Ida Bagus Rai Putra
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DHARMAYATRA IN THE DWIJENDRA TATTWA TEXT ANALYSIS OF RECEPTION Rai Putra, Ida Bagus; Weda Kesuma, I Nyoman; Cika, I Wayan; Suastika, I Made
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol. 5. Januari 2011 No. 2
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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Abstract

The object of the study is Dwijendra Text (hereinafter abbreviated to DT). It containsinteresting narrations and is importantly related to the dharmayatra, the holy religious journeymade by Dang Hyang Nirartha, the charismatic figure, in Bali, Lombok and Sumbawa. Beforethe analysis of reception was conducted, the corpus text of the DT texts completely andstructurally telling the religious journey made by Dang Hyang Nirartha was successfullydetermined. The analysis in this study was made to answer the following questions: what is thenarrative structure of the DT text; what are the enlightenment image entities of the dharmayatraof the DT text; how do people appreciate the dharmayatra of the DT text? The answers to thenarrative structure of the DT text; the image entities and the appreciation provided by people arethe main objectives of this study.The theories adopted in this study are the theory of reception introduced by Jauss, thetheory of semiotics introduced by Pierce and the theory of mythology introduced by Barthes. Asa qualitative study, the data needed were collected by the methods of observation, note taking,documentation and interview supported with a sound recorder and pictures. The results of theanalysis are informally presented, meaning that they are verbally described in the form of wordswhich are systematically composed based on the problems formulated in this study.The analysis of the narrative structure of the DT text contains narrative units which are inthe forms of theme, characters and plots. They all unite to form stories which are mythological,legendary, symbolic, hagiographic and suggestive in nature. Based on the analysis ofenlightenment image entities, it can be concluded that there are three basic entities leading to thecreation of the DT text. They are first enlightenment; second protection of Hinduism; and thirdconstruction of temple institutions. Based on the reception analysis, it can be concluded thatpeople, through their literary works, books, articles and websites, appreciate the discourse of thedharmayatra performed in Bali, Lombok and Sumbawa.The ten essential findings in this study can be described as follows. (1) The corpus text ofthe DT, which is in the form palm-leaf manuscript (lontar) and was obtained from GriyaBaturening Mambal, is kept as a collection at the Perpustakaan Lontar Fakultas SastraUniversitas Udayana (the Library of Palm-leaf Manuscripts of the Faculty of Letters, UdayanaUniversity). It is coded under no. 1514, kropak (box) no. 293. The DT text describes the real journey of Dang Hyang Nirarta, the great holy Hindu teacher, concretely, completely andstructurally. (2) As a literary text of history, the DT text has a highly narrative structure formedby theme, characters and plots which are unified in the forms of mythologies, legends,hagiographies, symbolisms and suggestive. (3) The dharmayatra made by Dang Hyang Nirartha,as described in the DT text, gave enlightenment and welfare to the kingdom and its people. (4)The teacher-learner (guru-sisya) teaching contained in the DT text may inspire a harmonious andethic relationship as far as teaching-learning process and priesthood are concerned. (5) Theconcern about the principle of unity in diversity taught by him may give relevant multiculturalperception of the current and upcoming way of life and Indonesianization. (6) The DT textreveals that those who belong to the Brahmin caste (Brahmana) have been descended from him.However, if viewed from the spiritual and priesthood points of view, he has been the source ofspirituality for Hindus, Buddhists, Moslems and those who do not belong to any religion (kapir).(7) The DT text shows that he is also called Pedanda/Bhatara Sakti Wawu Rawuh as he washighly powerful (sakti) and has symbolized the complete mastery of material and spiritualknowledge. (8) The religious journey (dharmayatra) made by him from Java to Bali, Lombokand Sumbawa aimed at protecting Majapahit Hinduism from being suppressed by Islam whichhad already spread all over the Archipelago. The protection of Hinduism and the construction ofthe temple institutions referred to the religious meaningfulness implemented by him. (9) Thisstudy explains that in Lombok he spread three religious teachings such as Gama Siki GamaThirtha, Gama Kalih Budha Paksa, and Gama Tiga Selame Metu Telu. (10) High appreciation isprovided to the dharmayatra he made in Bali, Lombok and Sumbawa. Such an appreciation orreception highly varies; in other words, it is expressed in the forms of literary works, books,articles and websites.
COHESION AND METAPHOR ASPECTS IN ANDABHUANA TEXT Mahardika, Ida Bagus; Weda Kusuma, I Nyoman; Mulyono, I Nyoman; Rai Putra, Ida Bagus
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol.7. Januari 2013 No. 1
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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Cohesion and metaphor are the unique and interesting parts of language aspects in Andhabhuan text to research. They are quite dominant aspects in the story in developing its literature aesthetic. This research is based on the arts technical and analytical method. The result of the research on those two aspects shows that traditional aesthetic style in arts, as described in Andabhuana verses emphasize on the reference, meaning, selection and variation of words. The language parts used are aimed at bringing the text ideology to humanity perspective, especially the ?iwatattwa values as parts of Hindu teaching. Hence the cohesion and metaphor in Andabhuana text  are  semiotic description to transform to Balinese Hindus as most of them follow ?iwatattwa belief.
TEKS GEGURITAN PRASADA NITI ANALISIS STRUKTUR, FUNGSI, DAN MAKNA Tri Irmayuni, Ni Komang; Rai Putra, Ida Bagus; Suryati, Ni Made
Humanis Vol 17 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Udayana University

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This study examines the text Geguritan Prasada Niti. The purpose of this study to describe the structure , function , and meaning contained in the text Geguritan Prasada Niti. The theory used in this research is the structural theory and the theory of functions according to Luxemburg and semiotic according to Pierce . The methods and techniques used are divided into three stages, namely (1) the stage of providing data use  observation methods with transliteration techniques, technique of recording and translation techniques, (2) the stage of data analysis using qualitative methods with techniques descriptive analytic, (3) stages presentation of data analysis using formal and informal methods with inductive - deductive techniques. The results obtained in this study is a structure consisting of structures forma and content structure. Structure forma; (1) pupuh / padalingsa; smarandana puh, ginanti puh, dandang gendis puh, mijil puh, and  pucung puh, (2) a variety of language; Bali Alus language, (3) language style; style stylistic comparisons and stylistic contradictions. Content structure ; (1) the first part ; begins with mantras, (2) part of an early transition to the contents ; an early introduction to enter the contents, (3) part of the contents; contains the teachings of leadership, (4) the content to the end of the transition section; an introductory statement that the work has been completed (5) the final part; a statement that the work of the authors has been completed. In addition there is a function that consists of ethical teaching function and the function of self-control and there is a meaning which consists of the meaning of well-being and the meaning of love.
WACANA PUJA BHAKTI DALAM KAKAWIN RAJA PATNI MOKTA Suwana, I Nyoman; Suarka, I Nyoman; Rai Putra, Ida Bagus
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 23 (2016): March 2016
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

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This study analyzes the tribute discourse in Kakawin Raja Patni Mokta. The composition of this kakawin is dominated by the theme of tribute for first lady, Tien Soeharto. The focus of this research are to reveal the form of puja bhakti (tribute), its function, and its meaning in Kakawin Raja Patni Mokta. Semiotic theory from Pierce is used to intreprete the text, while sociological theory of literature by Wellek and Werren is used to analyze the function of tribute discourse in Kakawin Raja Patni Mokta. Puja Bhakti in Kakawin Raja Patni Mokta can be considered as a special offering to the nation
FUNGSI DAN MAKNA DOA PEMUJAAN DALAM GENDINTG SANG HYANG JARAN Yuliawati, Ni Nyoman; Suastika, I Made; Rai Putra, Ida Bagus
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 25 No 1 (2018): Maret
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/ling.2018.v25.i01.p09

Abstract

Gending Sang Hyang Jaran merupakan lagu yang mengiringi Tari Sang Hyang Jaran. Pemujaan di dalam Gending Sang Hyang Jaran menarik untuk diteliti, karena berkaitan dengan ritual penolak bala yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat Banjar Bun. Tulisan ini menggunakan teori fungsi milik Bascom untuk mengungkapkan fungsi pemujaan dan teori semiotika Barthes untuk mengungkapkan makna pemujaan. Fungsi pemujaan dalam gending terdiri atas fungsi religi, fungsi estetika, fungsi pendidikan, fungsi sosial, dan fungsi penetralisasi. Makna diungkapkan melalui konotasi yang ada di dalam gending. Konotasi mengacu kepada makna harmoni, yang berkaitan dengan konsep Tri Hita Karana di dalam ajaran Agama Hindu.
MAKNA PUJASMARA DALAM KAKAWIN HANYANG NIRARTHA Dharmayanti, Ida Ayu Istri Agung; Suarka, I Nyoman; Rai putra, Ida Bagus
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 26 No 1 (2019): Maret
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/ling.2019.v26.i01.p04

Abstract

Semesta dan manusia memiliki hubungan yang saling berkaitan. Jika antara bhuwana agung dan bhuwana alit tidak seimbang, akan terjadi bencana alam dan kebobrokan mental manusia. Dalam teks Kakawin Hañang Nirartha dituliskan beberapa bait metrum yang menyuratkan keindahan alam sebagai refleksi dari bhuwana agung dan keelokan wanita sebagai refleksi dari bhuwana alit. Pujasmara merupakan sebuah wacana pemujaan yang dipersembahkan kepada Bhatara Smara dan Bhatari Ratih dalam manifestasinya sebagai dewa cinta. Cinta yang dimaksud di sini tidak hanya sekadar cinta terhadap lawan jenis, tetapi juga dapat mencintai diri sendiri dan menyadari keberadaan alam semesta sebagai tempat berinteraksi dengan makhluk hidup lainnya. Pada penelitian ini analisis difokuskan pada makna pujasmara yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui makna wacana pujasmara dalam Kakawin Hañang Nirartha. Teori yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah teori semiotika Roland Barthes mengenai makna pada tataran kedua. Rancangan penelitian ini adalah dengan melakukan persiapan, tugas lapangan, dan tahap analisis. Lokasi penelitian, yaitu di Pusat Kajian Lontar Universitas Udayana. Jenis data penelitian adalah data kualitatif. Sumber data penelitian, yaitu naskah berbentuk lontar yang berada di Pusat Kajian Lontar Universitas. Instrumen penelitian ini adalah kamus sebagai alat bantu menerjemahkan teks yang berbahasa Jawa Kuno ke bahasa sasaran. Metode dan teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan studi kepustakaan. Metode dan teknik analisis data menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan teknik deskriptif analitik. Metode dan teknik penyajian hasil analisis data menggunakan metode formal dan informal. Hasil penelitian terhadap makna Pujasmara, yakni cinta kasih dan cara untuk mengendalikan pikiran, pernapasan (pranayama) menuju kesadaran tertinggi. Ketika sudah mampu menyadari siapa dirinya, berserah diri, dan mulai memusatkan pikiran pada satu tujuan (moksa) barulah manusia dapat menunggal dengan Hyang Pencipta.
FUNGSI DAN MAKNA YOGA DALAM GANAPATI TATTWA Eni Laksmi, Ni Luh Gede; Darma Putra, I Nyoman; Rai Putra, Ida Bagus
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 25 No 1 (2018): Maret
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/ling.2018.v25.i01.p10

Abstract

Ganapati Tattwa merupakan teks yang bersifat Siwaistik dengan tokoh utama Dewa Siwa dan Gana. Teks Ganapati Tattwa terdiri atas 60 bait sloka Sanskerta disertai dengan ulasan bahasa Kawi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis fungsi dan makna yoga dalam Ganapati Tattwa. Teori yang digunakan adalah teori semiotik. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa yoga berguna untuk latihan pernapasan, pengendalian diri dan meditasi. Sebagai suatu cara untuk mendekatkan diri dengan Tuhan, maka yoga merupakan wujud konkret cinta kasih, jalan karma dan jalan untuk mencapai moksa
TUTUR PABRATAN ANALISIS STRUKTUR, FUNGSI , DAN MAKNA Ratna Dewi, Ida Ayu Putu; Nala Antara, I Gde; Rai Putra, Ida Bagus
Humanis Vol 17 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Udayana University

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This study discusses the Analysis Pabratan Structure, Function and Meaning. The aim to describe the structure, function, and meaning contained in said pabratan. The theory used in this research is the structural theory, the theory of functions according to Luxemburg, and the theory of semiotics according to pierce. The methods used can be divided into three stages, the first stage of the provision of data, in this first stage used methods refer assisted with recording techniques and translation techniques. Second, the data processing stage, in this stage is used descriptive analytic method assisted with recording techniques, and the third is a stage presentation of the results of data analysis at this stage is used informal methods. The results obtained in this study is a structure consisting of a formal structure and content structure. Structure forma covers include: language diversity includes; Kawi Bali and the Balinese language and style guides include; includes language style; style assertion language, and comparison. Structure of the contents of the first part; begins with a prayer and the initial explanation of the content of speech; part of an early transition to the contents; an early introduction to the content, content; contains teachings eyelash control (mind), the final part; is the final part, which ended with teak kuni said. In addition there are functions include: didactic (educational) and religious functions, while their meanings include: religion (religious).
SUMBER DAYA ALAM SEBAGAI MEDIA LITERASI DI BALI Rema, I Nyoman; Rai Putra, Ida Bagus
Forum Arkeologi VOLUME 31, NO 1, APRIL 2018
Publisher : Balai Arkeologi Bali

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1404.029 KB) | DOI: 10.24832/fa.v31i1.462

Abstract

Bali has an abundant cultural heritage, one of which is a literary culture of ancient manuscripts, written on media taken from nature, preserved, shaped, to a script. The purpose of this research is to understand the utilization of natural resources as media literacy in Bali. The data of this research were collected through direct observation, interview, and literature study. The result of this research is the utilization of biotic resources such as palm leaves, intaran tree bark, yam gadung, spices of isin rong wayah, coconut base bark, aubergine leaf, and candlenut. In addition to the utilization of biotic resources are also utilized abiotic resources such as clean water, sunlight, salt, wind and soot. Based on the results of the analysis it can be seen that the media literacy in Bali is very dependent on nature, because this function will affect the environmental sustainability, and grow a sense of appreciation, then trying to create harmony to nature. Bali memiliki warisan budaya yang melimpah, salah satunya adalah budaya literasi berupa naskah kuno, ditulis pada media dari alam, diawetkan, dibentuk, hingga menjadi naskah. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pemanfaatan sumber daya alam daun lontar dan prosesnya sebagai bahan pembuatan media literasi serta proses penulisan literasi di Bali. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui observasi langsung, wawancara, dan studi pustaka. Hasil penelitian berupa pemanfaatan sumber daya biotik; daun lontar, kulit pohon intaran, ubi gadung, rempah-rempah yakni isin rong wayah, kulit pangkal pohon kelapa, daun terong, dan kemiri. Selain pemanfaatan sumber daya biotik juga dimanfaatkan sumber daya abiotik; air bersih, sinar matahari, garam, angin dan jelaga. Kesimpulan penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa media literasi di Bali sangat bergantung kepada alam, karena fungsi ini berdampak kepada kelestarian lingkungan, dan tumbuh rasa menghargai untuk menciptakan keharmonisan terhadap alam. Kata kunci: sumber daya alam, media literasi, bali.
CITRA WANITA DALAM TEKS GEGURITAN SRI ESWARYADALA Pratiwi Utami, Nyoman; Suteja, I Wayan; Rai Putra, Ida Bagus
Humanis Volume 16. No. 2. Agustus 2016
Publisher : Udayana University

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The research discusses the text Geguritan Sri Eswaryadala with analysis of images of women. The analysis aims to reavel the structure of the building work of literature and image of women contained in Geguritan Sri Eswaryadala. Methods and thechniques used there are three stage. (1) phase of the data providers used methods of reading and translation techniques and notes. (2) phase analysis of data using qualitative methods, deskriptive-analytic technique. (3?) stage presentation of the result of data analysis using formal and informal methods aided by inductive-deductive technique. The result obtained from this research is forma structure composed of literature and language codes, style and variety of language. Narative structure consists of insiden, plot, character and characterzation, setting, theme and mandate. The narrative structure of one of the most important elements in revealing images of woman that may be in Geguritan Sri Eswaryadala. Images of womwn in Geguritan Sri Eswaryadala played by Ni Dyah Tantri can be divided into two parts, namely beautiful from inside and beautiful outside ourselve (phisically). Images of women intellectuals. Intellectuals means being able to use intelligence abtained is according to the situation at hand. Image of women who are ethical. Ethical means being able to behave well and good manners with their older, with their own age and those who are smaller than we are. Images of women suputra. Suputra means a child who is able to serve and do good to parents.