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PCS-5 NITRIC OXIDE INDUCED BASAL CELL HYPERPLASIA AND LAMINA PROPRIA ELONGATION IN RAT GASTROESOPHAGEAL JUNCTION Djuartina, Tena; Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo; Syam, Ari Fahrial; Aulia, Ahmad; Dewi, Tri Isyani Tungga
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

NO (Nitric Oxide) is an inorganic compound composed of nitrogen and oxygen, NO is also produced in various places on various types of mammalian cells. NO as a radical compound is important in mediating physiological and pathological events in mammals including humans [1].GEJ (gastroesophageal junction) is a transition zone between the surface of esophagus which is covered by stratified squamous epithelium to the gastric mucosa which consists of simple columnar epithelium (z-line), where circular muscle of esophagus fuse with oblique muscle and lipid layer of the gaster. At the lower part of GEJ, there is the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) that not only allow food to move into stomach and works as an exit passage of the gas, but also inhibit reflux of any substances that potentially can cause harm to the esophagus [2].Petersson et al, found that chronic exposure to cytotoxic levels of NO can cause inflammation, intestinal metaplasia and neoplasia. Although it is known that gastric acid, pepsin and bile acids can cause adenocarcinoma of distal esophagus and GEJ, NO exposure and nitrosative stress role in this phenomenon is yet to be fully understood and further study is needed [3].The purpose of this was to identify and compare the histopathological changes occurring in GEJ in relation to administration of physiological concentration of nitrate dissolved in HCl and ascorbic acid. As such, the animal model used in this study can be used to study and represent the changes microscopically, because obtaining a full thickness biopsy from a human subject can be difficult to perform.
Karakteristik Nori dari Campuran Rumput Laut Ulva lactuca dan Eucheuma cottonii Zakaria, Fransiska Rungkat; Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo; Erniati, Erniati; Sajida, Sajida
Jurnal Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 12, No 1 (2017): Juni 2017
Publisher : Balai Besar Riset Pengolahan Produk dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15578/jpbkp.v12i1.336

Abstract

AbstrakRumput laut jenis Ulva lactuca dan Eucheuma cottonii merupakan rumput laut yang dapat dijumpai di perairan Indonesia, akan tetapi pemanfaatannya sebagai produk nori belum dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memproduksi nori dari rumput laut U. lactuca dan E. cottonii dan menguji karakteristik mutu fisik, kimia dan sensori. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa campuran rumput laut U. lactuta dan E. cottonii dapat menghasilkan produk nori yang berkualitas. Hasil uji organoleptik menunjukkan produk nori yang dipanggang lebih dapat diterima dibandingkan nori tidak dipanggang. Karakteristik kimia dan fisik produk berbeda nyata pada taraf 5%. Hasil analisis karakteristik kimia menunjukkan bahwa produk nori rumput laut U. lactuca dan E. cottonii mempunyai kandungan protein yang lebih rendah (18.84%), kandungan karbohidrat yang lebih tinggi (62.31%), kandungan serat pangan yang lebih tinggi (36.76%) dan kapasitas antioksidan yang lebih rendah (43.01%) dibandingkan nori komersial (karbohidrat 41.8%, protein 40%, serat 21.3%, kapasitas antioksidan 51%). Characteristics of the Nori from Mixture of  Ulva  lactuca and Eucheuma cottonii SeaweedsAbstractUlva  lactuca and  Eucheuma  cottonii are seaweed that are available in Indonesia, but their utilization as food product is very limited. This study aimed to produce nori processed from mixture of  U.  lactuca and  E.  cottonii seaweed and evaluate the quality characteristics of the physical, chemical and sensory of the product. The results showed that a mixture of U. lactuca and E.  cottonii seaweed could be processed into the nori. Organoleptic tests showed that roasted nori product were more acceptable than unroasted nori. The chemical and physical characteristics of the product significantly different at the level of 5%. Chemical characteristics showed that the nori product from  U.  lactuca and  E.  cottoniiseaweed contained higher carbohydrate (62.31%), lower protein (18.84%), higher fiber content (36.76%) and slightly lower antioxidant capacity (43.01%) compared to commercial nori (carbohydrate 41.8%, protein 40%, fiber 21.3%, and antioxidant capacity 51%).
ANTIOXIDANT, CYTOTOXIC ACTIVITIES AND TOTAL PHENOLIC CONTENT OF FOUR INDONESIAN MEDICINAL PLANTS Nurcholis, Waras; Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo; Purwakusumah, Edy Djauhari; Katayama, Takeshi; Suzuki, Toshisada
Jurnal Kimia Valensi Jurnal Valensi Volume 2, No.4, Mei 2012
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic Uni

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.104 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/jkv.v2i4.267

Abstract

The crude ethanol extracts of four Indonesian medicinal plants namely Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb.,Phyllanthus niruri Linn., Andrographis paniculata Ness., and Curcuma aeruginosa Roxb. wereexamined for their antioxidant (radical scavenging) activity using 2, 2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl(DPPH) free radical and cytotoxicity using brine shrimp lethality test (BSLT). The total phenoliccontent was used the Folin-Ciocalteu method. IC50 values for DPPH radical scavenging activityranged from 14.5 to 178.5 ?g/ml, with P. niruri having the lowest value and therefore the mostpotent, and C. aeruginosa having the highest value. LC50 values for BSLT ranged from 210.3 to593.2 ?g/ml, with C. xanthorrhiza and A. paniculata having the lowest and highest values,respectively. The total phenolic content of the Indonesian plants ranged from 133.0 ±3.7 to863.3±54.7 mg tannic acid equivalent per 1 g extract, with C. aeruginosa and P. niruri having thelowest and highest values, respectively. A positive correlation between free radical scavengingactivity and the content of phenolic compounds was found in the four of Indonesian medicinal plants.
GOBLET CELLS PROLIFERATION OF DUODENUM, JEJUNUM, AND ILEUM OF LAYING HENS IMMUNIZED WITH PROTEIN OF EXCRETORY-SECRETORY OF ASCARIDIA GALLI Balqis, Ummu; Tiuria, Risa; Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo; D, Darmawi
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 1, No 2 (2007): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v1i2.3129

Abstract

This research was conducted in order to examine the goblet cells proliferation in duodenum, jejunum, and ileum of laying hens due to exposured with protein of excretory/secretory (ES) of Ascaridiagalli adult worm. Thirty heads of laying hens were divided in to two groups. The first group was treated with 4,000 infective larva (L2) of A. galli and the second group was immunized with 380µg of ES andfour hours later was challenged with 4000 L2. All treatments were given orally using stainless steelcanule directly to the oesophagus. Data was taken on the 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15 days post immunization(p.i.). The goblet cells were determined by Periodic Acid Schiff (PAS) staining. The result showed that immunization was able to increased goblet cells proliferation significantly at 12 and 15 day p.i. on theduodenum, and at 9, 12, and 15 day p.i. on the jejunum, but goblet cells proliferation did notsignificantly on the ileum. From this result we suggested that ES would beneficial in the strengthen thehost?s defence mechanisms in the intestinal mucosa.Keywords: Ascaridia galli, excretory/secretory, goblet cells
PAT-3 IN VITRO GROWTH INHIBITION ACTIVITIES OF NATURAL (NCAIFN) AND RECOMBINANT (RCAIFN) CANINE INTERFERONS ON THREE DIFFERENT TUMOR-DERIVED CELL LINES Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo; Rostantinata, Rizki; Harlina, Eva; Noviyanti, Lina
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

Recently, from many kinds of diseases one could be counted is a tumor disease. Tumor is a degenerative disease that involved many biological pathways within the host. A tumor or neoplasm can be defined as a disturbance of growth characterized by excessive, abnormal and uncontrolled proliferation of transformed or altered cell(s) at  one or more primary points within the host, and frequently at  one or more metastatic sites (Priosoeryanto, 1994).The treatment of tumor is mostly by medical surgery which usually combined with chemotherapeutic agent(s), unfortunately the using of chemotherapeutic agent can develop a seriously side effect to the treated-patients. Biological substances like interferon (IFN) known as anti-virus agent is also one of promising candidate for treating or preventing of tumor disorders.Feline and canine squamous cell carcinoma is one of tumor type that often found in cat and dog, and mostly develop to a very aggressive disorder. The using of in vitro cell culture is a way to avoid the use of live animals on the study of tumors especially the study of antitumor agent due to can mimic the in vivo condition.  The aim of the present study is to examine the growth inhibition activity of natural and recombinant canine interferon in order to find the suitable biological substances for combating tumor disorder especially in the field of veterinary medicine and also as an information for the development of tumor treatment in the human medical side.
ISOLASI DAN KARAKTERISASI HEMAGLUTININ STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS PENYEBAB MASTITIS SUBKLINIS PADA SAPI PERAH Abrar, Mahdi; Wibawan, I Wayan Teguh; Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo; Soedarwanto, Mirnawati; Pasaribu, Fachriyan Hasymi
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 6, No 1 (2012): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v6i1.347

Abstract

Dalam penelitian ini isolasi dan karakterisasi hemaglutinin Staphylococcus aureus dilakukan dengan teknik afinitas kromatograf Karakterisasi hemaglutinin yang dihasilkan dilajutkan dengan teknik elektroforesis menggunakan metode sodium dodecyl sulphate gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) dan dilanjutkan untuk melihat pengaruh suhu dan enzim terhadap aktivitas hemaglutinin. Hasil penelitia menunjukkan bahwa komponen hemaglutinin Staphylococcus aureus yang telah diisolasi memiliki berat molekul 46 kDa. Aktivit Staphylococcus aureus dalam meghemaglutinasi hilang pada pemanasan 60° C dan pengaruh enzim proteolitik. Hasil ini mengindikasika bahwa hemaglutinin Staphylococcus aureus adalah protein.
PERANAN HEMAGLUTININ STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS DALAM PROSES ADHESI PADA SEL EPITEL AMBING SAPI PERAH Abrar, Mahdi; Wibawan, I Wayan Teguh; Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo; Soedarwanto, Mirnawati; Pasaribu, Fachriyan Hasymi
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 7, No 1 (2013): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v7i1.564

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui kemampuan hemaglutinin pada Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) dalam proses adhesi. Uji adhesi pada sel epitel ambing dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode Velentine-Weiggand. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa S. aureus yang memiliki hemaglutinin menunjukkan kemampuan adhesi yang jauh lebih baik (±380 bakteri/20 sel) dibandingkan dengan yang tidak memiliki hemaglutinin (±56 bakteri/20 sel).
Dyspepsia in Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs Gastropathy Manan, Chudahman; Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo; Daldiyono, Daldiyono; Estuningsih, Sri; Rahminiwati, Min
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 12, NUMBER 2, August 2011
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) gastropathy is a common complication, which has characteristic symptoms of dyspepsia syndrome. Mostly, it includes epigastric discomfort with bloating and nausea. The aim of this study was to provide evidences that clinical symptoms of dyspepsia are related to macroscopic changes of gastric form in rats, which are expected to be applied in human. Method: The study was conducted in 20 white rats (Rattus norvegicus, Sprague-Dawley strain) at the Department of Pathology and Clinical Reproduction, Bogor Agricultural University between January and December 2008. The rats were divided to treatment group and control group and each group consisted of 10 rats. Acetyl salicylic acid (ASA/aspirin) was administered at 400 mg dose, diluted in distilled water and was given to the treatment group using gastric cannula, once daily for three days period; while the control group had received aquabidest only. Subsequently, necropsies were conducted for both groups, followed by macroscopic observation and measurement of sagittal and transversal diameter. Gastric incisions along the minor curvature were performed in both groups to recognize any macroscopic changes of gastric mucosa. ANOVA test was utilized for data analysis, which was followed by Duncan test when the results were significant. Results: Gastric diameters in treatment group with positive lesion were significantly different from the control group and the treatment group with negative lesion on anthrum/pylorus region, with p < 0.05. Conclusion: Prominent gastric dilatation at anthrum/pylorus region found in the treatment group may become the initial cause and signs of dyspepsia in human. Keywords: NSAID gastropathy, dyspepsia, NSAIDs/aspirin, gastric dilatation
Preventing NSAID-induced Gastropathy: The Role of Mucus Cells to Prevent Aspirin-Induced Acute Gastric Mucosal Damage Manan, Chudahman; Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo; Daldiyono, Daldiyono; Estuningsih, Sri; Rahminiwati, Min
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 12, NUMBER 3, December 2011
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: Mucus is pre-epithelial gastric layer that may prevent damages due to direct contact between aspirin and gastric epithelial cells. The integrity of gastric mucosa and mucous cellular reaction may serve as primary and secondary prevention of extended aspirin-induced gastric mucosal damage. The aim of this study was to prove the function of mucus as defensive factor in rats. Method: The study was conducted in twenty white rats of the Sprague-Dawley strain at Department of Pathology and Clinical Reproduction, Bogor Agricultural University, between January and December 2008. The rat in the treatment group were given 400 mg aspirin diluted in aqua bidest through intra- gatric canules; while the control group received aqua bidest only once daily for 3 days. Necropsies, macroscopic and microscopic observation were performed by counting the number of Alcian blue- periodic acid Schiff-stained mucous cells at fundus/corpus and antrum/pylorus regions. Data analysis was performed using ANOVA and Duncan test. Results: The number of mucous cells with positive lesions in the treatment group was significantly different from the control group at both regions. There was no significant difference of negative lesions between treatment and control group at both regions. At antrum/pylorus region, there was no difference of negative lesions between treatment and control groups; however, both groups demonstrated significant difference of positive lesions in treatment group. Conclusion: In primary prevention for gastric mucosal lesions, there is no increasing number of mucous cells in normal mucosa. Increasing number of mucous cells is a secondary prevention against extended aspirin-induced gastric mucosal damage. Keywords: NSAIDs/ASA, mucus cells, gastric mucosal lesion, rat
EFEK KONSUMSI MINUMAN BUBUK KAKAO (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) BEBAS LEMAK TERHADAP SIFAT ANTIOKSIDATIF LIMFOSIT SUBYEK PEREMPUAN [THE EFFECT OF FAT FREE COCOA (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) POWDER DRINKS CONSUMPTION ON ANTIOXIDATIVE ACTIVITY OF LYMPHOCYTE OF WOMEN SUBJEC Erniati, .; Zakaria, Fransiska R.; Priosoeryanto, Bambang Pontjo
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 23 No. 1 (2012): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

The health benefits of cocoa both in vivo and in vitro have been reported in many studies. Cocoa is a rich source of flavonoids known to have antioxidant activity, such as catechin, epicatechin and procyanidin. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of fat free cocoa powder drink consumption on antioxidative properties and proliferation activities of woman lymphocyte. Healthy woman subjects were divided into cocoa group (n = 9) and control group (n = 9). Cocoa powder drink containing skim milk and sugar was given to the cocoa groups every morning for 25 days. The control group received only water containing skim milk and sugar. Both cocoa and control group received physical medical checkup at the beginning and at the end of the intervention. Their peripheral blood was taken for lymphocyte antioxidant analysis. The measured antioxidant properties consisted of antiradical activity by DPPH method, malonaldehyde (MDA) and glutathione levels. The data of cocoa group showed that there was a significant increase (p ? 0.05) in antiradical level from 31+11.2 to 40.19+7.42% and glutathione from 48.2±10.5 to 66.7±15.9 ?mol/land a decrease in MDA level in the lymphocyte (p < 0.05) from 2.98±2.21 to 1.29±0.33 ?mol/las compared to the control group (from 25.77±6.9 to 26.79±6.12%; 34.7±20.7 to 37.8±19.2 ?mol/land 3.01±1.53 to 2.069±0.707 ?mol/l respectively) after consumption of the cocoa powder drink. The results of this research revealed that fat free cocoa powder has a strong antioxidant activity which was manifested up to the blood cells.