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KOMPOSISI JENIS DAN PENGUASAAN EKOLOGI DI WILAYAH DESA PANGI KAWASAN CAGAR ALAM PANGI BINANGGA KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Ernawati, Ernawati; Umar, Husain; Ramlah, Sitti
Warta Rimba Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

This research aimed to study the number of occupation of species composition in Pangi-Binangga Nature Reserve area. The research was conducted in Pangi-Binangga Nature Reserve area, village of Pangi, Parigi District, Parigi Motong Regency, Central Sulawesi, from April through Juni 2013. This study uses continous strip sampling method. Twenty plots (400m x 400m) were made in each line. The sampling intensity was 16 ha (5%) from the total 6000 ha of Pangi-Binangga Nature Reserve area. Hence vegetation date were analysed to determine the density, frequency, dominant, and Importance Value Index. The results showed that the highest Importance Value Index at tree level of vegetation was Pterospermum celebicum Miq. (25,08%), while at pole and sapling level, the highest IVI was Diospyros celebica Bakh with value 13,72% and 19,34%, respectively. Furthermore, the highest IVI at seedling level was Spathoglottis aurea (13,24%). Keywords : Species composition, Ecology occupation, Important Value Index, Pangi-Binangga Nature Reserve.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS BURUNG DI HUTAN RAWA SAEMBAWALATI DESA TOMUI KARYA KECAMATAN MORI ATAS KABUPATEN MOROWALI Watalee, Hiskia; Ningsih, Sri; Ramlah, Sitti
Warta Rimba Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

A bird is a wildlife which could be found almost in any vegetated environment. The existence of a bird in one area is very important because it could affect the presence and distribution of plant species. This study aims to determine species composition, attendance of birds, evennes, species diversity, and the dominance of birds in Saembawalati Swamp Forest. The study was conducted from April to June 2013. Data collection was carried out using line transect method. After conducting the research in Saembawalati swamp forest, it was found 34 species of birds from 15 families, swamp forest habitat tree vegetation zones have indeks values species diversity (H) = 2.75 and evenness (E) = 0.11 and swamp forest habitat zones has turf vegetation index values species diversity (H)=3.00 and evennes (E) = 0.10. There were four species of birds that are always found in the swamp forest of Saembawalati; Egretta garzetta, Gallinula chloropus, Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus, and Amaurornis phoenicurus. Hence, Saembawalati swamp forest was dominated by four species of birds; Bubulcus ibis, Egretta garzetta, Dicrurus hottentottus, Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus. Keywords: bird, diversity, Saembawalati swamp forest.
KARAKTERISTIK FISIK HABITAT LEDA (Eucalyptus deglupta) DI JALUR PENDAKIAN GUNUNG NOKILALAKI KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU Annisah, Nur; Sudhartono, Arief; Ramlah, Sitti
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

Leda (Eucalyptus deglupta) is one kind of endemic flora of Celebes that its natural spread area side on Lore Lindu National Park (LLNP). The aim of this research was pointed to investigate the physiccally charracteristic of Leda habitat. The usage of this research is hoped to enrich scientific information in order to improve understanding about charracteristic of Leda habitat. This research was conducted in highing track of Nokilalaki Mount – LLNP territory, Nokilalaki District – Sigi Regency, as long as two months (October up to December 2013) used survay methode and laboratory analysis, by the placement of 7 (seven) sampling plots used purposive sampling methode at the location where be found habitat of Leda based on the high from sea level. Getting of soil samples used soil sample rings,than be analyzed on soil textures, permeabilities, bulk densities, and soil porousities.This research results shown that the charracteristic of Leda habitat in highing track of  Nokilalaki Mount be located on (1110-1206) meters from sea level high, with land slope (8-15)% (enough obliquity), the temperature on morning time (19-20)°C and afternoon time (19-23)°C, the air moisture on morning time (81-90)% and afternoon time (76-91)%, intensity of sun shine (80-400) lux. Physiccally charracteristic of soil texture are clay-clayey-sandy, clay-sandy, clayey-sandy, and clayey. Soil permeabilities (15.05-47.61) cm/hour (Fast andVery Fast catagories). Bulk density (0.91-1.27) g/cm3 (Fair and High catagories) and porousity (51.92-65.61)%. Kata Kunci : habitat, Leda, Lore-Lindu, Nokilalaki, physiccally-charracters.
SIFAT FISIK TANAH DI BAWAH TEGAKAN EBONI ( Diospyros celebica Bakh ) PADA KAWASAN CAGAR ALAM PANGI BINANGGA KABUPATEN PARIGI MOUTONG Evarnaz, Novita; Toknok, Bau; Ramlah, Sitti
Warta Rimba Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Warta Rimba

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Abstract

The function of soil is a medium for growth and root development in supporting plants to grow and supply the need of water and nutrients to the planst roots. The issue raised in this study is how the physical properties of soil, including the texture, structure, porosity, bulk density and permeability of soil under the stand of ebony at the Natural Reserve of Pangi Binangga. Ebony is one of the endemic tree species in Sulawesi Island including Central Sulawesi. The purpose of this study was to determine the physical properties of soil under the stands of ebony at the Natural Reserve of Pangi Binangga, Parigi Moutong Regency. This study was conducted for 3 months (May-July 2013) at the Natural Reserve of Panggi Binangga, Sakina Jaya Village, Parigi Moutong Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. This study used survey and analysis in the laboratory. Soil samples were collected by using purposive sampling technique, that is, deliberately having particular consideration: the level of slope 0-8%, 8-15%, 15-25%, and 25-40%. The number of soil samples was 16 soil samples taken from the four slopes in two depths (0-30 cm and 30-60 cm). The study shows that the soil under the stands of ebony has a sandy loam soil texture class and loamy sand, structure soil crusts and granular, slight porous and porous (37.84 to 58.07%), rapid and very fast permeability (13,27 to 36,10 cm/h) and has a high and very high of bulk density of the medium (1.11 to 1.65 g/cm3). Keywords: Diospyros celebica, natural reserve, Pangi Binangga, soil physical property
KARAKTERISTIK OLEOGEL DARI MINYAK NABATI MENGGUNAKAN LILIN LEBAH DAN LEMAK KAKAO SEBAGAI OLEOGATOR loppies, justus elisa; Ristanti, Eky Yenita; Ramlah, Sitti; Lullung, Alfrida; Amalia, Andi
Jurnal Industri Hasil Perkebunan Vol 14, No 2 (2019): Jurnal industri Hasil Perkebunan
Publisher : Balai Besar Industri Hasil Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33104/jihp.v14i2.5552

Abstract

Abstrak: Pengembangan oleogel dapat dilakukan melalui rekayasa strukur molekul minyak atau lemak sehingga diperoleh karakteristik tertentu sesuai peruntukannya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap karakteristik oleogel yang dibentuk dari bahan minyak nabati (minyak sawit dan kedelai) dan lilin lebah dan lemak kakao sebagai oleogator. Karakteristik yang diukur meliputi; tekstur, titik leleh, viskositas dan kandungan lemak padat. Metode yang digunakan adalah eksperimen laboratorium dengan membandingkan proses oleogelasi menggunakan dua jenis minyak nabati yaitu: minyak sawit dan minyak kedelai dan dua jenis komposisi oleogator yaitu lemak kakao 1% + lilin lebah 9% dan lemak kakao 3 % + lilin lebah 7 %. Proses oleogelasi dilakukan dengan cara mencampurkan massa minyak dengan oleogator pada putaran 15.000 dan 25.000 rpm. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Oleogel dengan karakteristik terbaik diperoleh dari proses oleogelasi minyak sawit dengan oleogator (1% lemak kakao dan 9% lilin lebah) pada kecepatan pengadukan 25.000 rpm. Karakteristik yang diperoleh adalah; memiliki titik leleh dan viskositas yang tinggi yaitu 43,72 ? 45,53 oC dan 161 x 103 centipoise, mempunyai struktur yang lebih padat dan homogen dengan kandungan lemak padat yang lebih rendah (83,33 %) dibanding produk pembanding (mentega putih). Kata Kunci: karakteristik, oleogel, oleogator, oleogelasi, minyak nabati, lilin lebah, lemak kakao    
APLIKASI OLEOGEL DENGAN OLEOGATOR LEMAK KAKAO PADA PEMBUATAN COKELAT Ramlah, Sitti; Ristanti, Eky Yenita; Loppies, Justus Elisa; Asriati, Dyah Wuri; Rejeki, Endang Sri
Jurnal Industri Hasil Perkebunan Vol 14, No 2 (2019): Jurnal industri Hasil Perkebunan
Publisher : Balai Besar Industri Hasil Perkebunan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33104/jihp.v14i2.5479

Abstract

Oleogel didefinisikan sebagai lemak lipofilik dan campuran padat, dimana material lemak padat (oleogator) dengan konsentrasi yang lebih rendah (<10%) dapat menjerap dengan cara membentuk jejaring oleogator pada minyak curah. Oleogel digunakan untuk menghasilkan lemak dengan sifat struktur yang diinginkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengaplikasikan oleogel dari minyak sawit dan minyak kedelai dengan oleogator lemak kakao  pada pembuatan cokelat. Penelitian ini dilakukan 2 tahap yaitu pembuatan oleogel dan pembuatan cokelat. Pembuatan cokelat dibuat dengan 10 formula yaitu F1 - F10, dimana F1 - F8 menggunakan oleogel sebagai pengganti lemak, sedangkan F9 dan F10 merupakan pembanding dimana pengganti lemak digunakan CBS. Parameter uji  adalah kadar air,  gula,  lemak, protein, kandungan logam dan uji organoleptik.Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa oleogel dari minyak sawit dan minyak kedelai dengan oleogelator lemak kakao dapat digunakan sebagai pengganti lemak pada pembuatan cokelat. Cokelat  dengan penggunaan lemak oleogel mempunyai karakteristik mutu yaitu; kadar air 1,04 % - 1,94 %,  gula 35,61 % - 42,19 %, lemak 40,01 % - 48,25 %, protein 9,64 % - 11,03 %,  kadar logam As  (< 0.007 ppm), Sn (<1.5 ppm), Cd (<0.08 ppm), Hg  (<0.003 ppm).. Kata kunci : Oleogel, cokelat, minyak sawit, minyak kedelei. 
Utilization of Cacao Pods Shells For Charcoal Briquettes Suprapti, Suprapti; Ramlah, Sitti
Biopropal Industri Vol 4, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

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Abstract

Utilization of cacao pod shells waste into charcoal briquettes is a way to find an alternative energy that can be produced within household scale. The aim of the research is to produce charcoal briquettes from cacao pod shells and its characterization. Research was designed with two factors, which is charcoal size (30, 50, and 70 mesh) and the percentage of starch used (3, 5, and 7%). Charcoal briquette produced then tested its physical and chemical properties. In general, charcoal briquettes from cacao pod shells with a mesh of 30 and 7% starch gives the best results. This charcoal briquette have a moisture content of 6.52%, ash content 16.73%, density 0.96 g/cm3; levels of volatile matter 20.18%, bonded carbon content 56.58%, and calorific value 4163.11 cal./g. Most of the parameters have not been meet the quality standards for charcoal briquettes of the SNI, Japan, England, nor American.
The Formulations of Scrub Cream from Non Fermentation Cocoa Powder and The Effects on Skin Yumas, Medan; Ramlah, Sitti; Mamang, Mamang
Biopropal Industri Vol 6, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

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Abstract

The content of non fermented cocoa powder is phenolic compounds of polyphenols group which protecting skin from ultra violet radiation (UVB). This research aims to determine the concentration of non fermented cocoa powder that capable to protect the skin from UVB. This study used a complete randomized design with a treatment on the concentration of non fermented cocoa powder as the active ingredient of scrub cream. Scrub cream was made from non fermented cocoa powder in a variable concentration 2.5; 3.5; 4.5; 5.5% (w/w) with three replicates. The results showed that the viscosity were 36, 42, 49 and 70 dps, respectively. The four scrub cream have pH value above 5 which fulfilled the standard of SNI 01-3524-1994 and uncontained of Pb and Hg. The most panelists was preferred scrub cream with the concentration of non-fermented cocoa powder 3.5%, it gave moisture and smooth effect also lasted minimum for 180 minutes.
STRATEGI PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN KEWARGANEGARAAN POKOK BAHASAN PERLINDUNGAN DAN PENEGAKAN HAK ASASI MANUSIA DENGAN MODEL ACTIVE LEARNING UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA KELAS X MIA-4 SMA NEGERI 3 MATARAM Ramlah, Sitti
Jurnal Kependidikan: Jurnal Hasil Penelitian dan Kajian Kepustakaan di Bidang Pendidikan, Pengajaran dan Pembelajaran Vol 4, No 1: Maret 2018
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Mandalika (UNDIKMA)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (332.327 KB) | DOI: 10.33394/jk.v4i1.906

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian tindakan kelas ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah model active learning dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa dalam pembelajaran pendidikan kewarganegaraan. Penelitian tindakan kelas ini diadakan di SMAN 3 Mataram dengan model siklus. Masing-masing siklus terdiri dari 4 komponen yaitu perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi, dan refleksi. Hasil dari penelitian ini yakni dari tiap siklus diperoleh pada siklus pertama nilai rata-rata kelas yang diperoleh siswa X MIA-4 SMA Negeri 3 adalah 74,85, pada siklus II menjadi 88,12. Sehingga dapat dikatakan model active learning dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa.
POTENSI TUMBUHAN OBAT DI KAWASAN HUTAN TAMAN NASIONAL LORE LINDU (STUDI KASUS DESA NAMO KECAMATAN KULAWI, KABUPATEN SIGI) Hapid, Abdul; Ramlah, Sitti
ForestSains Vol 14, No 1 (2016): Desember
Publisher : Universitas Tadulako

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Abstract

Lore Lindu National Park (LLNP) is one of Biosphere Reserves, the habitat of various types of potential medicinal plants as an asset of biodiversity that should be managed properly for the welfare of the local communities and the ecosystem sustainability. The objective of this study was to determine the potential of medicinal plants in the area of Lore Lindu National Park, precisely in Namo Village, Kulawi Sub-district, Sigi District. Continuous strip sampling was opted as the research method by carrying out purposive sampling in the site where medicinal plants were discovered firstly, by establishing 5 (five) lines with a length of 100 m per line, each line consisted of 4 (four) plots, the distance between the line was 25 m. Total plots were 20 plots with 20 m x 20 m in size per plot. The study found out there were 18 species of medicinal plants that consisted of 14 families in Namo Village, Kulawi, Sigi. The potential of medicinal plants at the tree level is 43 stems / Ha, poles are 40 stems / Ha, sapling are 54 stems / Ha and seedlings and herbs are 296 stems / Ha. Medicinal plant dominated the area at the tree level was Pterospermum celebicum Miq. with Importance Value Index (IVI) of 97.64%, at the pole level of was Huka (Gnetum gnemon L.) with IVI of 84.64%, at the sapling level of Huka (Gnetum gnemon L.) with IVI of 72.69%, and the seedlings and understorey level was Naho (Pandanus sp.) with IVI of 19.50%.