Eko Hari Purnomo
Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor

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OPTIMASI PENGGUNAAN HIDROKOLOID TERHADAP PASTA MAKARONI BERBASIS BERAS BERAMILOSA TINGGI Purnomo, Eko Hari; Purwani, Endang Yuli; Sulistyawati, Tri Wahyu
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 26 No. 2 (2015): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (349.896 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2015.26.2.241

Abstract

Pasta is an extrusion product which is commonly produced from wheat flour. Gluten is key substance of wheat flour that affect quality of pasta, such as low cooking loss, low adhesiveness and firm pasta structure. However, gluten may cause health problem for consumers with celiac disease or gluten intolerance. Rice is safe for celiac disease sufferer, but it is technologically challenging to develop rice-based pasta. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of different ratio between xanthan gum and guar gum (2%) on the physical characteristics of macaroni pasta from rice flour. This research consisted of several steps which include flour milling and characterization, formulation, and final product analysis. The result showed that different ratio of xanthan gum and guar gum had significant effect to cooking loss, adhesiveness, springiness and hue parameters (P<0.05), but it did not give significant effect to water absorbtion, swelling volume, chroma and lightness response (P>0.05). The optimum formula was noodle by hydrocolloid ratio 2% of xanthan gum and 0 % of guar gum which had desirability value of 0.798. The selected formula was organoleptically accepted by panelists and containing 9.84 % of water, 1.65% of ash, 12.05% of protein, 1.41% of fat, 75.05% of carbohydrate, 24.49% of amylose, also 33.49  of pore size.
PARAMETER KINETIKA INAKTIVASI TERMAL DAN ISOLASI STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS PADA MINUMAN DARI GEL CINCAU HIJAU DAN ROSELA Purnomo, Eko Hari; Giriwono, Puspo Edi; Indrasti, Dias; Firlieyanti, Antung Sima; Kinasih, Andini Giwang
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 26 No. 1 (2015): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.466 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2015.26.1.124

Abstract

Information about heat resistance (D and z values) of target bacteria is needed for the thermal process design on drink from Green Grass Jelly (Premna oblongifolia Merr.) and Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.), so it can guarantee quality and safety of the product. The objectives of this research were to isolate Staphylococcus aureus from commercial green grass jelly and to determine the D and z values of Staphylococcus aureus (from commercial product and standard clinical isolate ATCC 25923) on heating menstruum of green grass jelly and roselle. Isolation of S. aureus was done by inoculation in selective medium, D and z values of Staphylococcus aureus were assessed by heating at constant temperatures of 57, 53, 49, and 45°C during the time interval 2.5, 5, 10, and 15 minutes. The results showed that one isolate (Isolate A) gave positive response of Staphylococcus aureus in isolation tests and had similar percentage with the reference culture of 41.8% using the API Staph Kit. Heat resistance of Staphylococcus aureus (represented as D value) isolated from green grass jelly at constant heating temperature of D45, D49, D53 and D57 were 32.3, 17.9, 4.6, and 1.5 minutes. On the other hand, D value of isolates ATCC 25923 (standard clinical isolate) at constant heating temperature of D45, D49, D53 and D57 were 18.5, 6.8, 2.9, and 1.4 minutes. The z value of isolates A and ATCC 25923 were 8.8°C and 10.8°C. Smaller z value of isolate A showed that pasteurization process can be accelerated and optimized with increasing the temperature slightly but has the same lethality effect.
Chemical Characterization of Flour Fractions from Five Yam (Dioscorea alata) Cultivars in Indonesia Nadia, Lula; Wirakartakusumah, M. Aman; Andarwulan, Nuri; Purnomo, Eko Hari; Noda, Takahiro; Ishiguro, Koji
Journal of Engineering and Technological Sciences Vol 47, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : ITB Journal Publisher, LPPM ITB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.836 KB) | DOI: 10.5614/j.eng.technol.sci.2015.47.1.7

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of particle size on  the  chemical properties  of yam flour  in five  cultivars, yellow/YY, orange/OY, light purple/LPY, purple/PY, and dark purple/DPY. With a mesh sieve, three  flour fractions  were separated according to particle size:  small (128.6-139.7 µm), medium (228.7-257.9 µm), and large (475.4-596.3 µm). The content of moisture (6.81-11.26 %db) and lipids (4.48-9.85 %db) decreased with the increase of particle size, while proteins (4.48-9.85 %db) and carbohydrates (78.12-83.76 %db) were not influenced by particle size. Folin-Ciocalteu reagent and chlorogenic acid were used as standard to investigate the total phenolic compounds  in  the  yam  flour,  and  high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to investigate the anthocyanin and carotene contents. It was found that there was no size influence on the content of phenolics (0.27-2.82%db), anthocyanin (2.25-15.27  mg/100g db) in LPY, PY, DPY  or  carotene (23.75-132.12 mg/100g db) in YY, OY. The differences in chemical composition were due to differences in particle size and heat treatment, but may also have been caused by the different composition of the milling process.
FRAKSINASI KERING MINYAK KELAPA MENGGUNAKAN KRISTALISATOR SKALA 120 KG UNTUK MENGHASILKAN FRAKSI MINYAK KAYA TRIASILGLISER0L RANTAI MENENGAH MURSALIN, MURSALIN; HARIYADI, PURWIYATNO; PURNOMO, EKO HARI; ANDARWULAN, NURI; FARDIAZ, DEDI
853-8212
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRAKMinyak kelapa merupakan sumber medium chain triglycerides(MCT) utama. Melalui proses fraksinasi dapat dihasilkan fraksi minyakdengan kandungan MCT tinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajaripengaruh berbagai faktor perlakuan dingin terhadap kristalisasi danfraksinasi minyak kelapa, serta untuk menetapkan prosedur pendinginanyang efektif dalam menghasilkan fraksi minyak dengan kandungan MCTtinggi. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Laboratorium SEAFAST CENTER IPBdari bulan Maret 2012 sampai bulan Februari 2013. Fraksinasi dilakukandengan memanaskan minyak pada suhu 70°C lalu didinginkan padaberbagai laju pendinginan untuk mencapai beberapa variasi suhukristalisasi, diaduk dengan kecepatan 15 rpm, dibiarkan mengkristal padalama waktu yang berbeda (hingga 900 menit), serta difraksinasi denganpenyaringan vakum menggunakan kertas Whatman 40. Tiga tahappendinginan yang merupakan faktor kunci keberhasilan proses kristalisasiminyak kelapa yaitu tahap pendinginan awal dari suhu 70 hingga 29°C;tahap pendinginan kritis 29°C hingga suhu kristalisasi; dan tahapkristalisasi itu sendiri. Pada tahap pertama minyak kelapa didinginkansecepat mungkin untuk menurunkan waktu proses, tetapi pada tahap keduaharus dilaksanakan dengan laju pendinginan lambat (kurang dari 0,176°C/menit) untuk menghasilkan kristal yang berukuran besar dan tidak mudahmeleleh. Minyak dengan kandungan triasilgliserol tinggi dapat diperolehdari fraksi olein minyak kelapa. Pada perlakuan suhu kristalisasi 21,30-21,73°C untuk laju pendinginan kritis antara 0,013 hingga 0,176°C/menit,semakin rendah laju pendinginan kritis dan semakin lama proseskristalisasi maka kandungan MCT fraksi olein yang dihasilkan akansemakin tinggi.Kata kunci: minyak kelapa, laju pendinginan, kristalisasi, fraksinasi, MCTABSTRACTCoconut oil is the main source of medium chain triglycerides(MCT). Fractionation produce oil fraction containing MCT concentrate.This research aims to study the influence of various factors of coolingtreatment on the crystallization and fractionation of coconut oil, and toestablish effective cooling procedure to produce oil fraction with highMCT content. The research was conducted in Laboratorium of SEAFASTCENTER IPB from March 2012 to February 2013. Coconut oil washeated at 70°C then cooled at different cooling rate to reach variouscrystalization temperatures. The oil was then stirred at 15 rpm and allow tocrystallized at different period of time (up to 900 min), and finallyfractionated by vacuum filtration using Whatman #40 paper. Fractionationtemperatures was the same as crystalization temperature. The resultsshowed that there were three distinct cooling regimes critical tocrystallization process, i.e temperature range from 70 to 29°C; 29°C tocrystallization temperature; and crystallization temperature. In the firstregime, melted coconut oil might be cooled quickly to save time, but in thesecond regime need be done with a cooling rate of less than 0.176°C/minto produce physically stable crystal. Oil with high triacylglycerol contentcould be obtained from olein fraction of coconut oil. At the crystallizationtemperature 21.30-21.73°C for the critical cooling rate between 0.013 to0.176°C/min, the higher MCT content of olein fraction were produced bythe lower critical cooling rate and the longer crystallization process.Keywords: fractionation, crystallization, MCT, coconut oil, cooling rate.
FORMULATION AND PROCESS OPTIMIZATION OF MUFFIN PRODUCED FROM COMPOSITE FLOUR OF CORN, WHEAT AND SWEET POTATO [FORMULASI DAN OPTIMASI PROSES PRODUKSI MUFIN DARI TEPUNG KOMPOSIT JAGUNG, GANDUM DAN UBI JALAR] Purnomo, Eko Hari; Sitanggang, Azis B.; Agustin, Denny S.; Hariyadi, Purwiyatno; Hartono, Stefani
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 23 No. 2 (2012): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1026.791 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2012.23.2.165

Abstract

Intensification of use of local carbohydrate sources such as corn and sweet potato is expected to minimize wheat import and support food diversification program. The objective of this research was to optimize the composite flour composition and baking process conditions in muffin production. This research was divided into 3 steps namely formula optimization using mixture design techniques, process optimization using response surface methodology and final product analysis. The formula and process optimization was based on sensory parameter using hedonic rating test involving 70 untrained panelists. The results showed that the optimum formula was a formula with 4% wheat flour, 86% corn flour, and 10% sweet potato flour. The optimum baking condition was 39 minutes at 157°C. Analysis of muffin made with the optimum formula and baking conditions showed that the muffin had hardness, moisture, ash, protein, fat, cabohydrate, and crude fibre of 107.3 gf, 23.22%, 1.83%, 5.89%, 22.46%, 69.82%, and 0.26%, respectively.
KLOROFIL DAUN SUJI: POTENSI DAN TANTANGAN PENGEMBANGAN PEWARNA HIJAU ALAMI Indrasti, Dias; Andarwulan, Nuri; Purnomo, Eko Hari; Wulandari, Nur
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 24 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (364.205 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.24.2.109

Abstract

Chlorophyll has long been used as a green colorant for food and non-food applications. One source of chlorophyll is suji (Dracaena angustifolia (Medik.) Roxb.) leaf. The suji leaf chlorophyll has advantages and unique characteristics compared to the other chlorophyll sources that potential to be developed as a natural colorant. However, chlorophyll is easily degraded due to enzymatic and environmental factors. During processing and storage, the chlorophyll structure changes to its derivative compounds which are no longer green. Several attempts have been done to maintain the quality of the green color and quantity of chlorophyll contained in suji leaves. The formation of metallo-chlorophyll and development of suji leaf powder colorant have not been able to match the quality and quantity of its extract. These constraints become a challenge in the development of suji leaves as a natural colorant.
FRAKSINASI KERING MINYAK KELAPA MENGGUNAKAN KRISTALISATOR SKALA 120 KG UNTUK MENGHASILKAN FRAKSI MINYAK KAYA TRIASILGLISER0L RANTAI MENENGAH MURSALIN, MURSALIN; HARIYADI, PURWIYATNO; PURNOMO, EKO HARI; ANDARWULAN, NURI; FARDIAZ, DEDI
Jurnal Penelitian Tanaman Industri Vol 19, No 1 (2013): Maret 2013
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/littri.v19n1.2013.41 - 50

Abstract

ABSTRAKMinyak kelapa merupakan sumber medium chain triglycerides(MCT) utama. Melalui proses fraksinasi dapat dihasilkan fraksi minyakdengan kandungan MCT tinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajaripengaruh berbagai faktor perlakuan dingin terhadap kristalisasi danfraksinasi minyak kelapa, serta untuk menetapkan prosedur pendinginanyang efektif dalam menghasilkan fraksi minyak dengan kandungan MCTtinggi. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Laboratorium SEAFAST CENTER IPBdari bulan Maret 2012 sampai bulan Februari 2013. Fraksinasi dilakukandengan memanaskan minyak pada suhu 70°C lalu didinginkan padaberbagai laju pendinginan untuk mencapai beberapa variasi suhukristalisasi, diaduk dengan kecepatan 15 rpm, dibiarkan mengkristal padalama waktu yang berbeda (hingga 900 menit), serta difraksinasi denganpenyaringan vakum menggunakan kertas Whatman 40. Tiga tahappendinginan yang merupakan faktor kunci keberhasilan proses kristalisasiminyak kelapa yaitu tahap pendinginan awal dari suhu 70 hingga 29°C;tahap pendinginan kritis 29°C hingga suhu kristalisasi; dan tahapkristalisasi itu sendiri. Pada tahap pertama minyak kelapa didinginkansecepat mungkin untuk menurunkan waktu proses, tetapi pada tahap keduaharus dilaksanakan dengan laju pendinginan lambat (kurang dari 0,176°C/menit) untuk menghasilkan kristal yang berukuran besar dan tidak mudahmeleleh. Minyak dengan kandungan triasilgliserol tinggi dapat diperolehdari fraksi olein minyak kelapa. Pada perlakuan suhu kristalisasi 21,30-21,73°C untuk laju pendinginan kritis antara 0,013 hingga 0,176°C/menit,semakin rendah laju pendinginan kritis dan semakin lama proseskristalisasi maka kandungan MCT fraksi olein yang dihasilkan akansemakin tinggi.Kata kunci: minyak kelapa, laju pendinginan, kristalisasi, fraksinasi, MCTABSTRACTCoconut oil is the main source of medium chain triglycerides(MCT). Fractionation produce oil fraction containing MCT concentrate.This research aims to study the influence of various factors of coolingtreatment on the crystallization and fractionation of coconut oil, and toestablish effective cooling procedure to produce oil fraction with highMCT content. The research was conducted in Laboratorium of SEAFASTCENTER IPB from March 2012 to February 2013. Coconut oil washeated at 70°C then cooled at different cooling rate to reach variouscrystalization temperatures. The oil was then stirred at 15 rpm and allow tocrystallized at different period of time (up to 900 min), and finallyfractionated by vacuum filtration using Whatman #40 paper. Fractionationtemperatures was the same as crystalization temperature. The resultsshowed that there were three distinct cooling regimes critical tocrystallization process, i.e temperature range from 70 to 29°C; 29°C tocrystallization temperature; and crystallization temperature. In the firstregime, melted coconut oil might be cooled quickly to save time, but in thesecond regime need be done with a cooling rate of less than 0.176°C/minto produce physically stable crystal. Oil with high triacylglycerol contentcould be obtained from olein fraction of coconut oil. At the crystallizationtemperature 21.30-21.73°C for the critical cooling rate between 0.013 to0.176°C/min, the higher MCT content of olein fraction were produced bythe lower critical cooling rate and the longer crystallization process.Keywords: fractionation, crystallization, MCT, coconut oil, cooling rate.
KARAKTERISTIK TEPUNG TALAS VARIETAS BENTUL DAN SATOIMO HASIL FERMENTASI TERKENDALI DENGAN INOKULUM KOMERSIAL Astuti, Santi Dwi; Andarwulan, Nuri; Fardiaz, Dedi; Purnomo, Eko Hari
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 28 No. 2 (2017): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (666.112 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2017.28.2.180

Abstract

Taro is one of non-rice carbohydrate sources which is rich in dietary fiber and minerals, mainly potassium, magnesium, calcium, dan phosphorus. The objectives of this research were to obtain taro flour with high amylose content and various pasting properties for different food ingredients through controlled fermentation technology using commercial inoculums. There are two taro varieties studied, namely Bentul and Satoimo. The fermentation time conducted were 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours. The commercial inoculums added were NKL, Bimo CF, and Fermipan. The results showed that fermentation of taro with Bimo CF for 48 hours increase the amylose content (66.82% for Bentul variety and 61.08% for Satoimo). The growth of mold contributed to the increase in amylose content. Longer fermentation time increase the breakdown and final viscosity of Bentul taro flour, but decrease the same characteristics in Satoimo flour. Fermented bentul taro flour has amylograph pattern similar to type A, while Satoimo has type C. Fermentation using Bimo CF for 48 hours produced the highest final viscosity in Bentul taro flour (3405 cP) thus it is potential to be used as a filler in products processed at low temperature. Meanwhile Satoimo taro produced flour with lowest breakdown viscosity (0.75 cP), therefore it is potential to be used as a filler in products processed at high temperature.
DETERMINATION OF APPROPRIATE TECHNIQUE ON CRYSTALLIZATION AND FRACTIONATION OF COCONUT OIL Mursalin, -; Hariyadi, Purwiyatno; Purnomo, Eko Hari; Andarwulan, Nuri; Fardiaz, Dedi
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 27 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (267.434 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2016.27.2.193

Abstract

 Each kind of oil has different characteristics and physico-chemical properties. Therefore, cooling method applied during dry fractionation of oil must be specifically designed. Fractionation condition of coconut oil commonly uses the fractionation data of palm oil, soybean oil, butter milk, and other commercial oil. Therefore, a more suitable cooling method for coconut oil needs to be investigated. The study showed that there were three distinct cooling phases critical to crystallization process, i.e. initial cooling, critical cooling and crystallization phase. The initial cooling phase is a process of lowering the rejuvenated oil temperature to the temperature for the onset of oil crystallization.  For coconut oil, the onset of crystallization temperature was found at 29°C. The critical cooling phase is cooling from 29°C to the crystallization temperature. Crystallization phase is a phase to maintain the oil temperature constant at a predetermined crystallization temperature. In the  initial cooling phase, melted coconut oil might be cooled quickly to save time but in the critical cooling phase, it should be done with a cooling rate of less than 0.176°C/min to produce a physically stable crystal. This study has successfully formulated a typical dry fractionation for coconut oil at pilot plant scale (120 kg) and resulted in an effective cooling procedure to produce oil fractions with physico-chemical properties as expected. The conditions and essential requirements that must be managed and maintained in a dry fractionation stage of coconut oil had been identified and were known. Hence, the fractionation process for specific purposes can be designed in a more practical way.
SIFAT REOLOGI DAN STABILITAS FISIK MINUMAN EMULSI MINYAK SAWIT Dianingsih, Nurlita; Purnomo, Eko Hari; Muchtadi, Tien R.
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 27 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (488.945 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2016.27.2.165

Abstract

Palm oil emulsion drink is one of the food diversification product, containing high provitamin-A. The dispersed phase of the emulsion is palm olein, while the rest was water as the dispersion medium (ratio 7:3). The low content of dispersion medium in the emulsion caused the rheological properties, droplet size and distribution, as well as its level of stability to be different from other commercial product of beverage emulsion. This research investigated the effect of storage time on the rheological properties, droplet size distributions and stability of the emulsion. The emulsion morphology was observed by polarized light microscopy, while its size and distribution were analyzed by dynamic light scattering technique using Zetasizer. The rheological analysis, including the determination of the flow behavior and consistency index, were measured using a rotational dial reading viscometer. The results showed that increasing of storage time led to increased droplet size and distribution (d4.3 value from 4.83 to 6.12 µm, value of flow behavior index from 0.9782 to 0.9873, and consistency index from 3.473 to5.047 Pa.sn). However, this condition also caused a decrease in emulsion stability (from 0.880 to 0.823). According to Pearson?s correlation coefficients, the droplet size was negatively correlated with emulsion stability (R = -0.907; ? = 0.01). However, the droplet size were positively correlated with the flow behavior index (R = 0.778; ? = 0.01) and consistency index (R = 0.939; ? = 0.01). These results may help formulate palm oil emulsion drink with improved stability and shelf-life.