Endita Prima Ari Pratiwi
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KAJIAN VARIABILITAS CURAH HUJAN DI KAWASAN LERENG GUNUNG MERAPI DENGAN UJI MANN-KENDALL Pratiwi, Endita Prima Ari; Sujono, Joko; Jayadi, Rachmad
INFO-TEKNIK Vol 13, No 1 (2012): INFOTEKNIK VOL. 13 NO. 1 2012
Publisher : Engineering Department, Lambung Mangkurat University

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Abstract

Rainfall is one of hydrology components that may be affected by climate change. The change of rainfall pattern can cause much impact on many fields. Many researches about global and regional climate change projection have been conducted. However, research about local scale of climate change based on climate character in local area is still necessary for a better result. Area of this research cover southwest slope of Merapi Mount, Java Island, Indonesia. Automatic rainfall data records from 1989 until 2008 of nine rainfall gauges in Merapi Mount’s southwest slope is available. Those data series this research is only adequate for climate variability analysis. The methods to detect trends in this research is non parametric test (Mann-Kendall test). The results show that at level of significance 5%, trend of rainfall in Mt. Merapi slope area is statistically not performing a specific pattern. Wet season occur every November until April while dry season occur every May until October. Neglect of trend signification, annual rainfall has decreace tendency. Rainfall amount in the beginning of wet season has increase tendency while rainfall amount in the middle of wet season and dry season have decreace tendency. Maximum daily and hourly rainfall also have decreace tendency.Spatially, annual rainfall and maximum daily rainfall increased from lower to higher elevation, from east to west and from south to north.
KAJIAN VARIABILITAS CURAH HUJAN DI KAWASAN LERENG GUNUNG MERAPI DENGAN UJI MANN-KENDALL Pratiwi, Endita Prima Ari; Sujono, Joko; Jayadi, Rachmad
INFO-TEKNIK Vol 13, No 1 (2012): INFOTEKNIK VOL. 13 NO. 1 2012
Publisher : Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/infotek.v13i1.1810

Abstract

Rainfall is one of hydrology components that may be affected by climate change. The change of rainfall pattern can cause much impact on many fields. Many researches about global and regional climate change projection have been conducted. However, research about local scale of climate change based on climate character in local area is still necessary for a better result. Area of this research cover southwest slope of Merapi Mount, Java Island, Indonesia. Automatic rainfall data records from 1989 until 2008 of nine rainfall gauges in Merapi Mount?s southwest slope is available. Those data series this research is only adequate for climate variability analysis. The methods to detect trends in this research is non parametric test (Mann-Kendall test). The results show that at level of significance 5%, trend of rainfall in Mt. Merapi slope area is statistically not performing a specific pattern. Wet season occur every November until April while dry season occur every May until October. Neglect of trend signification, annual rainfall has decreace tendency. Rainfall amount in the beginning of wet season has increase tendency while rainfall amount in the middle of wet season and dry season have decreace tendency. Maximum daily and hourly rainfall also have decreace tendency.Spatially, annual rainfall and maximum daily rainfall increased from lower to higher elevation, from east to west and from south to north.
The Impacts of Flood and Drought on Food Security in Central Java Pratiwi, Endita Prima Ari; Ramadhani, Eka Laily; Nurrochmad, Fatchan; Legono, Djoko
Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum Vol. 6 No. 1 (January 2020)
Publisher : Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3298.437 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jcef.51872

Abstract

To achieve food security, water must be available at the right place, at the right time, in the right quantity, and be of the right quality. Water-related disasters will negatively affect agricultural areas and crop production, which can threaten food security. Nevertheless, flood and drought strike Central Java, one of the rice production centres in Indonesia, every year, and climate change has been worsening the condition because extreme events occur more frequently. This study reviews the impacts of flood and drought on paddy fields in Central Java from 2014 to 2018. A set of historical documents, including reports on flood and drought, rainfall records, and rice production, were collected from government institutions. Quantitative analysis was conducted using statistics and geographic information system tools. The results showed that the 2014 flood event reflected badly on 94,306 hectares (ha) paddy fields. Four severely affected regencies were Pati (25,460 ha), Demak (13,560 ha), Jepara (13,281 ha), and Kudus (12,203 ha). Meanwhile, drought in 2015 affected 82,324 ha paddy field. The areas severely damaged by drought were Blora (12,335 ha), Cilacap (11,503 ha), Grobogan (10,514 ha), and Pemalang (10,134 ha). Pearson’s correlation analysis results indicated that the correlation between annual rainfall and drought impact (r = −0.865, p = 0.058) is more significant than that between annual rainfall and drought impact (r = 0.794, p = 0.108). The stakeholders have adopted some strategies to minimise losses, such as establishing a 1,000 small water reservoirs program, preparing temporary pump irrigation, and providing agricultural insurance. Nevertheless, more efforts are still necessary to fight against food insecurity.
Analysis of Water-Saving Irrigation with Organic Materials at Different Percentages for Rice Cultivation Legowo, Dhinar Yoga Hanggung; Nurrochmad, Fatchan; Pratiwi, Endita Prima Ari
Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum Vol. 6 No. 2 (May 2020)
Publisher : Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jcef.53191

Abstract

Gemolong subdistrict in Sragen Regency of Central Java, Indonesia has a rainfed rice area of 2,047.64 hectares. Water is very limited during the dry season and this usually makes farmers use costly groundwater pumps for irrigation. This means conventional method involving the continuously flooded irrigation combined with chemical fertilizers which are considered water-wasteful and hazardous to the soil is the current practice in the area. However, water saving-irrigation with the addition of organic material has been discovered to be an alternative solution to this problem. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the effect of this method on water productivity using four variations of water-saving irrigation treatment and composition of organic application as well as one control treatment involving conventional method with chemical fertilizers. Meanwhile, composted rice straw was used as organic material and applied at 20% and 40% composition. The results showed the application of organic material boosted rice production while the water-saving method increased water productivity. Applying rice straw to the soil at 20% and 40% was discovered to have increased water productivity by 15% and 19% compared to the control treatment. Moreover, the application of 20% rice straw to water-saving irrigation method saved up to 19% water and increase its productivity by 16.5% in comparison with the control treatment. However, 40% under water-saving irrigation method reduced the water productivity by 2% even though it saved up to 27% water needed for irrigation. It is, therefore, recommended that water-saving methods added with 20% organic material be implemented as alternative rice cultivation procedures during dry season and period of water scarcity.