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DEGRADASI HUTAN DAN PENGANGGURAN: MENUJU PENGELOLAAN HUTAN SKALA KECIL (FOREST DEGRADATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT: TOWARDS SMALL-SCALE FOREST MANAGEMENT) Purnomo, Herry
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 12 No. 2 (2006)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

Along with the concept of poverty alleviation and forest sustainability, forestry employment is the major concern among policy makers. The forest sustainability and job availability are critical indicators for the performance of the government. The relationship between employment and forestry development is unclear especially when it deals with illegal forestry activities. This study aims at generating projection of the forestry employment in Indonesia in relation to the dynamic of forestry sector and its related industries,. The study used systems dynamic to implement the relation between forest structure industries, actors and their institutions. The study found that the current practice of forest management will experience with boom-and-bust of forestry employment, starting with Riau followed by East Kalimantan and Papua. Massive forest plantingwill benefit if it is located in deforested land, but if it is located in land with different existing trees it may jeopardize the employment and community?s livelihoods. Small-scale forestry can boost the employment to meet the overall government target on unemployment and poverty reduction as well as rehabilitation of forest.Keywords: forest degradation, unemployment, land-right scenarios, small-scale forestry, poverty-reduction
MENGUKUR ALIRAN INFORMASI DAN TATA KELOLA HUTAN YANG BAIK: STUDI KASUS GERAKAN NASIONAL REBOSISASI DAN REHABILITASI LAHAN (GERHAN) DI INDONESIA Purnomo, Herry
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 11 No. 2 (2005)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

It is becoming increasingly clear that sustainable forest management is contingent on good forest governance, by which we mean the rules under which power is exercised for the management  of forest resources, and which determine the nature of relationships between the state and its citizens. These relationships can be characterized as social networks, with information forming the life-blood mediating the development of these networks and the social capital that resides in them. Information flow is defined here narrowly as the movement of information ?objects? from a point of origin to a ?target? user over time. This research is a case-study of the flow of information among stakeholders and the influence of these flows on the power of those stakeholders within the National Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program (GERHAN) in Indonesia. Information imbalances within the GERHAN program have tended, we believe, to encourage rent-seeking and free-riding behaviors, thus reducing the effectiveness of the program. We show how addressing these imbalances and improving flows of information can achieve good governance.
SYSTEM DYNAMIC IS AN EFFORT TO UNDERSTAND COMPLEXITY OF SOCIAL AND ECO-SYSTEMS OF FOREST. THROUGH THIS SYSTEM, A CONSCIOUS LEARNING ON INTERACTION BETWEEN PEOPLE AND FOREST WILL TAKE PLACE IN ORDER TO MANAGE FOREST IN MORE SUSTAINABLE AND EQUITABLE MANNERS. A SYSTEM DYNAMIC MODELING WAS CARRIED OUT IN AREA SURROUNDING LUMUT MOUNTAIN FOREST, DISTRICT OF PASIR, AND EAST KALIMANTAN. IN THE AREA, WHERE LEGALLY WAS ALLOCATED TO A LOGGING COMPANY, LIVE LOCAL PEOPLE WHO DEPEND ON FOREST AND RATTAN. THE Purnomo, Herry
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 9 No. 2 (2003)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

System dynamic is an effort to understand complexity of social and eco-systems of forest. Through this system, a conscious learning on interaction between people and forest will take place in order to manage forest in more sustainable and equitable manners. A system dynamic modeling was carried out in area surrounding Lumut Mountain Forest, District of Pasir, and East Kalimantan. In the area, where legally was allocated to a logging company, live local people who depend on forest and rattan. The policy makers are trying to improve the well-being of local people without sacrifying the logging company. Aim of the study was to give policy options to policy makers and likely impacts of those options. The built model comprises biophysical, social, policy and impact main components. The model shows the change of impact indicators, which are standing stock, community income, and concession revenue and government income, given any selected policy option.  
MEMFASILITASI PENGELOLAAN HUTAN KOLABORATIF MENGGUNAKAN PEMODELAN DINAMIKA SISTEM (TO FACILITATE COLLABORATIVE FOREST MANAGEMENT USING SYSTEM DYNAMIC MODELLING) Purnomo, Herry
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 10 No. 2 (2004)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

Increasing forest degradation and community poverty are painful. Meanwhile, the behaviors of forest resources and their stakeholders are poorly understood. Systems dynamics is an approach, which is able to capture the complexity, dynamics and uncertainty of the management of forest resources and to develop future scenarios. This approach is not sufficient, however, if it is not placed in the multi-stakeholder context, where each stakeholder plays an important role. This paper discusses the use of systems dynamic as a tool to facilitate multi-stakeholder process and social learning towards sustainable and equitable forest management. A case study was conducted at Darmaga Experimental Forest, Bogor using software ?The Bridge?. ?The Bridge? facilitated the Darmaga Forest stakeholders to articulate their future vision, strategy and its indicators. Then, they were converted into a systems dynamic model where the future scenarios could be drawn and learned.Key words:  forest, system dynamic, multi-stakeholder, scenario, learning
KAJIAN DAYA DUKUNG EKOWISATA HUTAN MANGROVE BLANAKAN, SUBANG, JAWA BARAT Muhammad, Fuad; Basuni, Sambas; Munandar, Aris; Purnomo, Herry
Bioma : Berkala Ilmiah Biologi Vol. 14, No. 2, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (906.49 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/bioma.14.2.64-72

Abstract

Growth in tourist arrivals at ecotourism mangrove in Blanakan can cause a threat to the preservation of conservation areas and tourist attraction. This happens when the utilization of the region exceeds its carrying capacity. The aims of This study  to identify the carrying capacity of ecotourism mangrove in Blanakan as conservation areas are used for tourism activities. The results showed that the carrying capacity the ecotourism mangrove in Blanakan is 425 visitors per day. Pollution load simulation results showed that ecotourism mangrove Blanakan  had suffered pollution by phosphate, ammonia pollution carrying capacity will be passed  in 2019 and organic waste in the year 2011 to 2013, while nitrate and garbage until the year 2032 has not been exceeded.   Key words: ecotourism, mangrove, carrying capacity
TYPOLOGY OF TROPICAL FOREST TRANSITION MODEL IN SEVERAL WATERSHED, SUMATERA ISLAND Aryono, Widyananto Basuki; Suhendang, Endang; Jaya, I Nengah Surati; Purnomo, Herry
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 24 No. 3 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

At a landscape level, forest transitions have complex spatial heterogeneity characteristics, thus the causes, driving force, typology and specific profile characteristics need to be considered for managing and mitigating forest transition. This paper describes how the diversity of forest transition characteristics was grouped and how the characteristic of group was identified. Typology classes within water catchment areas in Riau, North Sumatera and West Sumatera Provinces, Indonesia were investigated by considering social, economic and biophysical aspects. The main study objective was to develop a forest transition typology at a landscape level. The model typology was derived from a clustering method with the Standardized Euclidean Distance. The study found that the most significant factor which successfully differentiated the typology of forest transition into two typologies was the population growth having approximately 92% of overall accuracy. The first typology (typology 1) could be categorized as rapid forest transition, while the typology 2 was categorized as slow forest transition. The study suggested that the management and mitigation of the impacts of the forest transition should be conducted by considering the landscape typology as a function of the profiles for each typology.
MODEL PENGELOLAAN TERNAK DI SEKITAR HUTAN GUNUNG MUTIS DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP KELESTARIAN HUTAN Kurniadi, Rahman; Purnomo, Herry; Wijayanto, Nurheni; Fuah, Asnath Maria
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (640.488 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jik.28281

Abstract

Penelitian ini mengkaji kelayakan finansial dan dampak dari model pengelolaan ternak yang ditemukan di sekitar hutan Gunung Mutis di Pulau Timor. Data dikumpulkan melalui wawancara terhadap 40 masyarakat sekitar hutan. Terdapat dua model pengelolaan ternak yang ditemukan di sekitar hutan. Model pertama adalah model pemeliharaan ternak di dalam kandang dan model kedua adalah model penggembalaan ternak di hutan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kedua model layak secara finansial. Namun demikian, jika menggunakan biaya tenaga kerja komersial, model pemeliharaan ternak di dalam kandang secara finansial tidak layak untuk dilakukan, sedangkan model penggembalaan di hutan layak secara finansial. Model pengelolaan ternak di dalam hutan berdampak negatif terhadap regenerasi pohon sedangkan model pemeliharaan ternak di dalam kandang tidak berdampak negatif terhadap kelestarian hutan. Dari hasil penelitian disarankan agar pemerintah membatasi areal untuk penggembalaan ternak di hutan.Kata kunci: kelayakan finansial; model silvopasture; Mutis; penggembalaan ternak hutan; Timor Livestock Management Models Around Mt. Mutis Forest and Its Impact on Forest SustainabilityAbstractThe study examined the financial feasibility and impacts of livestock management models found around Mt. Mutis forest in Timor Island of Indonesia. Data was collected through interviewing 40 communities around the forest. There were two livestock management models around the forest, the first model was livestock management which raise livestock in the cattle pen, and the second model was livestock management which graze livestock in the forest. This study found that both livestock management models were financially feasible. However, if commercial cost of workers was counted, the livestock management model which raise livestock in the cattle pen was financially not feasible while livestock management model which graze livestock in the forest was financially feasible. Livestock management model which graze livestock in the forest however had negative impacts on the regeneration of trees. On the basis of this study, it is suggested that the government should limit the forest area that could be used for forest grazing.
THE REFUSAL OF LIVESTOCK OWNERS TOWARDS EXCLUSION POLICY IN PROTECTED AREA Kurniadi, Rahman; Purnomo, Herry; Wijayanto, Nurheni; Fuah, Asnath Maria
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 23 No. 1 (2017)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

Development of protected forest is often considered to be a way to preserve biodiversity and ecosystem service.  To keep protected area, Indonesia government excludinged local people from protected forest by making a policy which prohibits grazing on protected forest. However, the success of protected forest management often depends on the perception of local people because the policy has affected livestock owners who have an interest in forest use. Exclusion of local people from protected forest leads loss of people income and unemployment. This study applied a socioeconomic approach to examine and analyze the livestock owner perception on forest grazing prohibition in Timor Island of Indonesia by conducting a household survey of 36 livestock owners. The study results showed that 30.6%, 50.0%, 19.4%, 0%, and 0% of livestock owners are totally disagree, disagree, neutral, agree, and totally agree, with grazing prohibition, respectively. In addition, people perception was significantly affected by the number of livestock owned by people. It means that livestock owners mostly reject the policy on grazing prohibition. Indeed policy which prohibits grazing on the protected forest is not effective to be implemented. Government and policy maker should review the policy and consider the refusal of livestock owner toward exclusion policy. The interest of local people should be considered in developing a policy on protected forest.
INTEGRASI PENGETAHUAN TRADISIONAL DENGAN PENGETAHUAN ILMIAH UNTUK PENGELOLAAN HUTAN LESTARI Purnomo, Herry
Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika Vol. 6 No. 2 (2000)
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB University)

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Abstract

Scientific knowledge faces a limitation to describe the complexity of forest ecosystem and its involved local communities. Integrating traditional and scientific knowledge is necessary to deal with this complexity. A knowledge-based system with fuzzy logic may become an alternative to complete scientific knowledge by integrating it with traditional knowledge. The paper describes how the integration can be made.
TIPOLOGI DESA BERDASARKAN VARIABEL PENCIRI HUTAN RAKYAT Lastini, Tien; Suhendang, Endang; Jaya, I Nengah Surati; Hardjanto, Hardjanto; Purnomo, Herry
Jurnal Penelitian Hutan Tanaman Vol 8, No 3 (2011): JURNAL PENELITIAN HUTAN TANAMAN
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Peningkatan Produktivitas Hutan

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Abstract