO can take action to prevent and change behavior so that children who are supervised taking medication can avoid dropout. In addition, PMO is expected to increase its role in supervising TB patients during the treatment period.
IMPLEMENTASI AREA WAJIB KONDOM TERHADAP WANITA PEKERJA SEKSUAL DI RESOSIALISASI ARGOREJO KOTA SEMARANG Alief, Fairuza; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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In 2013, Semarang City was ranked first with the highest HIV cases in Central Java. Therefore, Resosialisasi Argorejo as a red-light district implemented 100% mandatory condom usage since 2008. The purpose of this study is to describe and analyze in detail the implementation of mandatory condom usage system in Resosialisasi Argorejo from the aspects of input, process and output. This type of research is quantitative qualitative research with in-depth interview to the officers and interview with questionnaire to sexual workers. The population is 22 key informants consist of 9 Resosialisasi officers, 1 Peer Educator, 3 Pokja Lokasi, 6 health workers, 3 pimps and six informants triangulation consisting of the Chairman of  Resosialisasi Argorejo, Officer of Kalibanteng Kulon Region, Head of Puskesmas Lebdosari, and each pimp?s sexual workers. For quantitative, 90 respondents are selected using cluster sampling technique. Research showed that condom usage is 64.4%, the good implementation of Mandatory Condom Usage is 63.3%, 56.7% got a good support from peer educator, 63.3% got a good support from health officer, 51.1% got a good support from pimps, 71.1% have a good access to Mandatory Condom Usage information-related and 63,3% have a good availability of condoms. Viewed from the aspect of the process, planning is done unsystematically and poorly and unclear job description for the implementation itself. Supervision has been done for sexual workers and pimps, but no supervision has been applied to Condom Mandatory Area officers. Monitoring has been done but has not been done routinely. Evaluation has been done but there has been no systematic follow-up. In terms of input, the number of human resources is still inadequate and there are still those who have not received training to work in Resosialisasi Argorejo. Self-funding impedes good implementation, especially on STI and VCT screening tests Moreover, there is no written SOP applicable in Resosialisasi Argorejo. The distribution of condoms is well done, but no strict sanctions have been imposed for customers who do not use condoms. The proposed recommendation is to increase the number of human resources according with suitable competence, compulsory training to become officers, the need for written SOP, the need for strict sanctions and have to be implemented, strengthen the relationship between the relevant instancies, as well as a re-evaluation of BLUD implementation
RESPON REMAJA LELAKI SUKA LELAKI (LSL) DENGAN STATUS HIV POSITIF TERHADAP PENCEGAHAN PENULARAN HIV KEPADA PASANGAN Fauziyah, Fauziyah; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 13, No. 1, Januari 2018
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (242.794 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.13.1.17-31

Abstract

Background: In Jambi City, the cases of HIV-positive in MSM increased in the people aged 19-24 years old by 35.1%. It affected on the prevention of HIV transmission. The research was conducted in 2016 and aimed to understand the response of teenage MSM with the status of HIV-positive to the prevention of transmission to the partner.Method: The research method was qualitative with the design of case study. The sampling technique was purposive sampling with the data collection using in-depth interview. The main informants were teenage MSM with HIV-positive of 7 persons. The triangulation informants were the chief of Kanti Sehati Foundation, the chief of the Community Group of Field Outreach in Jambi City.Results: The resarch results show that the response when they initially found themselves infected by HIV-positive was a rejection to their status of HIV-positive. Their responses were shocked, surprised, and confused. They expressed their emotion in the form of stress and depression. Status revealation to their partners and closest ones had not been performed fully since they were worried about the rejection from their partners. The response to ARV obedience has been good, but the response to HIV prevention using condoms had not been consistent partially because they were mostly under the effect of alcohol. Then, the response to post-HIV behavior, in few people, showed their inability to prevent the transmission based on the standard. Most of them still experienced the stigma from their families, and physical violence from society.Keywords: MSM response, teenage, HIV, HIV Prevention
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PERILAKU JUMANTIK DALAM SISTEM KEWASPADAAN DINI DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KELURAHAN SENDANGMULYO Pangestika, Tegar Lyana; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Husodo, Besar Tirto; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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In 2014 and 2016, City of Semarang was still ranked number 1 in highest death caused by DHF in Central Java. Until the 27th week of 2016, there were  1525 cases of DHF and 29 deaths by DHF recorded. IR in Semarang City until September 2016 was recorded 120.04/100.000 populations. Jumantik Cadre that have a role as Larva Observer which is a form of early caution from DHF. This study aims to determine the factors that affect the jumantic cadres in the system of early awareness of DHF. The type of this research is a quantitative research with cross sectional approach. By using random sampling technique, got sample 71 larva observer cadres were obtained in Sendangmulyo villages. Some of the respondents have a good behavior in DHF early caution system (54,9%). The result of the chi square test shows that age (p=0,008), attitude towards early caution behavior (p=0,001), support from health workers (p=0,015), and support from government villages (p=0,004) variables are related significantly towards larva observer behavior in DHF early caution system, whereas last education (p=0,785), occupation (p=1,000), span as larvae watch (p=0,454), knowledge about preventing and controlling DHF (p=1,000), access to prevention of DHF counseling (p=0,090), larva monitoring infrastructure (p=0,277), family support (p=0,563), and population support (p=0,782) variables are not related significantly towards larva observer behavior in DHF early caution system. The result from logistic regression test shows that from all variable, the one that has the most affect is attitude towards early caution system DHF (p=0,010) with 6,159 OR score.
APLIKASI TEORI HEALTH BELIEF MODEL PADA PARTISIPASI WANITA USIA SUBUR (WUS) DALAM PEMERIKSAAN IVA DI KELURAHAN KALIBANTENG KULON Titisari, Inten Ayu; Riyanti, Emmy; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Cervical cancer is one of the most suffered cancer by women in the world, especially in developing countries such as Indonesia. Cervical cancer is also the third leading cause of death in the world. So it?s necessary to do prevention, one of them is by conducting Visual Inspection of Acetic Acid (IVA). The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between several factors based on Health Belief Model?s theory with the participation of childbearing age women in IVA examination. This research was a quantitative study with a cross sectional approach. From a population of 926 childbearing woman that still sexually active in Kalibanteng Kulon Urban Village, 87 sample of childbearing age woman was obtained using the Lemeshow calculation and selection used simple random sampling technique. Data collection by interview using questionnaire. Data analysis carried out are univariate and bivariate with chi square test. Most respondents haven?t conducted an IVA examination (90.8%). Most of them were in young adults age, namely 18-39 years (67.8%), at the higher education level (67.8%), and married (100%). Most respondents have high knowledge (58.6%), high susceptibility perception (59.8%), high severity perception (56.3%), high benefits perception (64.4%), high barrier perception (52.9 %), lack of health worker support (62.1%) and lack of family support (66.7%). The results showed that the related variables were knowledge (p= 0.019), perception of barriers (p= 0.002), and health worker support (p= 0.049). It?s necessary to increase the role of health workers to increase childbearing age woman?s knowledge and reduce perceived barriers.