Arsita Eka Prasetyawati
Faculty of Medicine,SebelasMaret University

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Asosiasi Paparan Iklan Rokok dengan Pengetahuan, Sikap, dan Perilaku Merokok pada Remaja Wibowo, Nimfa Christina Rachmawati; Probandari, Ari; Prasetyawati, Arsita Eka
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 1, No 1 (2012): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background:Knowledge and attitude are factors influence smoking behavior among teenagers. Previous studies show that cigarette advertisements do not consistently affect on teenagers’ smoking behavior. This studyaimed to determine the association between cigarette advertisement exposure, knowledge, attitude, and smoking behavior among teenagers. Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted during March 2012 among 98 students in SMP Negeri 01 Colomadu, Karanganyar. The sampling technique was a multistage cluster sampling. Cigarette advertisement exposure, knowledge, attitude, and smoking behavior data were collected using questionnaires, which were tested for its validity and reliability before. The data analyses used Spearman correlation and Chi-Square tests. Results:The study found a significant relationship between cigarette advertisement exposure and knowledge (r=-0.267; p=0.009). There was no significant relationship between cigarette advertisement exposure and teenagers’ attitude (r=-0.129; p=0.206). There were no significant relationships between cigarette advertisement exposure 1-10 times per week and past smoking(p=1,000; OR=0,917; CI95% 0,258-3,262),and with current smoking among teenagers (p=1,000; OR=0,971; CI95% 0,931-1,012). Cigarette advertisement exposure more than 11 per week increased a risk for past smoking 2.406 times (p=0,500; Cl95% 0,521-11,104), but not significantly. Conclusions:Cigarette advertisement exposure more than 11 per week associated with teenagers’ knowledge about cigarette and teenagers attitude to cigarette and smoking. There is no significant relationship between cigarette advertisement exposure and smoking behavior among teenagers. Keywords:cigarette advertisement, knowledge, attitude, behavior, and smoking.
Hubungan Tingkat Pendidikan dan Tingkat Pengetahuan tentang Merokok dengan Derajat Berat Merokok Kusumawardhani, Arti Tyagita; Reviono, .; Prasetyawati, Arsita Eka
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: Smoking behavior is one of the most widely spread health problem. One’s smoking behavior is very much determined by one’s knowledge of smoking behavior, where as such knowledge is also very much affected by one’s level of education. This research aims to determine the correlation between educational level and knowledge of smoking behavior to the severity of smoking habit. Methods: This research  is an observational analysis using cross-sectional. The study was conducted in Faculty of Medicine, Sebelas Maret University. The sample  was taken using Stratified Random Sampling and Quota Sampling. Approach with male smokers administration staffs, temporary employees, lecturers, and Faculty of Medicine of Sebelas Maret University class 2011, qualifying and disqualifying with inclusion criteria. Data retrieval is done by looking at the patient’s questionnaires. Data were analyzed using correlative non-parametric Spearman analysis method, with SPSS 17.00 for Windows. Results: There is a positive correlation between one’s educational level and the severity of one’s smoking habit, with correlation coefficient value as much as 0.165 and significance value (2-tailed) as much as 0.208. This findings show that there is a weak and insignificant relation between both variables. Moreover, there is a weak negative correlation between one’s educational level and one’s knowledge on smoking habit, with significance value (2-tailed) as much as 0.522 and correlation coefficient value as much as 0.078. there is also a negative correlation between one’s knowledge of smoking habit and the severity of one’s smoking habit, with significance value(2-tailed) as much as 0.589 and correlation coefficient value as much as 0.071. Conclusions: There is not any significant relation between one’s educational level and knowledge on smoking behavior to the severity of one’s smoking habit. Keywords: Educational level, knowledge of smoking behavior, severity of smoking habit, smoking.
Pengaruh Efek Samping Obat Anti Tuberkulosis terhadap Kepatuhan Berobat Tuberkulosis Paru di BBKPM Surakarta Setiawan, Made Ratna Dewi; Rima, Ana; Prasetyawati, Arsita Eka
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: Treatment adherence is a important factor for the recovery of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Many factors affect treatment adherence of pulmonary TB patients, one of which is a side effect of anti tuberculosis drugs. This study aims to analyze the influence of the side effects of anti tuberculosis drugs to the tuberculosis treatment adherence in BBKPM Surakarta. Method: This study was observational analytic with cross-sectional approach. The study was conducted in June – July 2012 in BBKPM Surakarta. A total of 48 subjects were selected by purposive sampling method and pulmonary TB patients who have been selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Data retrieval is done by looking at the patient’s medical records and questionnaires. Data were analyzed using Chi-Square analysis method, with SPSS 17.00 for Windows. Result: Data were analyzed with Chi-Square test with a significance level of 0,05 and freedom degrees of 1. Obtained p value of 0.044, which means there is influence of the side effects of anti-tuberculosis drugs to the tuberculosis treatment adherence in BBKPM         Surakarta. Conclusion: It is concluded that there is influence of the side effects of anti tuberculosis drugs to the tuberculosis treatment adherence in Surakarta BBKPM. Keywords: Side effects of drugs, treatment adherence
Hubungan Intensitas Kecanduan Online Games terhadap Prestasi Belajar pada Masa Awal Remaja Pradana, Reyhan Pradnya; Fanani, Muhammad; Prasetyawati, Arsita Eka
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: Online games addiction experienced by vulnerable adolescents, especially in early adolescence. In the early teens, they tend to follow what was done by their peers to get an admission in a group. Addiction online games have negative consequences such as lack of sleep, anxiety, apathy correlated to decreased academic achievement. This study aimed to determine the relationship between addiction online games with the level of learning achievement in early adolescence. Methods: this study was a descriptive analytic cross-sectional study approach (cross-sectional) are held from May to July 2012 in the Junior High School 20 Surakarta. Total of 60 subjects sampled by simple random sampling method. Junior High School 20 students Surakarta eighth grade were asked to fill Youngs Diagnostic Questionnaire (YDQ) Lie Scale and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI-L). Data were analyzed using independent t test and χ2 test. Results: Based on the results obtained from the 31 students who have addiction online games, 26 students have poor academic achievement and 5 students have a good learning achievement. Statistical analysis demonstrated an association between internet addiction with learning achievement levels in the Junior High School 20 Surakarta (p = 0.000). Conclusions: There is a relationship between addiction online games with the level of student achievement in the Junior High School 20 Surakarta. Keywords: addiction online games, the level of academic achievement
Hubungan Tingkat Pengetahuan Pengasuh dengan Pola Asuh Makan dan Status Gizi Balita di Puskesmas Sangkrah Surakarta Wicaksono, Agil Wahyu; Prasetyawati, Arsita Eka; Damayanti, Kusmadewi Eka
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 2, No 3 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background:Recently the role of mothers in child parenting replace by caregivers because many mothers also act as workforces. The role of parenting especially during meal is very important in determining the nutritional status of children. This studyaim is to determine whetherlevel ofknowledgehas strong relationshipwithfeeding patternandnutritional status of children. Methods:This studyis anobservationalstudywith crosssectionalanalytic. The researchwas conducted inApril-June2013 in theworking area ofSangkrahHealth Center, Surakarta. Sample of121caregiversandtheir childrenwereselectedby multistage areasampling .Examined variables includingcaregiver’slevelof knowledgeas independent variable, and feeding patternandnutritional status of childrenas dependent variable. ThisresearchusesCaregiver’sFeedingStyleQuestionnairetodeterminefeeding patternandQuestionnaire of Knowledge Leveltomeasure thelevel ofcaregiver’sknowledge. Bothquestionnaireshave beentestedfor validity and reliability. Nutritional status ismeasuredbystandard anthropometry method. Data wereanalyzedby SPSS 17 for Windows usingKendalls Taumodels. Results:This studyshows there is no significant correlation between the degree ofcaregiver’s knowledge andfeeding pattern(correlation coefficient  = 0.132; degree of significance = 0.110) besides there is also no significant correlation between the degree ofcaregiver’s knowledgeand children’snutritional status(correlation coefficient = 0.030; degree of significance = 0.716). Conclusions:There is nostatistically significantrelationshipbetween thedegree ofcaregiver’sknowledgewithfeeding patternandthe nutritional status ofchildren. Keywords:Degree of caregiver’s knowledge, feeding pattern, nutritional status of children.  
Hubungan antara Tingkat Pengetahuan dan Sikap dengan Tindakan Pencegahan Penyakit Rabies pada Warga di Wilayah Puskesmas Kuta II Sarjana, Ni Kadek Ayu Septiani; Prasetyawati, Arsita Eka; Budiani, Dyah Ratna
Smart Medical Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Smart Medical Journal
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13057/smj.v1i1.24184

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Introduction: Rabies is a disease of animals (usually vertebrate) which is zoonotic (transmissible to humans). Rabies occurs in 24 out of the 34 provinces of Indonesia. Rabies is caused by a virus in the Family: Rhabdivoridae, Genus: Lyssavirus. Control the dog population and dog vaccination is effective and economical method to prevent the incidences of rabies in humans. This study aims to investigate the relationship between level of knowledge and attitude to the practice in prevention rabies infection in residents lived in area covered by Puskesmas Kuta II.Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study and carried out by simple random sampling of 96 residents in the area of Puskesmas Kuta II. In this study, the independent variables are knowledge of and attitudes towards rabies disease while the dependent variable is the practice to prevent rabies infection in human. Data were collected by a questionnaire-based interview. Analyses were then carried out using the chi-square (x2) followed by multivariate analysis using multiple logistic regressions.Results: This study showed that knowledge has a significant relationship with practice for rabies disease prevention (p = 0.013; OR 4.240; 95% CI 1.352 up to 13.296). Attitude has a significant positive relationship with the value of practice for rabies disease prevention (p = 0.015; OR 3.073; 95% CI 1.233 up to 7.627). The combined effect of knowledge and attitudes to practice for rabies prevention were approximately 20.90% (Negerkerke R square = 0.209).Conclusions: There was a significant relationship between knowledge and attitudes with the practice for rabies disease prevention in residents in the area of Puskesmas Kuta II, the higher level of knowledge and improved attitudes will improve practice for rabies disease prevention amongst residents in the area of Puskesmas Kuta II. Key words: Rabies;  Rabies;  Preventio; Knowledge; Attitude;  Practice
The Correlation between Students’ Perception of Learning Environment and Self Directed Learning Readiness in The Faculty of Medicine Sebelas Maret University Apriliananda, Alifa Rizka; Prasetyawati, Arsita Eka; Probandari, Ari Natalia
Nexus Pendidikan Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Nexus Pendidikan Kedokteran & Kesehatan
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: Learning environment is everything that happened in the class, departement, faculty or university that plays a very important role in effective student learning. Students? perception of the learning environment is also found to influence their behaviour. Student participation in problem-based learning (PBL) curricula leads to use of Self Directed Learning (SDL) skills. SDL, which is a prerequisite for life-long learning can flourishin certain learning environments. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between students? perception of learning environment and self directed learning readiness in the Faculty of Medicine Sebelas Maret Universtity. Method: This study was an observational analytic study with cross sectional method approach among 106 medical students of Sebelas Maret University that selected by Systematic Random Sampling method. This research used DREEM (Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure) that measured the students? perception of learning environment and SDLRS that measured students? self directed learning readiness. Data analysis used Pearson correlation (? = 0.05). Result: Pearson correlation test results a significant correlation between Students? Perception of Learning Environment with Self Directed Learning Readiness in The Faculty of Medicine Sebelas Maret University with p <0.05 (p = 0.000). The test results also showed a moderate correlation between two variables with a correlation coefficient (r) 0.551, with increased students? perception of learning environment will increase self directed learning readiness in the Faculty of Medicine Sebelas Maret University. Conclusion: There is a moderate relationship between Students? Perception of Learning Environment and Self Directed Learning Readiness in The Faculty of Medicine Sebelas Maret University. Better students perception of learning environment, will increase students? self directed learning readiness Keywords: learning environment, perception of learning environment, self directed learning readinesss 
Relationship between Consumption of Foods Rich in Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Dysmenorrhea in Students of SMAN 1 Gondangrejo Karanganyar Hidayati, Arini; Damayanti, Kusmadewi Eka; Prasetyawati, Arsita Eka
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 6, No 1 (2017): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Introduction: Prevalence of dysmenorrhea in SMAN 1 Gondangrejo Karanganyar is 88%. One cause of dysmenorrhea is due to elevated levels of prostaglandin because lower consumption of omega-3 fatty acids. This study aims to know the relationship between consumption of foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids and the incidence of dysmenorrhea among the students of SMAN 1 Gondangrejo Karanganyar. Methods: This study was an analytical observational study with cross-sectional approach. 125 subjects of this study were chosen by simple random sampling from students in SMAN 1 Gondangrejo Karanganyar. Each subject was measured consumption of omega-3 with Semiquantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQFFQ) consumption omega-3 fatty acids and dysmenorrhea with questionnaire modified from Menstrual Symptom Questionnaire (MSQ). The data of this study then analyzed by using chi-square test to determine the relationship between consumption of foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids and dysmenorrhea. Results: 125 students were observed and obtained 79,2% of them consume adequate amounts of omega-3 fatty acids (?1.1 g/day) and 28% experienced dysmenorrhea. The results of data analysis using chi-square test was obtained p = 0.001  that shows there is a significant or meaningful relationship between consumption of foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids and dysmenorrhea. Conclusions: There is a significant relationship between omega-3 fatty acids and dysmenorrhea. Keywords: Omega-3 fatty acids, Dysmenorrhea. 
The Relationship between Nutritional Status and Dysmenorrhea Degree in Female Students of SMA Negeri 1 Surakarta Yuniandry, Ristyadita; Lestari, Endang Dewi; Prasetyawati, Arsita Eka
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Backgrounds: Dysmenorrhea is young women problem. Dysmenorrhea is lower abdominal pain that is felt before or during menstruation. One factor that may lead to primary dysmenorrhea is nutritional status. This study aim is to determine the relationship between nutritional status and degree of dysmenorrhea in female students of SMA Negeri 1 Surakarta. Methods: This research is an observational analytic with cross sectional approach. This research was conducted in SMA Negeri 1 Surakarta. The population was class X female students of SMA Negeri 1 Surakarta who have experienced menstruation period at least 1 year, dysmenorrhea, not smoking, not consuming alcohol, willing to be respondent, L-MMPI scores with the answer "No" < 10, and do not have any gynecological abnormality or secondary dysmenorrhea. Sampling was done by purposive random sampling after selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria of the study. The dependent variable in this study was the degree of dysmenorrhea, while the independent variable is nutritional status. Research subjects filled (1) informed consent, (2) L-MMPI questionnaire to determine the honesty of respondents in filling out the questionnaire, (3) personal information form and the degree of dysmenorrhea questionnaire, (4) measured height and weight. Ninety two sample was obtained and analyzed using chi-square test followed by Somer?s d correlation test. Results: Based on the data analysis with significance ? = 0.05, we obtained value of p = 0.004 (p <0.05),  whereas correlation coefficient was 0.096. Conclusions: Statistically, there is significant but very weak relationship between nutritional status and dysmenorrhea degree in female students of SMA Negeri 1 Surakarta. Keywords: nutritional status, dysmenorrhea degree
Adherence to PROLANIS Activity in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus’s Patients with HbA1C Levels Syuadzah, Rahmi; Wijayanti, Lilik; Prasetyawati, Arsita Eka
Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas Vol 6, No 1 (2017): Nexus Kedokteran Komunitas
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: The quantity of diabetic patients is quite a lot in Indonesia (1.5%). According to survey that conducted by Basic Health Research RisKesDas (2013), diabetes mellitus was fourth ranked for chronic non-communicable diseases that often occur. HbA1C level is good examination for controlling diabetes. Chronic diseases such as diabetes, require many service charges. Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial (BPJS) implement a chronic disease management program PROLANIS. Methods: This research used analytic observational with cross sectional approach. The respondents in accordance with the rule of thumb is 31 respondents. The subjects were every diabetic patient who full fill inclusion criteria and did not full fill exclusion criteria that chosen by probability sampling, i.e. simple random sampling. The research was conducted through medical record attendance PROLANIS participants in PROLANIS activities and HbA1C test results by using color refraktometer. The result was tested by using Independent T Test. Results: From the Independent T Test showed that adherence to PROLANIS activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with HbA1C levels have a significant correlation (p=0.013)Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between the level of adherence to the PROLANIS activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with HbA1C level.Keywords : the level of obedience , PROLANIS , diabetes mellitus , HbA1C