ACHMAD RACHMAN
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TEKNOLOGI MITIGASI GAS RUMAH KACA DI LAHAN RAWA PASANG SURUT Annisa, Wahida; Rachman, Achmad
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 5, No 2 (2016): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (753.879 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.5.2.2016.137

Abstract

Annisa, et al. Technologies for Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emissions on Tidal Swamp Land. JLSO 5(2):178-188.Utilization of swamps for agricultural development is a strategic choice in an effort to offset the decrease in productive land in Java due to conversion of land functions from agriculture to non-agriculture. The properties of land in swamplands is a major limiting factor that causes low productivity of swamp land. The development of agriculture in swamplands often has a negative impact on land and environment, due to inappropriate landl management. One of the environmental impacts in swampland development is carbon emissions. Carbon emissions can be reduced through the use of appropriate soil ameliorant and water management within the swamp hydrological area. Both approaches are important not only to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions but also to increase swampland agriculture productivity.
IDENTIFICATION OF SOIL SALINITY DUE TO SEAWATER INTRUSION ON RICE FIELD IN THE NORTHERN COAST OF INDRAMAYU, WEST JAVA Erfandi, Deddy; Rachman, Achmad
Journal of Tropical Soils Vol 16, No 2: May 2011
Publisher : UNIVERSITY OF LAMPUNG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5400/jts.2011.v16i2.115-121

Abstract

The rice fields in Indramayu district is 55% of the district area. The average rainfall is 1590 mm per year. Most lands on the North Coast of Java (northern) were potentially affected by sea water intrusion. Extensive observations were 102.321 ha. Field observations were done by survey method. Observations had been conducted on rice fields Pantura, Indramayu, West Java. Soil salinity was measured by using the electromagnetic conductivity meter (EM-38). The results revealed that area had very high salinity which was 22.57%, closest to the beach Indramayu. In the South Region, soil salinity was lower, in accordance with the distance from the coastline. Some areas had a low, medium, and high salinity status in which 58.41%, 8.54% and 10.49%, respectively. Much of the research area had very high Sodium (Na) and ECe (0 - 30 cm) was between 1.37 to 16.38 dS m-1, while the ECe (30 - 70 cm) was between 1.11 to 17.40 dS m-1. This research was expected to assist in the agricultural development planning, especially in wetlands which have been affected by the intrusion of sea water (salinity). Planning for theimplementation of the development of rice varieties that are sensitive to high and very high salinity. Planning and improvement of irrigation networks as sources of clean water for washing the salts or pushing salt water into the sea.Keywords: Coast of Indramayu, rice field, seawater intrusion, soil salinity
SORPTIVITY OF AN INCEPTISOL UNDER CONVENTIONAL AND REDUCED TILLAGE PRACTICES Rachman, Achmad; Ariani, Ratri; Budiyanto, Arief
Journal of Tropical Soils Vol 22, No 3: September 2017
Publisher : UNIVERSITY OF LAMPUNG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5400/jts.2017.v22i3.149-154

Abstract

The amount of water captured and stored in the soil profile until the next precipitation events is of great importance in dryland agro-ecosystem for successful crop production. The soil?s ability to rapidly capture and store water precipitation can be accessed through measuring soil sorptivity. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of tillage, i.e. reduced and conventional tillages, on soil sorptivity, and to understand how sorptivity is related to surface soil bulk density and water stable aggregates. The experiment was conducted on a site, which has been continuously planted with corn twice a year for more than 10 years.  The predominant soil in the study site is Typic Haplusteps. Ponded infiltration measurements were used to determine soil sorptivity.  Six positions, 15 meters a part, were chosen within each treatment to measure sorptivity, bulk density and water stable aggregates.  Conventional tillage resulted in higher sorptivity (p<0.05), lower surface bulk density (p<0.05), and significantly lower water stable aggregates (p<0.01) than reduced tillage treatment. Sorptivity was negatively correlated to bulk density and positively correlated to water stable aggregates. Better correlations were found between sorptivity and both bulk density (R2 = 0.67) and water stable aggregates (R2= 0.81) under reduced tillage than under conventional tillage treatment.  Conventional tillage was found to enhance soil sorptivity in comparison to reduced tillage system. Appropriate soil management is important to maintain proper soil porosity in the field for better rainfall harvesting and plant growth especially in the dryland ecosystem. 
AFFECTS OF TSUNAMI ON SOIL PROPERTIES IN NAD AND ITS REHABILITATION STRATEGY RACHMAN, ACHMAD; ERFANDI, DEDDY; ERFANDI, DEDDY; ALI, M. NASIL; ALI, M. NASIL
Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim (Indonesian Soil and Climate Journal) No 28 (2008): Desember 2008
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Sumberdaya Lahan Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21082/jti.v0n28.2008.%p

Abstract

The giant tsunami waves following the earthquake of the west coast of Sumatra on December 26, 2004, have caused soil salinisation of agricultural lands and damaged to irrigation and drainage channels along the coastal areas of Aceh Province, Indonesia. The objective of this study was to monitor the changes in soil salinity of the tsunami-affected sites. Regular collection of soil samples for soil laboratory analyses and field salinity measurement using an electromagnetic induction technique(EM38) have been conducted. The level of soil salinity in tsunami affected areas appears to be related to the characteristics of the deposited mud and soil permeability. Salt appears to have penetrated deeper into the sandier soils, commonly used to grow peanut during dry seasons. In the heavier rice soil, salt accumulate closer to the soil surface, probably because they were flooded at the time of the tsunami and often have a dense impermeable plough layer. Recommendations have been made to farmers that would allow them to reduce crop losses on tsunami affected soils. This includes avoid planting land that is still saline, enhance salt leaching horizontaly and vertically, improve soil fertility, and grow salt tolerant crops.