Abdul Aziz Rani
Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia/Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo General National Hospital, Jakarta

Published : 72 Documents
Articles

National Consensus on the Use of Sedation Drugs in the Gastrointestinal Endoscopic Procedures Daldiyono, Daldiyono; Rani, Abdul Aziz; Simadibrata, Marcellus; Syam, Ari Fahrial; Fauzi, Achmad; Makmun, Dadang; Abdullah, Murdani; Marki, Indra; Renaldi, Kaka
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy Vol 18, No 2 (2017): VOLUME 18, NUMBER 2, August 2017
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (474.724 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/1822017104-111

Abstract

Gastrointestinal endoscopy is rapidly developing and several gastrointestinal endoscopy equipment are available for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Proper sedation is critical in performing endoscopic procedures, both for patients and physicians. This consensus is used as a guideline and not as a legal standard in performing endoscopic services. This consensus explained the definition, indication, contraindication, and complication prevention during sedation. Factors affecting the need of sedation is patient factors, procedure factors, and sedation level. Diagnostic or therapeutic upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy which not complicated can be performed with minimal sedation or moderate sedation, while deep sedation can be considered for longer and more complex procedures. Furthermore, assessment and selection of sedation was explained, followed by the guide to choose pharmacological sedation and analgesics. Currently, diazepam, midazolam, propofol, fentanyl, and pethidine is the most likely used sedation during gastrointestinal endoscopy, with midazolam as the preferred medication of choice. This consensus also explained the antidote of each drug and the recovery after procedure. This consensus aimed to improve gastrointestinal endoscopic procedure services in Indonesia.   
Clinical Profile and Outcome of Non-Variceal Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in Relation to Timing of Endoscopic Procedure in Patients Undergoing Elective Endoscopy Siregar, Lianda; Rani, Abdul Aziz; Manan, Chudahman; Simadibrata, Marcellus; Makmun, Dadang
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 12, NUMBER 3, December 2011
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.036 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/1232011140-145

Abstract

Background: Endoscopy is the most accurate method for diagnosing the source of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. This study was aimed to evaluate the correlation between the timing of elective endoscopy and the length of hospital stay, the amount of transfusion given and incidence of recurrent bleeding or patient mortality. Method: A retrospective study was conducted in all patients with non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding who had experienced elective endoscopy at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital between January 2007 and August 2008. Identification of clinical risk using clinical Rockall score was performed at the emergency room. Persistent bleeding, recurrent bleeding, surgical treatment and death were the outcome variables. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square/fisher exact test and linear regression. Results: There were 40 eligible cases with mean age of 53 ± 13 years; the greatest occurrence was at the age group of 50-59 years (12%), male (52.5%) and those who had clinical symptom of melena (52.5%). Twenty seven (67.5%) patients had Rockall score of 1-3 points and 13 (32.5%) had 4-6 points. There was only one patient who had adherent clots (Forrest grade II B). Endoscopy results revealed that the most common cause of bleeding was gastric ulcer, which occurred in 12 (30%) patients. There was no correlation between the timing of endoscopic procedures and outcome variable; however the length of hospital stay had a significant correlation with timing of endoscopic procedures. Conclusion: Elective endoscopy does not affect the variables of mortality and recurrent bleeding; however, it affects the length of hospital stay. Further prospective studies are required to find causal relation between them. Keywords: non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding, Rockall score, elective endoscopy, outcome variables
Upper Gastrointestinal Abnormalities in Esophagogastroduodenoscopy Examination: Descriptive Study in PSUPAU Endoscopic Unit Pribadi, Julwan; Sedijono, Sedijono; Suryantini, Suryantini; Simadibrata, Marcellus; Syam, Ari Fahrial; Abdullah, Murdani; Fauzi, Achmad; Makmun, Dadang; Manan, Chudahman; Daldiyono, Daldiyono; Rani, Abdul Aziz
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 9, ISSUE 3, December 2008
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.036 KB) | DOI: 10.24871/93200882-85

Abstract

Background: The Endoscopy Unit of Indonesian Air Force Central Hospital Dr. Esnawan Antariksa, Jakarta, Indonesia, has just been established in late 2004 and it is still in developing process. This study was aim to depict the profile of patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy procedure in the unit. Method: This study was a retrospective study that analyzed data in endoscopic registry of patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) examination from September 2004 to December 2007. Result: Total of 108 patients underwent EGD examination, comprised of 66 (61%) males and 42 (39%) females, with average age of 45.4 years old (range 16-77 years old). The most frequent indication for EGD was dyspepsia 63%, followed by hematemesis-melena 26% and dysphagia 5.5%. Among patients with dyspepsia, EGD revealed organic abnormalities in 71% patients, with descriptions of erosive gastritis 35%, gastritis 18%, bile reflux 7%, esophagitis 5% and gastric ulcer 3%. Among patients with hematemesis-melena, EGD revealed abnormalities, which were described as erosive gastritis 48%, esophageal varices bleeding 22%, gastric ulcer 18%, caustic injury 4%, and esophagitis 4%. Conclusions: EGD is an important procedure to ascertain the occurence of organic abnormalities in patient with gastrointestinal symptoms and signs e.g. dyspepsia and gastrointestinal bleeding. More than half of patients with dyspepsia showed organic abnormalities. Among patients with hematemesis-melena, erosive gastritis is more common than variceal bleeding. Keywords: esophagogastroduodenoscopy, dyspepsia, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hematemesis melena
Through-the-scope Polyethylene Balloon Dilations in Benign Corrosive Esophageal Stricture Complicated with Temporomandibular Joint Dislocation Arsita, Elli; Fauzi, Achmad; Gunawan, Jeffri; Renaldi, Kaka; Syam, Ari Fahrial; Abdullah, Murdani; Simadibrata, Marcellus; Makmun, Dadang; Manan, Chudahman; Rani, Abdul Aziz; Daldiyono, Daldiyono
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 13, NUMBER 1, April 2012
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Esophageal dilation is a non-surgical management for anatomic and functional abnormalities causing both benign and malignant esophageal stricture. The basic goals of stricture dilation include safe and efficacious lumenal enlargement plus prevention of restenosis. These could be achieved using through- the-scope (TTS) balloon dilations, ranged in diameter of 4 to 40 mm, they will allow dilation of previously inaccessible strictures in the esophagus, stomach, small bowel, and colon. There are 5,000–15,000 cases of stricture due to ingestion of corrosive substances in United States every year. The following case would demonstrate a 28-year-old male with depressive disorder who attempted a suicide by ingesting corrosive substances two months before admission. Subsequently he started having difficulty in swallowing even soft foods. The complaint was gradually increasing until a month before admission he went through endoscopic examination and a corrosive esophageal stricture found. Hence after, he underwent dilation using Savary bouginage with fluoroscopy and through-the-scope (TTS) balloon dilations. The patient underwent a series of dilation treatment and demonstrated vigorous improvement. Problems raised as the patient was complicated with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation due to traumatic injury after ingesting corrosive substances. The consideration in management of esophageal stricture with complications will be discussed further in this article. Keywords: esophageal stricture, corrosive substances, dysphagia, temporomandibular joint dislocation, through-the-scope polyethylene balloon dilation
Upper Gastrointestinal Abnormalities in Esophagogastroduodenoscopy Examination: Descriptive Study in PSUPAU Endoscopic Unit Pribadi, Julwan; Sedijono, Sedijono; Suryantini, Suryantini; Simadibrata, Marcellus; Syam, Ari Fahrial; Abdullah, Murdani; Fauzi, Achmad; Makmun, Dadang; Manan, Chudahman; Daldiyono, Daldiyono; Rani, Abdul Aziz
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 9, ISSUE 3, December 2008
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: The Endoscopy Unit of Indonesian Air Force Central Hospital Dr. Esnawan Antariksa, Jakarta, Indonesia, has just been established in late 2004 and it is still in developing process. This study was aim to depict the profile of patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy procedure in the unit. Method: This study was a retrospective study that analyzed data in endoscopic registry of patients who underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) examination from September 2004 to December 2007. Result: Total of 108 patients underwent EGD examination, comprised of 66 (61%) males and 42 (39%) females, with average age of 45.4 years old (range 16-77 years old). The most frequent indication for EGD was dyspepsia 63%, followed by hematemesis-melena 26% and dysphagia 5.5%. Among patients with dyspepsia, EGD revealed organic abnormalities in 71% patients, with descriptions of erosive gastritis 35%, gastritis 18%, bile reflux 7%, esophagitis 5% and gastric ulcer 3%. Among patients with hematemesis-melena, EGD revealed abnormalities, which were described as erosive gastritis 48%, esophageal varices bleeding 22%, gastric ulcer 18%, caustic injury 4%, and esophagitis 4%. Conclusions: EGD is an important procedure to ascertain the occurence of organic abnormalities in patient with gastrointestinal symptoms and signs e.g. dyspepsia and gastrointestinal bleeding. More than half of patients with dyspepsia showed organic abnormalities. Among patients with hematemesis-melena, erosive gastritis is more common than variceal bleeding. Keywords: esophagogastroduodenoscopy, dyspepsia, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, hematemesis melena
The Causes of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding in the National Referral Hospital: Evaluation on Upper Gastrointestinal Tract Endoscopic Result in Five Years Period Syam, Ari Fahrial; Abdullah, Murdani; Makmun, Dadang; Simadibrata, Marcellus; Djojoningrat, Dharmika; Manan, Chudahman; Rani, Abdul Aziz; Daldiyono, Daldiyono
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 6, ISSUE 3, December 2005
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Backgrounds: Gastrointestinal bleeding such as hematemesis or melena are common conditions in clinical practice and endoscopic service. The mortality rate due to gastrointestinal bleeding is relatively high. In this study, we evaluate the causes of hematemesis melena for the last 5 years and the factors associated with the bleeding. Methods: The study was done retrospectively. We obtained data from medical record of patients that performed endoscopy of upper gastrointestinal tract in Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal medicine, Cipto Mangunkusumo hospital (Jakarta, Indonesia) during the period of 2001 to 2005. Results: Of 4.154 patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal tract endoscopy from 2001 to 2005, we found that 837 patients (20.1%) were due to upper gastrointestinal bleeding. They were 552 male (65.9%) and 285 female patients (34.1%). Mean age of male patients was 52.7 ± 15.82 years, while for female patients was 54.46 ± 17.6 years. Of 837 patients who came due to hematemesis were 150 patients (17.9%), melena were 310 patients (37.8%), both melena and hematemesis were 371 patients (44.3%), 557 cases (66.5 %) due to non varices. Endoscopic results showed that 280 cases (33.4%) were due to esophageal varices. In general, this study had demonstrated that esophageal varices was the most frequent cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. We found 229 cases of esophageal varices were coincidence with portal hypertensive gastropathy. While ulcer was found in 225 cases (26.9%) and most of them were gastric ulcer (51.1%). Of gastrointestinal bleeding caused by esophageal varices, most were grade III in 138 cases (49.3%). The incidence of bleeding of bleeding were found more frequently in patients age group of 40 - 60 years (389 cases; 46.5%), > 60 years (305 cases; 36.2%), < 40 years (242 cases; 16.8%). The causes of bleeding in patients whose age > 60 years, most were caused by ulcer (37.4%). In this study, we also found that cancer as the cause of gastrointestinal bleeding in 26 cases (3.1%). Gastrointestinal cancer comprised of gastric cancer in 15 cases (57.7%), duodenal cancer in 7 cases (26.9%), and esophageal cancer in 4 patients (15.4%). Conclusion: The most frequent cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding was esophageal varices and usually had reached stage III. The non variceal cause of bleeding was gastric cancer. Upper gastrointestinal malignancy was also found to be the etiology of bleeding in this study. Keywords: upper gastrointestinal bleeding, endoscopy
Hospital-based Survey on Knowledge and Attitude toward Colorectal Cancer Screening among Indonesian Population Abdullah, Murdani; Fauzi, Achmad; Syam, Ari Fahrial; Makmun, Dadang; Simadibrata, Marcellus; Manan, Chudahman; Sung, Joseph JY; Rani, Abdul Aziz
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 10, ISSUE 2, August 2009
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: Several western countries have recommended colorectal cancer (CRC) screening, however the yield of CRC screening is still low. The acceptability of CRC screening is influenced by people’s knowledge and attitude. This study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of Indonesian people toward CRC screening. Method: Adult Indonesian population aged 19–65 years was recruited in this hospital-based survey. Knowledge and attitude toward CRC screening were assessed by using structured questionnaires consisting of nine chapters. Result: There were 614 respondents recruited in this study. Most respondents (36.2%) incorrectly pointed out abdominal pain or pain around anus as the symptom of bowel cancer. Regarding CRC risk factors, eating fruits or vegetables rarely was the most frequent answer (28.5%) encountered. Only one-third (28%) of respondents mentioned colonoscopy as the Method for CRC screening. There were 38.1% of respondents who believed that CRC screening test might be harmful to the body. Up to 70.8% of the respondents agreed and strongly agreed that CRC screening test might cause physical discomfort. Two fifth (41.5%) of respondents believed that CRC screening test was embarrassing. More than half (58.8%) of respondents were afraid of having the CRC screening test. The test was too expensive according to 79.5% of respondents. Conclusion: The knowledge on CRC symptoms, risk factors, and screening tests is still low among Indonesian population. Our study result indicates that the lack of knowledge and the discouraging attitude among Indonesian population will be the major barriers to implement CRC screening in Indonesia.   Keywords: colorectal cancer, screening, knowledge, attitude
Total Lymphocyte Count as a Nutritional Parameter in Hospitalized Patients Gunarsa, Ralph Girson; Simadibrata, Marcellus; Syam, Ari Fahrial; Timan, Ina Susianti; Setiati, Siti; Rani, Abdul Aziz
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 12, NUMBER 2, August 2011
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: Nowadays, there are still many malnourished patients during hospitalization, which comprises around 45-50% patients. Malnutrition is related to increased mortality and morbidity rate; therefore, nutritional state should be assessed in hospitalized patients. Total lymphocyte count (TLC) is related to decreased body function in malnutrition and it is a means of nutritional assessment. Until now, there is no data showing association between malnutrition and TLC in hospitalized patients in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to identify the association between malnutrition and TLC < 1,200 cell/mm3 in hospitalized patients. Method: This study was a cross-sectional study. Subjects were new patients hospitalized at internal medicine ward of Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital. Patients were collected by consecutive sampling. We conducted the study between April and May 2008. Fifty four patients were assessed for malnutrition by the subjective global assessment (SGA) and they also had undergone complete blood count. TLC was numbered with routine complete blood count test. Patients were classified into malnutrition according to SGA. TLC was classified with cut-off point of 1,200 cell/mm3. Statistical analysis included Chi-square test, which was used to compare proportion. Results: There were 52% malnourished patients, 33% patients with TLC < 1,200 cell/mm3, 57% patients with malnutrition and TLC < 1,200 cell/mm3. This study showed that there was an association between malnutrition and TLC < 1,200 cell/mm3 (p = 0.001). Moreover, there was also significant association between severe malnutrition (SGA C) with TLC < 900 cell/mm3 (p = 0.02). Conclusion: There is an association between malnutrition and TLC < 1,200 cell/mm3.   Keywords: malnutrition, total lymphocyte count, body mass index, subjective global assessment
Colorectal Cancer Metastasis of and the Risk Factors Soefyani, Ahmad; Rani, Abdul Aziz; Simadibrata, Marcellus; Abdullah, Murdani; Krisnuhoni, Ening
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 11, NUMBER 1, April 2010
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the fourth most prevalent cancer in the world and is positioned the second most common cancer in the United States. Patients with CRC in Indonesia showed a greater proportion. In Jakarta, 47.85% of CRC cases occur under the age of 45 years. The purpose of this study is to determine metastasis and the factors that influence colorectal cancer patients. Method: This study was conducted retrospectively from January 2003-December 2007 in Cipto Mangunkusumo hospital. Patients are eligible if they underwent colonoscopy, tumor biopsy, anatomical pathology, abdominal CT scan, abdominal ultrasonography, and radiology procedures. Result: Of all 1,615 patients who underwent colonoscopy procedure, 377 patients were diagnosed with colorectal cancer. Subject that met the criteria consist of 86 patients, where 56 (65.1%) male. Most aged 51-60 years old (26.7%), mean age 47.90 ± 14.53 years old. The tumor is most commonly located in the rectum and sigmoid 40 (46.5%), in which 18 (45%) among them had metastasized. Compared with male patients, female patients experienced more metastases, but not statistically significant. Among the patients with metastasized CRC, 42.3% of them < 40 years old, 37.2% patients 41-60 years old, and 29.4% patients > 60 years old. Well-differentiated CRC produce larger number of metastatic cases than poorly-differentiated CRC. Poorly-differentiated CRC tend to produce adjacent metastasis, and also happened in relatively young age in compared with well-differentiated cancer. Conclusion: There was significant correlation between younger age group with a poor degree of histopathologic differentiation. Patients with CRC consist of more male patients than female ones. Factors sex, age group, histopathologic subtypes, and tumor location was not associated with metastasis. Keywords: colorectal cancer, metastasis, well-differentiated, poorly-differentiated
Pancreatic Exocrine Insufficiency in Chronic Diarrhea Simadibrata, Marcellus; Hardjodisastro, Daldiyono; Rani, Abdul Aziz
The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy VOLUME 6, ISSUE 1, April 2005
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Digestive Endoscopy

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Abstract

Background: One of the causes of chronic diarrhea is pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. Chronic diarrhea cases are commonly encountered in Indonesia. Materials & methods: All patients with chronic diarrhea at hospitals in Jakarta were included in this study and dyspeptic patients were used as control subjects. The study and control subjects must submit their stool for fecal pancreatic elastase-1 examination at a private laboratory in Jakarta. Mild/moderate pancreatic exocrine insufficiency was defined if the concentration was between 100 - 200 mg E1/g stool. Severe pancreatic exocrine insufficiency was defined if the concentration was below 100 mg E1/g stool. The data was analyzed using Fisher or Kruskal-Wallis tests. Results: There were 32 chronic diarrhea patients with a male to female ratio of 19/13 (59.38%/40.62%). The most frequent age range was 50-59 years old (39.5%). The characteristics (sex, age and race) of chronic diarrhea patients were matched with the characteristics of dyspeptic patients as control subjects (p > 0.05). The fecal elastase-1 results in chronic diarrhea displayed greater pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (< 200 mg E1/g stool) than in dyspepsia (control) (> 200 mg E1/g stool, p < 0.001). The mean fecal elastase-1 Result in chronic diarrhea and in dyspepsia were 316.29 + 195.44 vs. 475.93 + 65.33 mg E1/g stool (p < 0.001). Six patients (18.74%) were established as having severe pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. Seven patients (21.88%) were found with mild/moderate pancreatic exocrine insufficiency. Conclusion: Pancreatic exocrine insufficiency was found frequently in chronic diarrhea Keywords: pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, chronic diarrhea, fecal pancreatic elastase-1