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PENGEMBANGAN MULTIMEDIA PADA MATAKULIAH PELAKSANAAN DAN PEMELIHARAAN JALAN RAYA PADA PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK BANGUNAN Pranoto, Pranoto
ISSN 0852-2480
Publisher : BANGUNAN : Teori, Praktek, Penelitian, dan Pengajaran Teknik Bangunan

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menghasilkan Multi Media Pelaksanaan dan Pemeliharaan Jalan Raya, yang mampu meningkatkan hasil belajar mahasiswa.  Metode/prosedur pengembangan pengajaran multi media ini mengacu pada langkah-langkah penelitian pengembangan yang dikembangkan Universitas Negeri Malang. Guna mengembangkan pengajaran multi media ini, digunakan model pengembangan pengajaran sebagai berikut: (1.) Mengenali tujuan pengajaran, (2). Mengembangkan materi pengajaran (3) Mengembangkan bahan ajar berupa diktat, (4)   Mengembangkan media visual, (5) Uji coba perorangan, (6) Revisi produk multimedia. Berdasarkan atas  paparan hasil penelitian dan  pembahasan yang telah diuraikan diatas, berikut ini dapat disimpulkan sebagai berikut: (l) Penelitian ini menghasilkan produk multi media  matakuliah Pelaksanaan dan   Pemeliharaan Jalan Raya., dan (2) Produk multi media yang dihasilkan berupa teks bahan ajar dan media visual  berbasis komputer  yang dirancang dengan program Flash MX.
MODEL KEBUTUHAN PARKIR MOBIL GEDUNG PERKANTORAN BANK DI KOTA MALANG Pranoto, Pranoto
Teknologi dan Kejuruan: Jurnal teknologi, Kejuruan dan Pengajarannya Vol 30, No 2 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17977/tk.v30i2.3163

Abstract

Abstract: The Model of Parking Lot Demand for Cars in Bank Office Building in Malang. This research is aimed  to know (l) characteristic of car parking lot at bank  office, (2) mathematics model of the demand of parking lot for cars at bank office, and (3) Level of required standard for parking lot at bank office in  Malang. This research is divided into phases, which are: identifying phase, planning phase, acquiring data, analyses and conclusion. The result shows that (l) the maximum accumulation of  car parked at  bank office reach at the daytime with duration between 15 -- 30 minutes. Maximum accumulation occurred between 09.30 -- 11.45 WIB, predominated by short-term parking, mostly occurred in 15 minutes; (2) the mathematics model for the parking demand is functioned as Y = 12.7712 + 0.0128 LLE, with R2 = 0.963, and (3) the required standard of car parking lot is one parking lot per 63 sqm total floor area  (minimum) and one parking lot per 46 sqm effective floor area.
PEMBERDAYAAN DAN PERLINDUNGAN HUKUM BAGI KONSUMEN DALAM RANGKA MELINDUNGI KEPENTINGAN KONSUMEN KURANG MAMPU Suraji, Suraji; Pranoto, Pranoto
YUSTISIA Vol 87 (2013)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Penelitian  ini  bertujuan  untuk  mengidentifikasi  ketidakberdayaan  konsumen  dalam  menyelesaikan sengketa dengan pelaku usaha serta mengidentifikasi dan mendeskripsikan upaya-upaya yang dapat ditempuh oleh konsumen dalam rangka penyelesaian sengketa dengan pelaku usaha. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian empiris dengan metode kualitatif yang bersifat deskriptif. Penelitian menggunakan data  primer  yang  diperoleh  dari  hasil  wawancara  dengan  informan,  maupun  data  sekunder  yang diperoleh dari peraturan perundang-undangan, literatur, dokumen-dokumen dan brosur-brosur dari LP2K. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan penelitian lapangan dan kepustakaan. Selanjutnya data akan dianalisis secara kualitatif dengan model interaktif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, terdapat beberapa kondisi yang menyebabkan konsumen tidak berdaya ketika berhadapan dengan pelaku usaha. Pertama, ketika berhadapan dengan pelaku usaha BUMN dan Perusahaan Daerah : (1) karena posisi BUMN lebih kuat dibandingkan dengan konsumen, (2) BUMN dan Perusda selalu berkelit untuk memberi ganti rugi kepada konsumen apabila terjadi kerugian yang menimpa konsumen, (3) pelaku usaha hanya diwakili oleh stafnya sehingga tidak berani memutus secara langsung, (4) pelaku usaha selalu mengulur waktu bahwa ia akan membentuk tim pengkaji ganti rugi, (5) pelaku usaha biasanya hanya sanggup memperbaiki, menyambung atau menghidupkan lagi tanpa mau mengganti sesuai perjanjian. Kedua, ketika berhadapan dengan pelaku usaha swasta : (1) pelaku usaha hanya mau mengganti kerugian sekecil mungkin, (2) pelaku usaha berdalih bahwa aturan yang dibuatnya itulah yang harus dipatuhi. Upaya pemberdayaan konsumen dapat ditempuh melalui dua sisi, Pertama, dari diri konsumen : (1) perlunya peningkatan komunikasi hukum konsumen, (2) peningkatan pemahaman hukum secara umum, (3) pemahaman Undang-undang Perlindungan Konsumen. Kedua, pengaruh pihak luar : (1) penyuluhan hukum, (2) acara dengar pendapat (talkshow), (3) surat pembaca, (4) pendidikan konsumen, (5) seminar hukum perlindungan konsumen, dan (6) siaran pers.
FITOTEKNOLOGI DAN EKOTOKSIKOLOGI DALAM PENGOLAHAN SAMPAH MENJADI KOMPOS Pranoto, Pranoto
Indonesian Journal of Conservation Vol 2, No 1 (2013): IJC
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Conservation

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Compost is organic matter results in a controlled aerobic process. Currently, compost are very prosperous, especially to support agriculture and forestry sector. However, compost development is still experiencing many obstacles. Therefore, this paper is intended as a critique of the design study of the existing composting to be developed into a design-based quality assurance. Compost quality assurance is focused on the nature of technology, i.e. eco-toxicological and phytotechnology. Composts quality assurace in composting instalation used sacrifice plant. Phytoremediation processes are generally distinguished by the mechanisms and functions of plant structures, i.e. phytoextraction, rhizofiltration, phytodegradation, rhizodegradation, phytovolatilization. Meanwhile, ecotoxicology studied the effects of destructive substances suprabiota (individuals’ populations and communities) in ecosystem. Phytotechnology and eco-toxicological product sorted became ready uses composts. Keywords: compost, garbage, phytotechnology, eco-toxicology.    Kompos adalah zat organik hasil proses aerobik secara terkontrol. Saat ini, pasar kompos di Indonesia sangat terbuka luas terutama untuk menunjang sector pertanian dan kehutanan. Namun demikian, pengembangannya masih mengalami berbagai kendala. Oleh karena itu, tulisan ini ditujukan sebagai kajian kritik terhadap desain pengomposan yang ada untuk dikembangkan menjadi desain berbasis jaminan kualitas. Penjaminan kualitas kompos di sini difokuskan kepada teknologi alamiah yaitu fitoteknologi dan ekotoksikologi. Untuk memberikan jaminan kualitas kompos yang siap pakai dalam berbagai kegiatan tersebut maka dalam instalasi produksi kompos diperlukan instalasi tumbuhan korban (sacrifice plant). Proses fitoremediasi secara umum dibedakan berdasarkan mekanisme fungsi dan struktur tumbuhan, yakni fitostabilisasi, fitoekstraksi, rizofiltrasi, fitodegradasi, rizodegradasi, fitovolatilisasi. Sementara itu, ekotoksikologi adalah kajian efek destruktif zat terhadap suprabiota (individu, populasi dan komunitas) dalam suatu ekosistem. Produk fitoteknologi dan ekotoksikologi inilah yang kemudian diambil untuk dipilah menjadi kompos siap pasar. Kata Kunci: Kompos, sampah, fitoteknologi, ekotoksikologi  
Legitimasi Nikah Siri Menurut Sistem Hukum Perkawinan di Indonesia Pranoto, Pranoto
YUSTISIA Vol 81 (2010)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Philosophically, marriage is the beginning for human being to develop their live  by forming a family that has the purpose to legalize the sexual intercourse actions between man and woman to get their happiness in life. In order to make that purpose achieved, so the nation should be involved in the process. Sirri marriage, illegal marriage (based on nation’s law) is a phenomenon of deviated marriage. By the doctrinal approach it is obtained that there is no base for the nation to legitimatesiri marriage and systemically it is not suit with the Marriage Act  No. 1 / 1974. To solve the controversy so there should be a solution for this. A marriage will be considered as legal if it is done based on the religion rules and it is noted; in the one chapter and one verse. For the need for that, it is need the adaptability of the contradictive chapter with those formula.
KEDUDUKAN PASAL 224 HIR DALAM EKSEKUSI HAK TANGGUNGAN Pranoto, Pranoto
YUSTISIA Vol 58 (2002)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Credit guarantee provided by bank should be protected by lawfrom fraud or inability ofthe debtor to repay the credit. The protection meant here is written in article 224 HIR, saying that creditor needs not to go through legal action which demands a considerable time to withdraw the credit, instead the creditor can execute it with a more efficient scheme. How the position ofArticle 224 HIR in the execution ofcredit withdrawal isand how it provides fair law protection for creditors and debtors is an interesting matter to study. Through the study ofnormative jurisdictions, it is expected that the objective ofthe research that attemps to study the position of article 224 HIR, can be achieved by using interpretative method as its analysis. The study shows that the position of article 224 HIR is weaken bythe Supreme Court through its instruction no. 174/168/86/n/UM.TU/Pdt although it actually provides balance for creditor and debtor.
IDENTTFIKASI DAN ANALISIS PERMASALAHAN YURIDIS IMPLEMENTASI KEPUTUSAN MENTERIPERENDUSTRIAN DAN PERDAGANGAN NOMOR. 558/MPP/KEP/XH/1998 TENTANG POKOK-POKOK KETENTUAN DIBIDANG EKSPOR ImanuIIah, Moch Najib; Pranoto, Pranoto
YUSTISIA Vol 57 (2002)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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The research aim are: identity juridical problem the implementation of Trade industrial Minister Decree Number558/MPP/KEP/XII/1998 about TheExport CoreRegulation, Reveal factors caused such problem and the solution. To gain the goal empirical legal reserach is chosen. Datacollected bya series of deepth interview andopen quesioner in which responden chosen as nonrandom. Theanalysis method is editing analysis editing. The result are: the sources of the problem arraised of the implementation Trade industrial Minister Decree Number 558/MPP/KEP/XII/1998 is the fact that such decree still categorize export goods as regulated, supervised and free export goods. Other problem is exporter not ready yet to fulfill the export condition and procedure and the solution is revising regulation by completing such decree suplement and giving export guidance and training. Research teoritical implementation is conceptdevelopment law as tool of socialengineering toward law as tool of economic engineering. The practical implementation is export policy changing to eliminate the problem and increasing Indonesias non- migas export. The institution contribution is develop International trade Contract, Law and Economic and Entrepreneurship course
URGENSI ASAS PROPORSIONALITAS DALAM KONTRAK KERJA KONSTRUKSI SEBAGAI ANTISIPASI TERJADINYA SENGKETA PRANOTO, PRANOTO; KURNIAWAN, ITOK DWI
PRIVATE LAW Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum UNS

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Kontrak sebagai instrumen pertukaran hak dan kewajiban diharapkan dapat berlangsung denganbaik, adil dan proporsional sesuai dengan kesepakatan para pihak. Terutama pada kontrak komersial,baik pada tahap pra kontraktual, pembentukan kontrak maupun pelaksanaannya. Tidak dapat dipungkiribahwa bahwa dalam penyelenggaraan proyek konstruksi sangat besar kemungkinan timbulnya perselisihanatau persengketaan. Oleh karena itu, penerapan asas proporsionalitas dalam suatu kontrak kerja konstruksisangat penting, sebagai salah satu upaya mencegah terjadinya sengketa.
UJI EFEKTIVITAS DAN KARAKTERISASI KOMPOSIT TANAH ANDISOL/ARANG TEMPURUNG KELAPA UNTUK ADSORPSI LOGAM BERAT BESI (FE) Pranoto, Pranoto; Martini, Tri; Maharditya, Winda
ALCHEMY Jurnal Penelitian Kimia Vol 16, No 1 (2020): Vol 16, No 1 (2020) Alchemy Jurnal Penelitian Kimia
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SEBELAS MARET (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/alchemy.16.1.33286.50-65

Abstract

Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui kapasitas adsorpsi komposit tanah andisol/arang tempurung kelapa sebagai adsorben logam berat besi (Fe) berdasarkan pada kondisi komposisi, pH dan waktu kontak yang optimum. Tanah andisol diaktivasi dengan larutan NaOH 3 M dan arang tempurung kelapa diaktivasi menggunakan larutan HCl 4 M. Komposit tanah andisol/arang tempurung kelapa dibuat dengan mencampurkan tanah andisol dan arang tempurung kelapa pada variasi komposisi 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75 dan 0:100 (b/b) Uji adsorpsi terhadap logam besi (Fe) dilakukan pada variasi pH larutan 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 dan 6 serta waktu kontak 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50, dan 60 menit dengan sistem batch. Pengukuran konsentrasi akhir pada saat kesetimbangan dilakukan dengan menggunakan Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS).  Hasil karakterisasi adanya proses aktivasi dan pengompositan ditunjukkan pada spektra Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) yang mengalami pergeseran bilangan gelombang. Karakterisasi pola difraksi X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) yang menunjukkan adanya puncak baru. Hasil analisis Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) komposit menunjukkan bahwa permukaan adsorben telah ditutupi logam besi (Fe). Pembentukan komposit juga menunjukkan adanya peningkatan luas permukaan dan nilai keasaman komposit. Berdasarkan penelitian ini diperoleh bahwa proses adsorpsi terjadi pada kondisi optimum komposisi komposit tanah andisol/arang tempurung kelapa 75:25 (b/b), pH larutan besi (Fe) 5 dan waktu kontak selama 30 menit dengan kapasitas adsorpsi sebesar 0,54 mg/g dan presentase adsorpsi 91,57%. Isoterm adsorpsi mengikuti isoterm Freundlich dengan nilai R2 sebesar 0,9456.Effectiveness Test and Characterization of Andisol Soil/Coconut Shell Charcoal for Adsorption of Iron (Fe). This research aims to determine the adsorption capacity composite of andisol soil and coconut shell charcoal as the adsorbent of iron (Fe) metal based on the composition condition, pH, and optimum contact time. Andisol soil was activated with NaOH 3 M solution, and coconut shell charcoal was activated with HCl 4 M solution. The composites were made under various composition of andisol soil/coconut shell charcoal of 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75 and 0:100 (w/w). The adsorption test was done on the pH variation of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and used the contact time variation of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 45, 50 and 60 minutes in a batch method. The concentration analysis of iron (Fe) metal was done by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). The characterization result of the activation process can be shown on the Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra with the shifting peak. Characterization of X-ray diffraction (XRD) diffractogram showed the emergence of a new peak in andisol soil and coconut shell charcoal. The result of scanning electron microscope (SEM) characterization analysis showed that the surface of the adsorbent was covered in iron. The composite formation also showed an increase in surface area and composite acidity value. Based on the result of the research, it can be concluded that the adsorption process happens in the optimum condition in andisol soil/coconut shell charcoal composition of 75:25 (w/w), pH solution iron (Fe) metal of 5 and contact time of 30 minutes. The adsorption capacity was 0.54 mg/g and 91.57% for adsorption percentage. The isotherm adsorption followed Freundlich isotherm with R2 values 0.9456.
Estimation of Water Losses Through Evapotranspiration of Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) Sasaqi, Dilyan; Pranoto, Pranoto; Setyono, Prabang
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 34, No 1 (2019): April
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v34i1.28214

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Batujai Reservoir locates in Batujai Village, Praya Barat, Central Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara. It is the primary source of irrigation water supply for agriculture in Central Lombok District with an area of around 3,235 ha. The problem is the bloom of water hyacinth weed (Eichhornia crassipes), which can cause reservoir water loss through evapotranspiration, affecting the amount of water reservoir available for the dry season. The objective was to identify the area of cover and estimate water loss through water hyacinth evapotranspiration for the period 2013 – 2017. This study used a descriptive method by analysis of secondary data which were meteorological data and landsat-8 satellite imagery. Evapotranspiration analyzes use CROPWAT 8.0, monitoring water hyacinth cover using landsat–8 satellite imagery processed using ENVI 5.3 and ArcGIS 10.4 software. The results show that the spatial distribution of water hyacinth can be detected and mapped accurately with an overall classification accuracy of 84.11% – 97.04% using Landsat 8 data, with a kappa coefficient of 0.80 – 0.96. The area of water hyacinth cover ranges from 38,400 m2 – 2,158,500 m2, with a cover area of more than 20%, causing water loss above 8,000 m3 day-1, which occurred in April 2013, April 2015, April 2016, February 2015, May 2014, May 2016 and July 2016, in those months it was seen that the amount of water loss was greater. Therefore, it is needed to suppress the growth of water hyacinth, in maintaining reservoir water storage capacity to support a systems of sustainable agriculture.