Windiarti Dwi Purnaningrum
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Association Between Cigarette Advertisement, Peer Group, Parental Education, Family Income, and Pocket Money with Smoking Behavior among Adolescents in Karanganyar District, Central Java Purnaningrum, Windiarti Dwi; Joebagio, Hermanu; Murti, Bhisma
Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior Vol 2, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Adolescents are susceptible to positive and negative influences from the social environment. One of the negative influences is smoking behavior. Smoking in adolescents can have deleterous effect on health and academic achievement. This study aimed to determine the association between cigarette advertisement, peer group, parental education, family income, and pocket money on smoking behavior among adolescents.Subjects and Method: This was an analytic observational study using cross-sectional design. This study was carried out in Colomadu Sub district, Karanganyar District, Central Java.  A sample of 100 teenagers was selected for this study. The dependent variable was smoking behavior. The independent variables were exposure to cigarette advertisement, peer group, parental education, family income, and pocket money. The data were collected by a set of questionnaire. The data were analyzed by logistic regression.Results: Smoking behavior in adolescents was associated with exposure to cigarette advertisement (OR=22.58; 95% CI =2.42 to 210.69; p=0.006), peer group (OR=44.00; 95% CI =3.99 to 485.33; p=0.002), parental education (OR= 36.92; 95% CI =3.12 to 427.81; p=0.004), family income (OR=0.09; 95% CI= 0.01 to 0.97; p=0.047), and pocket money (OR=10.56; 95% CI=1.22 to 91.56; p=0.032).Conclusion: Smoking behavior in adolescents was associated with exposure to cigerrete advertisement, peer group, parental education, family income, and pocket money.Keywords: cigarette advertisement, peer group, parental education, family income, pocket moneyCorrespondence: Windiarti Dwi Purnaningrum. Health Polytechnics, Ministry of Health, Surakarta. Email: windiartidwi@gmail.com. Phone: +628562995373.Journal of Health Promotion and Behavior (2017), 2(2): 148-158https://doi.org/10.26911/thejhpb.2017.02.02.05
Skrining Kemampuan Bahasa Anak Pra Sekolah : A Pilot Project Aji Pratomo, Hafidz Triantoro; Siswanto, Arif; Purnaningrum, Windiarti Dwi
Jurnal Keterapian Fisik Vol 3 No 1 (2018): JURNAL KETERAPIAN FISIK
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.501 KB) | DOI: 10.37341/jkf.v3i1.105

Abstract

Abstract : Language, Pre School, Screening. Language skills are important for a child to be able to receive information and knowledge at school and in his home environment. This child's language skills should be an important concern of all elements involved with child education, including speech therapists in an effort to monitor the child's language development before entering school. This study aims to find out the language skills profile of pre-school children aged 4-6 years. Participants were recruited from Surakarta Kindergarten with a total of 36 children to participate in this study with an age range between 4-6 years. Screening is given to participants. It is the screening result that will reflect the receptive and expressive language profile of the child. There are six test items that can be used to screen the language skills of pre-school children:simple commands, expressive vocabulary, color names, answer questions, sentence memory, and digit memories. Internal correlation of simple command grain r = 0.791 (p = 0.000), expressive vocabulary grain r = 0.749 (p = 0.000), the item named color r = 0.739 (p = 0.000), the item answered r = 0.754 (p = 0.000) item memory sentence r = 0.879 (p = 0.000), and the item memory digit r = 0.816 (p = 0.000). The value of internal validity or correlation between items in the language development screen is good enough because all correlated items have correlations with low probability values.