Articles

PENGARUH SKEMATA TERHADAP KOMPETENSI MEMBACA PEMAHAMAN BERBASIS TAKSONOMI RUDDELL Nurbaya, Siti; Rahman, Fathur; Rustono, Rustono; Subyantoro, Subyantoro
LITERA Vol 17, No 1: LITERA MARET 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Languages and Arts, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21831/ltr.v17i1.18785

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh skemata terhadap kompetensi membaca pemahaman berbasis taksonomi Ruddell dan kompetensi membaca apa saja yang sulit dicapai oleh mahasiswa. Sampel penelitian adalah mahasiswa PBSI FBS UNY semester enam. Pemilihan sampel menggunakan teknik random. Pengumpulan data menggunakan instrumen kompetensi membaca pemahaman berbentuk pilihan ganda dan instrumen skemata membaca berbentuk jawaban singkat. Uji reliabilitas untuk membaca pemahaman menggunakan program Quest (membaca pemahaman) dan Teori Respon Butir (Item Response Theory/IRT), sedangkan skemata yang berbentuk jawaban singkat dilakukan dengan uji Cronbach?s Alpha. Analisis data menggunakan uji univariate analysis of covariance yang secara khusus hanya memperhatikan nilai F-hitung pengaruh skemata terhadap kompetensi membaca pemahaman berbasis Taksonomi Ruddell. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa skemata yang secara teoretis diasumsikan mempengaruhi kompetensi membaca ternyata dalam penelitian ini tidak memiliki pengaruh. Hal ini diketahui dari hasil analisis statistik dengan uji univariate analysis of covariance diperoleh F-hitung 0,560 dengan siqnifikansi 0,457>0,05, yang menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada pengaruh skemata terhadap kompetensi membaca berbasis Taksonomi Ruddell. Dalam taksonomi Ruddell kompetensi yang ditagihkan tidak bersifat parsial melainkan bersifat komperehensif antar­ kompetensi dan subkompetensi. Kompetensi membaca yang paling sulit dicapai adalah memprediksi (92,5% menjawab salah), memahami ide-ide penjelas ( 82% menjawab salah), dan memecahkan masalah (60% menjawab salah).Kata kunci: skemata, membaca pemahaman, taksonomi Ruddell  THE EFFECT OF SCHEMATA ON THE READING COMPREHENSION COMPETENCIES BASED ON RUDDELL?S TAXONOMY AbstractThis study aimed to find out the effect of schemata on the reading comprehension competencies based on Ruddell?s and reading competencies that students find it difficult to acquire. The research sample comprised six semester students of PBSI FBS UNY. The sampling technique was the random sampling technique. The data were collected using a multiple choice reading comprehension test and a short answer reading schemata test.The reliability of the reading comprehension test was assessed by the Quest program and Item Response Theory and that of the reading schemata test by Cronbach?s Alpha. The data analysis used univariate analysis of covariance which specifically focused on the Fobserved value for the reading comprehension competencies based on Ruddell?s taxonomy. The results of the study showed that schemata, theoretically assumed to affect the reading competencies, had no effect on them. This was indicated by the results of the statistical analysis using univariate analysis of covariance test yielding Fobserved = 0.560 with a significance value of 0.457>0.05, showing that there was no effect of schemata on the reading competencies based on Ruddell?s taxonomy. In Ruddell?s taxonomy, the assessed competencies are not partial but they are composites of several competencies and sub-competencies. The most difficult reading competencies were predicting (92.5% answering incorrectly), understanding explanatory ideas (82% answering incorrectly), and solving problems (60% answering incorrectly). Keywords: schemata, reading comprehension, Ruddell?s taxonomy
Image forgery detection using error level analysis and deep learning Sudiatmika, Ida Bagus Kresna; Rahman, Fathur; Trisno, Trisno; Suyoto, Suyoto
TELKOMNIKA (Telecommunication Computing Electronics and Control) Vol 17, No 2: April 2019
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (583.417 KB) | DOI: 10.12928/telkomnika.v17i2.8976

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Many images are spread in the virtual world of social media. With the many editing software that allows so there is no doubt that many forgery images. By forensic the image using Error Level Analysis to find out the compression ratio between the original image and the fake image, because the original image compression and fake images are different. In addition to knowing whether the image is genuine or fake can analyze the metadata of the image, but the possibility of metadata can be changed. In this case the authors apply Deep Learning to recognize images of manipulations through the dataset of a fake image and original images via Error Level Analysis on each image and supporting parameters for error rate analysis. The result of our experiment is that we get the best accuracy of training 92.2% and 88.46% validation by going through 100 epoch.
PENGARUH KONTROL SOSIAL DAN PENERAPAN TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI TERHADAP EFEKTIFITAS PELAYANAN PUBLIK PADA UNIT KELURAHAN GUNTUR KECAMATAN SETIABUDI KOTA ADMINISTRASI JAKARTA SELATAN RAHMAN, FATHUR; LESTARI, DEWI
Pekobis : Jurnal Pendidikan, Ekonomi, dan Bisnis Vol 2, No 2 (2016): PEKOBIS
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Ekonomi Universitas Pamulang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (223.063 KB) | DOI: 10.32493/pekobis.v2i2.P%p.359

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Latar belakang dan tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui fenomena, serta kesimpulan mengenai pengaruh Kontrol Sosial dan Penerapan Teknologi Informasi terhadap Efektifitas Pelayanan Publik di lingkungan masyarakat Kelurahan Guntur Jakarta Selatan.Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah asosiatif kuantitatif, teknik analisis data yang digunakan yaitu : uji kualitas data validitas dan reliabilitas, analisis deskriptif, uji asumsi klasik normalitas, multikolinieritas dan heterokendatisitas, analisis regresi yaitu regresi sederhana dan berganda, parsial t, simultan F dan koefesien determinasi. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan sampel jenuh atau sensus. Responden dalam penelitian ini 198 Masyarakat yang berada dalam lingkungan administrasi Kelurahan Guntur Jakarta Selatan.Hasil penelitian sebagai berikut: Hasil analisa uji parsial t pertama menjawab H0 ditolak dan H1 diterima yaitu terdapat pengaruh Kontrol Sosial terhadap Pelayanan Publik. Hasil analisa uji parsial t kedua menjawab H0 ditolak dan H2 diterima yaitu terdapat pengaruh Teknologi Informasi terhadap Pelayanan Publik. Hasil analisis uji simultan F menjawab Ho ditolak dan H3 diterima yaitu terdapat pengaruh secara bersama-sama Kontrol Sosial dan Teknologi Informasi terhadap Pelayanan Publik kepada masyarakat yang berada dalam lingkungan administrasi Kelurahan Guntur Jakarta Selatan.  Kata Kunci: Kontrol Sosial, Penerapan Teknologi Informasi, Efektifitas   Pelayanan Publik.
EVALUASI PARTISIPATORIS TERHADAP PELATIHAN PENDAMPINGAN KOMUNITAS DIFABEL DI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA Rahman, Fathur
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora Vol 13, No 1: April 2008
Publisher : LPPM UNY

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The objective of this research were to scrutinize the following problems; 1) to describe the impact of materials and training method on attitude changes and critical consciousness of difabel volunteers. 2) to explore how the volunteer?s experience by analizing their reflection on training program. 3) to describe the means of action plan and their implementation. There are several conclusions that can be drawn from the study. The first conclusion is that the training program involved materials and participating training methods gave a positive contribution to the attitude change of volunteer in understanding of shifting paradigm of rehabilitation to advocacy. It can be seen at an integrated and cohesive system of training that is designed to interact each other. Second, research findings show that the volunteer learned something practical that connects to their everyday activities. because the learning is experiential as the difabel partner, they not only learn about counseling and paralegal skills but also they learn how disability and its stigmatization are structural. Third, the action plans and follow-up program designed by volunteers can be concluded as one of successful indicators of training program. The action plans were conducted by volunteers includes dissemination activities, policy advocacy, building teamwork, & cases conference.
IMPLIKASI TEORI SOSIAL KRITIS TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN RISET PSIKOLOGI Rahman, Fathur
Paradigma No. 08 Th. IV, Juli 2009
Publisher : Paradigma

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Although the terminology of critical psychology is relatively recent, there have always been psychologists who opposed the field’s emerging identity and practices. Today, critical psychologists present a multitude of philosophical, scientific, and political objection. In response, critical works to identify mainstream of psychology’s unacknowledged assumption, they demonstrate their impact on psychology and in the larger society, and propose alternative theoretical frameworks research methods, and professional practices. More critics to the mainstream of psychologist as shown below ; 1) by focusing on the individual rather than the group and larger society, mainstream psychology overemphasizes individualistic values, hinders the attainment of mutuality and community, and strengthens unjust institution; 2) mainstream psychology’s underlying assumption and institutional allegiances disproportionately hurt members of powerless and marginalized groups by facilitating inequality and oppression; and 3) these unacceptable outcomes occur regardless of psychologists’ individual or collective intentions to the contrary.Keywords: critical social theory, critical psychology, psychological research
DIAGRAM KONTROL SHORT- RUN UNTUK MEMANTAU MEAN DAN VARIABILITAS PROSES Rahman, Fathur; Mashur, Muhammad
Jurnal Statistika Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Statistika
Publisher : Jurnal Statistika

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Statistik proses kontrol (SPC) adalah salah satu alat statistik yang paling penting untuk memantau proses produksi. Hal ini dapat efektif jika dirancang dan diimplementasikan ketika proses suatu produksi yang berurutan diamati dari kondisi produksi massal. Pada siklus produksi jangka pendek (Short Production Run) biasanya tidak memiliki data yang cukup memadai untuk melaksanakan SPC dengan menggunakan diagram kontrolklasik. Pada penelitian ini diperkenalkan bagaimana merancang dan mengimplementasikan diagram kontrol jangka pendek (Short Run Control Chart) untuk kondisi produksi dengan batch terbatas. Misalnya pemantauan spesifikasi kritikal parts untuk industri otomotif. Berdasarkan hasil menunjukkan bahwa variabel yang tidak sama mengikuti distribusi normal dan dapat berfluktuasi dari waktu ke waktu untuk tujuan pemantauan beberapa produk untuk setiap produk multi-dimensi dengan cara berbeda dan varians dari center line (CL) digunakan untuk mengontrol diagram. Dengan pengembangan diagam kontrol sort-run, diharapkan Sinyal Out-of-control dan pola non acak dapat dikenali dengan mudah.Kata Kunci : : statistik proses kontrol (SPC), short-run control cahrt.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN EKSTRAK DAUN DUWET (SYZIGIUM CUMINI) TERHADAP GAMBARAN HISTOLOGI GINJAL TIKUS (RATTUS NOVERGICUS) YANG DIINTOKSIKASI DENGAN TIMBAL ASETAT Rahman, Fathur; Oktomalioputri, Biomechy; Irramah, Miftah Irramah
Jurnal Kesehatan Andalas Vol 9, No 1S (2020): Online Januari 2020
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jka.v9i1S.1175

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Timbal adalah logam berat yang bersifat racun bagi lingkungan dan tubuh manusia. Logam berat ini dieliminasi oleh ginjal sebagai urin, sehingga jika terjadi paparan timbal yang lama maka dapat menyebabkan kerusakan pada ginjal. Daun duwet mengandung antioksidan seperti flavonoid, myricetin, quercetin, isoquercetin yang dapat menghambat dan memperlambat radikal bebas. tujuan: Mengetahui pengaruh pemberian ekstrak daun duwet terhadap gambaran histologi ginjal tikus yang diintoksikasi timbal asetat. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan studi eksperimental dengan rancangan randomized post test only control group menggunakan 15 ekor tikus yang telah dibagi menjadi 3 kelompok yaitu kelompok kontrol negatif (K-) yang hanya diberikan pakan standar, kelompok kontrol positif (K+) yang diberikan pakan standar serta diberi timbal asetat 40 mg/kgBB secara oral, terakhir kelompok perlakuan (P1) yang diberikan pakan standar, dipaparkan timbal asetat 40 mg/kgBB, dan ekstrak daun duwet dosis 150 mg/kgBB. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama 28 hari, kemudian pada hari ke-29 tikus dimatikan kemudian diambil ginjalnya untuk dibuat menjadi preparat dan dibaca menggunakan skor Barthel Manja. Hasil: Terdapat perbedaan bermakna antara kelompok kontrol positif (K+) dengan kelompok yang diberikan perlakuan (P1), secara statistik didapatkan nilai p < 0,05. Simpulan: Terdapatnya pengaruh pemberian ekstrak daun duwet terhadap gambaran histologi ginjal tikus yang diintoksikasi timbal asetat.
KESADARAN DAN KECERDASAN SPIRITULITAS Rahman, Fathur
Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 9, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : P3M STAIN Sorong

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32489/tasamuh.213

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Spiritual intelligence is the internal factors that can affect a person’s mental high and low resistance. The spiritual intelligence is the ability of character and positive character. Spiritual intelligence is useful, because it enables people to realize who the real man and how people give meaning to life. The spiritual intelligence as a trigger for human to do everything that related with human values. Thus, there is a relationship between ownership spiritual intelligence and mental endurance. Someone who has a spiritual intelligence have low mental endurance is low. Low mental endurance, they indicated a potential for inappropriate behavior. Not to perform deviant behavior, then someone needs to find true happiness. They require a search for meaning, vision and value of life becomes an important aspect of human existence, (The search for meaning, vision and value is the most important aspect of being human). Although the spiritual is not identical with religiosity (religiosity), but spiritual intelligence as a human guide in life can be achieved through awareness and appreciation of true religiousness. This is to encourage people to do more humane, so it can reach the noble values that may not have been touched by the mind. Consciousness is aware of us holistically. That awareness includes awareness of human existence in the presence of the creator of universe, human beings and other creatures, awareness of human potential, awareness of human weakness that human life requires illahiyyah instructions.
KONSEP KOSMOLOGI DALAM FILSAFAT Rahman, Fathur
Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 8, No 2 (2016): Meredam Konfliks
Publisher : P3M STAIN Sorong

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32489/tasamuh.245

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The discussion about the creation in the study of the philosophers usually is incorporated into the discussion of cosmology. Cosmology is a part of natural philosophy in which the core discusses natural, natural contents and their relationship with each other and with existing existence with absolute. Advanced study of the origin of the universe called cosmogony, now by modern astronomers, cosmogony study the origin and evolution of the universe has expanded into cosmology. Study cosmos of this study is the universe and the objects contained in it that are associated include integration and relations “Three reality” between Gods, the macrocosm and microcosm. Macrocosm term is synonymous with the world that is defined by everything other than Allah. So the use of the term usually is a substitute microcosm macrocosm. Microcosm is a human individual who symbolizes all the qualities that were found in God. So it is natural or whole cosmos is God’s creatures, which include various planets and everything in it is the human individual and social, living and inanimate objects. This article describes the world of cosmology in the view of philosophy.
SEJARAH PERKEMBANGAN ISLAM DI TURKI Rahman, Fathur
Tasamuh: Jurnal Studi Islam Vol 10, No 2 (2018): Dinamika Sejarah Dunia Islam
Publisher : P3M STAIN Sorong

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32489/tasamuh.232

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Over the hundreds of years, Islam have been growing rapidly in Turkey. Although the majority of its people are Muslims, in its development, Turkey became a republic with a secular democratic state system. In this paper will be reviewed the history of Islamic development in Turkey, including developments in the reform era that makes Turkey as it is today, the country that constructs Islam as a rational and scientific religion.The history of Turkey is divided into five periods. The first period, ie in 1299-1402, begins with the founding of the Ottoman empire. The Second Period, 1402-1566, is marked by royal restoration. The third period, 1566- 1699, was marked by the Ottoman ability to defend its territory. The fourth period, the year 1699-1838, marked degan gradually subside of the kingdom then experience more progress. The fifth period, 1839-1922, was marked by a cultural revival and Turkey became a republic, and it was no longer a system of government based on empire, dynasty, or caliphate as it had been for centuries. Mustafa Kemal established Turkey as a secular modern state based on its disappointment with the previous Caliphate system. In the latter period also called the contemporary era, although acknowledged as a secular republic, the Turkish government supports the implementation of Friday prayers in the mosque as a form of social discipline. Likewise, fasting to build patience and patience, and paying zakat encourages ones generosity, the birth of Islamic parties; moral enforcement and social justice; banning polygamy and divorce decisions must be made in court; equal rights of women and men in education, work, and in politics—in 1934 women were given the right to be nominated in national elections.